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POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE, CIVIL AND MILITARY.
EMBASSY TO CHINA. Extract of a Letter from St. Helena, dated
on hoard the Grenville, 23rf Oct. 1816.
"I have just time to say we arrived here this morning, after a very good passage, considering the eastern route we came, having sailed from Macao the 16th July, and were .detained a few days for Lord Amherst's dispatches, who then proceeded on towards Tu-chu-lee where he was to be met by some mandarins of high rank to conduct him to Pekin; the Emperor had written a very favourable letter, which was received by his Lordship while I was with him. The captain of the ship Biruia is waiting for this." Extract of a Letter from Macao, dated loth July, 1816.
"You may be anxious to hear something about the embassy. The Emperor has given it a favourable reception; but people's expectations are raised too high in England not to be disappointed. If it accomplish no more than Lord Macartney's we shall be quite satisfied. Lord Amherst did not come into Macao roads, but joined Sir George Staunton off the Leina, where he had been for some days .waiting his Lordship's arrival. They .proceeded to Tien Sing in the province of Pe-chy-ly about two days since. The detachment from the factory consists of Sir George Staunton, Mr. Toone, and Mr. Davis, supracargoes; Mr. Pearson, surgeon, Mr. Morrison, interpreter, and a Mr. Manning."
FORT WILLIAM PRESIDENCY.
Insurrection at Bareilly.—We have extracted from the Calcutta Gazette an account of a serious disturbance at Bareilly; it is contained in a letter from an officer on the spot.
"Bareilly, lid April.
"You will no doubt be astonished to hear that a most sanguinary conflict took place here yesterday. The inhabitants of the city had for some time refused to pay the contributions for defraying the expense of the Chokidhari establishment; and made the introduction of the arrangement a pretext for a general rising against the established authorities. Ou the 16th, as Mr. Dumbleton was riding in the city, the mob attacked and killed two of his horsemen; when he sent for a small party of the Provincial Battalion, who killed and wounded ten or twelve of the assailants. Some of the Moosulman Nuwabs, and all the idle vagabonds in the place, immediately quitted their houses, and assembled at the Musjid in the old town.Twocompanies,withtwosix-pound<rs, under Captain Boscawen, were order
ed down to disperse them, hut had instructions not to fire unless theinsurgents did so first. Captain Boscawen moved late iu the night, and took his station close to the mob. In the morning the rioters had become so very numerous, that Captain B. although he found his position disadvantageous in several respects, did not venture to change it least the movement might bring on a genernl attack. During the 17th, the rebel party increased hourly, and became very insolent to our officers and men. Several messages passed from them to the civil power, in which they held out such threats, that it was deemed necessary to send an express for the part of Captain Cunningham's horse stationed at Mooradabad. On the 18th, the insurgents were joined b\ several thousands of matcl^ock and swordsmen from Rampoor, Pillibeet, and the Nuwab's proviuces. Captain Boscawen's patty consisted only of two hundred and seventy men of his own battaliou, and about one hundred and twenty of the provincial battalion. An express was therefore sent for the 1st battalion 13th ; and another for more troops from Futtighur. On the 20th the rebels were joined by about fifteen hundred Puthans armed with swords, from Pillibeet. They talked of attacking our detachment; made the dispute appear a religious one; planted four green standards, and posted strong picquets within ten yards of our men; and told them that it was ridicuculous to attempt to make any resistance. It was true, they said, we had two guns; but these they would take with the loss of fifty or sixty men. Captain Cunningham had arrived here, with about four hundred and fifty men of his corps, on the morning of the 19th, after marching sixty-four miles in fifteen hours; and had been obliged to take up a position about half a mile in front of Captain Boscawen's right flank.—Between them lay a wide plain interspersed with tombs ; the whole of which was occupied by the rebels. It seems that they intended to attack our troops on the night of the 20th; but found them too much on the alert. Early on the morning of the 21st, they got intelligence of the approach of Major Richards' battalion, and knowing that it would be up by mid-day, they at six o'clock commenced the business by killing young Mr. Leycester, who was walking unarmed between one of their outposts and Captain Cunningham's station. — Previously to this, they had never objected to our officers passing from one detachment to the other.—They now began the general attack, and soon surrounded Captain Bo»cawen's small party, which consisted only of two hundred and seventy regulars, sixty provincials, and two guns. The attacking force amounted at least-to five thousand matchlocks, seven thousand swordsmen, and a large body armed with spears and clubs. The detachment had scarcely been formed into a square, when the Puthans made a desperate charge, sword in hand, and had nearly succeeded in taking one of the guns, having actually cut into the square, when Captain Iloscawen cheered our brave fellows, who soon drove them out with immense loss. Captain Cunningham, who had with him four hundred and fifty of his own corps, and sixty of the provincial battalion under its adjutant Lieutenant Lucas, at the same time made a charge at a large body opposed to him ; but at first without success, the enemy being posted in a garden with a deep ditch around it. Lieutenant Lucas at length succeeded with the Provincials, who behaved in the most gallant style. Indeed it was remarked by every officer, that no troops were seen to surpass them- in the use of the bayonet. Captain Boscaycn now ordered a company of the 27th to storm a grove surrounded by a brick wall, in which the insurgents were iu great force. Our noble lads succeeded, and kept possession of it in spite of three desperate attempts of the enemy to retake it. Here sad havoc was made amongst them. After an hour and a quarter's hard work, our fellows set fire to the huts of the old town, on which the rebels gave ground in every direction, and at length retreated to the new city. Our loss of course has been very severe: but I am happy to say, wc have not an officer killed or wounded. The enemy must hare hud at least five hundred and fifty killed, and eight or nine hundred wounded. Had the rascals succeeded, every Kuropcan in the city would have ■been murdered. The arrival of Major , Richards' battalion, which inarched sixtyfour miles with its guns in thirty-seven hours, prevented them from rallying— and quiet, if not pence, was restored to the city."
Letters from Bareilly of the 14th May, Intimate that the tranquillity of the city remained undisturbed, and that a commission hud been appointed to try the prisoners secured during the insurrection of the 21st April. The gentlemen of the civil service resident at that station have, ■with a most becoming feeling of liberality, raised a subscription to provide for the families of all who fell in the action, aud have resolved on presenting a sabre to each of the officers engaged, as a faint mark of their gratitude for their distinguished services ou that trying occasion.
The following are the general orders of the Commander in Chief, dated Fort 'William, 27th May, 1816.
The Commander In Chief has at length been put iu possession of the several particulars relative to the conduct of the different detachments of troops engaged with the insurgents at Bareilly, on the 21st of April, and his Lordship lias peculiar satisfaction iu pronouncing, that the intrepidity and discipline shewn on the occasion reflect the highest honour ou both officers and men.
Captain Boscawcn, commanding the field on the clay, displayed eminent judgement, as well as exemplary valour. The zealous courage manifested liy Lieutenants Vetch, Hayes, and Hogan, worthily emulated by the native officers, non-commissioned officers, and sepoys of the detachment of the 2d battalion, 27th Native Infantry, has added fresh laurels to the trophies which before distinguished that respectable corps. Major Hearsay and] Lieut Smith, formerly of Skisncr't Cavalry, who volunteered their services with this detachment, have, by their exertions, entitled themselves to participate iu hi.* triumph.
Though the animationjand the firmness of attachment with which Captain Cunningham inspired till' portion of Knhilla cavalry under hi* command, is the best panegyric of his own behaviour, the Commander in Chief cannot forbear indulging himself in applauding the vigour mid decision exhibited by Captain Cunningham. Lieutenant Turner of the 28th Native Infantry, and Lieutenant E. C. Sneyd of the 3d Native Infantry, who had offered their voluntary assistance, rendered it iu a manner which meets with due estimation from the Commander iu Chief. The native commissioned and 11011-couimisioiied officers and men, iu addition to the boast of brilliant spirit shewn by them on this occasion, have to pride themselves on the gem ions disdain with which they spurned all the artful hut impudent seductions employed to debauch them from their duty. This honourable devotion was equally shewn by part of the Bareilly Provincial 1! it taliou, which, notwithstanding its habitual ties with those who were arrayed iu opposition to the British colours, loyally discharged its engagements to the state.
Lieutenant Lucas, whose ability conducted them, aud whose bravery was their example, must have been doubly gratified by seeing that it was as impracticable to shake their fidelity as their courage. Conduct as truly noble, as this inflexible adherence of the two last-mentioned corps to their standards, will not fail to meet a flattering reward. The unconquerable steadiness with which the Golundauze stood to the cannon, gave them their full share in the honour of the day.
Jayapur Raja.—Akhbars from Holkar's camp relate a number of trifling skirmishes of the outposts of the contending parties, at Jypoor Maharaja, Juget Singh, and Amir Khan; but from otber sources we are favoured with important intelligence from that quarter.
During the early part of that month, Heer Khan put his threat of beleaguering the city of Jypoor into execution; and on the morning of the 12th, the day in which our private advices commence, -we find him pushiug the siege with as much activity as the uuwieldiuess of his means, and the uuskilfulness of his engineers, would admit. He was, in co-operatiou with Raja Bahadoor and Colouel Muhabut Khan, engaged during nearly the whole of this day in superintending the construction of his batteries. In the evening these chiefs advanced close to the walls of the city, and much firing from the artillery on both sides took place. A second battery was opened near a place named Deenali Hani's Garden. The troops of Jypoor, being much in arrears, were clamorous for pay, and obstinately refused to go to battle without a previous compliance with their demands. Manjee Dass assured them that measures would be immediately taken to satisfy them. Information was this day received that Jysing Raogghurwalu, had captured the city of Shcopoor, and placed John Baptiste, its late possessor, in close confinement. Sheopoor was formerly occupied by Jysing Ilaogo.—On the 14th, Raja Buhadoor and Jumshed Khan advanced to attack Rao Chand Singh, the Jypoor commander in chief; while Muhabut Khan engaged Madjee Dass, the Buhkshee. Umer Khan remained at Dougree observing the action. A heavy fire of artillery was maintained some time. The position of Rao Chanel Singh was three times furiously assaulted by the united divisions of Raja Buhadoor, Jumshed Khan, and Mahubut Khan, who were successively repulsed with great loss. Mahubut Khan's horse suffered very severely. Meanwhile Jumshed Khan's cavalry gained possession of Manjee Dass' garden, from which they were shortly driven with great slaughter by the Naguhs or uaked fakeers, in the service of Singh. Jumshed Khan having however come up with a reinforcement of 3000 men and three pieces of cannou, succeeded in retaking and keeping this long-disputed post. The engagement lasted six hours, and the firing from the batteries was kept up during the night. Next morning Umeer Khan renewed the attack in two divisions. One of these composed of Jumshed Khan and Raja Buhadoor's forces, he headed in person, and assaulted the post of Rao Chand Singh with great impetuosity. There was much close fighting with swords, muskets, and daggers; but owing to the great bravery of the Rao of the Naguhs, the Meer's troops could make no impression, and after four times repeating the attack, were forced to vrith
draw to their own encampment, leaving four hundred men on the field. The other division was led by Mahabut Khan, and was beaten with equal gallantry by Manjee Dass. The loss on the side of Jypoor amounted only to two hundred men. It is said, that the Muharaja having ascended the Rung Muhul, viewed the battle from afar.—Our accounts close in the following manner, and we cannot help regretting that they sliould abruptly break off at a moment of such critical importance: "Umeer Klian has encamped in the garden of Barejee Sahib, and intends to storm. Rao Chand Siugli having reported to Manjee Dass, that he required a reinforcement, the latter went to his battery and sent him two gnus and some Naguhs. Muuth Khan, a companion of Rao Chund Singh, is killed in action."
Akhbars subsequently leave the Raja'stent, surrounded by groups of disaffected officers, who have again had recourse to* the process of setting Dhurna to extort a scanty supply of money from their impoverished master. Accustomed to* observe the extreme irregularity of the native courts, in paying the salaries of their retainers, we had no idea that this system could have been carried to such an extent, as in the case before us. The Rani confesses that the whole of the army, officers, and soldiers, are creditors for thirtyseven months' pay, during which period they have only received a few casual sums, unwillingly doled out for the purpose of quelling seditious movements. The Maliratta horse, indeed, having grants of land, may not be in so great want; but the Hindoostatii troopers and Pindaree hordes, being soldiers of fortune, mainly depend upon theirdaily gains. Starvation is found a most effectual disperser of such ill organized forces. Umeer Khan is iti the mean time endeavouring to subsist his followers by a precarious subsistence ravaged from the wasted province of Jypoor. The district of Ujurdul was plundered by his personal troops, whilst he was negociating a treaty of offence and defence with Lukmon Singh of Leekar.
Another division of the Afghan forces, commanded by Mahtab Khan, was stationed more to the southward in the vicinity of Hindoun ; and had defeated the troops of the Raja of Kuroutee, and obtained a ransom of seven thousand rupees from that chief. Jumsher Khan again, after plundering Dhubra, part of the Jypoor Ranee's patrimony, had established his head quarters at Sambhur, to the east of the capital. The Kaja remains cooped up in his palace, wasting his time in useless exclamations against the unmerited cruelty of his fortune, and in devising vain expedients for the expulsion of his numerous enemies. The few troops which he has left are in a starving condition, and desertion is become frequent amougst them.—The negotiations between Runjeet Sing and the Nabob of Mooltan were still on foot, when our letters were closed at Umrutscr on the 10th May.—The Mooltan envoy, on the part of his principal, had agreed to the payment of a further sum of 60,000 rupoes; and had gone ■with Runjeet's Deewan, Bhowanee Dass, to the capital in order to press the matter. Meanwhile Runjeet pushed the negociations by warlike movements, and bold threats of every description. He had even proposed the siege of Mooltan to a military council; but was deterred by the advice of his officers, who dreaded the effect of the extreme heat on the army. A skirmish'' had taken place, hut without Runjeet's approbation, in which about sixty men were killed and wounded. This ambitious Piince appears determined that he shall have neither rival nor equal in his neighbourhood. No sooner had he brought the disputes with Mooltan to a favourable hearing, than he dispatched an officer to claim tribute from Mohummed Khan, Nabob of Bhukur. This spirited chief replied, that he had never acknowledged any superior, and would not do so now, but that he was very willing to interchange presents for the purpose of establishing friendship. Runjeet immediately ordered Dhokul Singh, and a division of the army, to cross the Numoon and lay siege to his fort. Meanwhile, however, the Nabob died, and was replaced by his grandson Sher Khan. Runjeet then sent a messenger to condole with his successor, and present to him a caparisoned horse, and several honorary robes ; at the same time that he ordered him to deliver up a lac of rupees without delay—a refined species of barbarous policy, which the young man will not fail to repay, if he has any portion of his grandfather's spirit, and his character correspond with his name.—It was rumoured at Labor, that the two brothers, Futtih Khan, Vizier of Cabool, and Mohummud' Useem Khan, Governor of Cashmeer, had after a long feud been reconciled ; and that the latter was collecting the revenue of that delightful province, of which fifteen lacs would go to the Vizier, and ten lacs to Runjeet. The latter part of the story is not entitled to credit.
BOMBAY. On the 7th July last, the church at Bombay, which was constructed above a century ago, was solemnly consecrated by the Lord Bishop of Calcutta, and dedicated to St. Thomas.
CEYLON. The Dutch inhabitants of Columbo have declared their intention of liberating the children of their slaves born on, or subsequent to, the last anniversary of the Prince Regent's birth-day—a most noble eulogium and homage to the principles ot
benevolence and justice, which at present characterise the British nation. LONDON.
Seringapatam Medals.—Those medals, which were voted by the Company to the troops employed at the capture of Seringapatam, and which remaiu undistributed in India,.are to be sent home for the purpose of being delivered to those officers of his Majesty's and the Company's army engaged in that important service, who have since returned to England.
We have much satisfaction in railing the attention of our readers belonging to the Company's military service, to the resolution of the Court of Directors, in which they determined to grant medals and badges for military services of distinguished merit.—We refer to the Debate at page 66 of this number, forpaniculais.
The Directors of the East India Company, with a liberality according with their general practice, with a laudable desire to alleviate thepressureof the present moment, have determined to retain in their employ, during the winter, upwards of five hundred extra labourers, who, but for such humane consideration, would have been discharged. These men are in addition to above two thousand five hundred labourers on the Company's regular establishment.
hi addition to this, we esteem it a justice to add, that Messrs. Fox and Co. of Wellington, have contracted to supply the East India Company with a quantity of woolleus, at a price producing hut little profit to themselves, but providing employment to the labouring poor of that town till about the end of March.
Capt. F. Buchanan, late Commander of the H. C.'s shipPcrseverance, has been appointed by the Court of Directors, Marine Storekeeper at Bombay, on the death of Mr. Lukey.
The Prince Regent has granted to Earl Moira the dignities of Viscount Earl and Marquis of the United Kiugdom, by the titles of Viscount Loudon, Earl of Rawdon, and Marquis of Hastings.
His Royal Highness the Prince Regent has been pleased in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, to appoint Major-GeneralSirDavidOchterlouy,Bart. and Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath, to be a Knight Grand Cross of the said Most Honourable Military Order.
Lieut. Col. Burnett and Lieut. Col. O' Halloran of the Hon. Company's Bengal Military Establishment, are appointed Companions of the Order of the Bath.
Brevet.—Capt. J.Salmond, of the H. E. India Company's service, to be Major in the East Indies only. Major J. Salmond, of the H. E. India Comp's service, to be Lieut. Col. in the East Indies only.
EXPORTS FROM CALCUTTA.
Statement shewing the quantities and value of Goods e.iportedfrom Calcutta, by sea, in the month of March, 1816.
Mils. Srs. C.
Indigo 20,493 18 8§
Silk 6i9 7 5
To London 936 23 0
Ditto China .. 45,360 36 2
Ditto Padang 204 20 9
16,917 39 2
Piece Goods Pieces.
To London 6,254
Ditto Lisbon 55,962
New York 52,918
Mds. Srs. C.
Sugar 5,108 34 8
Saltpetre 2,015 25 0
Safflower 547 35 7
LacDye 25 19 14
ShellLac 727 22 0
SeedLac 484 30 0
Pepper 1270 6 7
Imported from the Interior of the country
in March, 1816. Indigo, 354 Chests, 1 . , q „
Lac Lake, 45 Chests \ __ „
Wg. Bazaar M.ls. J' • '' w M"
Large quantities of Cotton, it is expected, will be exported this year, from Calcutta to Cauton. The following are said to be the vessels freighted for China, partly with this article.— Fame, -> with 5,000 bales.
Earl Kellie, J S. ( - 4,000
Blucher, i g J — 4,500
General Palmer, f g ) — 3,000
Bombay Castle, J A *■ — 5,o00
General Brown, 2,200
Frances Charlotte, 4,000
To this may be added, from Bombay, 30,000 bales in the Honourable Company'! ships ; and 25,000 in private ships; making the whole export this year, about 134,500 bales, which may be valued at nearly a crore of rupees.
COLLEGE AT FORT WILLIAM.
We are enabled to give a list, according to the latest report of the students at the College of Fort William, who were found qualified to enter upon public service.—Messrs. Macnaughton, Dick, Cavandish, Monckton, Dantze. B. Taylor, D. C. Smyth, N. Smith Maddock, Glass, Dale, Nisbet, Murray, Walker, R. J. Taylor, Lind, Boddam, Ward, Creighton.
"The following extracts from reports of the Committee at the College at Fort William, on the examination of Lieutenant Smith, in Persian, and of Lieutenants Young and Rankin, and Ensign Prescott, in the Hindustani language, have been published in the Government Gazette at Madras. ,
"Report dated 3d May, 1816:—Lieutenant Young speaks the (Hindustani) language with great fluency; and to many of the questions put to him by the Munslii, he replied at considerable length, displaying in his answers a ready command of words, and an accurate knowledge of the idiom. His acquire
ments in translation were not inferior to those displayed in his conversation. The version into Hindustani was executed with extreme elegance, and with sa much accuracy, that we were not able to discover a single orthographical error in the whole composition. The translation into English was equally credible to Mr. Young's abilities and exertions. We have, therefore, great satisfaction in delivering our opinion that this gentleman is eminently entitled to the usual honorary reward to which we beg leave to recommend him accordingly."
Report dated lid May.—" In the more easy task of translating from the native into the English language, these three gentlemen were equally successful—they translated the several tasks assigned them with entire accuracy, and with a perfect knowledge of the tenor of the original. The translation of LieutenEnt Smith, fronj English into Persian, calls for a higher tribute of praise than can be awarded to accuracy only. It was a mos,t, elegant