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The officers of the Artillery Company elected in 1748 were: John 1748. Carnes' (1733), captain; Jonathan Williams, Jr. (1729), lieutenant, and Samuel Pratt (1734), ensign. Jeremiah Belknap, Jr. (1745), was first sergeant; John West (1745), second sergeant; John Wendell, “Tertius” (1745), third sergeant; Samuel Swift (1746), fourth sergeant, and Caleb Phillips (1742), clerk. The first Bibles printed in America were printed about this time. It was a violation of law for any one to print Bibles in the colonies. It was therefore done secretly, and a false imprint was inserted. They were, however, printed by Kneeland & Green for Daniel Henchman (1712), who soon after issued a Testament. Col. Henchman (1712), in January, 1728, effected the organization of a company for paper making. His partners in the enterprise were Gillam Phillips (1714), Benjamin Faneuil, Thomas Hancock, and Henry Deering, son of Henry (1682). They were granted the exclusive right, by an act of the General Court, to this manufacture in the province for a term of fifteen years. Their paper mill, “believed to have been the first paper mill in this country,” was situated in Milton, “below the bridge, on the Milton side of the river.” So tenacious had the Artillery Company been of their privileges, that few instances are found of interference. April 1, 1748, was appointed for a town meeting in Boston; but, it appearing that that day was one of the charter field days, “the meeting was declared null and void, as being contrary to the Artillery charter.” A similar instance “like to have occurred during the mayoralty of President Quincy, the warrant having been made out; but that efficient officer, discovering the coincidence, immediately countermanded it.” 9 The member of the Artillery Company recruited in 1748 was Edward Cowell, Jr.

Edward Cowell, Jr. (1748), cooper, of Boston, son of Edward, married, (1) Dec. 5, 1745, Hannah Martin, and, (2) Jan. 8, 1746–7, Susanna Gedney.

He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1751, and second sergeant in 1753. He was chosen scavenger in 1749, and culler of staves, hoops, etc., in 1750 and 1751, from 1755 to 1757 inclusive, 1760, and from 1763 to 1777 inclusive, – a service of more than twenty years. April 2, 1771, he was drawn as a juryman in town meeting, to serve at the April court.

The record of the Artillery Company for 1748 is as follows: —

“April 1st, 1748. In the field, the Company being under arms, chose the Rev. Mr. Samuel Dunbar, of Stoughton, to preach the next Artillery Election Sermon; & voted, the commission officers of this Company and the field of the Regiment, a committee to wait upon him and desire the same.

“N. B. There was a Town Meeting called at Boston upon this day, which being contrary to the Artillery Charter was declared null and void.

* “To be Sold, for the Benefit of the Heirs, having obtained Leave from the Great and General Court for that End, The Real Estate of John Carnes [1733], late of Boston, Esq.; deceased; Consisting of a Stone-House, with a good Garden; Two Brick Tenements and a large Shop, fronting Ann-Street, with a Blacksmith's Shop and several Stores back, two good Wells of Water with Pumps, very convenient for a Merchant or Shop keeper; also two Tenements in Sun-Court, so called, near the Old

North Meeting-House. Also a young Negro Man
capable of any Business, a Marble Table, and a
Mahogany ditto. Inquire of Arthur Savage in Ann-
Street.
“N. B. All that are indebted to said Estate, are
desired to make speedy Payment; and all to whom
the Estate is indebted, are desired to come and
receive their money.”— Boston Gazette, July 21,
176O.
700; Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. Company.

“May 2d. At Sergeant Greenough's [1744], Voted, that seventy pounds, old tenor, be allowed the present commission officers next Artillery Election Day; and seventy pounds to go towards defraying the soldiers' dinner on same day. The whole to be paid out of the interest money in the Treasurers hands & the money which shall be in the Clerk's hands next October.

“June 6th. At Capt John Carnes's [1733], the evening being spent there, Voted, That the old commission officers of this Company, with the new commission officers this day chosen, be a committee to wait on the Rev. Mr. Samuel Dunbar, and return the thanks of this Company to him for his sermon preached this day.

“September. The Artillery Company trained at Chelsea; the Ensign living there.”

Rev. Samuel Dunbar, of Stoughton, delivered the Artillery election sermon of 1748. He was a son of John and Margaret (Holmes) Dunbar, and was born in Boston, Oct. 2, 1704. He graduated at Harvard College in 1723, and was ordained pastor of the church in Stoughton (Canton), Nov. 15, 1727. He continued in this work until his decease, which occurred June 15, 1783, aged seventy-nine years. He was a true patriot. . In 1755, he was chaplain in the expedition to Crown Point, and he supported the colonial cause during the war of the Revolution. He lived to see the war close triumphantly, and the return of peace. At the celebration held in Stoughton in honor of that event, June 2, 1783, he was present, and offered a public prayer. This was his last public service.

“Mr. Bancroft speaks of his prayer at the Doty Tavern, in Canton, where the first Suffolk County Congress was held, in 1774. When the British fleet, under Lord Howe, was reported off the coast, meditating a descent on Boston, Mr. Dunbar prayed that God would “put a bit in their mouths and jerk them about, send a strong northeast gale, and dash them to pieces on Cohasset Rock.” Again, in a season of great anxiety, he prayed that God would let the Redcoats return to the land whence they came, “for Thou knowest, O God, that their room is better than their company.’”

The following-named members of the Company are given in the record book as “Artillery soldiers under the fine of 6/ per diem for non-appearance": —

John Adams (1740), John Austin (1746), Thomas Baxter (1740), James Butler (1739), Jonathan Cary (1740), Isaac Cazneau (1744), John Comrin (1744), Edward Cowell, Jr. (1748), John Dixwell (1741), Thomas Edes (1739), John Edwards (1747), John Franklin (1739), Joseph Gale (1744), Newman Greenough (1740), Thomas Greenough (1744), Alexander Hill (1746), John Hyland (1740), Thomas Johnson, Jr. (1742), Eneas Mackay (1745), John Nichols (1740), Caleb Phillips (1742), Joseph Sherburne (1745), William Simpkins (1739), Thomas Snow (1741), Samuel Swift (1746), John Wendell, Terts. (1745), John West (1745), John Wilson (1745), Kenelm Winslow, Jr. (1743).

The above list was prepared probably in 1748–9.

Rev. Samuel Dunbar. AUTHORITY: Huntoon's Hist. of Canton.

[graphic]

The officers of the Artillery Company elected in 1749 were: Ebenezer I749. Storer (1732), captain; Joseph Jackson (1738), lieutenant; John Symmes (1733), ensign. Joseph Gale (1744) was first sergeant; Joseph Sherburne (1745), second sergeant; Alexander Hill (1746), third sergeant; Thomas Lawlor (1746), fourth sergeant, and Samuel Swift (1746), clerk. The Artillery Company found themselves embarrassed by the assessors of Boston taxing the Company funds. Having reluctantly paid taxes for three years, they, by their committee, all venerable past commanders, petitioned the Legislature to direct their taxes to be refunded, and that in future their property should not be subject to taxation. This petition expresses much spirit in claiming their rights, and much patriotism in the public service. It was thereupon, “in Council, June 15, 1749, read and ordered, that the prayer of this petition be granted and that the aforesaid taxes, imposed on the Treasurer of the Artillery Company aforesaid, be remitted; and it is hereby declared that the donations made, or to be made, to said Company, shall be exempt from all taxes whatsoever, until this Court shall order otherwise.”

The member of the Artillery Company recruited in 1749 was William Moor.

William Moor (1749), son of William and Mary (Dawes) Moor, of Boston, who were married March 28, 1728, was born in Boston, May 9, 1730. Mary Dawes (born Dec. 10, 1709) was a sister of William Dawes (1760). Mr. Moor (1749) married," July 1o, 1759, Sarah Williston, of Boston. His mother, Mary (Dawes) Moor, united with the Old South Church April 16, 1727, and his father joined it Aug. 12, 1759. William, Jr. (1749), became a member of it Dec. 21, 1760.

Dec. 14, 1764, William Moor (1749) became a member of Engine Company No. 8, Capt. Obadiah Curtis. He served as sergeant of the Fifth Company, First Massachusetts Regiment, in the Cape Breton expedition, under Sir William Pepperell. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and a member of the Society of the Cincinnati of Massachusetts. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in Col. Crane's regiment, Sept. 9, 1778, and served to the end of the war. Re-entering the service, he was commissioned a lieutenant May 1, 1787, and a lieutenant of artillery Sept. 29, 1789. He died in 1791, at the River St. Mary's, in Georgia, leaving no descendants.

The record of the Artillery Company for 1749 is as follows: — “April 3d, 1749. The Company being under arms, made choice of the Rev. Mr. Ellis Gray, of Boston, to preach the next Artillery Election Sermon; and it was then Voted, that the commission officers of this Company, and the field officers of the Regiment, be a committee to wait on him and desire the same. “May 1st, 1749. The Company being under arms and the Capt. viz: Captain John Carnes [1733] being one of the committee appointed to wait on the Rev. Mr. Gray to desire him to preach the next Election Sermon, reported that he accepted the same. And, in the evening of said day, being at the house of Mr. John Wendell, Tertius [1745], it was then and there voted, that seventy pounds, in old tenor bills, so called, be allowed to the Captain and other officers to help defray the Artillery Election charges of dinner &c, said money to be paid out of the first interest and fines. William Moor (1749). At Thorities: Boston 1 A William More, of Boston, married Jane

Records; Drake's Biog. Notices of the Cincinnati McCastleen, April 20, 1753. of Massachusetts.

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