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Creek and Fort Garry. Remove the farm houses and churches, replacing them on the river banks by forest trees of the largest growth, and the country between Fort Garry and the 49th Parallel, as seen along the road to Pembina, a distance of seventy miles, is continually reproduced in its ordinary aspect of sameness, immensity, and unclaimed endowments.

“But it must be seen in its extraordinary aspects before it can be rightly valued and understood, in reference to its future occupation by an energetic and civilized race, able to improve its vast capabilities and appreciate its boundless beauties. It must be seen at sunrise, when the vast plain suddenly flashes with rose-colored light, as the rays of the sun sparkle in the dew on the long rich grass, gently stirred by the unfailing morning breeze. It must be seen at noonday, when refraction swells into the forms of distant hill ranges the ancient beaches and ridges of Lake Winnipeg, which mark its former extension ; when each willow bush is magnified into a grove, each far distant clump of aspens, not seen before, into wide forests, and the outline of wooded river banks, far beyond unassisted vision, rise into view. It must be seen at sunset, when just as the ball of fire is dipping below the horizon, he throws a flood of red light, indescribably magnificent upon the illimitable waving green, the colors blending and separating with the gentle roll of the long grass, seemingly magnified toward the horizon into the distant heaving swell of a parti-colored sea. It must be seen too by moonlight, when the summits of the low green grass waves are tipped with silver, and the stars in the west suddenly disappear as they touch the earth. Finally it must be seen at night, when the distant prairies are in a blaze, thirty, fifty, or seventy miles away; when the fire reaches clumps of aspen, and the forked tips of the flames, magnified

, by refraction, flash and quiver in the horizon, and the reflected light from rolling clouds of smoke above tell of the havoc which is raging below

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“ These are some of the scenes which must be witnessed and felt before the mind forms a true conception of these prairie wastes, in the unrelieved immensity which belongs to them, in common with all the ocean, but which, the everchanging and unstable sea, seems to offer a bountiful recompense, in a secure though distant home, to millions of our fellow men.

Fort Garry is situated a few hundred yards west of the confluence of the Assiniboine and Red Rivers. A bridge has been built across the former at this point. Common report makes the river nearly double the width now that it was forty or fifty years ago. At present the breadth is over two hundred feet and this it preserves up to the mouth of the Souris where it is 230 feet wide. Above this point the river decreases in width but increases in depth, and after “the Rapids” are passed, seven miles below Brandon, no other obstructions are met with until we pass Fort Ellice. At this point the river is still 135 feet wide, and for nearly 100 miles, by land, north of this to the mouth of the White Sand River, its breadth and depth change very little. Fifteen miles above Fort Ellice are the Marquette Rapids which are caused by sand-bars and gravel. The Assiniboine rises in about lat. 52° 20' and long. 103° 15' west, and runs southeasterly to the great southern bend, thirty-five miles west of Brandon, where it changes its direction nearly east and joins the Red River in lat. 49° 54'. The country on both sides of the Assiniboine, for thirty miles west of Winnipeg, is of the same general character as that of the Red River, except that there is much more wood in the vicinity of the Assiniboine, especially on the south. The soil is of the best quality, but owing to the unbroken uniformity of the surface it is very wet in many places, and in a few, as at Baie St. Paul, subject to overflow from the river. Twenty miles west of Portage la Prairie the banks increase in height, the country be

comes more elevated and sandy and we enter on the Second Prairie Steppe and soon after reach the mouth of the Souris.

This stream rises near the Squirrel Hills, up north of the great Souris Plain, very near the line of the C. P. R., and joins the southern branch of the river coming from the Coteau. Keeping a southeasterly course it crosses the International Boundary into Dakota about the 102nd Meridian and flows southeasterly to about lat. 48° 10', when it turns again to the north and enters Manitoba east of the 101st Meridian. Its course is now northeast through a level plain supposed formerly to be of no value but now considered the garden of the southwest. North of this the Sand Hills are entered.

Plum or Snake Creek discharges Oak Lake, a sheet of water several miles broad, which during the summer is the abode of numerous water-fowl of many species. The land around this lake is very rich but much of it is low and marshy, producing enormous crops of hay, and from the presence of timber the whole tract is well suited for stockfarming on a large scalė.

The low hills about Snake Creek are sand dunes, and on their sides is a lovely Cactus (Mamillaria vivipara), which is quite common in many other localities where sand predominates. The prairie on both sides of the Souris is treeless, but there is a thin belt of wood, more or less broken, along Snake Creek.

The Souris at its mouth is 125 feet wide and about three feet deep. Further up stream it becomes deeper, and, although it is obstructed by rapids near its mouth, report says it is navigable as far south as the Boundary.

The Little Saskatchewan rises in the Riding Mountains and for over a hundred miles flows through a rich and generally fertile country. The flanks of the Riding Mountain are cut up with numerous rivulets. These joining form the Bird Tail Creek and Little Saskatchewan. The latter

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TWO THARA AVTER BETTLEMENT ON TIIS PRAIRIR.

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