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1 Fee officers included in number of positions but it is impracticable to show average employment for this class of officer.

Summary by object of expenditure (excluding personal services)

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HON. HUGO I. BLACK, ASSOCIATE JUSTICE
HON. HAROLD H. BURTON, ASSOCIATE JUSTICE
THOMAS E. WAGGAMAN, MARSHAL
MISS HELEN NEWMAN, LIBRARIAN
DAVID I. LYNN, ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL
CHARLES A. HENLOCK, ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER, OFFICE OF
THE ARCHITECT

Mr. ROONEY. The first items for the Federal judiciary before us are those for the Supreme Court of the United States. We shall insert in the record page 4 of the justifications, which is a summary of the appropriations requested for the Supreme Court.

The page referred to is as follows:)

y statement relating appropriation estimates to current appropriations

Supreme Court sriations in annual act

$1,067, 500 upplemental appropriations 1950 (pay increases).

24, 800 ers in (+).

95, 578 for 1951.

1, 187,878 nce, 51 over 1950:

REQUIREMENTS

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ROONEY. We are once again pleased and honored to have with e Honorable Hugo L. Black and the Honorable Harold H. n, Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, I as the Marshal of that Court, Mr. Waggaman, the librarian, Newman, and the assistant, Miss Mary Fowler.

SALARIES, SUPREME COURT

Funds available for obligation

1949 actual

1950 estimate 1951 estimate

$821, 600

$923, 100

$867,000

21, 200

iation or estimate..
i supplemental estimate due to pay increases.
tal available for obligation.
ated balance, estimated savings.
tal obligations...

821, 600
-9, 586

888, 200

923, 100

812,014

888, 200

923, 100

Obligations by objects

Object classification

1949 actual

1950 estimate 1951 estimate

157
197

159
201

161 203

imber of permanent positions.
number of all employees.-
onal services:
Permanent positions -
Part-time and temporary positions.
Regular pay in excess of 52-week base.
Pay increase comparable to Public Law 429.

Total obligations...

$765, 499
44, 632
1,883

$813, 011
52, 299

1,690
21, 200

$830, 701 52, 299

1,400 38,700

812,014

888, 200

923, 100

Mr. ROONEY. The first matter with which we shall now concern ourselves is that entitled "Salaries, Supreme Court.” This appears at page 2 of the committee print. I note with regard to the first item, “Salaries, Supreme Court,” that there is an increase of $34,900 over and above the base appropriation for the current fiscal year, and that that sum is made up of the amount of $17,400 for salaries, exclusive of pay increases, and $17,500, cost of pay increase comparable to Public Law 429. Are you asking for any additional employees under this request?

ADDITIONAL EMPLOYEES

Justice BURTON. We are asking for two additional employees. One of them is a law clerk. This is not a change in our organizational plan. For some time each Justice has been authorized by the Court to have two law clerks. In the past year, however, two of the Justices have employed but one law clerk. For next year one of those two Justices is considering using an additional law clerk. We still will be one short of the full complement of two for each Justice, but there may be one more law clerk next year than there is now. That adds $5,446.32 for his salary in the event that an additional law clerk is taken on.

Mr. ROONEY. What is the other new position requested?

Justice BURTON. It is that of an assistant cataloger in the librars. The library of course is a growing institution. We have fewer catalogers than is usual for our quantity of books and the librarian has recommended the additional assistant cataloger an an expense of $3,239.28.

ADJUSTMENT OF SALARIES

Mr. Rooney. What have you to say about the proposed increase in press clerk's rate of pay?

Justice BURTON. We consider that a reclassification. That and the cases of the foreman of laborers and the two assistant foremen of laborers. These reclassifications result from a study of the relationship between the work done in our branch of the Government and that done in the Executive branch. We have approximated these classifications to those in the executive branch.

Mr. ROONEY. The proposed increase will be added to what present salary?

Justice Burton. In the case of the press clerk, who is our publicrelations man who deals with the newspapers for the Court, he is today getting $4,895. Under the new classification he will get $6,380, which is a change of $1,485, and puts him into the classification known in the executive branch as GS-11.

Mr. ROONEY. How does that compare with the salaries of persons performing similar duties in the Government departments and in the legislative branch of the Government?

Justice Burton. As a matter of fact, it is somewhat lower than that in the other branches. It is conservative. Before the recent increases in pay, public information specialists for example, doing comparable work in the executive departments, received from $6,235 up to $9,000; and in the Capitol Building the people doing this kind of work received about $6,439. Our new rate of $6,380 is just about at the minimum for that type of work.

ROONEY. What have you to say about the increase in foreman 3 rate of pay? e BURTON. It is an increase, $413.82 for the janitor-foreman. s from CPC-8 to CPC-9, which increases his pay from 50 to $4,756.62. vhole program is this: In the Court we do not have the legal on to apply the civil service classifications, but we take full age of the experience of the executive and legislative branches. re made it a uniform practice to coordinate our salaries as as possible with those in the other branches and therefore on mination of duties we sometimes find it necessary to reclassify ployees we have here. e case of the two assistants there is a change from the classiof CPC-5, which carries a salary of $3,294.45. ROONEY. Those are the two assistant foremen of laborers? ce BURTON. Yes. The increase is to $3,377.22 which is the e for CPC-7. The amount involved for our two men, together, $248.30.

WITHIN-GRADE PROMOTIONS

ROONEY. I notice within-grade salary advancements amounting 24.94. Where does that apply? ce BURTON. That covers the regular Ramspeck raises which ly by analogy. We find them a very satisfactory guide, taken ne executive and legislative branches. ROONEY. On the entire set-up under "Salaries, Supreme " there is the addition of only two employees? ice BURTON. That is right.

REDUCTION IN REQUESTED APPROPRIATION

his point, Mr. Chairman, I would like to point out that we reduction to submit to you that does not appear on those

ROONEY. What is that? ice BURTON. In submitting the estimate, as we had to do in rly part of the year, we tried to make our estimate of pay correspond to those under Public Law 429. We then estimated his would require $17,500 and we find in its actual application re need only $13,200 or $4,300 less. Therefore, the item of O which you have as the increase in salary bracket may be d by $4,300 so it will be $30,600. That carries through all timates to produce a reduction of $4,300 below what you have. Rooney. That would make the total requested appropriation 00 under "Salaries, Supreme Court?" ice BURTON. Yes, sir.

NUMBER OF CASES FILED

ROONEY. At this time we shall insert in the record the stateshowing the number of cases filed, disposed of and remaining ckets at conclusion of October terms, 1946, 1947, and 1948, starts at the bottom of page 6 of the justifications and which s on through page 7 of the justifications. e statement referred to is as follows:)

Statement showing the number of cases filed, disposed of, and remaining on doeldo

at conclusion of October terms 1946, 1947, 1948 (October term 1948 ended on June 30, 1949, corresponds to the fiscal year of 1949)

tel th th

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(Original cases. Distribution of cases disposed of during J Appellate cases on merits. terms.

Petitions for certiorari.
Miscellaneous docket applications.

(Original cases... Distribution of cases remaining on dockets. J Appellate cases on merits.

Petitions for certiorari..
Miscellaneous docket applications.

0

217
1.106 555

154 567
12 12
95 61
51

12

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Justice BURTON. May I make a brief statement as to what those figures come down to in the matter of argued and finally considered cases? This figure does not appear on the tabulation. As you see, we have a great many cases submitted to us on certiorari

, requesting that they be heard; the final number of cases, however, on which opinions are rendered will be of interest, at least to the attorney. In the October term, 1947, which ended a year ago last June, there were 215 opinions. In the October term 1948 which ended June 1949, there were 240 opinions. Generally, the load is about the same each year, but there were 25 more opinions rendered last term than there were the term before.

Then taking the volume of cases of all kinds before the Court, the important figures in the tabulation which we have put in the record are these: In the 1947 term there were 772 appellate cases. In the last

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