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and distribution and grants of school requisites, tributions; and such schools, we propose, should may still remain with the Society, subject to the be liberally assisted by the new Board, upon con. approbation or rejection of the Board of Super- dition of submitting themselves to its jurisdicintendence, as to all schools under its manage- tion. As to the funds for the maintenance ment. With respect to the model-schools also, of the new Parochial Schools, we recommend and the establishment for training masters and that they shall be derived partly from the State, mistresses, we find them to have been extremely partly from parochial assessments, and partly well managed ; and as the maintenance of such from payment by the pupils. Looking to the an establishment must, for a considerable time results of our own personal examination into at least, continue to be highly desirable in Ire-schools of all descriptions, to the practical effects lund, we think that the superintendence and of the system so long and so beneficially in opera. direction of that Institution may, with great tion in Scotland, we are satisfied that the advantage, be left to the care of the Society. schools should be founded on the principle of pay The schools under their management, we think, schools, and that the payment should go to the form a separate and highly important subject for Master and the Usher. At what sum the rate consideration. It appears to us, in the first of payment should be fixed, must depend upon instance, to be expedient for the Society to with local circumstances. By appointing, in certain hold all grants to schools in connexion with, or situations, a higher rate of contribution, a most deriving aid or assistance from any other society'; eligible class of schools may readily be provided and that for this purpose all schools, that derive with instruction suitable to a better description aid from other societies, should be called upon to of persons. Although in all cases payment by decide to which they will continue to belong, each scholar should be the rule, we recommend and the aid from this Society continued to such that there should be lodged, in certain indivi. only as reject that of others.
duals, a power of dispensing with the payment, We recommend also, that after the appoint- and of admitting, as an exception, certain free ment of the new Board, the establishment of scholars. Payment, however, should be the rule, which we have suggested, the Society should and gratuitous instruction the exception. not make any new grant of money in aid of By the gradual reduction of the charter building any school-room, or undertake to pay schools, and by the transfer of a part of those the master or mistress of any school, which is which are now maintained by the Association not at this time in connexion with them, or to and the Kildare-place Society, a large amount which they are not already engaged, but refer of the public funds at present granted for edu. all applications for the building of new schools cation will become available for the new schools to such Board.
of public and general instruction. The plan Erery facility and power should, we think, be which we have recommended cannot be put into granted both to the Society and to private pa- full operation without the aid of powers which trons, to transfer their schools to the care and can only be obtained from parliament. We superintendence of the same authority.
think it, however, desirable to attempt, with as We cannot entertain the plan of destroying little delay as possible, to establish schools upon any existing class of schools, which are useful to the system we have recommended ; and we think a considerable extent, though not so much so as, the grant to the Lord Lieutenant for the genewe hope, they may be rendered. We are, how- ral purpose of aiding schools should at once be ever, of opinion, that if, after the lapse of a made applicable to this object. We have already certain time, the schools of general instruction shewn, that, according to the present manage which we recommend should be found to answer ment of that fund, it may be so applied as to their purpose, any schools continuing to belong assist schools of any description whatever. We to other societies, and refusing to transfer them- recommend that the Commissioners should be selves to the management of the new Board, enabled, out of the grant made in this session, to should gradually cease to receive any public aid. fulfil such engagements only as they have actu.
In seeking for the means of establishing in ally entered into, and that the remainder of the Ireland an adequate number of such schools as fund, with such addition as may be thought we have described, it is hardly necessary to state, sufficient, should be applied, under such directhat a most zealons wish to promote education tions as any new authority to be erected for the exists on the part of a great number of private purpose may think fit, to the establishment of individuals, who are ready to sacrifice to this ob- schools of the description which we have project a portion both of their time and property. posed.
In addition, therefore, to the parochial schools In the early part of this report, it has been of general instruction which we have proposed, stated, that we addressed a form of return to we have no doubt that individuals will continue the parochial clergy of the Established Church, to contribute their assistance, by founding to the Roman Catholic clergy, and also to the schons under their own immediate care. A several Presbyterian ministers. The form of part, therefore, of the necessary means for the this return will be found in the Appendix. The Establishment and maintenance of such schools information thereby obtained from these several may be confidently expected from private con- authorities is extremely important. It is, how
ever, so voluminous, that it will require a sepa-1" education as has been objected to, under the rate report for its elucidation, and we propose to “ idea of its leading to evil rather than to good, devote to it our earliest attention. At present," they are actually obtaining for themselves ; we shall merely state the general result. Ac- " and though we conceive it practicable to corcording to the returns made by the ministers of " rect it, to check its progress appears impos. the Established Church, the total number of sible—it may be improved, but it cannot be schools in Ireland (Sunday schools excepted) is “ impeded. 10,387, and they contain 498,641 pupils. Ac
“ T. FRANKLAND LEWIS. (L. S.) cording to the Roman Catholic returns, the
“ J. LESLIE FOSTER. number of schools is 10,453, and the number of
“ W. GRANT.
(L. S.) pupils 522,016.
“ J. GLASSFORD. (L. S.) In the enumeration we have excluded Sunday.
“ A. R. BLAKE. schools on both sides, as the children in attend- “ London, 30th May, 1825." ance upon them are almost universally to be To this Report there is an Appendix, containfound in the day-schools also. The total num. ing the examination of witnesses; and numerous bers in education are, according to the Protestant documents. returns, thus distributed :Of the Established Church ......... 91,026
Sixth REPORT of the Commissioners of the Irish minations .................. 3,308
Fisheries (commencing the 6th April, 1824, Roman Catholics ............. 357,249
and ending the 5th April, 1825). Children in education, whose reli.
In their Report of last season, the Commisgion is not stated in the returns 3,822 sioners gave a short sketch of the different pro
jects which seemed to them best calculated to Total in education, according to
give effect to that section of the 59th of the late the Protestant returns............ 498,641 King, c. 109, which places at their disposal the
annual sum of £5,000, for the promotion of the The numbers, according to the Roman Ca- coast fisheries of Ireland. Amongst the mea. tholic returns, are as follow :
sures most likely to advance this object were the Of the Established Church ......... 83,180 construction of small piers, quays, and safety
Presbyterians ...... ........ 33,709 harbours; the building of hookers, smacks, and
small boats, suitable to the fisheries of the difminations ........... 3,794 ferent districts; the repairs of poor fishermen's
Roman Catholics ............. 397,212 boats ; and the promotion of small fishing comChildren in education, whose reli.
panies, so as to give an impulse to more imgion is not stated in the returns 4,121 portant establishments of this nature. On the
first head (the erection of small piers, &c.), the Total in education, according to
Commissioners beg to observe, that some of those the Roman Catholic returns ... 522,016 works have been since completed, and others in
progress; but the difficulty of procuring the ne. In the year 1812, it appears by the Fourteenth cessary contributions from those whose private Report of the Commissioners of Education, to interests must be promoted by their erection, which we have so often had occasion to refer, has tended in some measure to retard the prothat at that time the number of schools in gress of similar works, which, if executed, must Ireland might be estimated at 4,600, contain-prove of equal utility to the coast fisheries of ing about 200,000 pupils. It follows, that Ireland. On the next head (the building of during the last twelve years the number both of hookers, smacks, &c.), proceedings for carrying schools and pupils has considerably more than this measure into effect have been taken, and doubled.
the project seems to promise very satisfactory It must not be forgotten, however, that educa- results. As there is, however, a material differtion is still in a great degree administered in ence in the principles laid down for the applicathe pay-schools of the country unconnected with tion of the funds allocated to the hooker and societies, and, generally speaking, not subjected smack building, the Commissioners beg leave to to any particular control or superintendence. enter somewhat into the detail of the arrange
We cannot more fully express the conclusion ments decided on for their construction and ul. which we come to upon this part of the subject, timate application. The arrangement laid down than in the words of the Report above quoted :- for the building of hookers (a species of boat “ Were it, therefore, even admitted that the peculiarly adapted to the southern fisheries), “ benefits of education are not to the lower was a grant of one-fourth their estimated cost " classes of the people as great as we conceive to such adventurers as were disposed to build " them to be, yet the necessity of assisting in the same, conformable to an approved plan, and " obtaining it for them in this country would to supply the remaining three-fourths from * not be diminished, but increased; for such their own private means. The arrangement for the smack and small boat building was formed that object, yet a spirit of outrage will at times exclusively on the principle of loan, repayable break out, and call for the interference of the by instalments at stated times, so as that the powers vested in the Commissioners under the whole may be liquidated at the expiration of a act of the 59th of the late King, c. 109. Were certain period, when the boat will become the it not for the occasional exercise of those powers, property of the fisherman. In the mean time, that vast and productive fishery, which peri, the proceeds of each instalment are to be applied odically occurs on the western coast of Ireland, to similar uses, thereby adding annually to the would be rendered of little moment, by the number of boats, and consequently multiplying turbulent spirit which, prior to the formation of the means of employment and food. On the this establishment, had nearly destroyed the third head (the repairs of poor fishermen's once Aourishing fisheries of the Bay of Galway. boats), the Commissioners beg to observe, that A similar spirit had lately. evinced itself in the loan funds for this desirable object have been south, at Dungarvan, and would have probably established in many of the maritime counties, produced the most serious consequences, were and essential benefits experienced from them in it not for the timely interference of the Board, those quarters where local difficulties have not aided by the local magistracy of the place, and tended to impede their prompt operation. Those the very judicious conduct of Mr. Barry, the difficulties are, however, every day diminishing ; inspector-general of fisheries for the southern and as the principle on which this species of aid province, whom the Board found it necessary to is given renders repayment by easy instalments send there for that especial purpose. In order absolutely necessary, the benefits arising from to enforce their regulations for the protection of such loan funds become thereby perpetuated. the southern fisheries, the Commissioners were With respect to the fourth head (the encou- compelled to hire the services of a small-decked ragement of small fishing companies), the Com- boat for the better portion of the summer, and missioners entertain sanguine hopes that the found the measure of great benefit in maintainspeculative spirit of the times will, tend to the ing order, and preventing illegal and destructive Establishment of fishing companies on a more modes of fishing. The Commissioners have much extended scale than was originally contemplated satisfaction in perceiving the improvement which by them. By such associations the productive has taken place in the fisheries of some parts of fishing banks which surround the coasts of Ire- the coast, where the districts (originally too exland may be fairly tried; but which, from want tensive) have been divided, and the duties of of capital and suitable craft, have hitherto been the officer confined to a reasonable extent of but imperfectly ascertained, and only casually shore, more immediately within the scope of his visited. The Commissioners have to state, with powers to manage. The following extract of a much regret, the diminution which has taken letter from the Lord Bishop of Killala will prove place in the white fishery of the last year (par. satisfactory on this head : “When in Dublin, ticularly on the southern coast), and without you were pleased to furnish me with all the any apparent cause, save the uncertainty which “ papers necessary to explain to the people here must ever attend the return of such fish as pe- “ (Killala) the encouragements given to the riodically visit the coasts of this country. The “ fisheries, and the regulations to be observed. SUCCESS, however, of the preceding years, justi. “ On my return to Killala, I made the underfies the hope of a more abundant fishery next “ taking a subject of conversation with the gen. season; and the Commissioners expect that the “ tlemen of my neighbourhood, had the papers measures they have adopted for the encourage-“ sent from house to house, that all might read ment of the hooker and smack building will them, and then to the merchants of this town. tend materially to render the hake fishery (the “ The people also, who go out in the boats, had chief fishery of the south) a more productive“ full information. The efficient officer of the source of industry than heretofore. It is, how. “ Board has duly attended, and the consequence ever, with unfeigned satisfaction the Commis." has been such as must prove satisfactory to sioners have to state the gradual increase in the them to me it is very gratifying. I am also herring fishery of this season; the excess over“ assured by many, that more herrings have last season amounts to 13,776 barrels. With “ been taken this year than in the twenty years respect to the coast survey, adverted to in former" preceding; that, besides the local supply, Reports, much additional progress has been “ abundance was sent into the interior of the made, and a good deal of interesting informa “ country, many miles distant; and by the re. tion obtained as to the fishing banks along the “ turn of your officer, it will be seen that a Festern coast. The Board have, however, di. “ large quantity of well-saved fish is in casks rected a suspension of its further prosecution for “ ready for exportation. Such a thought never the present, until they shall have given a due occurred to the people here before, and this is portion of attention to the information it con " their first attempt. I contemplate with pleatains, and the suggestions held out in it. Al. “ sure the probability of its leading to a far though the regulations adopted by the Board for “ more extended fishery, when the proper ves. the peaceable and legal prosecution of the fish- “ sels for the deep sea, and tackle, shall be aceries have tended much to the attainment of " quired. Certainly a multitude of people has
“ been greatly benefited by what has been done, | report of their last year's proceedings (season “ &c. &c.” The Commissioners observe with 1823), was 49,448. The number given in the much pleasure a further increase in the number present report is 52,482, being an increase of of men engaged in the Irish fisheries, as taken 3,034 men. from the local officers' customary returns to the The following is the substance of the more 5th April last. The gross number stated in the important returns annexed to the Report.
An Account of the total number of Vessels cleared out for the White Fishery of 1824,
on Tonnage Bounty ; distinguishing the number of Tons, the number of Men, and the number of Bushels of Salt.
An Account of the total number of Vessels entered inwards from the White Fishery of 1824;
distinguishing the number of Tons, the number of men, and the number of Cwt. of dried Cod, Ling, Hake, Haddock, and Conger Eel, landed from each Vessel, and marked for Bounty, with the amount of Bounty allowed thereon.
An Account of the total number of Vessels cleared out for the Open Sea Herring Fishery of
1824; distinguishing the number of Tons, the number of Men, the number of Square Yards of Netting, the number of Bushels of Salt, and the number of Barrels.
An Account of the total number of VESSELS entered inwards from the Open Sea Herring
Fishery of 1824 ; distinguishing the number of Tons, the number of Men, the number of Bar. rels of Herrings landed; also those gutted with a knife from those otherwise gutted, and the amount of Bounty allowed.
An Account of the total number of Cwt. of dried Cod, Ling, Hake, Haddock, Glassen,
and Conger Eel, which have been marked for the production Bounty of 4s. per Cwt. in the year 1824 ; and the amount of Bounty allowed.
An Account of the total number of Barrels of HERRINGS, which have been marked for the
Bounty of 4s. and 3s. 6d. per Barrel, in the year 1824, granted by the Act of the 1st Geo. IV. c. 82, distinguishing those gutted with a knife from those otherwise gutted, together with the amount of Bounty allowed.
An Account of the number of Barrels of Pilchards and Mackarel, which have been branded for the Bounty of 3s. per Barrel, under the 59th Geo. III. c. 109; and the Amount of Bounty allowed.
An Account of the number of Barrels of Cod, Ling, Hake, Haddock, Glassen, and Conger Eel, cured with Pickle, which have been branded for the Bounty at 2s. 6d. per Barrel, under the 1st Geo. IV. c. 82. sec. 18; and the Amount of Bounty allowed.
An Account of the total number of Tuns and Gallons of Oil, extracted from Whale and
other Fish, that have been produced, for the Bounty of £3 per ton ; and Bounty allowed.
GROSS NUMBER of Barrels of HERRINGS, cured for Bounty, both by Vessels engaged in
the Tonnage Bounty Fishery, and not so engaged ; distinguishing each.
An Account of the total number of Barrels of Herrings, Pilchards, Mackarel, and Pickled Fish, with the total number of Cwt. of Dried Fish, that have been exported for the Year ended the 5th of April, 1825; distinguishing the Stations from which Exported, the Quantity exported to Great Britain, to other places in Europe, and to other places out of Europe.