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appropriated to defray the expenses of the Company. He shall pay all bills against the Company which may have been approved by a majority of the Committee of Finance. SECTION 2. The Treasurer shall give bond in the same way as the Clerk, in a like penal sum, to be kept by the Commanding Officer for the time being, and not given up or cancelled, but in the same way and manner that the bond given by the Clerk is
SECTION 1. Every Active Member who has not done duty in the Company for the term of seven years, shall be held liable to attend the Company and Sergeants' drills when ordered. Those who have served more than seven years and less than twelve years, shall be liable to attend the evening drill of the Company next preceding each field-day, and the three evening drills next preceding the Anniversary in June. And it is expected that all members who have served more than twelve years, and who shall contemplate appearing in uniform on the anniversary, will attend the three evening drills preceding the same.
SECTION 2. At every meeting regularly notified by the Commander, there shall be a first and second Roll-call, and every member liable to attend said meeting absent at one or both Roll-calls, shall pay such fine as is prescribed in the table of fines.
SECTION 3. Every Member who neglects complying with the Rules and Regulations of the Company for one year shall be notified thereof by the Clerk, and his name returned to the Standing Committee; and if he does not within thirty days from the time of receiving such notification, render an excuse to the satisfaction of said committee, he shall no longer be considered a member, and his name shall be returned to the commander of the Military District in which he resides.
SECTION 4. Any member who shall divulge the names of candidates elected for officers previously to the anniversary, or who shall repeat any observations made respecting the character of any candidate for admission, to any person not a member, shall be liable to be dismissed from the Company by a majority of the votes of the members present.
ARTICLE VIII. — FINES FOR NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.
SECTION 1. Non-attendance at drill, 5o cts. ; non-attendance at a meeting, first Roll-call, 25 cts. ; if absent the whole evening, 5o cts. ; on the three evenings for exercise preceding the Anniversary, non-attendance first Roll-call, $1.25; non-attendance the whole evening, $2.5o; absent on field-days, $2.oo; neglecting to notify the Company
in season, 75 cts.
SECTION 2. Non-attendance at drills, 5o cts. ; non-attendance at a meeting, first Roll-call, 25 cts. ; if absent the whole evening, 5o cts. ; on the three evenings for exer
cise preceding the Anniversary, non-attendance at first Roll-call, $1; non-attendance the whole evening, $2 ; absent on field-days, $2.
ARTICLE IX. — EXEMPTIONS FROM FINES AND ASSESSMENTS.
SECTION 1. Honorary Members are exempted from all fines and assessments, except the assessment to defray the expense of the Anniversary.
SECTION 2. Active Members living out of town are exempt from all drill fines excepting the three drill evenings next preceding the election of officers in June.
SECTION 3. Active Members who have served more than seven years are exempt from all drill fines, excepting the fine for non-attendance on the evening drill of the Company next preceding the field-day, and the three drill evenings next preceding the election in June. ARTICLE X. — OF COMMITTEES. SECTION 1. Every member appointed on a committee, if he accepts, shall duly attend to the duty assigned him, at the time and place appointed by the Chairman, which office shall be filled by the first member chosen; and every committee shall make report of their doings at the next meeting after they are elected. SECTION 2. There shall be chosen by the Company at the first drill meeting in May annually, a committee of three to continue in office one year, who shall be styled a Committee of Finance and Ways and Means. And it shall be the duty of said committee, so chosen, to examine the state of the Company's finances, accounts and funds from time to time, and make report thereof as often as expedient, and particularly to examine and approve such bills against the Company as are just and reasonable; to report from time to time what assessments may be necessary to defray the current expenses; to guard against the Company's contracting debts beyond the amount of the assessment laid, and to see that the entrance money paid by members is applied to increase the funds; to examine the records of the Clerk, and, at the last drill meeting previous to the election of officers in June, to make an annual report upon the Treasurer's and Clerk's accounts, and return an inventory of the funds and property of the Company. ARTICLE XI. — GENERAL REGULATIONS. SECTION 1. The field-days are: for the election of officers the first Monday in June annually, and the Friday next preceding the first Monday of April, and the first Mondays in May, September, and October, if suitable weather; if not, on the Friday following. SECTION 2. No revision or alteration of the Rules and Regulations of the Company shall be made the same evening it is proposed, nor unless notice thereof has been inserted on the notifications for the meeting when the same is intended to be acted upon, which notification shall be sent to every member. SECTION 3. No assessment shall be laid, or money appropriated, at any meeting except it be at the Monday evening next preceding the regular field-day or the three drill evenings of the Company next preceding the anniversary, unless notice thereof be inserted on the notifications, as prescribed in the preceding section. SECTION 4. No vote shall be reconsidered by a less number of members than was present at the time of its passing, provided the numbers were then called for.
Monday evening, May 24, the Company met for drill, and on the next Thursday evening they met “at the vestry of the new church in School Street,” on business. Preparations were there made for the anniversary. A public parade for drill was held in the afternoon of May 27, and an evening drill May 31.
The exhaustive report made by the finance committee in 1819 says: “During the year, by the liberality of the Commonwealth, two field-pieces, three-pounders, bearing the patriotic names of Hancock and Adams, with tumbril, harnesses, apparatus, and implements complete, and one year's stock of powder, have become the property of the Company.”
At a meeting held Thursday afternoon, for exercise with the cannon and for business,
the following letter was presented : — QUINCY, June 1, 1819.
To THE A. AND H. A. COMPANY :
Gentlemen, – Accept my thanks for your polite invitation to your anniversary dinner, at Faneuil Hall, on the 7th of this month. Nothing would give me greater pleasure than to meet a society which I have held in veneration from my earliest youth, and to whom I attribute, in a great degree, that valor and military skill, science, and discipline which have contributed so much to the present prosperity and glory of the United States. But if I should not appear at your festival, which I ardently desire, my uncommon age and various infirmities must be the apology of your most respectful humble servant and fellow-citizen, JOHN ADAMS.
Monday, June 7, the Company met, in compliance with orders and ancient usage, to celebrate their anniversary. Fifty-four members, including the officers, were present. The governor and other guests were received as usual; the sermon was delivered by Rev. Thomas Gray, of Roxbury, in the church in Chauncy Place, and dinner was served in Faneuil Hall. The second toast was, “The Commander-in-Chief: the Warrior, the Statesman, the Patriot, who honors the Commonwealth which honors him.” The third was, “The President of the United States.” The eleventh was “Massachusetts” —
“Though round thy shores rude surges swell,
The twelfth, “The Memory of Washington. Sainted shade 1 words are too poor to tell thy matchless fame.” This was drank standing, in solemn silence. Thirteen regular toasts were offered, and volunteer toasts by the governor, lieutenant-governor, Spanish consul, and Hon. Mr. Holmes, of Maine. The election was held on the Common, the day being unusually fine; the old officers returned their badges of office, which by the governor were conferred upon those newly elected. Meetings were frequently held during the summer, at nearly all of which recruits were received into the ranks of the Company. At a meeting held for field duty, Sept. 6, 1819, the commander, Major Thomas Dean (1806), before leaving the Hall, read to the Company a copy of a letter which he wrote to Mr. Thomas Bumstead (1764), viz.:
MR. THOMAS BUMSTEAD : BOSTON, Aug. 31, 1819. Esteemed Sir, – The A. & H. A. Company, which I have the honor to command, have lately published a roll of all the members thereof since the first foundation of the Company. They have discovered that there are but seventeen now living who were members before the Revolutionary War, and that you, sir, are the oldest on the roll of that seventeen. The Company will feel themselves highly gratified and honored if you, sir, with such others of the seventeen as can conveniently attend, would condescend to receive the usual military salute at your home, on the next field-day of the Company, which will be on Monday next if the weather is suitable; if not, on the Friday following, in the afternoon. This is intended by the Company as a token of the veneration, respect, and esteem which the present members have towards the surviving members before the Revolution. Accept, sir, the assurances of my highest respect. THOMAS DEAN, Captain A. & H. A. Company.
Copy of a letter from John Bumstead, son of Thomas (1764), to Thomas Dean (18o0):— BosTON, Sept. 3, 1819. Dear Sir, – My father being infirm has desired me to reply to your very complimentary letter of 31st ult, expressing the wish of the A. & H. A. Company, commanded by you, to pay on their next field-day the usual military salutes, at his home, to the surviving members of that Company who were attached to it prior to the Revolutionary War. The intended honor and manner is particularly gratifying to him. He requests you, in inviting the old members for this purpose, to ask such of the honorary members, or friends, as you may think agreeable and proper, to meet at his home. He also asks the honor of a call from the present officers and members of the Company on that day. Accept his best wishes for the continued prosperity and fame of the Company, and his personal regard, through, dear sir, your obedient servant, John BUMSTEAD.
To MAJOR THOMAS DEAN, Commander of the A. & H. A. Company.
In accordance with the above correspondence, the Artillery Company left Faneuil Hall at three o'clock P. M., and proceeded to the residence of Mr. Thomas Bumstead (1764), and paid him and the other elderly members a standing and marching salute, after which the Company were invited into his house to take a glass of wine with the veterans of the Company. The famous “Burgoyne bowl" was full to the rim, - it held ten gallons, – and the table was laden with the choicest fruits of the season. Thence the Company marched to the Common, went through many evolutions and firings, and then proceeded to the commander's residence, where a bountiful collation was provided. The Company returned to Mr. Bumstead's (1764), and escorted the ancient members to Faneuil Hall, where the day was finished in “reciprocating good wishes for health, prosperity, and happiness, much to the satisfaction of the Company.”
Sixteen only of those who were members of the Company previous to the Revolution were then living, eight of whom were present at Major Bumstead's (1764), viz., Major Thomas Bumstead (1764), aged seventy-nine years; Capt. Joseph Pierce (1769), aged seventy-four; Mr. Samuel Belknap (1773), aged sixty-eight; Capt. William Todd (1773), aged seventy-two; Lieut. William Homes (1766), aged seventy-eight; Capt. John Simpkins (1769), aged seventy-nine; Capt. Joseph Eaton (1773), aged seventy, and Capt. Nathaniel Call (1774), aged seventy-four, making a total of five hundred and ninety-four years."
* “OLD ARTILLERY COMPANY.
“On Monday [Sept. 6, 1819) the corps of Ancient and Honorable Artillery, under Major Dean , commenced its autumnal tour of field duty. The occasion was embraced to pay military honors to the oldest surviving member of the Company, Capt. Thomas Bumstead , at his resi(lence in Bumstead Place, where the master of the mansion had invited all the surviving members who were enrolled in the corps previous to the American Revolution, together with the honorary members of later periods. Capt. Bumstead joined the Company in 1764, and there are fifteen others now living who
joined it in various years prior to 1775, eight of whom were present. The united ages of the sixteen exceed eleven hundred years. After paying the usual salutes, the Company were invited to partake, with their brothers of ‘olden times,’ of a plentiful banquet, part of which had been prepared in the ‘Burgoyne bowl,' of the capacity of ten gallons,— a stake which depended for its ownership on the surrender of the general of that name, in the capture of whom many of the Company contributed their services. . . .”—Columbian Centinel, Wednesday, Sept. 8, 1819.
The following anecdote was related by Major Bumstead (1764) on that day: Major Paddock (1762), a loyalist, bet that the news of the capture of Burgoyne's army was not true; Major Bumstead (1764) bet that it was. On a certain afternoon, when the news had been confirmed, a number of the Company met at Major Bumstead's (1764) to drink the bowl of punch. When assembled, a new wager was laid that no one could lift the bowl filled with punch to his lips, drink, and replace it in safety on the table. All attempted in vain except Daniel Rea (1789), who performed it, and won the second wager. From this bowl the Company partook on the 6th of September, 1819.
A public parade was held Oct. 4, when the Company exercised on the Common.
Nov. 30, 1819, an order was issued by Major Dean (1806), informing the Company of the death of Brig.-Gen. John Winslow (1786), and “requesting the attendance of the honorary and active members at the funeral services,” which were held on Wednesday, Dec. 1, at the family residence on Purchase Street."
Rev. Thomas Gray delivered the Artillery election sermon in 1819. He was born in Boston, March 16, 1772, and graduated at Harvard College in 1790. He married a daughter of Rev. Samuel Stillman, of Boston, — who delivered the Artillery election sermon in 1770, - and by Rev. Mr. Stillman, Mr. Gray was prepared for the ministry. Mr. Gray began to preach in Roxbury, “in the Third Parish or precinct,” April 22, 1792, being the second pastor of this (now Unitarian) church, and the successor of Rev. William Gordon, D. D., who was invited to deliver the Artillery sermon in 1775. The last named left America for England, March 17, 1786, that he might publish in London his history of the American Revolution. For seven years the church had been without a pastor, and when Mr. Gray began his pastorate the society contained but fifty-four families. Mr. Gray was ordained to the gospel ministry, and was installed over the church as its pastor March 27, 1793. For more than half a century he labored here, and left the society prosperous and united. He died June 1, 1847. Two of his historical discourses, “Notice of Rev. John Bradford, and Sketch of Roxbury Churches,” 1825, a “Half-Century Sermon,” 1842, and his sermon before the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, were printed.
The officers of the Artillery Company elected in 1820 were: George 1820. Welles (18o"), captain; John L. Phillips (1813), lieutenant; John Park (1812), ensign. James N. Staples (1816) was first sergeant; Ira Brown (1816), second sergeant; Ebenezer Goodrich (1814), third sergeant; Ephraim Whitney (1816), fourth sergeant; Andrew Sigourney, Esq. (1806), treasurer; Zachariah G. Whitman (1810), clerk, and David W. Bradlee (1811), armorer.
* “On Monday last [Nov. 29, 1819), Gen. John
of major-general of the First Division. He susWinslow , aged 67. He was educated a
tained, likewise, numerous civil and municipal
merchant, and at the first dawn of the American Revolution led a company of artillerists against the invaders of his country, and shared all the dangers, fatigues, and deprivations of the campaigns which preceded the capture of Burgoyne's army. After the war, he was assiduous to discipline the militia of his native place, and passed through all the grades of office until he received the appointment
offices with ability and undeviating integrity; and, at his decease, was treasurer of the county of Suffolk, and inspector-general of nails. He was a man of extensive, but unostentatious, benevolence, a cheerful, but sincere, Christian, and the best of citizens and of men.” — Columbian Centinel, Wednesday, Dec. 1, 1819.