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| " now prevails in the schools, which are held
“ twice a week ; and the prison in general is Extract from the Report of the Committee of the
“ in a very high state of order and discipline. General Penitentiary at Milbank, pursuant to
66 The committee have also under their conthe 59th Geo. III., c. 136, s. 16: 5th March,
" sideration certain other suggestions contained 1825.
“ in the report mentioned above, particularly " In the last report of this committee, dated on “ one for permitting some of the prisoners to “ the 6th March, 1824, it was mentioned, that “ have lights in their cells during a part of the “ the convicts under their care had been all re " long winter evenings, and of allowing the “ moved from the penitentiary at Milbank, in “ use of books of amusement, in addition to “ consequence of the sickness which had pre “ those of a graver character, which latter in. “ vailed there ; and were at that time confined | " dulgence has always prevailed to a certain “ on board hulks fitted up for their reception " extent in the penitentiary. In fixing the “ at Woolwich. Between that time and the new dietary, the committee have, by the ad. “ 11th April, all the male convicts, 440 in num. “ vice of eminent medical men, and in con“ ber, were transferred under act of parliament “ formity to what appeared to be the weight of “ to the regular hulk establishment; and before “ authority in the examination which took “ the 19th day of June in the same year, the “ place before the committee of the house of “ females, amounting to 165, were discharged" commons in 1823, reverted in substance to “ by his majesty's most gracious pardon, in their old dietary (under which the prisoners “ consequence of the degree in which the sick. 6 were uniformly healthy for six years after “ ness still continued to affect those on board " the prison opened), with some slight variation " the vessels in which they had been placed at “ suggested by those whom they consulted upon
Woolwich. Of these, by far the greater this occasion. They have the great satis“ number were restored to their friends, who “ faction to be able to state, that the prison is 66 were willing to receive them; a few, who had “ now, and has been since it has been re. “ no friends, were taken into the families of " opened, very healthy." “ other prisoners, through gratitude for the “ kindness they had themselves experienced ;
TREAD-WHEEL. c and two were admitted into that excellent Abstract of the Result of Inquiries made by the “ charitable establishment, the Refuge for the
Secretary of State for the Home Department, “ Destitute.' No individual was discharged as to the Effect of the Tread-wheel in the Pri. " without some place to go to, in the first in.
sons where it has been established. “stance, and some means of immediate support. Of thirty-two communications from the various “ After the improvements suggested for the counties of England and Wales, and from Scot. “ better ventilation of the prison, by sir Hum. land, above four-fifths were in favour of the " phrey Davy, and alluded to in the last report tread-wheel, the greater number stating that the c of the committee of the house of commons exercise had proved salutary to the prisoners. " which sat upon the subject of the penitentiary, In the remaining communications several acd. “ had been completed, and the necessary ar-dents and inconveniences were described; bar " rangements had been made for the reception none of them of a serious nature, except in the “ of prisoners, the penitentiary was re-opened instance of the house of correction at Shepton “ on the 9th of August last, and the number of Mallet, in Somersetshire, Mr. Burrougbs, the “ convicts has been gradually increasing from surgeon of which, detailed eight cases of rupture, “ that time to the present; there being now resulting, in his opinion, from the labour of the “ within the prison 115 males, and 32 females. tread-wheel. Thereupon, W. Norris, esq. pre“ It was recommended by the report of the sident of the college of surgeons, and sir W. “ committee of the house of commons above Blizard and H. Cline, esq. members of the court “ mentioned, that the schools in which the of examiners of the same college, were required “ prisoners were instructed should be held by the secretary of state for the home depert" after the hours of labour ; the passages of the ment to repair to Shepton Mallet, and investi“ prison being lighted up for that purpose. gate the circumstances of those cases; which “ This had originally been the practice of the they did, and reported it as their opinion, that “ prison, but had been discontinued in conse- only two of the ruptures alleged to have been “ quence of the inconvenience and irregulari. caused by the tread-wheel were in any degree “ ties which had resulted from it. The prac- attributable to it, and that even with regard “ tice has, however, now been revived, with to those two, the surgeon had not ascertained “ better means of lighting the passages, the that the afflicted persons were free from rupture " portable gas being employed for that purpose before they were put upon the wheel. They “ instead of candles, and under arrangements added their unanimous declaration, that it did “ which, together with the increased respecta- not appear to them that the exercise of the tread“ bility and efficiency of our present officers, wheel, at a velocity of forty-eight steps in a " have prevented the recurrence of the evils minute, could be prejudicial to the health of any " formerly experienced. The greatest decorum person equal to common labour.
21st, 1824; and from June 21st, 1824, to 31st March, 1825.
from June 21st, 1824, to 31st March, 1825...
Mansion House .........
from June 21st, 1823, to June 21st, 1284...
Ist April, 1825 ......
12th April, 1825 ...
“ sixty-eight persons (including forty thousand Extract from the Fifth Report of his Majesty's" three hundred and thirteen free seats for the
Commissioners, appointed by virtue of an Act“ use of the poor), according to the scale of calof Parliament passed in the Fifty-eighth Year “ culation laid down by the commissioners, but of the Reign of his late Majesty King George “ actually, as stated in a former report, extend. the Third, c. 45, intituled, “ An Act for “ ing to a much larger number. “ building and promoting the building of addi- " That with the exception of the chapel built
“ tional Churches in populous Parishes." " in the parish of St. Luke, Old street, all the “ In the last report made by his majesty's com- “ churches and chapels stated in the last report “ missioners, it was stated, that twenty-six " to have been completed, have been conse“ churches and chapels had been completed, and “ crated, and opened for divine service; toge" that thereby additional accommodation had “ ther with fifteen of the twenty churches and “ been provided for thirteen thousand six hun. “ chapels since completed ; and that for the re“ dred and twenty-four persons in pews, and “ maining five preparations are making for “ for twenty-three thousand and twenty-six poor “ their early consecration. “ persons in free seats, the total accommodation " His majesty's commissioners bave further “therein being for thirty-six thousand six hun. “ to report, that thirty churches and chapels are “ 'dred and fifty persons.
“ now in progress at the following places :" They have now to report, that twenty“ Bermondsey, in the county of Surrey ; Dale “ other churches and chapels have since been “ End, in the parish of St. Philip Birmingham, “ completed, at the following places, viz. Ash-“ in the county of Warwick; Bolton, in the “ ton-under. Lyne, in the county of Lancaster;" county of Lancaster; Shipley and Wilsden, “ Brixham, in the county of Devon ; Chelsea, " in the parish of Bradford, in the county of " in the county of Middlesex, Belper, in the “ York; Chorley, in the county of Lancaster ; “ parish of Duffield, in the county of Derby; " Clerkenwell, in the county of Middlesex; “ Greenwich, in the county of Kent ; Re “ Farnworth, in the parish of Dean, in the “ gent street, in the parish of St. George, “ county of Lancaster ; Dewsbury Moor, Earls “ Hanover square, in the county of Middlesex ; “ Heaton, and Hanging Heaton, in the parish “ Kidderminster, in the county of Worcester ; “ of Dewsbury, in the county of York; Gates“ Brixton, and Kennington, and in the Water “ head, in the county of Durham ; Pimlico, in “ loo road, in the parish of St. Mary, Lambeth, “ the parish of St. George, Hanover square, in " in the county of Surrey ; at Tyldesley, in the “ the county of Middlesex ; Norwood, in the “ parish of Deigh, and Salford, in the parish of “ parish of St. Mary, Lambeth, in the county " Manchester, both in the county of Lancaster; " of Surrey ; Quary Hill, Meadow lane, and “ at Langham place, and in Stafford street, in “ Woodhouse, in the parish of Leeds, in the “ the parish of St. Mary-le-Bonne, in the county “ county of York; Leicester, in the county of “ of Middlesex ; at Beckford place, and in “ Leicester ; Camp Field, in the parish of Man. “ Great Suffolk street, in the parish of St. “ chester, and at Stand in Prestwich, in the “ Mary, Newington, in the county of Surrey ; " parish of Oldham.cum-Prestwich, both in the “ Fylde road, in the parish of Preston, in the county of Lancaster; Mile End, in the parish “ county of Lancaster ; Somers Town, and Re-“ of Portsea, in the county of Southampton : “ gent square, in the parish of St. Pancras, in the Parks, in the parish of Preston, in the “ the county of Middlesex ; and in Broad lane, “ county of Lancaster; Ramsgate, in the parish “ in the parish of Sheffield, in the county of “ of St. Lawrence, in the county of Kent; At“ York. That accommodation has been pro- “ tercliffe, and near the Infirmary, in the parish “ vided in these churches and chapels for eigh- “ of Sheffield, in the county of York ; Hagger“ teen thousand six hundred and thirty-one“ stone and Hoxton, in the parish of St. Leo “ persons in pews, and for seventeen thousand“ nard, Shoreditch, in the county of Middleses; “ two hundred and eighty-seven poor persons in Stockport, in the county of Chester ; Alver“ free seats, making, in the forty-six churches thorpe, in the parish of Wakefield, in the “ and chapels now completed, a total provision" county of York; and at West Bromwich, in “ for seventy-two thousand five hundred and I the county of Stafford ; and that according to
" the returns made by the several architects, “ hundred and thirty-seven thousand one hun. “ twenty of these churches and chapels will be “ dred and twenty-seven. In the obvious in“ completed in the course of the present year. " sufficiency of the means in their hands for
" That plans and tenders, for the perform the supply of this alarming deficiency of “ ance of the several works for ten other “ church accommodation, his majesty's com“ churches and chapels, are now under con- " missioners deemed it expedient, in the first “ sideration.
“ instance, to offer the benefit of aid from the “ His majesty's commissioners have further second parliamentary grant to such parishes “ to report, that they are taking the necessary" and places, being fully qualified by population “ steps for assigning districts to the new “ and the want of church accommodation, as 56 churches built and building in Manchester,“ might be most forward in their tender of “ in the county of Lancaster ; the church built “ contributions, and to propose to them, upon “ in Great Suffolk street, in the parish of St. “ their contributing in money and in sites “ Mary, Newington, in the county of Surrey ; " to the amount of one-half of the whole ex“ and the chapel built in the Fylde Road, in the “ pense, an immediate grant of the remaining
parish of Preston, in the county of Lancaster;" sum required for the erection of a church or " and they beg leave here to state, that, duly " chapel, according to plans and estimates, to be “ impressed with the importance of one great " approved by the board. “ duty of the commissioners, as set forth in the “ In the next place, his majesty's commis. “ twenty-first section of the act of the fifty- “ sioners have endeavoured, where circum“ eight of his late majesty, chapter 45, they are “ stances put it out of the power of any parish “ especially engaged in active measures to as-“ to meet to the full extent this condition, to “ certain where it may be expedient to divide “ ascertain how near they may be able to ap“ any populous parish into ecclesiastical districts, “ proach the same, so that after satisfying the “ not only for the purpose of affording accom." claims of those that should contribute in the 6 modation for attending divine worship, ac- “ proportion before stated, the remainder of the “ cording to the rites and ceremonies of the “ grant might be appropriated with due refer. “ united church of England and Ireland, to “ence to the wants of the places applying, and “ persons residing therein, in the churches and to the liberality of their contributions. “ parochial chapels already built, or in addi. “ His majesty's commissioners have received * tional churches and chapels to be built therein,“ replies from many of the places, stating the “ but also of enabling the spiritual persons who " extent to which the parishes can assist them. “ may serve the same to perform all ecclesiasti.“ selves; and from other parishes, representing 56 cal duties within such dictrict, and for the due “ the exertions which they are making to meet “ ecclesiastical superintendence of such district, the offer made to them from the late parlia6 and for the preseryation and improvement of " mentary grant : and his majesty's commis. “the religious and moral habits of the people “ sioners have further to state, that they are “ residing therein.
« in immediate communication with the follow. “ His majesty's commissioners for building “ ing places, in respect to the erection of new “ new churches have also agreed to advance, “ churches and chapels : Brighton, in the 6 by way of loan, the further sum of six thou. “ county of Sussex; Cheltenham, in the county “ sand pounds to the parish of St. Mary, Lam- “ of Gloucester; Childwall, in the county of “ beth, to enable them to complete the enclo-“ Lancaster; Croydon, in the county of Surrey; 66 sures of the sites of the four churches built “ Derby, in the county of Derby ; Fulham, in 6 and building in that parish, and to defray“ the county of Middlesex ; Gwennap, in the “ the incidental expenses relating thereto; and “ county of Cornwall; Holborn, Islington, and “ in consideration of the great increase of ac- " Kensington, in the county of Middlesex ; « cominodation, especially in free sittings for the “ Kenwyn, in the county of Cornwall; Lewis. “ use of the poor, by taking down and rebuild “ ham, and at Margate in the parish of St. “ ing the parish church, they have agreed to “ John, Isle of Thanet, in the county of Kent ; “ lend to the parish of Rickmansworth, in the “ Newcastle-under-Lyne, in the county of “ county of Hertford, the like sum, to be wholly “ Stafford ; Redruth, in the county of Corn. repaid within six years.
" wall; Ripon, in the county of York; St. “His majesty's commissioners beg leave to an.“ Giles in the fields, in the county of Middle" nex to this report a schedule, containing a list " sex ; Sedgley and Stoke-upon-Trent, in the “ of the places from which they have already county of Stafford; Scarborough, in the “ received applications for additional churches or “ county of York; Tottenham, and in the 66 chapels, and specifying the extent of population, parish of St. Margaret, Westminster, in the " and the present church accommodation in each county of Middlesex; and from the communi. “ parish, from which it appears that in these " cations, there is every reason to believe that “ places the population amounts to one million“ most of the undertakings will speedily be car“ eight hundred and sixty-five thousand five“ ried into effect. “ hundred and two, whilst the church accom- “ His majesty's commissioners have also put “ modation therein is not for more than two" the powers of the act in operation, without