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sprightliness and thine sick of a qualm? 5. Ask me no more, when July's gone, oh cypress ! in the presence of her stately Where Flora's queen erects her throne, form, what figure canst thou cut ju the For in the nipples of thy breasts garden? oh reason! wert thou exposed The rose within its petals rests : to the temptation of admiring her, what 6. Ask me no more, where atoms stray, fortitude couldst thou have to resist pas. Which in a sun-beam glitt'ring play; sion? oh Hafiz! thou mightest some day From basils sweet the skies prepare command an interview, if thou hast the That dust of gold t'adorn thy hair : power of remaining desirous.

7. Ask not that cypress's graceful state, 1. Ask me no more, where zephyrs ply, Each breeze displays a livelier gait, Wafting the musk of Tartary;

Till thou into the garden walk I Inos'd the ringlets of my fair,

And etick't iu earth a wither'd stalk : And fragrance filled the ambient air : 8. Ask me vo more, if east or west 2. Ask me no more, wliere those stars The phænix Reason builds her nest; light,

Sle'd sacrifice a thousand lives That downward fall at dead of night; And in thy bosom, God! survives ! For in thine eyes they set, and there

In my next, I purpose sending Can sparkle bright, as in their sphere:

you a translation of Hafizi famous 3. Ask me no more, if that bright flower Sāki-nāmah, the most finished of Paints vision's organ in each bower; all his works, but I must leave it Before thy tipsy-rolling eye,

to Sadik to do it into verse ; as Sick of a qualu it lives to die:

mine will be only humble and li4. Ask me no more, if carol's last Of nightingales, when June is past; For in thy silver neck and throat

Yours, &c. They winter, and keep warm their note :


teral prose.

To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.

SIR, -As it may probably be the can guess, pretty correct representations fate of many of your readers in this of the watery deities they are meant to country to traverse the Atlantic, personate. a slight account of the ceremony As it was night when we passed this attendant on crossing the Line, imaginary live, Neptune only then hailed may not prove uninteresting. I us ; which is to say, that a person, getranscribe it from a Journal as ex nerally the boatswain, habited to repreperienced by myself and many fel sent Neptune, pretends to rise from the low-passengers in an outward sea, and calling through a trumpet debound Indiaman a few years since. sires to know what ship it is that dares I am, &c.

intrude on his dominions ? The officer of 2. the watch immediately through another

trumpet replies, that it is the shipWhen the decreasiug degrees of latitude which having many of his visitors* on announce the ship's approach to the equa- board, entreats a favourable voyage. The tor, it is truly ludicrous to reinark the

answer returned is, that he will visit thic satisfaction with which all the crew, those ship early in the morning. Accordingly, only excepted who have not crossed it be

he arrives in a triumphal car, supported fore, prepare the paraphernalia used on

by his attendants. It draws up before the occasion. Canvass, ropes, and hen- the Cuddy, door, and having delivered a coops, are in less than a week transform- speech to the ladies, signifying his will ed into masks, sea weed, and thrones, that they should be excused the operation, and honoured by the appearance of the he retires, and taking his station with his crew; who by means of paint of different colours, with which they plentifully be

* Or in the technical phrase ' those who are to smcar their bodies, make as far as one be shayed.

Barber, the ceremony commences. There well as you can, and the handkerchief were twelve of us on board to be shaved ; taken from your eyes, you are saluted on and having a list of our names he called all sides with tubs of water, by those who us as suited his pleasure. All those who have crossed before, and who enjoying have not crossed, are compelled to remain the furi are mostly stationed on the poop below, till called for, when conducted by for the express purpose. This is contitwo of his attendants (or as they are nued until you seize a tub, and pelt again termed constables) with a handkerchief in your own defence. Thus ends this tied across your eyes, you are led by these absurd, and ridiculous ceremony, which people to his Serene Majesty ; who after without the intervention of the Captain enquiring from whence you come, for no passenger to India, shonld he not prewhat reasons you are proceeding to India, viously have crossed the Line, can possiand a few other equally trivial questions, bly avoid. Our Captain chose in this indesires his Barber to do his duty. AC stance to sacrifice the comfort of his pascordingly being seated on a board placed sengers to complaisance to his crew; and across a large tub full of water, your chin, although money was offered them to avoid and lips are of a sudden besmeared with it, we were compelled to undergo the ce- . tar, of which having put “ quantum suf- remony. in all its degradation.t ficit,” he pretends to shave it off with a

t I have heard that a passenger recovered in piece of an iron hoop, notched as a saw.

the Supreme Court in Calcutta, considerable daThis being done, the board on which you mages from a Captain for not protecting him sit is dexterously slipped from under you,

against this outrage. and you are plunged head and heels into have been ind-bted to the long voyage from the

Line to their ultimate destination that they have the tub, from which having emerged as - not been called on to give personal satisfaction,

And I know that some

To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.

SIR,- In the Asiatic Journal for the eminently disinterested and laNovember, your correspondent, borious Baptist Missionaries. Rewho signs himself “ Moderation,” specting the state of their mission, was pleased to address a question I am by no means particularly into me, or to Mr. Wood, on the sub- formed, but I know that many of ject of instructing the native Chris- the natives of Bengal have emtians of India. As no answer has braced Christianity through their been given to that question, in means, and I am of opinion, that your number for this month, I much of the reformation begun would beg leave to offer the infor- among the higher classes of Hinmation required, as far as my own doos in Calcutta, ás appears from views, and those of my friends are the case of the Brahman Ram Moconcerned, being very desirous, hun Roy, who has translated and that persons, who, like “ Modera- published “the Resolution of all tion,” discover so much interest in the Vedas," might be traced to the the propagation of Christian truth discredit brought upon idolatry, in that portion of the globe, should by the circulation of tracts and, have every opportunity of ascer- portions of our Scriptures by those taining the real views and feelings indefatigable men.

I wish not,, with which that important work is however, to enter upon that subengaged in. I regret, that the ject, but beg leave to state, that statement of a too partial friend, I do consider the natives of India, respecting the progress of Christi- professing Christianity, “as the anity at Agra, should have appear. point to steer from," in endeavour ed in the form it has, as it tends ing to communicate the blessings to throw a shade on the labours of of our religion to the other natives Asiatic Journ. -No. 13.


of that country. I think it will be themselves capable, as appears by found, that any considerable suc the report of the Calcutta Auxilicess, which has attended the pub- ary Bible Society, of valuing, and lication of the Gospel in India, has using to advantage, the gift of Tabeen effected by the instrumenta- mul New Testaments supplied to lity of converted natives. All the them; but in order that the native persons who received baptism at Christians in the north of India, as Agra in 1813-14, were the fruit of well as at Bombay, might profit by the labours of Abdool Museeh, the Scriptures, it is necessary that who was himselfconverted, through they should be taught to read. On the labours of the late Rev. Henry this account, the benevolent instiMartyn. But at all events, the tution in Calcutta was established duty of attending to the religious by the Baptist Missionaries, and improvement of the native Chris- has received much of its support, tians is so obvious, that it must from members of the established force itself


the notice of eve- church, who, having no person at ry Christian minister in India, and hand in their own connection to is expressly enjoined upon the chap- conduct a work of that kind, were lains of the Hon. East India Com- happy to assist in supplying to pany by the charter.

It is well the Baptist Missionaries, the means known, that the Protestant Mission-, of carrying it on. The object of aries in the south of India have at the benevolent institution is, to tended diligently to the improve- afford education, on the British ment of their converts, and of their system, to children of all classes in descendants, and a manifest superio- Calcutta, and especially to the rity is said to be discernible, in the children of Christian parents. At Protestant Christians over the other the time I left Calcutta, there were classes of natives among whom upwards of a hundred children on they dwell. A lamentable neglect the books of the school, and on the of instruction is but too evident day I visited the school, there were among the Roman Catholic con present upwards of sixty boys, and verts on the Malabar coast, as ap about twelve girls in a separate pears from the report of the Bom apartment, all descendants of Porbay Auxiliary Bible Society, and tuguese and other Christians. Their also among the converts in that proficiency in reading and acclass in the north of India, as well counts was very pleasing. At as among the Indian descendants Chinsurah also, I had an opportuof the Portuguese and other Euro- nity of visiting a free school, estapeans in that quarter. With a blished by the British Resident view to the improvement of these, for children of the same descripthe late Rev. H. Martyn preached tion, and conducted by a pious a sermon in the presidency church Dutchman. In that school, fiftyat Calcutta, which sermon was af- two native Christian children were terwards published, and entitled, receiving instruction in reading “ The Appeal of 800,000 Native and arithmetic. It forms a promiChristians ;” and soon after, the nent part in the plans of the Church Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society Missionary Society, to afford inwas formed, for the express pur- struction to the native Christians pose of supplying the Scriptures of India ; with this view, they have to the native Christians of India, directed one episcopally ordained in their different vernacular lan- Missionary, to put himself under guages. The Protestant Christi- the directions of Major Munro, in ans in the south of India, having his plans for the improvement of been instructed to a considerable the Syrian Christians, and their extent in the use of letters, proved two Missionaries stationed at Ma

dras have begun their labours in brew and Greek, beside the learnthe native congregation, which is ed languages of the country; and under the superintendence of the their progress is such, as to afford Rev. Dr. Rottler, one of the Da an encouraging specimen of what nish Missionaries. Of about twelve may be expected from continued hundred children, educated at Ma- exertions of that kind. I might dras and at Tranquebar, at the ex- mention many instances of the pense of the Church Missionary good effects produced on the minds Society, about two hundred are and conduct of native Christians of the children of native Christians. India, where the usual means of It should be observed, that divine instruction have been afforded service is celebrated in the Black them; and I would affirm generally Town chapel, Madras, according respecting them, that after due to the rites of the Church of Eng- allowances for the peculiar templand; the Book of Common Prayer tations to which they are exposed, having been translated into Tamul from the habits of the other classes for that purpose. A compendium of natives, among whom they dwell, of the Book of Common Prayer, a Christian minister will find his translated into th Hindusthani labours among em not in vain language, has also been printed in The progress which has already Calcutta at the expense of the been made, in extending the beneChurch Missionary Society, and I fits of Christianity to India, though am informed, by private letters, is embracing, as yet, but a small much sought after by the native part of the immense population of Christians, in the north of India. That region,affords sufficient ground I am also authorized in stating to expect, that the same methods, that it is intended by the committee prudently and perseveringly perof the Church Missionary Society, sisted in, will not fail of producing to erect, as opportunity may be corresponding effects. Considerafforded them, places of Worship, ing, however, how opposed the wherever any body of native Chris- mysteries of revelation are, to the tians are to be found in India with- prevailing prejudices of the popuout the means of instruction. I shall lation of India, we shall expect only add, that with a view, in the little effect from any means which first instance, to the improvement may be adopted to bring them to of the class of people in question, a better mind, if we lose sight of a school has been set on foot in the peculiar character of the GosCalcutta, for the education of na- pel, as “ the power of God.” That tive Christian youths, as school- power which attended its first pubmasters. It is intended, that under lication, still attends it in all things the direction of the proper au that pertain to selvation. The thorities, these should hereafter be promise of the Spirit in his ordiplaced as schoolmasters at the dif- nary (not extraordinary) grace and ferent stations, under European influence, forms the distinguishing superintendance. The number of superiority of Christian truth, and these youths has, from want of will ever distinguish it from the proper assistance, been hitherto theories of men, as the power of greatly confined. A few are, at God. present, under the care of one of

I remain, Sir, the chaplains near Calcutta, and

Your obedient are receiving instruction in Eng- Dec. 7th,

humble servant lish, and in the rudiments of He 1816.



By the late Dr. Leyden.
(Continued from Vol. II. page 563.)


at Passir, and done many things which, As Pontiana is of more recent origin were highly disapproved by the venerable than any other of the Malay states, so it Seyad, his father, when at last, about is almost the only one in which the rise a year or eighteen months before his facan be accurately traced. The account of ther's death, he succeeded in cutting off the origin of Pontiana was procured by at Passir a French ship, with a very rich Mr. J. Burn, from the late Sultan, who cargo, by which he incurred the displeasure was its founder and his principal associate of his father, who renounced all further in the course of a residence of several years communication with him. The manner at that place, and communicated lately in which the ship was cut off, however, to Mr. Raffles, together with the result of he deemed so discreditable, that he never his enquiries concerning the interior of would relate the story, though he adthe island of Borneo. The information mitted the fact, alledging, that previous thus collected has every claim to au to this transaction, some of his vessels thority, and is the more valuable, because had been stopped by the French, and his it illustrates in a striking manner the women ill treated, An old woman, who origin of the other Malay states, the had been the Sultan's concubine, and greater number of which may be fairly who had borne a material part in the considered as counterparts to Pontiana. transaction, related the following circum:

Pontiana was founded in 1770, by Se stances to Mr. Burn, after the death of yad Abdul Rehman, the son of Seyad the Sultan. After having greatly ingraHassan, by a woman of inferior rank, tiated himself with the French Captain, and born at Mattan. His father, Seyad he informed him that he intended to preHassan, was a native of Arabia, highly sent him with two beautiful slave giris, at tespected among the Malay Rajas, who the same time expressing a desire to see had married at Mattan. He afterwards the ship. The French Captain invited took up his residence at Mampawa, where him an hoard, catching at the bait, and he died a few months before Pontiana Seyad Abdul Rehman promised to bring was founded. He had several wives, and the slave girls with him. The Captain left several children, but none of them prepared an entertainment, and saluted distinguished themselves but Abdul Reh- him as he came on board, which he did,

The latter possessing great abili with several followers properly instructties, intrepidity, and a most insinuating ed, but apparently unarmed. He sat address, soon became an enterprizing and down with his people, and partook of the successful merchant, and realized con entertainment, after which he called the siderable property. He married a sister two women he had brought, one of whom of the Sultan of Banjar, and also a sister was the concubine who related the story. of the Raja of Mampawa, but generally Abdul Rehman pointed to the concubine resided at Banjar Massing. Possessing a and desired the Captain to conduct her to brig or sloop, and several war proas of his his cabin, the Captain did so, and the own, besides several merchant vessels, he woman, as she had been instructed, seapplied vigorously to commerce, frequent- cured the door. The rest of the Frenching Coti, Passir, Palembang, and other men were all on deck, as well as a numMalay ports, but seldom visiting Java. ber of his Malay followers. Abdul RehHis operations, however, were not en man gave the signal with his hand, and tirely confined to commercial pursuits, the whole of them were instantly creesed, but when favourable opportunities occur

the lascars at the same time throwing red, he shewed no greater repugnance to

themselves into the sea, according to their piracy than is usual among the Arabs. usual practice. The Captain was then He had already cut off a Dutch vessel in put to death, and the vessel secured. the vicinity of Banca, and an English one When Abdul Rehman heard of his father's


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