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ORDERS IN COUNCIL.
5. Order in Council, permitting the importation
and exportation of goods, wares, and merchan. ORDER in Council, permitting the importation dise, in Oldenburgh vessels, on payment of the
and exportation of goods, wares, and merchan- / same duties that are charged on similar articles dise, in Hamburgh vessels, on payment of the imported or exported in British vessels:same duties that are charged on similar articles dated 19th October, 1824. imported or exported in British vessels :dated 30th June, 1824.
Order in Council, for exempting all vessels be2.
' longing to the inhabitants of Bremen, and
being of less burthen than sixty tons, from Order in Council, permitting the importation
taking on board pilots to conduct them into and exportation of goods, wares, and merchan
the ports of the United Kingdom :-dated dise, in Danish vessels, on payment of the
19th October, 1824. sare duties that are charged on similar articles imported or exported in British vessels:
PARCELS. dated 30th June, 1824.
Substance of the Report from the Select Com.
mittee appointed to inquire into the Operation 3.
of so much of the Acts of 3 William and Mary, Order in Council, permitting the importation c. 12.; 21 Geo. 2. c. 28.; and 39 Geo. 3. c. 58,
and exportation of goods, wares, and merchan-l as relates to the Carriage of Parcels, and the dise, in Bremen vessels, on payment of the Porterage thereof, in and near the Metropolis. same duties that are charged on similar articles The committee after describing the objects of imported or exported in British vessels :
the several acts which they were called upon to dated 14th August, 1824.
consider, and the evidence which had been adduced before them on the subject, declare it to
be their opinion that the acts of William and Order in Council, permitting the importation Mary, and of George 2d ought, from being in.
and exportation of goods, wares, and merchan- applicable to the present times, and indeed from dise, in Lubeck vessels, on payment of the their complete inoperativeness, to be repealed; same duties that are charged on similar articles and that several parts of the 39 Geo. 3 (comimported or exported in British vessels :- monly called the porterage act) required amend. dated 14th August, 1824.
POT AND PEARL ASHES. A Return of the Quantity of Pot and Pearl Ashes imported into Ireland from His Majesty's
Possessions in America, as well as from all Foreign Parts, and from Great Britain, distinguishing each annually ; also, the Quantity exported from Ireland ; from the 5th day of January, 1820, to the 5th day of January, 1825, inclusive.
ment, but materially also upon a minute in,
spection of the returns received in answer to the First Report from the Select Committee of the queries sent in the last session of parliament to House of Commons appointed to take into Con
all parts of the United Kingdom, which are sideration the State of the Salmon Fisheries of necessarily so voluminous, and so various in Scotland, and of the United Kingdom, and the form and substance, as to render them unfit to Laws affecting the same.
be presented to the house. In reporting these The committee beg to state that their resolu- resolutions, the committee have been desirous tions are founded partly upon the evidence to make known as soon as possible the result of taken in the last and present session of parlia- their investigations, upon some of the least
difficult branches of the inquiry committed to where salmon fisheries are carried ou, ought to them, with the intention of continuing their be regulated. researches into the more difficult, but very 10. That there ought to be established on each important parts of the subject.
river and estuary, including such streams, lakes, .). Resolved, that it is the opinion of this and coasts as may be connected therewith, such eommittee, that the salmon fisheries of the number of conservators or water-bailiffs as may United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland be necessary, proportioned to the value of the have for many years past rapidly decreased, and salmon fishery, for the purpose of giving effect that there is every reason to apprehend that to such regulations as are or may be provided by they will be diminished still more rapidly, unless law; the expense of such establishment to be deeffectual measures be resorted to for their pre- frayed by the proprietors or lessees of salmon servation.
fisheries in the proportion of their respective in2. That it is of the utmost iniportance that terests, and to be compulsory upon all persons the fence months, or close time, should be ex. having legal right to salmon fisheries ; the contended, and should commence and cease at the servators or water-bailiffs to have right to trasame period in all the salmon fisheries of the verse and inspect the banks of all rivers, streams, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. lakes, estuaries, and coasts, within their respec
3. That the taking or attempting to take, the tive districts; to inspect all weirs, cruives, dams, having in possession, the selling or purchasing mill-streams, and mills, &c. with power to seize salmon, grilse, sea trout, botcher, whitling, and destroy all nets or other engines used for whiting or finnock, during the fence months, or or calculated to kill fish, in any way or at any close time, ought to be declared illegal, and to time, contrary to law. subject parties offending to a penalty.
11. That a process at law ought to be esta4. That during the fishing season there ought, blished by which the summary conviction of of. throughout the rivers, streams, lakes, estuaries, fenders may be had. and sea coasts of the United Kingdom of Great 12. That the chairman be instructed forth. Britain and Ireland, to be a close time weekly, with to move for leave to bring in a bill or bills commencing at sunset in the evening on Satur- to carry into effect the foregoing resolutions, day, and terminating at sunrise on Monday, throughout England, Scotland, and Ireland, reguarded by such penalty as may be deemed suf. spectively. ficient.
30th March, 1825. 5. That it ought to be declared illegal, ma
clared negal, ma- An appendix contains minutes of evidence liciously to injure or molest in any way the sal.
taken before the committee; a letter from Dr. mon, grilse, sea trout, botcher, whitling, whit.
Flemming to T. F. Kennedy, esq. dated 16th ing or finnock, when in the rivers, streams, or
March, 1825; a paper delivered to the comin the lakes, during the fence months or close
mittee by sir G. S. Mackenzie, bart. (with time, or in any way maliciously to injure or
three plans) and a plan of the lower part of disturb the spawning-beds, banks, or shallows,
Tweed. and to subject parties offending to a penalty.
6. That the owners or occupiers of mills or Second Report from the same Comuaittee. other buildings, for the benefit of which water Your committee have, since their last report, is taken from a river, stream, or lake, in which proceeded in their inquiries into some of the salmon exist, for the driving of machinery, or any more difficult branches of the subject of the other purpose, ought to be required to erect and salmon fisheries; in particular, the important maintain such gratings or fenders as shall be consideration of obstructions to the free passage sufficient to prevent fish, going from or return of salmon between the sea and the upper parts ing to the sea, from entering the stream so taken of rivers and lakes, where the spawn is deposited, from the main current; a specific description and the young fish come into life. They have of such fender or grating to be furnished for been particularly desirous to consider this point their regulation : the maintenance of such in all its bearings, because upon such free pas fender or grating to be enforced under a sage being afforded depends the possibility of the penalty.
breed being multiplied; and they have ap7. That it is indispensable to guard against proached the inquiry with additional anxiety, the admission into all rivers, streams, estuaries, because they are fully aware of the delicate and lakes, in which salmon exist, of any matter ground in some, and of the difficult circumproceeding from manufactories of any descrip- stances in all cases on which they have felt tion which is known or deemed to be poisonous themselves called upon to touch. In some cases or deleterious to fish.
such obstructions exist, connected with the 8. That the use of lights in taking salmon, or salmon fishery, in so far as parties have become any other species of fish, ought to be declared possessed of rights to take salmon by means of illegal, and to subject the parties offending to a those obstructions placed across rivers and penalty.
which can never exist without a greater or less 9. That the size of the meshes of all nets used degree of injury. In other cases similar rights are claimed, although probably on no good from the removal or regulation of such obfoundation. And another class of cases, and structions. Your committee have also gone into that of no small magnitude, is, the obstructions evidence, at considerable length, respecting the arising from the application of water to the modes of taking salmon practised in different purposes of manufactures. Your committee are parts of the United Kingdom, with a view to abundantly aware of the difficulty of this part ascertain the circumstances attendant on each, of the subject, and while they beg to express the which ought to recommend it to the sanction, strongest opinion as to the injurious tendency of or suggest it to the regulation or condemnation all obstructions extending across rivers, they of the legislature. In pursuing this branch of think as each case may be in some degree dif- the inquiry, the end in view has been to ascertain ferent from another, the best course they can at what modes of fishing are adapted to the greatest present adopt is, to recommend that individuals variety of circumstances, and calculated to secure should endeavour, as far as may be possible, to the largest permanent supply of fish in fine conascertain the foundation of right on which such dition, and, being adapted to the habits of the obstructions may have been erected, and are animal, do not interfere with those habits, so as maintained, and, except in such cases as those in to restrain its vast prolific powers. Such a which the interests of the salmon fishery must subject is necessarily complicated in its nature; and ought to be permanently subordinate to but the committee trust their proceedings may manufacturing and other interests, that persons not be deemed wholly unavailing, and that the interested should endeavour to accommodate dif- evidence may be considered as containing the ferences, by uniting in securing a free passage to ground-work of principles on which the legis. the salmon. Your committee do not hesitate to lature may be justified in proceeding, in a future say, that the attainment of this object must be session of parliament, to sanction a measure the foundation of all future prosperity to the having for its object the general regulation of salmon fishery, and that individuals who possess the salmon fisheries of the United Kingdom. a temporary advantage by the enjoyment of an Although your committee were of opinion that undue facility of taking salmon, by means of they possessed abundant evidence on which to fixed works across rivers, in many instances found the resolutions contained in their last mistake their own ultimate and real interest by report, they have, in taking further evidence, maintaining them. Your committee consider it excluded no branch of the subject, but have essential that this free passage should be afforded availed themselves of the full extent of the inforduring the fence months, or close time, for the mation of all witnesses who have come before purpose of securing the multiplication of the them. The testimony of some witnesses may species; and they are equally of opinion that it appear to militate against the opinions which should be afforded in a considerable degree have been expressed by your committee, but during the fishing season, because if those per. they beg to state, that, upon the whole, they sons in whose property, or within reach of whom have not seen cause to alter the opinions which salmon breed, be not permitted to take, when of they have already formed ; and they report the a mature size, some proportion of the countless evidence with a conviction, that wlien fully exmultitudes of fish which their care and pro- amined and understood, it will be felt, that tection may bring into life, it is in vain to while anomalies and exceptions are to be met expect that such care will be exercised, or that with, no great or permanent good can be efany protection will be given, or to hope that any fected without an adherence to uniform prin. law will be effectual to prevent the injurious ciples, which, if called into full operation, will, practices during the breeding season, which, even to individuals, much more than compen. wherever they exist, almost extirpate the race. sate the partial sacrifices which the adoption of In those rivers on which large commercial cities sound and general principles may call upon are situated, and on which the interests of ma them for a time to make. In conclusion, your nufactures have led to the expenditure of vast committee cannot refrain from expressing an capital, it is not to be looked for that the salmon opinion, that the salmon fisheries of the United fishery should flourish; and while it may be Kingdom are eminently deserving, and greatly from those causes nearly extinct, it would be stand in need, of the protection of the legischimerical to expect that it should ever be lature ; and that there is every reason to be. restored. Such cases must be obvious, and the lieve, under the influence of a general law, committee by no means wish to make recom. founded in sound principle, that they might rise mendations respecting them, which could end to an importance and magnitude hitherto un. only in failure. But while they wish not to be known. misunderstood in this respect, they are equally 3d June, 1825. cure that there scarcely is a river in the United Kingdom in which the salmon fishery may rea- An appendix contains minutes of evidence sonably be expected to prosper, on which ob. taken before the committee, and various plans structions do not exist, and on which a vast and miscellaneous papers. general and public advantage would not arise
SHIPS AND TONNAGE. An Account of the Number of Ships, with their Tonnage and Men, which have entered the
Ports of the United Kingdom during the Years 1822, 1823, and 1824, respectively; specifying the Ports of Entry, and distinguishing the British Ships from the Foreign; with the names of the different Kingdoms or States to which they belong.