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upon any one are considered for the most struct the inhabitants, except the
part infallible, as being generally effectire means to dispose the gods to accord with the curse or evil wish of the malevolent invoker; to perform these charms is considered cowardly and unmanly, but does not coustitute a crime.
That these particulars of religious belief are the remains of some more perfect system of religious worship, we have but little doubt, but they have no idols, neither have they any idea of addressing or supplicating a supreme being, or of reward or punishment after death. We have no account in the work before us, of any attempts of the missionaries to in
account we quoted in the early part of our paper may be considered as such, and we have no doubt but even the missionaries themselves will readily agree, that such' circumstances as are there described cannot fail to injure the cause the mission was intended to promote.
We shall now conclude our account by saying, that we have been highly gratified with the pe-rusal of the work, and can venture to promise our readers an increase of amusement in almost every page.
REPORT OF EXAMINATION
COLLEGE OF MADRAS, For 1815.
The lower of the increased allowances, 75 pagodas, it was declared, should be given (as had been authorised by a former resolution of government under date the 11 th August, 1812) for any instance of general or particular merit, which on the recommendation of the board might appear to be deserving of such reward. The use of the term general merit, we remarked, was understood to exclude all notion of a fixed standard of acquirement—adverting to the various degrees of aptness to acquire. new languages which must necessarily be found in so large a body as the students of the college of Fort St. George, it was, we thought, obvious that a different degree of knowledge might be the result of equally meritorious application; hence we had always considered the lower of the increased allowances as a reward for diligence, rather than for a specific degree of attainment, and as an encouragement to a continuance of such diligence and application.
In conformity with this understanding of the orders relative to the grant of increased allowances, in our report under date the 15th of June last, we recommended that the lowest of those allowances should be granted to five gentlemen, whose progress bad been very satisfactory for the tiine that they had been attached to thecollege, "as an eucourage"mcut of which we doubted not that "they would prove themselves well "deserving by a continuance of their f! honorable assiduity,"
We stated that on that occasion we harl found ourselves obliged to refrain from any particular mention of four of the gentlemen who had been examined ; two of those four gentlemen, however, greatly to their credit, availed themselves of the earliest opportunity afforded them by the college rules, of shewing that they had adopted the determination of steadily applying the facilities which the college had provided, to the acquisition of a knowledge of the native languages. This laudable exertion on their parts, attended as it had been with satisfactory success, was an instance of " general merit" such as we contemplated in recommending the terms on which the increased allowance of 75 pagodas a month should be granted; and, in strict adherence therefore to the principle which had hitherto guided our decision on this point, we felt it our duty to reeommend its being granted to Mr. Elliot and Mr. Crawley.
It only remained for us to submit a few observations in explanation of the difference in the mode of framing the reports concerning the gentlemen recommended for the lower rate of increased allowances in our general report of 15th June, and in the special one of the 7 th of September; it rarely, we observed, happened that a student examined as to his knowledge of a language iu its various branches was equally successful in all— the general result of his examination was the ground on which its character was given. In the general report on the whole bpdy of students as their relative proficiency was shewri7 it was, we observed, thought sufficient to state what actual acquirements each had attained, without noticing tile particular points in which each had failed; but in the report on the two gentlemen who were examined by themselves we were equally desirous that the Right Honorable the Governor in Council should bare the fulle.it information, which in such case could only be given by describing the acquirements they had made, and those to which they had not attained.
We ventured to hope that this explanation would satisfy the mind of the Right Honorable the Governor in Council that the claims of Mr. Elliot and Mr. Crawley rested on similar grounds to those on which our recommendations for that allowance had been hitherto founded, and on which they had been hitherto granted by government; and that if a distinction were observable between the terms in which these gentlemen had been recommended, and those used in submitting recommendations for the same rate of allowances in our report of 15th June, such distinctions had resulted from the circumstance of the examination being special, instead of general. We likewise trusted that this explanation would be deemed sufficient to enable the Right Honorable the Governor in Council to grant the allowance to Mr. Elliot and'Mr. Crawley, from the period recommended; and that integrity of intention on our part would be permitted to apologize for again bringing the subject under his consideration.
Should the Right Honorable the Governor in Council be pleased to determine that henceforward the claim of the students to the inferior, as well as to the superior rate of increased allowances, should be ascertained by a fixed standard of acquirement, it would, we remarked, be onr duty implicitly to obey the instructions we might be honored with on this point, and to modify accordingly, the notices circulated to the students; at the same time, we felt ourselves called upon re.♦pectfully to state, that the system under which the inferior rate of increased allowance had hitherto been given, appeared to us most successful in drawing forth and stimulating the exertions of the students.
With reference to the last paragraph of the orders of Government to which we replied, we begged leave to explain that our objects in submitting the list of books • there adverted to, were altogether unconnected with any application for reward or encouragement on behalf of the respective authors. Indeed, no work, we observed, was included in that list on which the orders of the government had not already been communicated to us.
Our principal intention, we explained, was to shew, at one view, what publications connected with the objects of the Institution, had already issued from its press, and wiiat were in course of publication orof preparation for the press; and as it had becu determined, that of all the works edited by the college, a .certain number of copies should be sold at ilie Military Male Orphan Asylum, for the benerit of that charity, it was, we remarked, suggested by us, with the view of aiding the sale of the books, that the summary account which we had given of the subject of each should be published for general information. •
We were informed in reply, that, for the reasons on which the resolution already communicated to us was founded, the Right Honorable the Governor in Council considered himself precluded front sanctioning any further grant of 1000 pagodas for proficiency in the native languages, without express authority to that effect, from the Honorable the Court of Directors ; but that it would be very satisfactory to the Governor in Council to bring to the notice of the Honorable Court such instances of distinguished acquirements as might be deemed deserving of that reward.
With respect to the case of the two gentlemen recommended for an increase of allowances in our letter of the 7th of September, it was stated that the Governor in Council retained the sentiments which had already been made known to us.
On the 15th ultimo, we reported, for the information of the Right Honorable the Governor in Council, the result of the second general examination for the year 1815 of the junior civil servants attached to the college.
In the following list, we remarked that we had ranked the students according to our opinion of their respective merits; and a reference to this classification, we observed, would at one view, put'the Government in possession of our sentiments respecting their relative proficiency.
Students when commenced.
Mr. Cameron . . 31st Jan. 1815.
Mr. Bannerman . . 19th July 1815.
We stated that Mr. Newholt and Mr. Uhthoff, by their superior attainments both in Tamil and Teloogoo.had qualified themselves to enter with advantage into any branch of the public service, and en ■ titled themselves to our lecommcndation for the highest reward; and under the orders of government, just recited, we submitted that the distinguished acquirements of these two gentlemen, and their claim to the honorary donation of one thousand pagodas, should be brought to the notice of the Hon. Court of Directors. We at the same time had much pleasure in bearing testimony to the general merits of these two gentlemen, whose conduct during the time they had becu under our superintendence, deserved our cordial approbation.
Mr. Hutt, we observed, evidently applied to study, during the late term with much assiduity, and fully established his claim to the highest of the increased allowances, which we accordingly recommeuded the Right Hon. the Governor in
Council might be pleased to confer upon him.
Mr. Anstey's progress since the last examination, although not quite such as might have been expected from him, was, we thought, very creditable to his talents. The proficiency of Mr. Hutt in Teloogoo* and Mr. Anstey in Tamil, we stated to be of a superior order; their knowledge of a second language, although not so great, was, we thought, sufficienltoqualify them ^ for the transaction of public business. It would, we conceived, be advantageous to both of these gentlemen to be allowed to perfect their studies at the college; but if the public service called for their employment, we thought that they might be permitted to leave the institution.
We had much pleasure in recommending to the favorable notice of the Bight Honorable the Governor in Council the meritorious, exertions of Mr. De Mierre. Mr. Kindersley, Mr. Cameron, Mr. Thomas, and Mr. Hudleston, each of whom, was.we remarked,entitled to high approbation. With theexception of .VIr. Hudleston. who particularly distinguished himself in Tamil, all of the gentlemen were engaged in the acquirement of two languages, and their progress in each, since the last examination, had, we observed, been of so satisfactory a nature, as to lead us to anticipate the most successful termination of their studies.
Mr. Bushby's progress in Tamil since the last examination was very creditable to him, and his knowledge of that language was highly respectable. His proficiency inTeloogoo was but small.
We stated that in the course of the late examination our attention wasparticularly attracted by the rapid advancement of somen!' the junior civil servants, who had lately joined the institution—Mr. Harington and Mr. Anderson in Tamil, and Mr. Paternoster, Mr. Boileau, and Mr. Bannerman in Teloogoo, exhibited a knowledge of these languages which held out the fairest promise of ultimate excellence; and we had much pleasure in reporting that they had most satisfactorily established their claim to the increased allowance of seventy-five pagodas per mensem. Mr. Bannerman, we observed, was also examined in Hindustani, athisownrequest. We had already reported to the Government the kuowledge which he poscssed of this language when he entered the college, and we were well pleased to observe that his acquaintance with it had since been very materially improved.
We were satisfied with the result of the examination of Mr. Montgomerie, Mr. Home, and Mr. French ; and we added, that we should be glad to be enabled in our next report to make favorable mention of Mr. W. Mason and Mr. Ogilvie. Mr. Adainson audMr. Droz, we remarked, bad Ions been attached to the college; and it afforded us the most sincere gratification to observe in the result of their examination the evideuce of such meritorious exertion, since the last general examination, as fully to entitle them, under the rules of the college, to tbe increased allowance of seventy-five pagodas per mensem, which we accordingly recommended might be granted to them. It was with extreme regret that we were obliged to omit from the foregoing list the name of Mr. Sinclair, who was prevented from attending the examination by indisposition, of which we had the honor to inclose a medical certificate. Adverting, however, to the assiduity and distinguished success which marked Mr. Sinclair's progress in the study both of the Tamil and Teloogoo, and to the high rank which he held in each of these languages at the last general examination, we begged leave to refer it for the consideration of the Right Honorable the Governor in Council, whether it were expedient that Mr. Sinclair should remain longer attached to the college. We had no doubt of Mr. Sinclair's devoting his leisure hours to study, as his health might permit; and, in the event of the Right Honorable the Governor in Council being pleased to employ him in the public service, although he could not be required to undergo a further examination, yet, if he should be desirous of having his progress specifically reported on, we staled, that we should be happy to attend to an application from him for this purpose.
Mr. Gleig and Mr. Blackburne, we observed, were not present at the late examination—Mr. Gleig having proceeded to Bombay, and Mr. Iilackburne to Tanjore, with the permission of Government. We had the satisfaction to add, that Mr. Hutt, Mr. Newbolt, Mr. Uhthoff, and Mr. Hudleston, were well acquainted with the regulations regarding both theadministration ofjustice, and the realization of the revenue. Mr. Cameron, Mr. DeMierre, Mr. Kindersley, Mr. Thomas, and Mr, French, possessed a fair knowledge of the judicial regulations ; but, with the exception of Mr. Cameron, none of these gentjemen were sufficiently conversant with the revenue laws. Mr. Anstey, Mr. Bushby, and Mr. W. Masou, did not appear to have attended sufficiently lo this branch of study j and Mr. Home, Mr. JMontgomerie, and Mr. Ogilvie, seemed to have neglected it altogether. We stated, that we should endeavour to impress these gentlemen with a due sense of the importanceof making themselves acquainted with the general principles of the regulations.
In closing our address under notice, we were concerned to state, that some of the students attached to the college had incurred debts to. an amouut unusually
large; and we proposed, in certain instances of great apparent indiscretion, to communicate with the gentlemen themselves on the subject, in the hope that our communication would prevent those gentlemen from adding to their embarrassments, we refrained from bringing them to the notice of Government on the present occasion.
The Right Honorable the Governor, and two of the Members of the Council, honored us with their presence at two of our meetings during the examination above mentioned, and our report thereon, which we have here recited, is under the consideration of the Government.
HEAD NATIVE MASTERS, TEACHERS, AND STUDENTS.
On the 26th April last we reported to the Government, that at the first halfyearly examination of the natives attached to the institution for the year 1815, three of the native teachers had established their claim to a certificate of proficiency, and were consequently entitled to the full allowance of fifteen pagodas per mensem. We also proposed to raise the pay of four of the studeuts from four to six pagodas per mensem, and to increase the allowance of another studcut from six to ten pagodas per mensem,
We further requested authority to fill up two vacancies in the class of paid students, (occasioned by the promotion of two persons in that class -to the situation of teachers) by entertaining two of the volunteer students on the lowest rate of salary, four pagodas per mensem.
The several alterations above proposed were recommended in conformity to the rules of the institution, for the sanction of the Right Hon. the Governor iuCouncil. We also took that occasion to state to the government that, with a view of obviating the difficulties which at present oppose the acquisition of the Carnataca or Canarese tongue, in consequence of the want of competent teachers, we had for some time past employed one of the teachers named Rungacharlor on a salary of Pagodas, 15 per meusem, to instruct a number of native pupils in the elements of that language. From his superior knowledge of the Canarese and Sanskrit, and from his acquaintance with Teloogoo, Tamil, and Mahrata, this man we observed was particularly well fitted for the office, and as he had executed it much to our satisfaction, and bis duties were of * nature above those generally required from teachers, we begged leave to recommend, that an allowance of pagodas, 20 permen- ^ sem, might be granted to'him. ;.' '*,' These alterations in the natire establishment were sanctioned by the flight Honorable the Governor in Council under the 6th of May lust.
On the gth November last, we reported to the government, that at the second periodical examination of the teachers and students attached to the institution, for the year 1815, five teachers were found qualified to obtain certificates, which had been issued accordingly.
On the 17th of March last, we had the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the letter, addressed to us by the secretary to government in the public department, recited in our last general report, authorizing us to entertain an establishment of native students, to be educated in the Hindu and Musulmau law, for the purpose of filling the situations of law officers and pleaders, in the several courts of judicature under this presidency.
Anxious to secure for this branch of the institution, the services of the most able and best informed persons to be found in these provinces, we immediately on the receipt of these orders, circulated extracts from our correspondence with the Government on this subject, for the information of the several Zillah courts, requesting that they would publish, for general information, the terms, upon which admission into the law classes might be obtained, and that they would encourage all those who were willing to become candidates for these new situations to proceed to the Presidency, iu order that they might undergo an examination, which was to be held for ascertaining the proficiency of eacli person who aspired to a place iu the law classes at the college.
In acknowledging our obligations generally, to the several officers iu the interior, to whom this communication was made, we deemed it our duty to state, that we considered ourselves particularly indebted to Mr. Newnhaiu, the Judge at Oudapah, Mr. Wright, ttie Judge at Chitoor, Mr. Lord, the Judge at Nellore, Mr. Powney, the Judge at Comba.conum, Mr. Saunders, the Register at Nellore, and Mr. Dickinson, the Register at Chitoor, for the support which we had received from each respectively, in aid of our exertions to obtain respectable and learned persons to fill the situations is question.
In consequence of the good offices of these gentlemen, and of the general publicity which was given to the terms of admission into the law classes, both in the interior and at the Presidency, a great concourse of natives attended at the college on the day fixed for the examination. Assisted by the head native masters, the Kazi ul Kazat, and the Muftis and Pandits of the Sudor Adawlut, we examined each person in law, logic, and grammar.
Asiatic Jour*.—No. 15.
The examinations, we observed, continued for three days, and were conducted partly by written exercises, and partly by oral disputations, on various questions in the sciences abovementioned, in which many of. the candidates particularly distinguished themselves. The head native masters, in conjunction with the law officers of the Suder Adawlut, were then, we remarked, directed to class the students according to their respective proficiency.
We requested that the above establishment, amounting to one hundred and thirty-six pagodas per mensem might be sanctioned from the 1st February, and debited as already determined, to the Judicial Department. We observed, that ia one case only bad full pay been granted to those in the second class; and that in consequence the amount for which sanction was requested, was considerably less than that already approved, and to be eventually incurred on this account.
These classes, we remarked, would for the present be conducted on the plan explained in our letters to government under date the 23d February, and I2th May 1814, recited iu our last report; in which) it was proposed that none except those who might be included in the first class, at present vacant, should be eligible to the situation of Law Officer, and as we deemed it particularly desirable that the persons appointed to so responsible a situation should not only be learned men, but persons of ability and of respectable character, we intimated our intention to proceed with caution, and great circumspection, in admitting ^any into this class —it would iu consequence, we observed, necessarily require some time before it could be formed; during this period the effect of the establishment would be seen, and all necessary alterations noticed—and we'stated our intention therefore to delay the preparation of the regulation . mentioned iu the ninth paragragh of our letter, dated the 12th May, 1814, until this class should be so far established, as to offer to the selection of the Suder Adawlut a sufficient number of persons to fill up the vacaucies among the law officers as they might occur.
At present, we proposed generally, that none should be admitted into the first class until they should have passed through the second; and as this arrangement would prevent any, except the most able and learned from finding their way into the first class, we intended that they should not be liable to degradation into the inferior classes. This arrangement, however, we remarked, would not apply to the several inferior classes of students; by rendering those in the second class Wit liable to degradation into the third, and those iu the third into the fourth class of Vol. III. i B