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be satisfied with the management of the prisons, And, thirdly, at the last general quarter sessions as well as of the general state of the prisoners as of the peace, holden by adjournment at Bury to morals, discipline, employment, hard labour, St. Edmunds aforesaid, on Monday the 19th and observance of rules. And at the same day of July, in the said year 1824, the visiting sessions the journal of the chaplain was laid justices appointed at the preceding sessions rebefore the justices for their inspection, and ported, that they had visited the gaol and house signed by the chairman, in proof of the same of correction, according to the directions of the having been there produced ; in which were act of parliament, and found all in good order, entered the times of his attendance on the per- and the rules and regulations therein mentioned formance of his duty, with such observations as complied with ; and that in consequence of the occurred to him in the execution thereof, and powers given by the last sessions, they had no complaint was made as to the conduct of the directed proper measures to be taken for the prisoners. And at the same sessions, also, the repairs of the house of correction, which was keeper of the said prisons delivered to the court before reported to be in a dilapidated state. his quarterly return, and a certificate that the And at the said last-mentioned sessions, the several rules and regulations contained in the journal of the chaplain was laid before the jus. copy transmitted to the secretary of state had tices for their inspection, and signed by the been complied with.
chairman, in proof of the same having been proAnd, secondly, at the general quarter-sessions duced ; in which were entered the times of his of the peace, holden by adjournment at Bury attendance on performance of his duty, and St. Edmunds aforesaid, on Monday the 3d day stating that twenty-five prisoners had been in. of May, 1824, the visiting justices appointed at structed in reading during the quarter, and the former sessions reported that they had in- that several tracts from the Society for Prospected the gavl and house of correction at least moting Christian Knowledge had been dis. once a month, and found good order strictly ob- tributed among them; and that the progress of served therein, and the existing rules and regu- the prisoners had been generally satisfactory, lations properly observed ; and that the keeper and several of them had purchased Bibles, Tes. and other officers of the said gaol and house of taments, and Prayer-books. And at the same correction had respectively performed their duty. sessions the keeper of the said gaol and house of
They further reported, that the gaol was incorrection delivered his quarterly report of the very good repair ; but the bridewell, which is actual state and condition of the said gaol and used as a house of correction for females, was in house of correction, and of the number and a very dilapidated state, and required much description of prisoners confined therein, and a repair.
certificate that the several rules and regulaThey further reported, agreeably to the tions for the government of the said prisons had powers given them by the 16th section of the been complied with act, (upon the information they had received Suffolk.-At the general quarter-sessions of from the chaplain and keeper of the gaol), that the peace, holden by adjournment at Abraham Hammond, convicted at the January Bury St. Edmunds, in and for the said sessions, 1823, and ordered to two years' im
county, on Monday the 29th day of Oc. prisonment, had shown extraordinary merit and tober, 1824, before Thomas Sherlock diligence, by his constant attendance upon four Gooch, esquire (chairman), the right convicts, lately executed, and reading to and honourable George lord Calthorpe, and praying with them from the time of their con others, justices assigned, &c. this report demnation until their execution ; and that was submitted to the justices assembled during the time of his imprisonment he had at the above sessions, and approved by conducted himself with strict propriety; and
them. they recommended him to the royal mercy. And
(Signed) T. S. Gooch, chairman. at the same time the journal of the chaplain was laid before the justices for their inspection, and Suffolk.-A General Report, founded upon signed by the chairman, in proof of the same the Reports of Visiting Justices, on the Rehaving been produced ; in which were entered ports of the Chaplain, and on the Certificates the times of his attendance on the performance of the Keeper of the House of Correction at of his duty, but without any particular obser Beccles, in the county of Suffolk ; prepared vations or complaint as to the conduct of any | by the Clerk of the Peace, and submitted to of the prisoners. And the keeper delivered his the Justices assembled at the Michaelmas quarterly report of the actual state and con Quarter Sessions of the Peace, begun and dition of the said gaol and house of correction, held at Beccles, in the said County, on Monand of the number and description of prisoners day the 18th day of October, 1824, and apconfined therein, as required by the 14th section proved by the Justices at the said Sessions, of the said act; and also a certificate, pursuant pursuant to the Act of Parliament passed in to the 21st section of the same, that the several the Fourth Year of his present Majesty's Reign, rules and regulations for the government of the entituled, “ An Act for consolidating and prisons had been complied with.
“ amending the Laws relating to the build
“ ing, repairing, and regulating of certain , Gunton Postle, clerk, the visiting justices ap6 Gaols and Houses of Correction in England pointed at the former sessions, made their report “ and Wales ;" comprising the Reports of in writing, wherein they stated that they had the Visiting Justices, Chaplain, and Certi- personally inspected the said house of correction, ficates of the Keeper, delivered by them re- at the least three times in the quarter of the year spectively at the several Quarter Sessions of ending at Lady-day 1824, and always when the Peace, in the year 1824.
occasion required; that they had examined from And, first, at the general quarter sessions of time to time into the state and condition of the the peace, holden at Beccles aforesaid, on Mon- buildings, and had made inquiries respecting day, the 12th day of January, 1824, John Farr, the conduct of the respective officers, and as to esquire, and Gunton Postle, clerk, two of the the treatment and condition of the prisoners, visiting justices, made their report in writing, and into all other matters corresponding with wherein they stated that they had personally in their duties as visitors. And they further spected the house of correction at the least three stated, that since their last report the lodge had times in the quarter of the year ending at Christ- been put in good repair ; and that two rooms, mas, 1823, and always when occasion required; each 17 feet by 18, had been separated from that they had examined from time to time into the apartments formerly appropriated to the the state and condition of the buildings, and had vagrants, and had been fitted up as infirmaries, made inquiries respecting the conduct of the one for the male prisoners, the other for the respective officers, and as to the treatment and female prisoners; and that iron window-blinds condition of the prisoners, and into all other mat- had been affixed to all the windows of the ters corresponding with their duties as visitors. prison; and that five iron bedsteads and twelve
And they certified that certain defects in the wooden bedsteads had been received for the use passages, tiling and gutters, and window-frames, of the prisoners. And they further stated, that mentioned in their last report, were repaired; the tread-mill was daily worked, at the velocity and that the additions and alterations which of forty steps in a minute, by the male convicts, had been ordered by the sessions, for the classi- from eight o'clock in the morning until twelve, fication, inspection, and hard labour of the pri- and from one o'clock in the afternoon until five. soners, were completed. And further, that And the visitors further stated, that in consethe tread-mill erected for the hard labour of the quence of numerous commitments of prisoners prisoners was daily worked by two classes of the to hard labour since the last quarter sessions, prisoners, from nine o'clock in the morning until the tread-mill has not been found large enough twelve, and from one in the afternoon until four. to afford to the prisoners their due proportion of And that the prisoners were occupied from eight labour ; to remedy which, they suggested the o'clock to nine in the morning in cleaning their expediency of adding to the tread-mill a small cells, in attendance at prayers, and in taking wheel capable of furnishing labour to four men, their breakfast. And they testified their appro- the estimated expense of such additional wheel bation of the conduct of the respective officers, being 101. And further, that the reservoir for of the good treatment and condition of the pri- the reception of water for the uses of the prison soners, and of their observance of the rules was not sufficiently large to supply the increased established for the improvement of their morals, consumption of water by the prisoners; and they and for the discipline and labour of the prison. recommended that another reservoir, of nearly And at the same sessions, the journal of the equal dimensions with the present, be added to chaplain of the said house of correction was laid it, the estimated expense of which would also before the justices for their inspection, and amount to 101. ; and that it appeared to them signed by the chairman, in proof of the same to be necessary to paint the outside of the said having been there produced ; in which were house of correction, the wood-work taking injury entered the times of his attendance on the per- for the want of it. And the said visitors testi. formance of his duty, with such observations as bied their approbation of the conduct of the occurred to him in the execution thereof; and respective officers, of the good treatment and his report, with respect to all the prisoners, condition of the prisoners, and of their obsery. stated that they had all attended, and were uni. ance of the rules established for the improvement formly orderly and well-behaved. And at the of their morals, and for the discipline and labour same sessions, the keeper of the house of cor- of the prison. And at the same sessions, the rection delivered to the court a certificate, signed journal of the chaplain was laid before the jus. by himself, containing a declaration that the tices for their inspection, and signed by the rules and regulations laid down for the govern. chairman, in proof of the same having been ment of the prison had been enforced therein, produced; in which were entered the times of so far as the same was capable of affording the his attendance in the performance of his duty, classification required by the act.
with observations on the attendance, general And, secondly, at the general quarter sessions orderly and good behaviour of the prisoners, of the peace, bolden at Beccles aforesaid, on corresponding with his report at the last ses. Monday the 26th day of April last past, John sions. And the keeper certified that the several Farr, esquire, Henry Bence Bence, esquire, and rules and regulations had been observed and complied with in every thing which concerned the Clerk of the Peace, and submitted to the his department.
Justices assembled at their Michaelmas Quar. · And, thirdly, at the last general quarter ses ter Sessions of the Peace, holden by adjourn. sions of the peace, held at Beccles aforesaid, on ment at Woodbridge aforesaid, in and for the Monday the 12th day of July last, the aforesaid said County, on Wednesday the 20th Day of Henry Bence Bence, esquire, and Gunton Postle, October, 1824, and approved by the Justices at clerk, two of the visitors appointed at the last the said Sessions, pursuant to an Act of Par. sessions, made their report in writing, as to their liament passed in the Fourth Year of his present inspection of the said house of correction at least Majesty's Reign, intituled, “ An Act for conthree times within the quarter of the year, and “ solidating and amending the Laws relating always when occasion required ; and examined “ to the building, repairing, and regulating of the state and condition of the buildings; and “ certain Gaols and Houses of Correction in had made inquiries respecting the conduct of “ England and Wales.” the respective officers, and as to the treatment First, this report states, that the visitors apand condition of the prisoners, and into all other pointed at the Michaelmas sessions, 1823, rematters corresponding with their duties as ported and certified to the chairman and magis. visitors : and also, that, in compliance with the trates of the Epiphany quarter sessions of the orders of the last sessions, another reservoir for peace, held by adjournment at Woodbridge, on the reception of water had been added, the Wednesday the 14th day of January, 1824, that necessity of which was mentioned in the last they had personally visited the house of correction report, and that the outside of the prison had at least three times in the last quarter of the been painted; that an additional wheel to the year, and at all times when occasion required, tread-mill, calculated to furnish labour for four and had examined the state of the building : men, was at that time erecting, and would be but that no additions or alterations had been completed in the course of a few days; and they made to the same, inasmuch as it was not capable testified their approbation of the conduct of the of the extended classification required by the act respective officers, of the good treatment and without great expense, which it had not been condition of the prisoners, and of their observ. deemed expedient to incur, in consequence of the ance of the rules established for the improve county gaol, to which the division of Wood. ment of their morals, and for the discipline and bridge is contributory, being within a short labour of the prison, with the exception of one distance. act of disobedience in refusing to attend the And that they had examined into the beha. morning prayers. And at the same sessions the viour and conduct of the keeper and those under journal of the chaplain was laid before the jus- him, and matron, and the treatment, behaviour, tices for their inspection, and signed by the and condition of the prisoners, and into all other chairman, in proof of the same having been pro- matters required of them as visitors, and vere duced ; in which were entered the times of his well satisfied with the same respectively; and in attendance in the performance of his duty, with consequence of the ill state of health of the observations on the attendance and conduct of keeper, that he was unable to attend at the ses. the prisoners, which was in all respects orderly sions, and make the report required by the 14th and good, with the exception of one case of dis. section of the said act, or the certificate required obedience referred to in the report of the vi. by the 21st section thereof ; but that from their sitors on the 19th of May, when the convicted personal inspection, they were fully satisfied that felons became refractory, and refused to attend the several duties required to be performed by the gaoler to chapel. And at these sessions the the keeper had been well executed, and that the keeper certified that the several rules and regu.rules and regulations for the government of the lations had been complied with in every respect prison had been complied with. And this report as regarded his department.
further states, that at the said sessions the Suffolk.–At the general quarter sessions of journal of the chaplain to the said house of oor.
the peace, holden at Beccles, in and for rection had been laid before the justices for their
(Signed) T. S. Gooch, chairman. aforesaid, on Wednesday the 28th day of April Suffolk.-A General Report, founded upon last past, the visitors appointed at the former
the Reports of Visiting Justices, and of the sessions reported, as in their former report, that Chaplain of the House of Correction at Wood- they had personally visited and inspected the bridge, in the County of Suffolk; prepared by house of correction at least three times in the last quarter of the year, and at all times when cates of the Keepers of the Common Gaol and occasion required, and examined into the state several Houses of Correction in the County of of the building; but that no additions or altera Surrey ; prepared by the Clerk of the Peace, tions had been made, for the reasons stated in and submitted to and approved by the Justices their last report. And that they had examined of the Peace assembled at a General Quarter into the behaviour and conduct of the keeper Session, holden by Adjournment on Saturday, and those under him, and matron, and the treat the 4th Day of December, in the Year 1824, ment, behaviour, and condition of the prisoners, pursuant to an Act passed in the Fourth Year and into all other matters required of them as of his present Majesty's Reign, relating to visitors, and were well satisfied with the same Gaols and Houses of Correction. respectively. But that notwithstanding, by the continuance of the keeper's illness, he was then
The County Gaol. again unable personally to attend the sessions. It appears from the reports of the visiting and make his report, and deliver his certificate, justices of this prison, that they have, at each they were satisfied that the several duties re-quarter session during the year, uniformly required to be performed as keeper had been well ported that every thing relative to the prison executed, and the rules of the prison complied and its offices was in a state of cleanliness and with. And that in consequence of such inca- good order. pacity of the keeper, they recommended to the It also appears, that the gaoler having represessions that another keeper should be elected in sented that, in consequence of the late prison his place, and that, in consideration of his ser- act having prohibited the putting any prisoner vices, an annuity proportioned to his merits in irons, except in cases of urgent necessity, he might be granted to him, pursuant to the considered the security of the gaol to be endanact. And at the same sessions the journal of gered, and particularly that the two airing the chaplain was laid before the justices for their courts in which felons were confined were not inspection, and signed by the chairman, in proof of sufficient height for securing the desperate of the same having been so produced; wherein characters usually placed there : that the visitors were entered the times of his attendance in the at the last Easter session reported that Mr. performance of his duty, with such observations Maudsley, the engineer, had laid before them a as occurred to him, and without any complaint plan which appeared to them calculated to render as to the conduct or behaviour of the prisoners. the airing courts secure : namely, an iron barbed
And, thirdly, at the general quarter sessions fence, erected on the division walls, and surof the peace, holden by adjournment at Wood-mounted with a chevaux-de-frise, which, being bridge aforesaid, on Wednesday the 14th day of made to revolve, should strike on wires comJuly now last past, the visitors reported to the municating with bells, if laid hold of by the effect of their former reports at the two pre-prisoners in attempting to escape, and thereby ceding sessions, expressing their perfect satis- give an alarm; and they had directed Mr. faction of the behaviour and conduct of the Maudsley's plan to be laid before the court for assistants of the keeper and matron, and the their opinion and order thereon. It also appears, treatment, behaviour, and condition of the pri- that the gaoler having represented the crowded soners. And at the same sessions, the journal
state of the debtors' wards, in consequence of of the chaplain was laid before the justices for the commissioners of the court of requests in their inspection, and signed by the chairman, South
Southwark being authorised, by an act then in proof of the same having been produced ; li
a; lately passed, to commit debtors to the common wherein were entered the times of his attendance Paol:
gaol ; and also, that there being no receiving in the performance of his duty, without any
rooms, he was compelled to pass both male and complaint as to the conduct and behaviour of fem
T of female prisoners to their wards before they were the prisoners.
examined by the surgeon; and that the surgeon Suffolk.–At the general quarter sessions of
having at the same session represented the nethe peace, holden by adjournment at
cessity of having a ward in the infirmary for the Woodbridge, in and for the said county,
wy, reception of infectious fever cases, the visitors at on Wednesday the 20th day of October,
the same session suggested several alterations 1824, before John Hindes Groome, clerk,
and additions in the debtors' wards, in the enchairman, William Carthew, esquire, and
trance lodge, and in the infirmary, whereby others, justices assigned, &c. this report
greater accommodation might be afforded to the was submitted to the justices assembled
debtors, and reception rooms for male and female at the above sessions, and approved by
prisoners, and a fever ward, a laundry, bread them.
room, and other accommodations might be pro(Signed) John HINDES GROOME,
vided ; which several works, so recommended by Clerk, chairman. | the visitors, were approved by the court, and No. 45.-SURREY.
ordered to be carried into execution. Surrey.-- A General Report, founded on the It appears, that at the last Michaelmas quarter
Reports of the Visiting Justices, on the session, the chaplain reported that he had
consequence of the new regulations of the gaol, magistrates of this prison, that they had held so far as related to the moral habits and daily frequent visits during the year at the prison, conduct of the prisoners during their confine- and minutely examined into the behaviour of ment; but that the period of trial as yet had the prisoners, their state of health, and moral been too short to enable him to come to any cer- improvement, the conduct of the officers, the tain conclusion, or to authorise any sanguine ex- amount of the earnings of the prisoners, and pectation respecting their real reform: that he had the cleanliness of the prison ; and that they to regret that no opportunities had yet occurred had at each quarter session uniformly expressed for the administration of the sacrament to any their entire satisfaction with the conduct of the of the prisoners, nor for catechising children or officers, the cleanliness of the prison, the health young persons : that he had explained the na- of the prisoners, and with their orderly conduct, ture and obligations of the ordinance, and given except in one instance, which occurred in the notice at the proper seasons of his readiness to month of November, 1823, when serious insubconverse with and examine any of the prisoners ordination and disposition to violence were mawho might be properly disposed to receive the nifested immediately after, and occasioned, as sacrament, but only two individuals had hitherto they believe, by the visit of a magistrate of the offered themselves as candidates : that the county, and by his indiscreet conversation with reason of this would be obvious to the magis- the prisoners, and refusal to hear such explana. trates, who understood the difference between tion as the turnkey in attendance requested to a penitentiary or house of correction, in which be allowed to give with respect to the answers the prisoners are for a considerable time sta- made by the prisoners to the questions put to tionary, and a county gaol, where, in conse- them by such magistrate. quence of so many gaol deliveries and other It appears, that in the report made to the causes, there are very few who remain longer last Epiphany session, the visitors state, that than a month in the prison : that the same they were particularly gratified in being enabled reason equally operates against any regular cate- to report that the number of prisoners had of chetical instruction; as a substitute for which late considerably decreased, the number being he had assembled all the prisoners in the chapel at that time as follows :-males 113, females 29, once every week, read part of the church ser. making a total of 142; of which 27 were sol. vice, and some portion of the New Testament, diers or marines committed under sentence of containing some elementary and essential doc- courts martial, and 6 were persons committed trine or duty of Christianity, on which he lectured by the aldermen of London as justices of the in a familiar manner: that there were, in every peace for the borough of Southwark only, class, Bibles, Testaments, Prayer-books, and other neither of which descriptions of prisoners was books and tracts suitable to the condition of the contemplated as necessary to be provided for prisoners, with a few spelling-books for the boys when the house of correction was built : that and other persons who manifested any disposition owing to the diminished number of prisoners, to improve themselves in learning during their the earnings of the tread-mill during the last short stay in the prison : that he visited the sick in year had been less than those of the preceding the different wards of the infirmary two or three year; plenty of grist had, bowever, been sent to times in the week, or every day in the week, the mill, and there was every reason to expect as necessity required; and these to the sick the continuance of an ample supply. patients, with other more private visits to in- It appears from the report of the visitors at dividuals in the prison who were in mental the last Midsummer quarter session, that the trouble, were among the most satisfactory, and earnings of the prisoners, up to the 5th of Ja. perhaps the most useful duties of the chaplain : nuary last, amounted to £282 88. 3d., which that the behaviour of the male and female pri. had been paid over to the treasurer of the publie soners in the chapel was, in that seriousness and stock in aid of the county rate, and that the attention which appeared to be excited among further earnings of the prisoners since that them both by the prayers and the sermon, in period, amounting to £124, had been left in the many respects truly exemplary: that it was hands of the governor, as a fund out of which to proper, however, to add, in conclusion, that the pay the allowance directed to be made to the above observations referred to felons, fines, prisoners on their discharge. transports, &c.: respecting the debtors, the It appears from the report of the chaplain, at chaplain had no favonrable report to make, ex- the last Michaelmas session, that the number of cept in the case of one or two individuals. prisoners confined in the house of correction at
It appears from the certificates of the governor, Brixton was 192 ; that their conduct then was that the rules and regulations laid down for the exceedingly regular and good, and was so during government of the common gaol had been the early part of the year; but four or five strictly complied with (with one exception, au- months since a spirit of insubordination shewed thorised by the visiting justices).
itself, which appeared to have originated in the
discussions respecting the propriety of using the House of Correction at Brixton.
tread-wheel as an instrument of prison disciIt appears from the reports of the visiting pline : it continued about two months, and then