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Sunday, April 3, 1814, and a messenger brought the news to the church, Dr. Bentley promptly dismissed the congregation, and hastened to the scene of the expected attack.” He died in Salem, Wednesday, Dec. 29, 1819. The discourse at his funeral was delivered by Prof. Edward Everett, who delivered the Artillery sermon in 1821, and became an honorary member of the Company in 1836.
The officers of the Artillery Company elected in 1797 were: Samuel I 797. Todd (1786), captain; Jonas S. Bass (1789), lieutenant; Joseph Lovering, r. (1788), ensign. William Walter, Jr. (1791), was first sergeant; Edmund Bowman (1793), second sergeant; Robert Homes (1792), third sergeant; John Howe, Jr. (1792), fourth sergeant, and James Phillips (1790), clerk. Increase Sumner, who was inaugurated as governor, June 2, 1797, was in the vigor of life, — a contrast in this respect to his immediate predecessors. Gov. Hancock was so infirm with the gout that his servants made an arm-chair and carried him from his carriage up the stairs to the council chamber in the Old State House. Mr. Adams, also, was somewhat bent with years, and showed his infirmity when he walked in State processions. When his successor, Gov. Sumner, at the head of the legislative body, on its return from hearing the election sermon at the Old South Church, passed in at the door of the Old State House where the apple-woman sat, she was heard to exclaim, “Thank God, we have got a governor that can walk at least.” Gov. Sumner dressed in uniform on all military occasions. His uniform became his portly and commanding figure, and his first appearance in it on the Common, a few days after his inauguration, to deliver the commissions to the officers of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, met the public approbation. The ceremonies in 1797 were very imposing. It took a brave soldier to march up to the governor thus gorgeously arrayed, in the public presence, to resign or receive his commission. It tended to efface from memory the soldier's well-prepared address. On this first occasion of the governor's appearance, his commanding air, in his military costume, added to the trepidation sometimes evinced by the advancing officer. It was not always attended with irremediable embarrassment, for, in one instance, it was the cause of one of the best extemporaneous speeches ever addressed by a soldier to the governor. After the ensign had marched up, quite out of breath, and stood dazed before the governor, the latter, in his address, charged him with his duties, spoke of the courage and good conduct expected and required of him who bore the standard of the corps, etc., and delivered the colors to his trembling hand. The prepared address of the ensign forsook him. He began : “May it please your Excellency!” but the next sentence failed to come to his lips, and he repeated, “May it please your Excellency,” then still failing to recall his chosen words, he made a bold effort to rid himself of his embarrassment, and, suiting the action to the words, exclaimed, “I have got this standard and I will keep it !” The members of the Artillery Company recruited in 1797 were: Seth Adams, Jotham Barnes, Edward Brinley, Elijah Davenport, Peter Gilman, Ward Jackson, William Jepson, John Kennedy, Charles Nolen, Peter Osgood, Edward B. Walker, Benjamin West, Jonathan Whitney.
* New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1854, p. 121.
Seth Adams (1797), son of Seth and Ann Adams, was born in Boston, April 1, 1767. His residence was No. 15 Franklin Place.
Jotham Barnes (1797), merchant, of Boston.
Edward Brinley (1797), merchant, of Roxbury, son of Edward and Sarah (Tyler) Brinley, was born in Roxbury, Oct. 16, 1765. He was never married. He was a merchant, whose place of business was on the north side of the market. The firm was Francis and Edward Brinley, Jr. He died Dec. 20, 1823.
Elijah Davenport (1797), merchant, of Boston, brother of Rufus (1795), was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1801, and ensign in 1804. He became a member of the Old South Church, Jan. 9, 1825.
Peter Gilman (1797) was a tailor, and became a member of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association in 18oo. He died in Boston, April 12, 1807, aged forty-two years, and his remains were buried on Copp's Hill. His gravestone bears the
following verse : —
Ward Jackson (1797), housewright, of Boston, lived on Temple Street. He was a deacon of the Third Baptist Church.
William Jepson (1797), housewright, of Boston, son of Samuel and Lydia Jepson, was born in Boston, Oct. 20, 1770. He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1801, and ensign in 1806, and was a member of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association. He died Nov. 12, 1820, at his residence on Temple Street, Boston, aged fifty years.
John Kennedy (1797) was a merchant of Boston, whose residence was on Court Street, and his place of business was No. 46 Long Wharf.
Charles Nolen (1797) was a merchant of Boston. The Boston Directory of 1796 gives his name as Charles Noland. He was born in 1768. He was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1803. He removed to Philadelphia, Pa., where he died March 20, 1838.
Peter Osgood (1797), bricklayer, of Boston, son of Hooker, Jr., and Susanna (Sawyer) Osgood, was born at Lancaster, Mass. (baptized), Jan. 13, 1771. He came to Boston in 1790 with his friend and schoolmate, Mr. Jonathan Whitney (1797), with whom he formed a partnership. They did an extensive business, but finally became seriously embarrassed, and the firm was dissolved.
Col. Osgood (1797) was followed by pecuniary misfortunes, and Mr. Whitman (1810), in his history of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, says “he was supported by the industry of his wife,” and “owed his military distinction to his neutrality in politics.” In 1803 he became captain in the First Sublegion of Infantry, from 1804 to 1809 was first major of the same, and from 1810 to 1814 was lieutenant-colonel of the Second Regiment of Boston. He was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1802, lieutenant in 1806, and its captain in 1809. He was elected an honorary member of the Company, Aug. 12, 1816, and was honorably dismissed March 31, 1828. He died in 1833.
Edward B. Walker (1797), of Boston, is recorded in the “Annals of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association ” as being a housewright, when, in 1796, he joined that association. He was third sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1802.
Benjamin West (1797), a merchant of Boston, is said to have been engaged in the sugar-refining business. He was a son of Rev. Mr. West, who delivered the Artillery election sermon in 1794. He became a member of the Hollis Street Church, and served it in the office of deacon. Mr. West (1797) was third sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1801. He died at Charlestown, N. H., March 25, 1829, aged fifty-three years. Mr. West (1797) “possessed a highly cultivated mind, uncommon strength of intellect, with a rare talent of communicating his thoughts. As a man, a neighbor, a friend, he possessed the confidence and esteem of all around him in a remarkable degree.”
Jonathan Whitney (1797), bricklayer, of Boston, son of Jonathan and Mary (Wyman) Whitney, was born in Lancaster, Mass, March 27, 1771, and served an apprenticeship with a bricklayer in Claremont, N. H. In 1790 he removed to Boston and formed a partnership with Col. Peter Osgood (1797), which continued many years. It was dissolved only when embarrassments made dissolution indispensable. Mr. Whitney (1797), however, having taken up the stone and lime business, pursued that successfully, and acquired a handsome property. He married a daughter of Capt. Stutson (1765). He was identified with the militia for many years, declining to accept a commission until in high party times he was elected captain of a Boston company by one vote. The election was contested, but Capt. Whitney (1797) was successful, and accepted. He was captain in the Second Regiment, Legionary Brigade, from 1809 to 1813, major in 1814, lieutenant-colonel in 1815, and colonel in 1816 and 1817, succeeding, as lieutenant-colonel, Col. Peter Osgood (1797). He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1803, ensign in 1807, lieutenant in 181 o, and captain in 1813, and was strongly attached to the institution. He represented Boston in the State Legislature, and was an ardent Federalist.
Mr. Whitney (1797) was admitted a member of The Massachusetts Lodge, A. F. and A. M., April 5, 1802, and was master of that Lodge in 1813 and 1814. He was one of the most respected and highly esteemed members of the Lodge. On the evening of Friday, Jan. 25, 1839, the Lodge voted unanimously, “that the usual habiliments of mourning be placed in the hall, as a mark of respect entertained by this Lodge for our highly esteemed brother and past master, Jonathan Whitney, Esq. .”
Mr. Whitney (1797) was a man of great, but not ostentatious, charity. He died at Brookline, in January, 1839.
Jonathan Whitney (1797). AUTHORITIES: Annals of Mass. Char. Mech. Association; Records Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. Company, Ed. 1842: of The Massachusetts Lodge.
The record of the Artillery Company for 1797 is as follows:–
“Monday, April 3d 1797. The Company paraded as usual, and performed the duties enjoined by their Charter, commanded by Capt Clark || 1786]. The Rev. Henry Ware of Isingham was chosen to preach the Anniversary Election Sermon in June next. Voted, that the Commissioned Officers be a Committee to wait on the Rev. Mr. Ware and inform him of the choice. Attest, GeoRGE BLANCHARD, Clerk.
“Monday, May 1st 1797. The Company paraded this day under the command of Capt Clark . The Committee appointed to wait on the Rev. Mr. Ware reported, that he accepted their invitation to preach the Election Sermon in June next. “Attest, GEORGE BLANCHARD, Clerk.
“Wednesday evening, May 18 , 1797. Capt Clark , Maj. Russell , Mr. Doubleday , Col Winslow , Mr Phillips , Mr Bass , Capt Gardner , Col Waters  and Mr Bowman  were appointed a Committee to make arrangements for the Election, and report the necessary sum to be assessed on each member towards defraying the expenses of the day.
“Wednesday evening, May 24, 1797. The Committee reported, that there is two hundred & five dollars interest money in the hands of the Treasurer, which, with an assessment of three dollars on each Member, they conceive will be sufficient to defray the expenses of Election day. Voted, the above report be accepted. Voted, that the Clerk may deliver to the members of the Company twenty Cards, each card to be at the rate of three dollars, provided application is made for them by the 29th inst & no Gentleman can receive more than one card, unless the whole number are not taken up individually. It is expected that the Gentlemen who purchase Cards for their friends will see the other Members seated before they place themselves at the tables in order that the Company may experience no inconvenience from the above indulgence.
“Attest, GeoRGE BLANCHARD, Clerk.
“Friday evening, June 2d 1797. Voted, that Mr. James Phillips , Capt Wm Williams  and Mr William Walter  be a Committee to examine the Treasurer and Clerks Accounts, & report at the first meeting of the Company in August. Voted, that Col. Waters , Mr. Bowman , Mr. Messinger , Capt R. Gardner , Capt Williams , Mr. Holden , and Mr. Eaton  be a Committee to arrange the Musick for Election day.
“Monday, June 5th 1797. This day being the Anniversary of the Election of Officers, the Company paraded at the Old South Meeting House, at ten o'clock, from whence they marched to the Council Chamber, and received the Commander-in-chief, (His Excellency, Increase Sumner Esq.) the Lieut. Governor, Council and other Gentlemen invited to dine with the Company, and escorted them to the Old Brick Meeting House, where an ingenious discourse was delivered by the Rev. Henry Ware of Hingham from 1st Corinthians, 12th chapter, 25 & 26, verses. Divine service being over, the Company again escorted His Excellency the Governor &c to Faneuil Hall, where they partook of an elegant dinner, after which a number of Patriotic Toasts were given, among which was the following one worthy to be written in letters of gold : — ‘The late Governor of Massachusetts [Samuel Adams] tho' ceasing from the active cares of publick duty, may Americans forever remember with gratitude the First of Patriots in the worst of times ' ' In the afternoon the Company repaired to its appropriate square on the Common, where they made an unanimous choice of the following Gentlemen for their officers the ensuing year: — Mr. Samuel Todd , Captain Mr. Jonas S Bass  Lieutenant; Mr Joseph Lovering, Jr  Ensign; Messrs William Walter Jr , Edmund Bowman , Robert Homes , John Howe Jr , Sergeants; Col John Winslow  Treasurer; Mr James Phillips , Clerk. The Supreme Executive was then escorted into the Square having taken their seats, the Company went through a variety of manoeuvres, evolutions and firings to great acceptance. After which in the presence of an immense collection of Spectators, His Excellency received the badges from the old, and invested the new Officers with them. The Company thus organized waited on the Governor & other invited gentlemen to the Hall where a liberal collation and judicious toasts concluded as handsome a celebration as was ever witnessed. Voted, that Capt Clark , Maj. Russell , Mr. John G. Doubleday , and Col. Winslow  be a Committee to wait on the Rev. Mr. Ware — return him the thanks of the Company for his elegant Discourse this day delivered, and equest a copy for the press. Attest, GEORGE BLANCHARD, Clerk.
“Mr. Ware, in a very polite letter to Capt Clark , declined giving a copy of his Sermon for the press, for the reasons therein expressed. “Attest. GeoRGE BLANCHARD, Clerk.
“Copy of the Rev. Mr. Ware's letter to Capt. Clark : — ‘I have this day received your communication of the vote of the Anc. and Hon. Artillery Company respecting the sermon delivered before them last Monday. Be kind enough to express to them my thanks for their politeness and candor and the high sense I feel of the honor they do me in requesting a copy of it for the press. Nothing would give me greater pleasure than to comply with the wishes of the Company, could I think the performance entitled to the honor of being made more publick. An unwillingness to add to the number of useless publications, I hope will sufficiently apologize for me to the Company in declining their request. With high esteem and respect for the Company, I am Dear Sir, Yours, and their sincere friend and very humble servant, HENRY WARE.'
“Thursday evening, 22d Augst. 1797. Voted, That the Treasurer be requested to call on Capt Samuel Prince  and demand payment of the Fifty pounds of the Company's money, which is loaned in his hands; the money to be paid in ninety days from this date. Also voted, that the Treasurer be requested to purchase the sum of Eight hundred dollars in Union Bank shares, when the Company's money is collected, on the lowest terms and as soon as is convenient for him to do so.
“Tuesday morning, 9 o'clock Augst 29. Company met at Faneuil Hall and Voted, unanimously, that we attend the funeral of our worthy and very attentive Brother, Capt Robert Jenkins , who has been a member of the A. and H. A. Company for fortyone years. Voted, that the Commissioned Officers be a Committee to wait on the friends of the deceased and inform them of the same.
“Monday, September 4. 1797. The Company paraded agreeable to Charter, marched into the Common, and went through a variety of evolutions and firings with great exactness, commanded by Capt Samuel Todd .
“Attest, JAMES Phillips, Clerk.
“Monday, October 3, 1797. The Company agreeable to Charter made their publick appearance, commanded by Capt Todd . Attest, JAMES PHILLIPs, Clerk.”