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First Steamboat on Red River-Attempts to Establish a Trade—Want of Success-

Opening of the Northern Pacific-Regular Trade Established on Red River in 1872—

In Three Years it increases to 50,000 Tons-Doubts cast on the Navigation of the

Red and Saskatchewan Rivers in 1876—Mr. Trow's Statement made in 1877-Red

River Fleet in 1879— Navigation of Lake Winnipeg-Assiniboine Opened up-Its

Capacity and Present Facilities—The Qu'Appelle and Souris— The South Saskatche-

wan-North Saskatchewan-Steam Navigation on the Athabasca, on Peace River,

on the Mackenzie-Lake Athabasca and Great Slave Lake—Impediments to Naviga.

tion - The Future of the Lake and River Trade-Summary of Navigable Waters.

CHAPTER XXXII.

The Past, Present, and Future of our Railway Systems.

Palliser's Expedition-His Report on the Country and Mountain Passes—Canada acquires

the Hudson's Bay Company's Territories—British Columbia unites with the Domin.

ion-Sandford Fleming appointed Chief Engineer-Yellow Head Pass-Trip of the

Chief Engineer—My trip to Peace River—“Ocean to Ocean" published--My report

on the Flora and Climate-Continuation of the Surveys—My second Report-Called

before a Committee of the House-My third Report considered Extravagant-Surveys

draw to a Close-Diverse Opinions regarding the Country-My views regarding Peace

River Confirmed-Exploration of the Buffalo Plains-Sir Charles Tupper Endorses my

Statements-, General Awakening as to the Value of the Country- Railway Commu.

nication Effected with Winnipeg-Formation of the “Syndicate"-Review of the

Surveys and their Results-Construction of the Lake Superior Branch-Lines Sur.

Where Information can be obtained—Fare to Canada-Articles Required on the

Voyage-From Whom to get Information-A Government Officer at each Ship-

ping Port-How to Label Bonded and other Goods-How to Act on Board Ship-

articles Needed, for the Voyage-Household Articles to be bought-Mechanics'

Tools-Farmers Should bring no Furniture—Warm Clothing to be Brought-Routes

from Quebec to Manitoba—Agent at Duluth-Agents in Manitoba—Fare from

Quebec to Manitoba-Carrying Heavy Freight a Mistake-Agents' Duties-Dominion

Land Offices-Correspondence with Officials—How to Address Letters-Points to be

Noted-Cautions to Immigrants—No Purchase of Homestead Land Valid until Title is

Obtained-All Titles or Assignments should be Registered at Ottawa-Bounty War.

rants and Land Scrip-Duties of Homesteaders-Make Entry of Homestead as soon as

Possible–See that no one has any Claim to the Land Selected—Titles to all Lands

Purchased should be Examined into-Land Guides will Assist at Selections of Lands

- How to Select Good Land-How to get Good Sweet Water-Hay and Wood Secon.

dary to Good Soil and Water-Spring best Time to Emigrate-Good Crops Raised on

Spring Ploughing-New Plan of Sowing in Spring-Old Country People should fall

into the Ways of the Country-Deep Ploughing in Manitoba a Mistake - How to

Bring Money and Where to Place it-Illustrations of How much can be Saved in Five

Years-Success Depends on the Settler-Canadian North-West Compared with

Dakota and Minnesota-Opening of Canadian Pacific Railway_Statements of Settlers

Regarding Outfit-Mode of Procedure—Prices—Amount of Money Necessary–Success

in Farming-Climate-Wintering Cattle, Oxen, and Horses—The Kind of Settlers

Needed.

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