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SELECTMEN of the Town of BosTon, MAss.

From 1634 to 1821 inclusive, two hundred and seventy-four persons served in the office of selectmen of Boston, the aggregate number of their terms of service being

fifteen hundred and forty-two.

One hundred and ten persons of this number were

members of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, who served in the aggregate five hundred and fifty terms. A term was one year, except from 1634 to 1641 inclusive, when selectmen were elected for terms of six months only. In the following lists, the date preceding the name indicates the first year of service in the office mentioned; the inclosed date, the year when the person joined the Artillery, Company, and the numeral following indicates the terms or years of service in that office.

1634 1634 1634 1636 1636

1645 1645 1647 1647 1647 1649 1650 1651 1651 1652 1652 1652 1653 1653 1653 1655 1657 1658 1658 1658 1659 1660 1668 1671 1676 1677 1678

7'erms. John Underhill (1637) 2 Robert Harding (1637) . 6 John Coggan (1638) 3 William Aspinwall (1643) 2 Robert Keayne (1637) 6

Years. Edward Tyng (1642) . . . . 3 Thomas Fowle (1639) . . . 2 Anthony Stoddard (1639) . . 5 Thomas Marshall (1640). I I William Davis (1643). I 5 Jeremiah Howchin (1641) 6 Thomas Clarke (1644) 3 Richard Parker (1638) I John Leverett (1639). I Adam Winthrop (1642) . I Thomas Savage (1637) i Edward Hutchinson (1638). 2 James Oliver (1640) . 2 I Samuel Cole (1637) 5 Peter Oliver (1643) I4 William Paddy (1652) 4 Joshua Scottow (1645) . . . 11 John Hull (1660) . . . . . Io Thomas Lake (1653) . . . . 19 Jacob Sheafe (1648) . . . . 2 Hezekiah Usher (1638) . . . 18 Nathaniel Williams (1644) . . 2 John Richards (1644). . . . 6

Thomas Brattle (1675) . . . 13 Daniel Turell (1660) . . . . 15 Henry Allen (1658) . . . . 11 Elisha Hutchinson (1670) . . 9

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Edward Gibbons (1637). William Tyng (1638) . Atherton Hough (1643) . John Oliver (1637) . Valentine Hill (1638).

Theophilus Frary (1666). Penn Townsend (1674) James Hill (1677) . Adam Winthrop (1692) . John Foster (1679) Bozoun Allen (1676) . Jeremiah Dummer (1671) Joseph Bridgham (1674). Samuel Checkley (1678). Timothy Thornton (1691) Ephraim Savage (1674) . Nathaniel Williams (1667) John Eyre (1682) . Edward Bromfield (1679) Thomas Hunt (1685). John Marion, Jr. (1691) . Simeon Stoddard (1675). Samuel Lynde (1691). Timothy Clarke (1702) . Robert Gibbs (1692) . John Barnard (1677) . John George (1702) Giles Dyer (1680) . Thomas Savage (1693) Thomas Fitch (17oo). Thomas Jackson (1692) . Thomas Cushing (1691).

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Years. Years.

1736 Caleb Lyman (1732) . 1744 William Salter (1733). 1746 Abiel Walley (1710) 1747 Jeremiah Belknap, Jr. (1745) 1752 Joseph Jackson (1738) 1763 Nathaniel Thwing (1761) 1766 William Phillips (1762) 1777 Thomas Greenough (1744). 1777 Jonathan Williams (1729) 1784 John Lucas (1786) 1785 William Cunningham (1786) . 1787 William Bordman (1786) . . I 1790 Thomas Crafts (1765) 1796 Russell Sturgis (1786) 1803 John May (1786) 1812 Joseph Lovering (1788) . 1816 John Bray (1788) 1816 Turner Phillips (1786) 1816 John Howe (1792) 1820 Samuel Billings (18or) 1820 Jonathan Loring (1792) . 1820 Robert Fennelly (1806) . 1820 David W. Child (1796)

17os Daniel Powning (1691) . 1706 Thomas Hutchinson (1694) 1709 Samuel Marshall (1685) . 17 Io Edward Martyn (1702) 1711 Edward Hutchinson (1702). 1711 Addington Davenport (1692) 1712 Francis Clarke (1701) 1713 John George (1702) 1713 William Paine (1691). 1714 Edward Winslow (17oo). 1715 Habijah Savage (1699) 1715 John Baker (1703) . . . 1719 Elisha Cooke, Jr. (1699). 1719 William Clark (1699). 1721 William Hutchinson (1703). 1721 Nathaniel Green (1722) . 1723 Ezekiel Lewis (1707). 1727 John Hunt (1709). 1727 Jonathan Williams (1711) 1729 Jonathan Loring (1704) . 1730 Joshua Cheever (1732) 1732 Edward Bromfield, Jr. (1732) . 1732 William Downe (1716) . . .

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Previous to 1693 the person who kept the books of the town of Boston was called “town recorder.” From 1641 to 1693 there were nine persons who held this office, of whom seven were members of the Artillery Company, viz.:

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1641 John Oliver (1637) . . . . 4 1655 William Davis (1643) . . . . 7 1650 Anthony Stoddard (1639) 2 1662 Hezekiah Usher (1665) . . . 6 1651 Thomas Savage (1637) . . . 2 1692 Joseph Bridgham (1674) . . . I 1654 Thomas Marshall (1640). I

The town recorder became known as town clerk in 1693. From that time until 1822 — when the town became a city — eight persons held the office of town clerk, of whom six were members of the Artillery Company, viz.:

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1693 Ephraim Savage (1674) . . . 4 1721 Samuel Checkley (1678) . . . 13 1697 William Griggs (1675) . . . 4 1734 Samuel Gerrish (1709) . . . 7 17oi Joseph Prout (1674) . . . . 20 1809 Thomas Clark (1786). . . . 12

In 1636, Mr. John Coggan (1638) was chosen treasurer, to disburse the funds for the new work on Fort Hill, and in 1636 Robert Keayne (1637) was authorized to receive certain fines. In 1641 John Oliver (1637) was chosen “Treasurer for the Towne and to keep the Towne's booke.” The treasurer was chosen from 1641 to 1660 by the selectmen; from 1660 to 1690, sometimes by the selectmen and sometimes by the town

meeting, and from 1690 to 1821 by the town meeting. Twenty-five persons held the office of treasurer of the town of Boston between 1640 and 1822, of whom eleven were

members of the Artillery Company, viz.: –

1641 1651 1652 1654 1658 1661

The overseers of the poor of the town of Boston were first elected in 1691.

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Years.

John Richards (1644) 6 Thomas Brattle (1675) 9 Joseph Prout (1674) . I 7 Andrew Sigourney (1806) 6 Turner Phillips (1786) 2 During

one hundred and thirty years, or from 1691 to 1822, one hundred and fifty-four persons served as overseers of the poor, of whom fifty-nine were members of the Artillery Company:-

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Years.

Jeremiah Allen (1694)
John Alford (1714)
Edmund Brown (1691)
Nathaniel Byfield (1679)
Edward Bromfield (1679)
Thomas Brattle (1675)
John Borland (1692) .
John Ballentine (1682)
Edward Bromfield (1732)
Samuel Barrett (1755)
William Colman (1676) .
Samuel Checkley (1678).
Robert Calef, Jr. (1710).
William Clark (1699).
Francis Clarke (17or)
Charles Chauncey (1699)
Samuel Checkley (1678).
Timothy Clarke (1702)
Joshua Cheever (1732)
Benjamin Davis (1673)
Jeremiah Dummer (1671) . . 2
Henry Deering (1682)
William Downe (1716) . . . 14
Benjamin Dolbeare (1756).
John Eyre (1682) . - I
John Franklin (1739). I
James Gooch (1714) . . . . 14
John Gore (1743) . . . . . 8
2
5

- 2

I

Elisha Hutchinson (1670) William Hutchinson (1703).

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468 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY.

The number of persons admitted as members of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company from 1738 to 1821 inclusive is seven hundred and sixteen, of which thirteen were readmissions, leaving seven hundred and three new recruits for that period. Of this number, ten persons attained the rank of major-general in the volunteer militia of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; fifteen attained the rank of brigadier-general; forty-eight that of colonel; twenty-eight that of lieutenant-colonel; forty-four that of major; two hundred and seventeen that of captain, and ninety-five that of lieutenant. If the military rolls prior to the Revolution were as complete as those since that time, it would probably appear that more than three fourths of the members of the Artillery Company from 1738 to 1821 were, at some time, officers in the State militia. This volume covers an interesting and important epoch in the history of the Artillery Company. The corps, keeping pace with the military progress of the age, gave greater attention to the manual of arms and company movements; procured more efficient guns; instituted new and better rules and regulations; adopted a uniform which greatly increased the membership, and conformed with exactness to the desire of its founder, Robert Keayne (1637), by receiving as members a large number of the officers of the State militia. It is also an interesting and important epoch in the history of the Artillery Company by virtue of its relation to the town of Boston, the Commonwealth, and the nation. The Company always had a pride in the town of Boston, of which many of its members were citizens, and in which the Company was originally chartered. They did their part in administering its affairs, increasing its business, adding to its mechanical pursuits, and driving the invader from its streets. These pages show that in the Artillery Company the Commonwealth has found only loyal subjects, ready for service to quell disorder or to repel invasion. In colonial days the frontiersman had no truer friends; in the Revolutionary War the cause of independence had no sturdier defenders, and in the War of 1812 the call of the executive received no speedier nor more loyal reply than that of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. May the perusal of these pages lead the reader to a better appreciation of the framers and defenders of our national Constitution, and to a deeper, stronger spirit of loyalty to the republic and its free American institutions.

END OF WOLUME II.

INDEX TO VOLUME II.

ABBOT, Rev. Abiel (1802) . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . .320
Samuel L. (1821) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - 436
ABRAMs, William, Jr. (1807)...... . . . . . 337,351
ADAMS, Rev. Amos.. . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - •98, 99
Henry (1652). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
John (1740) . . . . . . . . I4, 34, 50, 139

• 147, 173

Seth (1768) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
- • 291, 290

Seth (1797) ...

Thomas (1765)... , 173, 280
William (1821) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
ADJUTANT . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 307, 456
ALDEN, Samuel (1810). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345

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ALFORD, John (1714) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
ALLEN, Alfred (1821). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437, 436
Bozoun (1676). . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 465
Henry (1658). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 465
Jeremiah (1694) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
Samuel A. (1836) . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35o
AMORY, Thomas C. (1821) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437, 436

ANDREWS, Benjamin (1754) . . .65, 89, 95, 98, IoS,
116, 185, 187

David (1816) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - 387
Rev. John (1813) . . . . . . . . • . . .374, 372
ANNABLE, Joseph D. (1811) . . . . . . . . . . . . 355, 368
ARMSTRONG, Samuel T. (1807). .337,355, 360, 367
ARNOLD, John (1769). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156, 173
ARTILLERY FARM AT DUNSTABLE. See Blanchard,
Joseph (1737).
ASPINWALL, William (1643) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . §
ATKINS, Isaiah (1811) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355, 36
AUSTIN, John (1746) . . . . . - - - - - - - - 39, 50, 63,405
ohn [jr.]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Nathaniel (1819) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405, 384,439

Richard (1792). . . .262, 363, 275, 280, 282,308,

310, 320, 367
Avery, John, Jr. (1786)... 195, 124, 126, 220, 265

BACON, Micah B. (1816) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387, 384
BAILEY, Lewis (1821) . . . . . . . . . .437, 436

- - - - - - -

BAKER, Ephraim (1733). . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - 13
John (1703) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - .466
Nathaniel (1751) . . . . . . . . . . . . 59, 58, 77, 88, 95
Ruel (1819) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405, 406, 436
William (1745). . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - 35, 95, IOO
BALCH, Jonathan (1786) . . . . . . 196, 146, 195, 220,
262, 268
Rev. Thomas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120, 118, 119
BALDwiN, Rev. Thomas . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - 340, 339
William (1821). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438,436, §
BAll, Robert (1791)...... 258, 275,278, 279, 2
BALLARD, Samuel (1755). . . . . 71, 72, 95, IoS, 116,
125, 139, 187
BALLENTINE, John (1682) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
BANcroft, William A. (1821)........... 438,436

BANISTER, John (1806) . . . .329, 344, 351, 367, 438
John F. (1821) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438,436

BARBER, Nathaniel, Jr. (1758)...... 89, 40, 9o, 99,
174, o; 184, 188
BARNABEE, Henry Clay (1870) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384
BARNARD, John (1677). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .465
Matthew (1734) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 14, 34
Rev. Thomas . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 95, 94, 251
Rev. Thomas, Jr. . . . . . . . . . . 251, 69, 95, 249, 250
BARNES, Jotham (1797) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291, 290
Nathaniel (1676). ..... - - • . . . 27
BARRELL, George (1813) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371
BARRETT, Samuel (1717). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

Samuel (1755). . . . 72, 71, 95, 99, IoS, 1 Io, 116,
138, 141, 165, 168, 172,178, 179, 187, 190, 191,
192, 203,220, 303, 467
BARTLETT, John (1769)... 156, 168, 172, 173, 177,
220, 223, 270
Levi (1814) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375, 381, 392
Thomas (1793). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27o, 156,339
BASS, Jonas S. (1789). . . . 246, 27o, 274, 290, 293,
294, 298, 299, 305, 308, 31o, 320, 321

Samuel (1720) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
William (1792). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263,262
BATES, Levi (1821) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438,436
BATEY, Gideon (1793) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271, 27o
BATTELLE, Ebenezer (1786) ... 196, 166, 195, 197,
22O
BAXTER, John (1789). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247, 246
Joseph, Jr. (1794) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
Thomas (1740). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • 15, 14, 29, 5o
BEACH, William (1821) ................ 438,436
BEAL, Caswell (1806) . . . . . 330, 329, 342, 343, 351,
367, 371, 382, 384
BEAN, Stephen (1806) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330, 329
BELCHER, Joshua (1812) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362, 337
Sarson (1765) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125, 173, 189
BELKNAP, Abraham (1735) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Jeremiah (1711) (1724) . . . . . . . . . . . . • 2, 22, 35
Jeremiah, Jr. (1745). . . . . 35, 22, 49, 64, 95, 116,
I 19, 175, 188, 466
Rev. lo. D. D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283, 251, 282
Joseph (1658) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22, 35
Joseph, Jr. (1692). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22, 35

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Joseph (1742)
Samuel (1773). . . . . .

Samuel A. (1820) ..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 419

Bell, Daniel (1733) . . . . 13,78, IoS, 116, 121, 125,
187, 189

Shubael (1791)..... - - - - - - - - - - - - 258, 259, 28o

William (1756) . . .78, 79, 95, 111, 141, 144, 165,
168, 179, 183, 185, 187, 191, 193, 194, 218, 219,
220, 226, 227, 332
BENNETT, James (1756). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79, 78, 99
John (1734)
BENTLEy, Rev. William, D. D. . .289, 287, 288, 290
2

BERRY, Henry (1733). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • - - - - 2 I
Bicker, Martin (1771) . . . . . . . . 167, 168, 221, 26o
BIGELow, Francis R. (1833) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 464

Billings, Samuel (18ol) . . . . . . 312, 322, 323, 466

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