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pal objects of public importance of the crown he had to distinguish on which they turned were, the between the advantages, in a naproposition of Major Kirkpatrick tional point of view, which would for stocking the Nizam's army with accrue from a partial opening of British officers ; the execution of the trade, and the dangers which the orders from Europe respecting would have undoubtedly attended the Dutch settlements, viz. the the realizing of the extravagant steps previous to the attack of expectations and unbounded preTrincomalee; the Candian em tensions which influenced the pubbassy ; and the Eastern expedition. lic mind at the period of the reUpon these points, I do not as- newal of the present charter.. sume more than the public records These pretensions, like most will justify, when I assert that the other popular feelings, were neimeasures of this government have ther founded in justice, nor did heen approved by the Court of they look to more than one side of Directors.

the question, and the rights of the “Upon the discussions respect- East India Company, the great ing the Nabob of the Carnatic and political measures they had in the the Raja of Tanjore, unable to course of two centuries achieved, speak from positive official au- and the harassing exactions and the thority, I shall only express my commercial difficulties which they conviction, that experience will had surmounted, and had still to show the futility of those hopes contend with, were scarcely at all that rest upon the expectation of weighed by the majority of the nacarrying any essential object with tion at large. The terms of the them by persuasion alone, and that charter of 1813 are too fully in the humanity, sound policy, and jus- possession of the public to need tice, will impress the necessity of recapitulation here. The extension a more effectual interference.” of the trade to the out.ports, which is

Soon after his return to this its most important feature, was not, country his lordship was called up we believe, contemplated by the by writ to the House of Peers, and Gentleman* who was President of placed in the ancient barony of the Board at the conimencement Hobart. In 1801 he was appoint- of the negociation, and the policy ed Secretary at War; in 1804 he of the Earl of Buckinghamshire, succeeded to the titles and estates in recommending to the legislaof the late Earl, his father; in 1806 ture the adoption of that measure, he was appointed Post Master may be considered in almost every General ; and, on the removal of point of view as questionable, and Lord Melville to the Admiralty, has certainly not yet been made aphe obtained the high distinction of parent. In awarding to his lordship President of the Board of Com- the share of praise which justly bemissioners for the Affairs of India. longs to him in the conduct of this The extraordinary zeal and un- important negociation, it is not easy wearied activity displayed by this to lose sight of the extraordinary anobleman, in the execution of the bility and eloquence which was dis. important duties of his office, de- played by the Directors of the Command a respect which, perhaps, pany on the other sideofthe question none in any way connected with The subject of the renewal of the concerns of our Eastern Em- the Company's Charter and the pire will be inclined to withhold. Embassy to China, were the last

In the important discussion on acts of his lordship's political life; the renewal of the Company's ex- and till within a few days of his clusive privileges, the weight of his decease, he was actually employ, lordship's abilities and experience Was fully manifest. As a minister

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ed, in conjunction with the lead On the demise of his lordship ing members of the Court of Di. Mr. Canning was appointed his rectors, in completing the arrange- successor at Whitehall

, and Mr. ment of Lord Amhurst's important T. Wallace retired, after a long mission, to the favourable issue of and active discharge of the duties which it is well known that he look of a Member of the Board** ed with sanguine expectations. The Earl was twice married :

His Lordship's health had 'de- first to Margaretta, the relict of clined since the autumn of 1815, Thomas Adderley, Esq. of Inand he had been some time seri- nishannon, in the county of Cork, ously indisposed in consequence in January 1792; and a second time of á fall from his horse in St. to Eleanor Agnes Eden, a daughter James's Park, nearly three months of Lord Auckland, in June 1799. previous to his decease. By the Having no male issue the titles and advice of his physicians he repair- estates devolve on his nephew ed to Bath, but obtaining no bene- George Henry, the present Earl. fit from the change, and receiving Lady Sarah Hobart, his Lordlittle or no hopes of recovery, he ship's daughter by his first lady, is removed to town, where he ex married to the Hon. F. Robinson. pired in the 56th year of his age, at

The Clerkship of the Common Pieas in the his house in Hamilton Place, on the Exchequer of Ireland ätão becaine vacant by biis 4th Feb. 1816.

Lordship's death.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. Sir,–Many of your readers be- women would push their feelings sides myself have to thank you

for so far that they would rather the valuable information contained “ Reign in Hell than serve in Heaven;" in your number for October, on but those who like myself have witthe long unsettled question of rank nessed the direful contests which and precedence in India. Length have occurred at no very distant of service in the country and mili- period at the Presidency under tary rank, heretofore the only which I served, will scarcely enterclaims to distinction, have long tain very sanguine hopes that even been found insufficient for the pre- the weight of royal authority can servation of the due order and de satisfactorily ailay the “pleasing corum of the refined society of hopes and fond desires” of female British India, a society which in emulation. But, sir, much as I lapoint of the purity of its “morals ment the disputes which have thus and true civilization stands confes- arisen among the ladies in India, sedly the first of any European co I am by no means of opinion that lony. The course now pursued it is a question of trifling, import, was I believe recommended by the or that it will be best settled when late Earl of Buckinghamshire and left to itself; it is mainly to the inis similar to the one adopted in the fluence of the fair sex that society year 1760, with reference to his in India is indebted for the pure and Majesty's colonies in America.

high tone of character which it now I have however to regret that enjoys, and while we admit the with the ladies the knotty point is truth (a practical truth to all who still undecided, and that on their have resided any time in India) it account it is again `referred home. is undoubtedly proper that their I would not for a moment enter- rank should be assigned and fixed. tain the idea that our fair country. with the same regard to 'delicacy

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To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. I am at a loss whether the chal- gious recluse ; yet in a dispute belenge you allude to, in your ad- tween him and a fellow dervise, he dress to correspondents, be the took the side of the rich in opposifree translation from Sadi, or the tion to the poor man; and argued imitation from Hafiz ; but to make that, from his easy circumstances, sure I shall answer it from both he is likely to be the most pious, authors. Sadik is a familiar sig- moral, and of course charitable of nature with me of old; but he the two, as having the means of could quote his original, when I being so. I could quote twenty formerly knew him. The signa- passages from Sadi's works, that ture of Shiraz is new; his author would agree in the sentiment exSadi has long been a favourite with pressed in the lines of Shiraz ; but me; and I have had translations both he and Sadik are, I fear, too of his Gulistan, Bustan, and other paraphrastical to furnish me with parts of his Kulīāt lying by me a clew, and I would recommend for upwards of twenty years. Sadi their at least giving the first hemispassed a long life, one hundred tic, if a Ghaz’l, which in Persian and sixteen lunar years, in poverty; answers as an index, either in the having travelled during thirty of original or an English character. them over great part of the habi. For the present I must content table world, six hundred and fifty myself with giving you an apoyears ago, as a dervise, and having logue, the last of the ninth chapter, spent his last sixty years as a reli- of Sadi's Bustan; wherein the au

thor, cold and indifferent as he - He could not but remember such generally seems to the common oc

things were,

, currences of life, expresses a keen

And were most dear to him !" er domestic feeling than I should He might say with Young : have thought him capable of: yet “ Fathers alone, a father's heart can on such an occasion

[know."

* چکریم کز آنم چه بر سر گزشت بصنعان دوم طفلي انرو کزشت

* که ماهي کورش چو یونس نخورد قضا نقش یوسف جمالي نکرد

* کے باد اجل بخش از بن نکنر درین باغ سروي نیایر بلنر عجب نیست بر خاک اکرگل شکفت * کہ جنرین کل انرام در وي بخفت

* که کودک رود پاك و الوده پیر برل کفتم اي ننكت مردان بمیر

* بر انراختم سني از مرقوش ز سودا و آشفتكي بر قرمش از هولم در آن جای تاریک و تنت * بشوریر حال و بكردير رنکی

* ز فرزند دلبندم آمر بكوش چو باز آمرم ز آن تغیر بہوش کرت وحشت آمرز تاريك جاي * بهش باش و با روشناي در آي

و از اینجا چراغي عمل بر فروز کور خواهي منور چو روز

* که کنرم نیفشانره خرمن برنر گروهي فراوان طمع ظن برنر بر آن خورد سعري که بيخي نشانر * كسي برد خرمن که تخمي فشانر

Having occasion some time ago sin: In my melancholy and disconsolate to send my literal translation of recollection of his lovely form, I tore off the above, as a part of a specimen the stone that closed up the entrance of of a life of Sadi I have also lying bis sepulchre; and in this my desperate by me, to an old Bengal friend, plight I entered that gloomy and narrow his son, now preparing to go out vault, with a gait bewildered and a face to India as a writer in the Hon. inflamed : when my reason had recovered Company's service, returned me itself from this state of desolation, I fau lately a poetical version of it; cied that my soul-deluding boy was wiliswhich I shall now copy with some

pering in my ear: if despair overwhelmfew alterations and additions, after ed thee in this abode of gloom, be wise my own literal translation :

and prepare for thyself a place of greater “ In the land of Sanaa (the capital of night of the grave miylit be laminous as

cheerfulness; wishest thou,' that the Yemen or Arabia Felix) I lost a son by day? then carry with thee ready trimmed death, how am I to describe the affliction

the lamp of good works." The majority I suffered for his sake : fate never ordaiu

of mankind entertain the sordid hope, that ed a beautifnl form like that of Joseph, they can reap the harrest withont liaving which the fishes of the grave (i. e. the

sown the seed: but he, oh Sadi! can eat worms) have not devoured, as the whale

the fruit of that tree, which himself had swallowed Jonas : in this garden (the pre- planųed, and that person must gather the sent life; no stately cypress yet flourished, harvest, who bad sown the seed. which the desolating storm of death has not torn up by the roots : no wonder,

In Sanaa once my happy land, that roses should spring fron that earth, Torn from a doting parent's hand under which so many rose-boilied char

Which nurtur'd and which fed s mers lie buried! I said in my heart, die, My sun, the coinfort of my years, oh reprobate! for infants depart from life Departed from this vale of tears, procent, and old men contaminated with Aud in his grave was laid :

The cypress, empress of the groves, “ If doubts and fears thy soul corrode, By gentle zephyrs graceful moves, Quick, leave this dark, this drear abode, Yet levelled is by storms :

Be prudent and depart ; So Joseph, in his grave laid low,

Let virtue and religion kind Like Jonah in the fish's maw,

Enlighten still and cheer thy mind,
Is cateu up by worms :

And wisdom rule thy heart.
No wonder, that this verdnnt earth Oh seek and let Failli's steady ray
To sweetest fruits and flowers gives birth, Iluminate thy dubious way,
The pomegranate and rose ;

Through life's bewild'ring road;
For thus enrich'd with many a flower, The gloom of sin let Hope disperse
Cut off in youth and beauty's hour, And through the dark direct thy course
It's gratitule it shows :

To Charity and good. . Alas! how wearisome is life,

Forego that expectation vain,

, It's never-ceasing cares and strife,

Which mankind often entertain,
Its bitter cup of tears,

Foolish and mad indeed;
How envied are the happy few,
Who youthful sorrows never knew,

Hoping without the sweat and toil
Nor age's lirig'riug years :

They'd reap a liarvest from the soil

Who had not sown the seed :
With spotless purity and worth
The infant quits this ball of earth,

For lie, oh Sadi ! only he
Its pleasure and its pain ;

Can pluck the fruit, who set the tree, While foul corruption's blackened train

Nor shall another eat; Or tyrant vices inpions reign

For him alone the soil shall yield, The close of life oft stain.

Who ploughed the ground and till'd the With throbbing heart and beating breast,

field,

, And foul with care and grief opprest,

Its harvest and its fruit.
I sought his lonely grave;
Reflecting on his early doom

Of my next quotation of a His forward youthi ani rosy bloom,

Ghaz'l of Hafiz, many of our best Unable all to save :

poets, from Shakespear to DermoCollecting my disorder'd pace,

dy's “ woodbine's fragrant twine," Now that alone I'll reached the place,

have given us beautiful imitations ; And tomb-stone put away,

but as none of them is sufficiently When lo! I thouglit that form divine,

apposite, I must nevertheless make Looked up with countenance benign,

bold to offer a new one. Aud spoke or seem'd 10 say:

از آن نافر مشکبار داري با طره او چه کار داري او مشک تر و تو خار داري او تازد و تو غبار داري او سر خوش و تو خمار داري در باغ چه اعتبار داري در دست چه اختیار داري کر طاقت انتظار داري

أي باد نسیم یار داري زنهار مكن دراز دستي أي كل تو کجا و روي زیباش ريحان تو کجا و خط سبزش

نرکس تو کجا و چشم شوخش . أي سرو تو با قربلنرش اي عقل تو با وجود عشقش

روزي برسي بوصل حافظ

Oh balmy zephyr ! hast thou a mistress? is smooth as musk, and thinc rough with from her thou must have stolen that musk- thorus ? oh sweet basil! how canst thou shedding pod ! take care and make pot so sport thy flowing locks, her's are fresh free with thy hand, what hast thou to do and glossy, thine brown as dust ? ola with her lovely ringlets ? Oh rose ! how Narcissus! how canst thou intrude upon crust thou rival her flooming check, her's her thy tipsy-rolling eye, her's is all

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