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Capt. James B. Marston [181o].
BOSTON, April 28, 1812.
Capt. Andrew Roulstone .
ARNOLD WELLEs , Como.
DEXTER DANA , Clerk.
Monday, May 4, 1812, being unsuitable weather, Friday, May 8, the Company paraded at Faneuil Hall, commanded by Gov. Arnold Welles (1811), for the second time that season. They marched to the north end of the town, thence to the Common, and, after the usual exercise, Gen. Welles (1811) led them to his residence, where he provided a collation.
May 12, 1812, the Company met for exercise, and on the afternoon of Thursday, the 14th of May, the Company marched to the Common for drill.
At a meeting May 18, it was “voted that a committee be appointed to report in what way we can most honor ourselves, by showing in some permanent manner the affection, gratitude, and esteem in which we hold Brig.-Gen. Arnold Welles , for the high honor done to us in commanding the present year; also for his liberal reception of us on many occasions; likewise for his brilliant military services, whereby the discipline of the Company has been so greatly improved.” Major George Blanchard (1794), Major Benjamin Russell (1788), Lieut.-Col. George Sullivan (1811), Lieut.-Col. John L. Sullivan (1812), Col. Daniel Messinger (1792), Lieut.-Col. Peter Osgood (1797), Major Thomas Dean (1806), Major Samuel Curtis (1810), and Capt. George Wheeler (1812), were appointed said committee.
Friday afternoon, May 22, the Company met at Faneuil Hall for exercise, commanded by Gen. Welles (1811), marched to the Common, where they went through the usual exercise, after which Gen. Welles (1811), being ill, returned to his home, and Major Blanchard (1794) commanded during the return of the Company to the armory. Having deposited their arms, the committee above named made their report, whereupon the Company voted “that a sword be presented by the members of this Company to Brig.-Gen. Welles (1811) on the first Monday in June next, as a memento of the lasting affection, gratitude, and respect which they bear to him for his able and honorary service during the past year, and his affectionate interest in the welfare and honor of the corps, and that the general be on that day declared an honorary member of this Company.” A committee was chosen to procure a sword, and make all necessary arrangements for its presentation.
Monday, June 1, 1812, being the anniversary of the election of officers, the Company paraded, under command of Gen. Welles (1811), and observed with military precision the usual duties of the day. Rev. Eliphalet Porter, of Roxbury, delivered the sermon in the First Church, in Chauncy Place. Dinner was served at the usual hour; spirited and appropriate toasts were drank. After his Excellency Gov. Strong retired, this toast was drank, with three times three cheers: “The Cincinnatus of Massachusetts, who retired from public cares to a private station, but who obeys the call of his country, and again appears before the people as their father, their guide, and their friend.”
At four o'clock P. M. the election was held on the Common. The Company returned to the Hall, after the investiture of the officers, and a collation was served. The sword was then presented to Gen. Welles (1811). Gen. William Heath (1765), who commanded the Company forty-two years previously, was not able to accept the invitation to be present, on account of ill-health, and Gen. Dearborn (1816) was detained by public duty.
A committee, of which Andrew Sigourney (1806) was chairman, was appointed May 25, to examine the financial affairs of the Company, and ascertain “what now is, and what ought to be, the amount of the funds of the Company.” Mr. Sigourney (1806) made a careful examination of the finances of the Company for the forty next preceding years, and presented an exhaustive report thereupon, which is recorded in full.
Attached to the report is an inventory of the arms, accoutrements, etc., belonging to the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, July 6, 1812, and the cost of the Same : —
“For the commissioned officers 3 silver mounted swords with knots and
belts; 2 espontoons, 3 sashes, 2 Epaulets and 3 gorgets . . - . $330.oo “For the non-commissioned officers — 4 Swords and Belts, 4 counterstraps, 4 Sashes and 4 Halberts . . . - - - - 166.oo “For the privates, – 64 guns and bayonets, 64 cartridge Boxes, 64 canteens and 64 Knapsacks, priming wires, brushes, and flints . - - . 1312.Oo “For six musicians—Six coats, 6 pr. pantaloons, 6 prof gaiters, 6 hats and plumes, and 6 swords with chest to contain them - - 3oo.oo “The other properties are: One new and two old standards, belt and socket, I 20.Oo “Two drums, one Bass-drum, and three fife cases - - - - - 7o.oo “Three gilt swords, two belts, 3 Epauletts, much worn - - - - 40.oo “Other articles including 750 feet of iron chain . - - - - - 177.82 “Total . - - - - - - - - - ... $2515.82 ”
The financial report, as printed in the “Rules and Regulations of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, June 7, 1819,” is precisely like the above, except one additional item, viz.: – “A gilt Frame and Glass, with an elegant Roll of the Company . - . $35.oo”
During the summer of 1812 the following report, found among the papers of the Company, was made and adopted. It is the first suggestion of the use of artillery by the Company : —
“REPORT. — The committee appointed to inquire into the expediency of applying to government for artillery, and to collect information of the expense attending the use and service of the same, beg leave to report: That however there may be reason to believe our town and harbor are not exposed to attack at this time, yet as preparation for efficient defence is undoubtedly the surest guaranty of safety, it surely becomes the duty of military corps, and of this in a particular manner, to learn the service of that species of arms on which we must principally rely for defence. Under this impression, your committee are of opinion that it is highly expedient that the Company should learn the exercise of artillery. But as an application to the governor of the Commonwealth would be fruitless, the governor not having power to grant them to other than regular military corps, and an application to the Legislature would be attended with great trouble and very doubtful success, the committee are of opinion that it is not expedient to apply to government for artillery at this time. Considering, however, the expediency that this Company should be acquainted with the service of cannon, and being informed that the company of light infantry (New England Guards), to whom the guns of the ancient Company have been occasionally loaned, would gladly return the favor by loan of the pieces in their possession, your committee recommend that an application to the officers of that company be accordingly made for the use of their cannon, and to Capt. Harris, of the Washington Artillery, for the use of their Washington Artillery gun-house, and that a committee be appointed for those purposes, and to prepare a system of artillery exercise for the use of the Company. Touching the expense attending this mode of learning the service and use of artillery, the committee beg leave to report that all the items of expense are horse-hire, drivers, and ammunition, and that the amount of them may be great or small, at the pleasure of the Company. The number of horses on parade is six, of drivers three, and the ordinary charge for a six-pounder is one and an half of powder. BENJ. RUSSELL, per order.”
At a meeting of the Company at which this report was made it was warmly debated, and, on motion of Lieut.-Col. Daniel Messinger (1792), was recommitted for further inquiry, etc.; but the report was never brought up afterward.
Monday, Sept. 7, the Company paraded in uniform, under command of Major Benjamin Russell (1788); also on Monday, Oct. 5.
On the latter occasion the Company marched to Medford, where they encamped for the night, and performed all those exercises which a body of soldiers would have been required to perform. Brig.-Gen. Boyd, of the United States Army, accommodated them with tents for the occasion. On the next morning they commenced their march for Boston, and while on the road were invited by Gen. Derby and Abraham Truro, Esq., to partake of refreshments provided at their country-seats. The Company arrived in Boston in due time, no accident having occurred to mar the pleasure of their fall parade.
Rev. Eliphalet Porter, of Roxbury, delivered the Artillery election sermon in 1812. He was the son of a clergyman, and was born in North Bridgewater, in 1758. In October, 1801, he married Martha Ruggles, of Dorchester. He was prepared for college by his father, and graduated at Harvard College in 1777. He then pursued the study of divinity. He was ordained to the gospel ministry, and installed as the pastor of the First Church, in Roxbury, Oct. 2, 1782. At the time he began his ministry there had been a vacancy in that pulpit for seven years, in consequence of the destruction and distress occasioned by the war.
Rev. Eliphalet Porter. AUTHORITY: Drake's Hist. of Roxbury.
Jan. 14, 1801, he delivered a eulogy in memory of George Washington, which was afterward published. In 1810 he preached the annual sermon before the Convention of Congregational Ministers of Massachusetts, and he espoused the Unitarian side of the controversy. July 7, 1830, Rev. George Putnam became his colleague. Rev. Mr. Porter died at Roxbury, Dec. 7, 1833, and his remains were placed in the parish tomb.
The officers of the Artillery Company elected in 1813 were: Jonathan
I 8 I 2. Whitney (1797), captain; Jacob Hall (1802), lieutenant; Caswell Beal (1806), ensign. John Roulstone (1812) was first sergeant; Abraham Wood (1810), second sergeant; Edward Gray (1810), third sergeant; James Hooper (1810), fourth sergeant; George Blanchard (1794), treasurer; Dexter Dana (1798), clerk, and
Samuel Todd (1786), armorer.
The members of the Artillery Company recruited in 1813 were: George Barrell, John Blunt, Samuel B. Ford, John L. Phillips, Henry Spear, John Tarbell, Daniel Wise.
George Barrell (1813), trader, of Boston, was probably a son of George and Mary (Edes) Barrell, of Charlestown. He held the position of ensign in the Charlestown militia. “He had the peculiar talent of magnifying this subaltern office sensign's] by the splendor of his dress, his vast consequence to the militia, and his never condescending to notice officers of less grade than a brigadier-general. He unfortunately was superseded, and removed to the South.” He retired from the Artillery Company in 1813.
John Blunt (1813), grocer, of Boston, is not known to have been identified with the militia, and never held office in the Artillery Company. He was honorably discharged from the Company, July 15, 1816, and immediately after removed to the West.
Samuel B. Ford (1813), merchant, of Boston, was born in Wilmington, in 1785. He was paymaster of the Second Regiment, Third Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, in 1813 and 1814, and captain in the same in 1815. He never held office in the Artillery Company. He died on the passage from South Carolina to Boston, Aug. 23, 1821, aged thirty-six years.
John L. Phillips (1813), painter, of Boston, son of Samuel and Mehitable (Lillie) Phillips, was born March 22, 1781. He was a descendant of Major William Phillips (1644), of Boston and Saco. Lieut. Phillips (1813) married, Oct. 25, 1804, Sally Tector, who died March 25, 1831. He was “a very industrious, intelligent, and substantial mechanic”; a member of the common council of Boston, from Ward 11, in 1832; a member of Hollis Street Church, and a representative from Boston to the General Court. He was third sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1816, and a lieu-o tenant in 1820. He became a member of The Massachusetts Lodge, A. F. and A. M., Jan. 31, 1817; of St. Paul's Chapter, Feb. 23, 1819, and of Boston Commandery, Knights Templars, Jan. 19, 1825. He died in Boston, Jan. 9, 1867.
George Barrell (1813). Authority: Whit- John L. Phillips (1813). AUTHORITY: man's Hist. A. and H. A. Company, Ed. 1842. Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. Company, Ed. 1842.
Henry Spear (1813) was a printer in Boston. He was honorably discharged from the Company, April 11, 1817, and he died in New York City, in August, 1828, aged thirty-nine years.
John Tarbell (1813), deputy-sheriff, of Cambridge, was brigadier-general of the First Brigade, Second Division, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, from 1827 to 1834 inclusive. He was made an honorary member of the Artillery Company, May 22, 1819, and was discharged, at his own request, April 23, 1832. He never held office in the
Daniel Wise (1813) was a cordwainer, and afterward innkeeper, in Boston. His shoe shop was at No. 11 Congress Street. He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1815.
Monday evening, March 29, 1813, the Company met for exercise and business, when it was voted that a committee of five should be appointed to take into consideration the subject of admitting members into the Company “who do not hold, or have not held, commissions in the militia.” Gen. Arnold Welles (1811), Major Benjamin Russell (1788), Lieut.-Col. George Sullivan (1811), Major George Blanchard (1794), and Lieut.Col. Peter Osgood (1797) were appointed said committee. Friday, April 9, the Artillery Company paraded under command of Gen. Welles (1811), “Monday being inconvenient on account of the annual election of governor and senators.” Rev. John Andrews, of Newburyport, was elected to deliver the next anniversary sermon. April 12, a drill-meeting of the Company was held, when it was announced that Rev. Mr. Andrews declined to preach the election sermon. Rev. Joseph McKean, professor of oratory in Harvard University, was then chosen to deliver the sermon. At a meeting for drill, held April 19, the declination of Rev. Mr. McKean, on account of ill health, was reported to the Company. Rev. John Pierce, of Brookline, was then elected for that duty. The committee appointed March 29 also reported, viz.: “Your committee have carefully examined the ancient charter, and the practice of the Company under the same from its first establishment to the present time; and the result of this investigation is, that the charter imposes no restraint on the Company in their freely receiving as members all such persons as they may see cause to admit, and the records prove that at every period of its existence a large proportion of its most active and useful members have consisted of those who have not held commissions, but who have by their exertions in its cause, and their martial spirit, most essentially contributed to its welfare and honor. “To confirm this idea, suggested by the committee, they will quote several passages from the records. The first article of the charter states ‘that Robert Keayne , merchant, Nathaniel Duncan , merchant, Robert Sedgwick , gentleman, William Spencer , merchant, and such others as they have already joined with them, and such as they shall from time to time take into their Company, shall be called The Military Company of the Massachusetts.' The third article states: “None of the said Military Company, except such as shall be officers of any other train-band in any particular town, shall be bound to give attendance upon their ordinary trainings." In the preamble of the order, established at the revival, Sept. 2, 17oo, the Company is