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“ country upon the subject of the slave-trade. , the abolition of the trade in slaves. In a de. “ It is universally believed that the abolition spatch from Mr. Secretary Canning to the com. “ was a measure which Great Britain, under missioners, dated April 4th, 1825, he informs " the cloak of philanthropy, but really in them that his majesty's ambassador at the “ fluenced by jealousy of the prosperity of this Hague having been instructed to urge upon the “ island, forced upon Spain. That the latter government of the Netherlands the expediency “ fulfils her engagements as far as Great Bri. of rendering the Netherlands' regulations as “ tain is directly concerned, but that in reality to the captors of slave-traders more favourable “ she is indifferent upon the subject. Among than they appeared to have been to the capturing " the illicit traders, it is the general persuasion vessel, the king of the Netherlands, with that " that if they escape the British cruisers they candour which did him honour, admitted the “ have nothing to fear. The trade itself is truth of the observations submitted to his “ looked upon as any thing but criminal; it is, majesty; and had issued a decree by which the “ on the contrary, considered to be promoting officers and crew of a Netherlands' cruiser, in “ the interests of the island, and merely the case of the capture of vessels afterwards

thwarting the selfish views of Great Britain. condemned by the mixed commission, should “ If the Spanish government be really desirous obtain a grant of that portion of the seizure “ of suppressing the slave-trade, they must which by right belonged to the Netherlands' “ convince the people here that such is their government, the expenses of the trial in the “ desire ; and that his Catholic majesty is really mixed commission court being first deducted : “ of opinion that the true interests of the island and further, that the officers and crew of a cap. “ are intimately connected with the carrying turing vessel should obtain the net proceeds of " that measure effectually into execution. The all slave-trading vessels taken in virtue of the {$¢ slave-trade with this island is now as ex. Netherland law of the 23d of December, 1824. * tensive as ever it was, and is necessarily car. 66 ried on with greater cruelty. The abolition Correspondence between the Admiralty and Na. " by Spain, therefore, is merely nominal; and val Officers, relative to the Suppression of the " instead of promoting, only serves to injure Slave Trade. “ the cause of justice and humanity.”

The substance of the communications from RIO DE JANEIRO.

naval officers to the admiralty, is, that the BraQuarterly Reports from the commissioners,

| zilian slave-trade was more vigorous than ever ; dated July 6th, 1824, and 25th October, 1824, that all the Portuguese authorities on the coast state that no slave-vessels had been brought into either entered into or took a part in that in. the port of Rio de Janeiro by any of his majesty's famous traffic; that the commander of the Por. cruisers for adjudication.

tuguese factory had provoked wars between the SURINAM.

different tribes of the natives for the sake of J. H. Lance, esq., in a letter to Mr. Secretary getting slaves cheap, and actually paid for them Canning, dated March 30, 1824, encloses a copy about half a dollar in value, of goods, for each ; of a paper which had been recently sent to every that it was ascertained that Brazilian vessels, furplantation and to every owner of slaves in the nished with a passport (agreeably to the treaty becolony of Surinam, and which was to be continued tween Great Britain and Portugal) to trade for annually. The object of the government was to slaves to the Portuguese possessions south of the ascertain the name, age, occupation, and religion Line, instead of doing so, made a direct passage of every slave in the colony; which were to be to one of the ports in the Bight of Benin ; that it set down by, and delivered in upon the oath of had been strongly represented to the governor of the director or owner, as the case might be. If Mozambique, that, in contravention of the treaty a false return were afterwards discovered to between Great Britain and Portugal, vessels have been made, the slaves omitted were in carrying the flag of France continued to obtain stantly to be forfeited to the government; and slaves at places under his excellency's governthe person making such false return to be crimi. ment; that several vessels with slaves (many nally proceeded against before the fiscal. Mr. of them in the most distressing condition) Lance observes, that if this measure were pro- were captured north of the Line ; that on the perly enforced it would more effectually put a eastern coast of Africa the slave-trade had restop to future illicit importations of negroes cently received a new impulse from the supply than any thing hitherto done for that purpose ; required for Brazil, the new order of things and that it would in many respects be equal to having opened the ports of Quilliman and Inthe acts of registration passed in the British hanban to a direct communication with Brazil; colonies. In answer, Mr. Secretary Canning that the exportation of slaves from Mozambique states, that his majesty's government had pe- could not be less than 15,000 annually; that the rused with satisfaction the proof thus given by slave-trade was carried on in the most extensive the local authorities of Surinam of their sincere and audacious way from Cuba ; &c. &c. endeavours to second the humane intentions of The substance of the despatches from the adtheir sovereign, as recorded in the treaty be. I miralty to the naval officers consists of commu. tween Great Britain and the Netherlands, fornications of the treaties entered into between Great Britain and foreign powers for the sup- | Papers in explanation of the Measures adopted pression of the slave-trade, and of the acts of the by his Majesty's Government for the melior. British parliament for the same purpose; as ation of the condition of the Slave Population well as of instructions as to the best mode by in the West Indies on the Continent of South which the object of those treaties and acts might America. be best accomplished.


im A DESPATCh from earl Bathurst to the duke Correspondence of the Governor of the Mauritius

of Manchester, dated “Downing Street, 9th with the Colonial Office, regarding the State

6 January, 1824," instructs his grace to enof the Slave Trade.

deavour to prevail upon the assembly to reconGovernor Farquhar's correspondence com. I sider their

me sider their act for the melioration of the slave mences on the 26th July, 1820, with detailing mo

u population, and to take a more temperate and the efforts which his excellency was making to

judicious view of what their real interests, suppress the traffic in slaves, especially in Ma

14- | and, as lord Bathurst was willing to believe, dagascar; conveys an address from the inha

18 their natural sense of justice, would ultimately bitants of the Mauritius, expressing their de

their de require them to adopt. testation of the trade; communicates the stipu.

the trade comunicates the super! A despatch from the duke of Manchester to lations of a treaty with Radama, the king of

of earl Bathurst, dated “ King's House, Jamaica, Madagascar, for the abolition of the slave-trade

“ 12th January, 1824,” expresses his grace's throughout his dominions ; describes the good

satisfaction that the holidays had passed away faith with which Radama carried that treaty

without any commotion amongst the negroes. into execution ; relates a successful attempt (in

His grace observes, however, that from exami. conjunction with the government of India) to

nations which had taken place it was proved prevail on the Imaun of Muscat and the go

that there had been a settled plan among the vernor of Zanzibar to co-operate in putting

slaves to rise on some fixed day. Deeply as he down the slave-trade; and concludes, on the

lamented the necessity of executing the slaves 16th May, 1823, with expressing the governor's

convicted of rebellious conspiracy in St. Mary, satisfaction at leaving the island of Mauritius

he was persuaded that the example bad had the wholly freed from the stigma of the slave-trade.

effect of deterring others who were prepared for In a despatch, dated “ Mauritius, 31 Dec.,

mischief. “ 1824," lieutenant-general sir Lowry Cole says: A despatch from the duke of Manchester to

“ I have great satisfaction in being able to learl Bathurst, dated “ King's House, Jamaica, “ state, that there is no reason to suppose that “ 9th February, 1824,” reports the trials and “ any vessel under the British flag is at all

sentences of the slaves who had been charged “ engaged in the slave-trade."

with rebellious conspiracy in the parishes of

St. George and St. James. Two were executed, SLAVE POPULATION.

and the others sentenced to transportation and Return of the Amounts of the Slave Popula- minor punishments.

tion in each of his Majesty's Colonies in the A despatch from the duke of Manchester to West Indies, distinguishing the Males and earl Bathurst, dated “ King's House, Jamaica, Females, as received in the office of the 16th June, 1824," communicates information Registrar of Colonial Slaves since the 18th he had received of the slaves having, in two inApril, 1824.

stances, proceeded to acts of outrage in the Year.| Males. Females. Total.

parish of Hanover ; but his grace expresses his Barbadoes ...... 1823 36,159 42,657 78,816 hope that the measures of precaution which Demerara ...... 1823 41,224 33,753 74,977 had been adopted would check any disposition Grenada ........

1823 12,258 13,052 25,310! to revolt before it could proceed to any extent. Jamaica ........ 1823 166,595 169,658 336,253

| A despatch from the duke of Manchester to Tobago .........

1823 6,812 7,262 14,074 Ditto

18241 6.558) 20981 13.656 | earl Bathurst, dated “ King's House, Jamaica, Trinidad......... 1822 13,052 10,336 23,388 - 1st July, 1824,” states, that the revolt men

tioned in his last despatch had been for the preReturn of the Amounts of the Slave Popula- sent suppressed. The prompt measures which

tion in the Colonies of the Cape of Good had been adopted by sir John Keane had been Hope and Mauritius, distinguishing the productive of the best consequences. The neMales and Females, as received in the office

groes throughout the island laboured under the of the Registrar of Colonial Slaves since its delusion that they were entitled to their freefirst establishment.

dom; and the publication of his majesty's pro. Ho Year. Males. Females. | Total.

clamation had not removed their error, for they Cape of Good

declared that the proclamation was a forgery, Hope ......... 1819 20.098 13,743 33,841 fabricated in Jamaica by their owners. Ditto

20,313 14,016 34,329 A despatch from the duke of Manchester to Ditto 1821 20,494 14,263 34,757

earl Bathurst, dated “ King's House, Jamaica, Ditto

. 1822 20.461 14.5361 34 997 Ditto 18231 20,491) 14,780 35,271

“ 31st July, 1824," announces the trials and Mauritius .... 1822 41,015

sentences of the slaves concerned in the late The Seychelles (1822) 4,574 2,166 6,740 'revolt. Twelve had been executed. It appeared

18201 2022

evident from their declarations that they were'“ your grace's message of the 11th instant, to. fully impressed with the belief that they were “ gether with a copy of his majesty's order iu entitled to their freedom, and that the cause " council, for improving the condition of the they had embraced was just, and in vindication " slaves in Trinidad, which accompanied the of their own rights.

" said message. The house consider the preA despatch from earl Bathurst to the duke " sent season of alarm and agitation, when the of Manchester, dated “ Downing Street, 14th“ negro mind is peculiarly liable to receive false “ July, 1824," encloses a copy of the order in “ impressions, unfavourable for the adoption of council for the improvement of the condition of “ any measures interfering with long-established the slaves in Trinidad ; and notifies the ap-“ institutions, and therefore cannot but regret pointment of two bishops, the one for Jamaica " that those motives of prudence, which in. and the other for the Leeward Islands, to whom fluenced the British government in delaying are to be entrusted the control of the clergy of" to carry the order in council into execution the church of England in their respective dio at Demarara, should not have restrained it ceses, and the duty of reporting upon the state “ from pressing the immediate consideration of of the ecclesiastical establishment, particularly “ this subject on one of the oldest and most as it relates to the slave population, and upon " valuable possessions of the British crown, the best means of diffusing the benefits of reli-“ under circumstances infinitely more critical gious instruction to that part of the community. “ than those which apply to that conquered His lordship expresses his hope, that the assem. “ colony. The house, however, assure your bly of Jamaica, by incorporating in their statutes" grace, 'that they will, potwithstanding, conthose additional provisions of the order in coun “ tinue to bestow their most serious considera. cil respecting Trinidad, which as yet were not " tion on all subjects connected with the welfare to be found in their consolidation act, would lay of the slave population in this island, and the foundation for such a system of gradual im- “ will embrace every favourable opportunity to provement of the condition of the slave popula." make such enactments as may be deemed tion, as would prove equally honourable to the “ prudent and advisable." assembly and beneficial to those for whose ad. Two acts, however, had been since passed, vantage it appeared to be more immediately important in themselves as affording protection intended.

and encouragement to the slaves, and more so A despatch from the duke of Manchester to as indicating an intention of doing more hereearl Bathurst, dated “ King's House, Jamaica, after. The first act protected slaves from all “ 13th November, 1824," encloses copies of his mesne process on the day allotted to them for grace's speech at the opening of the session, and the cultivation of their provisions or to carry the addresses of the council and assembly in an- them to market. It would enable them to swer thereto. His grace had the satisfaction to employ the Saturday for this purpose; whilst acquaint his lordship, that a bill had been intro- before this act passed, slaves belonging to induced into the assembly by a very intelligent dividuals against whom judgments were open member of that body, admitting the evidence of were obliged to go to market ort Sunday, in slaves under certain regulations; and that, al order to avoid the danger of being taken by the though some little clamour was at first excited, deputy-marshal on any other day. This exeinpit seemed in a great measure to have subsided; tion from mesne process would afford them now and that the bill had been ordered to be read a the opportunity to employ Sunday in a more second time on the 24th November.

suitable manner, and would materially contri. A despatch from the duke of Manchester to bute to the extinction of the Sunday market. earl Bathurst, dated “ King's House, Jamaica, The other act enabled the owners of slaves to “ 24th December, 1824," announces the termin- reward their services by manumission, notwithation of the session on the 18th. His grace was standing entails and other settlements. The afraid his lordship would be dissatisfied with the mode of removing legal disabilities adopted in proceedings of the assembly with reference to the act was simple, and would he hoped prore the order in council respecting Trinidad. The beneficial. Although he was aware that those bill which had been introduced into the house acts fell very short of his lordship's expec. for admitting the evidence of slaves, with certain tations, still he was convinced that there was a qualifications, had been rejected by a majority very sincere desire to do, from time to time, of 36 to 1. His grace was extremely apprehen- what might appear practicable; and if the sive that the failure of that bill would destroy assembly had not done more now, it had arisen all hope of any measure of consequence being from the general belief that the negro mind adopted in favour of the slaves ; and that fear was still unsettled, and their designs of miswas not diminished by the following message chief not yet abandoned : an impression which which he received from the house on the 26th had acquired much force from the Report of a November :

secret committee appointed “to inquire into “ May it please your Grace,

" the rise, progress, and means used to sup“ We are desired by the house to wait on " press the late disturbances in this island, and “ your grace, and to inform you, that they have “ to report their opinion thereon ; and also to " taken into their most serious consideration inquire if any and what negroes have be. “ haved themselves faithfully and meritoriously 1" only be quenched in blood. The wishes and “ to their owners and the public during such “ good intentions of the master have been para“ disturbances, and if any of them deserve“ lysed by the fear that scenes of revolt may " rewards for the same ;” a copy of which he “ be of too frequent occurrence to afford any enclosed for his lordship's information. After " rational prospect that the fatal delusion which describing the nature of the rebellions conspira. “ now overshadows the mind of his negro may cies that had lately manifested themselves in “ be eventually renewed ; and, however anxious the island of Jamaica, the report thus pro “ he may be to adopt measures which prudence ceeds:

" and humanity might suggest as tending to “ Your committee has sedulously endeavoured“ ameliorate the condition of his slaves, he dare " to trace the origin of the various disturbances " not, lest they should be considered acts of “ which have so recently agitated the island,“ compulsion, and thereby excite feelings of “ and in no one instance have they been attri. |“ triumph in the negro bosom, which perhaps * buted to any complaints preferred by the slaves “ no subsequent events but of pure benevolence “ of cruel treatment experienced from their " could possibly allay. Your committee there* masters or overseers, of the privation of any “ fore in adverting to the agitated state in which * rights with which usage or law had invested “ the negro population (too susceptible of re6 them, or of any excess of labour exacted; on “ ceiving false impressions) is unhappily placed, * the contrary thereof, the very negroes who “ as evidenced by the construction which they * have atoned by the forfeiture of their lives for “ put on his majesty's proclamation, and other " the violation of the laws of their country, de- /" measures connected with the present disturb" clared, both before their conviction and at the “ ances, deprecate as impolitic the discussion at * place of execution, that they were contented “ this particular season of any question relative 6 and happy till they imbibed notions that the “ to our slave code. The danger resulting from “ king and Wilberforce had made them free. “ the disaffection which has been too success. " This idea is not confined to any one particular “ fully excited, becomes more alarming when we * parish, but appears to have pervaded the “ advert to the critical situation in which this “ whole island, and has taken such full posses. “ island stands with reference to a neighbouring i sion of the negro mind, that it forms the con- " colony, and the communication which, in “stant theme of his conversation, and its effects “ defiance of the laws, is carried on. Oppor“ are too lamentably shown by the altered de-“ tunities are thereby afforded incendiaries from só meanour and the reluctance exhibited in that country to disseminate their revolutionary

discharging his ordinary duties. All notions " principles. The feeling of disaffection which " of dependence and subjection to the authority " has already been engendered by the political * of his master are now excluded, and so far “ discussions in the mother country is fostered “ from regarding the latter with his wonted “ and encouraged with a view to promote that " feelings of respect and affection, he looks “ spirit of insurrection and rebellion from which * upon him as his bitterest enemy, in with.1" alone they anticipate to reap the fruits of their “ holding from him the enjoyment of those pri- “ labour, the subversion of the established ** vileges which the mother country is supposed “ government, and thereby assimilate this island * to have conceded. The natural result of “ to Saint Domingo. The expenses which the “ this has been a restless expectation of benefits" island has had to sustain in consequence of * of which they have no definite idea ; some “ the late disturbances amount to 15,2701. 12s. “ looking forward to emancipation, whilst others, “ 11 d., as will appear on reference to the “ more moderate, confine their views to the en- “ several returns and documents laid before the ** joyment of Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, as “ house. The uniform, peaceful, and good * days set apart exclusively for the negro. “ conduct of the slaves, for years anterior to * The discussions which from time to time are " the period when Mr. Buxton made his motion * renewed in the British parliament, and with “ in the House of Commons, had induced his “ which the negroes become acquainted, tend“ grace the governor to dispense with Christmas * to keep alive those feelings of distrust and guards. The question, however, which was “ dissatisfaction, and will, if persisted in, even " then agitated was fraught with the most * tually place a barrier of insurmountable hos “ direful consequences. It shook the fidelity ** tility between the master and his slave, and " and attachment of our negro population, and ** inevitably defeat the object which even the “ may for ever destroy that confidence which has 's advocates of emancipation themselves enter " hitherto been reciprocally interchanged. Re* tain ; for instead of diffusing a pure and salu “ volt and insurrection menaced us on every ** tary light, which might gradually prepare the “ side, and the Christmas guards were in conse. - negro mind for that improvement in its condi- quence restored ; these expenses fall with * tion which may be alone contemplated, they |“ double severity on a colony overwhelmed with * infuse notions inimical to their own happiness - distress, arising from the heavy duties which *s and to the welfare of the colony, the effect of " are imposed by the mother country, on and ** which your committee dread will be to kindle" from the depreciation in value of our colonial ** a fame, which, if ever extinguished, will“ produce; and under the existing state of




“ things, your committee see no prospect of being good humour, and throng the place of worship. “ relieved for the future from so heavy a con- Psalmody and organs have great attractions “ tingency, and are of opinion that application for them : they seem particularly fond of form “ should be made to the British government to and ceremony, and greater critics than many “ reimburse this island the expenses which have persons will give them credit for, remarking “ been already sustained, and for an ample in every particularity of manner and gesture, and “ demnity against future losses."

have a great predilection for a powerful sonorous

voice. As soon as my archdeacon and myself Extract of a despatch from the lord bishop | have visited the several parishes, which we purof Jamaica, addressed to the earl Bathurst,

pose doing immediately, I shall not fail to comdated Perkin's Pen, Jamaica, March 12th, 1825.

The accompanying addresses, being five out useful and practical. In the mean time, I am of seventeen which have been presented to me, happy in being able to assure your lordship that will be the best proof of the state of public a very general wish to ameliorate the condition opinion as to the new ecclesiastical establish- of the slaves, and to instruct them in the princi. ment. I have the honour to enclose a statement ples of the established church, seems to pervade of the population of Kingston, and the very the great mass of proprietors, and every facility inadequate means of accommodation for mem- is afforded me of visiting the several plantations. bers of the church of England. Under the I shall endeavour to procure some accurate esti. pressing circumstances of the case, I have allowed mates for the building of churches. Mr. Paterson, one of the stipendiary clergy, Statement of the population, &c. of the city and just appointed island curate to the parish of of Kingston in 1825. Kingston, to officiate in a free school, which has Slave population ..................15,000 been offered to me by the mayor and corpora

Free persons of colour and blacks 10,000 tion : divine service was performed in this place

White inhabitants ............... 6,000 in 1812, during a temporary panic from the effects of an earthquake, and I have availed

Total population, about...31,000 myself of this precedent to meet the present

The religious accommodation for the above exigencies of the inhabitants. The room will

number is as follows : contain nearly five hundred persons, and a very strong predilection exists for the doctrines of the

Church of the establishment, cal. church of England, if opportunities for attending

culated to contain 1,000 ......... divine service were afforded them. With a

Wesleyan methodist chapels ...... view to the more punctual performance of the

Anabaptist chapels .................. parochial duty, I have made an arrangement

Scotch church ......... ... .......... with Mr. Mann, the rector of Kingston, to

Roman catholic chapel ............ allow 2001. per annum to an assistant curate.

The number of baptisms of slaves I shall lose no time in licensing Mr. Askew to

in 1824 .............................. 907 this curacy. I have no hesitation in suggesting

Marriages of slaves in the same to your lordship the propriety of erecting two year ................................. 124 chapels of ease to the mother church at King. With respect to the baptisms, it is to be reston, and from all that I can learn on the sub- marked that not one third of the number of ject, am of opinion they would both be imme- slaves mentioned to have been baptised in Kingdiately filled : wherever I go, I find the greatest ston belong to Kingston, the others come from aversion to sectarianism of every kind and de- various parts of the country. nomination, but every degree of confidence in (Signed) J. MANN, Rector of Kingston. any teachers of religion whom I may be pleased to appoint. I have as yet seen very little of the

BAHAMAS. slave population, except during a short excur A despatch from governor Grant to earl sion into the Port Royal Mountains : the great | Bathurst, dated “ Government House, Bahawant is places of worship in situations where “ mas, 10th May, 1824," encloses copies of the negroes of many surrounding estates might three acts, having reference to the free and be easily assembled, and houses for the clergy. slave coloured people of the Bahamas ; all of Many proprietors have indeed tendered houses them intended and calculated, in some degree, which might be adapted for this purpose, and to meliorate their condition. These acts are from all I hear from the clergy, much has been intituled as follows :-“ An act to grant the done this way, particularly since the Society for “ further extension of privilege to certain the Education of Negroes has directed its atten. “ free persons of colour in certain cases." tion to this point. From the great uncertainty" An act to suspend an act, intituled AL and capriciousness of the negro character, it is act to ascertain who shall not be deemed difficult to make sure of their attendance even - Mulattoes.' "_" An act to amend and conwhere great pains have been taken ; but when “ solidate the several slave acts." Governor ever a preacher is popular, they dress out their Grant observes, that the first of these acts adchildren and themselves, a sure sign they are in mits the evidence of free persons in all cases

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