« 이전계속 »
Estimated Expenditure of the British Museum, from Christmas 1824 to Christmas 1825 :
13,336 9 10 Estimate for the fifth quarter ..........
3,334 2 51 General total.......... £ 16,670 12 31 Deduct, the funds..................
1,255 10 9
£ 15,415 16 Add the fraction of £1...........
0 18 53 Sum to be provided for the year ending Christmas 1825 ....£l 15,416 0 0
Return of the Number of Persons admitted to view the British Museum
from the 26th March, 1818, to Christmas 1824.
Mem.-The days of public admission are,—Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, in every week; when, between the hours of ten and two, visitors are admitted iminediately on their application.
used by them, the number of turnpike gates, Report from the Select Committee of the House,
and the general management of the funds of Commons, appointed to inquire into the
he Many of the accounts were found to be in a Receipts, Expenditure, and Management of
very confused state, and the clerks of the trusts the several Turnpike Trusts within Ten Miles
utterly incapable of affording the information of London.
which the committee required; and it appeared
that in some instances no regular accounts had Your committee proceeded to call for the de- been kept till within these few years. The evidence tailed accounts of the different trusts, and to in- shews that the amount of income raised is much quire into the quality and price of the materials larger than is necessary to keep the roads in the
best state of repair; and that, if those funds had the house. These are matters more directly be. been skilfully applied, and proper materials ob- longing to the different parishes, and ought not tained and used for the last seven years, accord- to be levied upon the public at large in the shape ing to the recommendation of the committees of of tolls. But so various is the practice in this this house, who first instituted inquiries on this respect upon the London roads, that your comsubject, the roads would have been in a much mittee have found, that whilst some trusts are more perfect state of repair, and the debts of the watched and lighted by a parish rate, the ex. trusts much reduced, and the tolls consequently pense of others, in similar situations in populous lower. The committee have no hesitation in neighbourhoods, is defrayed out of the money stating it as their decided opinion, that the collected by the tolls. The misapplication of surface of the roads has undergone consider-money collected by the tolls is manifested in able improvement since the first inquiry took many cases, and in some instances large sums place in 1819, and when the attention of parlia. are paid out of them for the maintenance of ment was particularly called to the expensive pavement, which ought to be defrayed from management and defective state of the roads in the rates. St. George's parish, for example, the vicinity of the metropolis. Though the receives 10001. per annum out of the Kensington surface of the road is now of a better form, and trust for the repair of a part of Piccadilly, a (in some places) better materials are now used, sum more than adequate to keep that portion still much remains to be accomplished; in proof under the management of St. George's parish in of which, the committee cannot refrain from ex- a perfect state of repair; its present defective tracting part of Mr. Telford's report of last and dangerous condition ought not therefore to year, submitted to the house under the au-l be continued. The parish of St. Mary-le-bonne thority of the Holyhead commissioners, on that likewise receives 5001. per annum from the portion of the London road (within the High Mary-le-bonne trust for the repair of Oxford gate and Hampstead trust) that comes within street. These compromises and arrangements their inspection :
for paying a part of the funds of the turnpike “ This trust is still defective as regards the trusts in aid of particular parish rates, and com“ transverse sectional shape of a perfect road; mitting the care of a part of their street to “ the degree of convexity is scarcely in any two a separate direction, appears to be very inju. “ places the same; the breadth of the road is dicious, and is attended with the bad conse. “6 not sufficiently uniform or defined by proper quences of placing the road under the direction “ side channels; they are crooked in their direc- of a body not responsible to the public, and of « tion, and of every variety of form."
affording a pretext for placing gates in the Your committee deemed it also expedient to streets of the metropolis. The payments to have a survey made by Mr. John Loudon these parishes are highly objectionable in point M-Adam, and Mr. Cook, the surveyor of the of principle; but, of all the parishes in London, roads and pavement for the parish of St. Mary. those of St. George and St. Mary-le-bonne havethe le-bonne (to which your committee beg to refer), least claim for extra assistance in such contribuwho point out the present negligent mode of tions, inasmuch as these parishes are the most superintendence, defectiveness in the form of wealthy part of the town, and are consequently the road, drainage, materials, &c., from which fully capable of paying the necessary rates for it is evident, that great improvement might be maintaining their own streets in proper repair. made under a uniform and better management. Your committee beg to observe, that a great It is clearly proved by the evidence, that whin. portion of the money borrowed is still at 51. stone is decidedly the best material for the forma per cent ; and your committee cannot but distion of a good, economical, and durable road, approve of the practice of borrowing money on and that this material has been little used in the annuity at a very exorbitant rate. The security immediate vicinity of London. The drainage, which the revenue derived from these tolls af. of so much importance to the formation of a fords, under proper management, would cergood road, requires to be directed by a more tainly enable the amount of the debts to be skilful and experienced executive department, raised on such advantageous terms as would and upon a more extended, uniform, and com- soon effect its final extinction. One of the prehensive scale. By due attention to these, numerous advantages that would arise from the and other points referred to in the evidence, consolidation of these trusts is, that the whole additional cleanliness would be insured; the of the revenue might be lodged in the Bank of quantity of materials required for repairs very England, by which the many disjointed interests much diminished, and on the whole the expenses of the several treasurers would be annihilated, very considerably reduced. The frequency of and that procrastination of payment which now repairs under the present system also causes appears under the head of “ floating debt," and great interruption and inconvenience to passen-is a source of further waste in the public fund, gers. Your committee have observed, in the entirely prevented. Your committee have learned accounts brought before them, large items of dis- with surprise, that three of the trusts have bursements for watching and lighting, to which estates independent of their revenues from tolls; they beg leave to call the particular attention of and that in the instance of the Harrow road,
the income will in a short time be more than local circumstances in which these roads are sufficient for the maintenance of the road. The placed require a very comprehensive plan for judicious application of these funds would also their regulation, in order to obtain the desirable enable the commissioners immediately to diminish objects of durability in the material, economy in the number of gates on every side of London. the management of the finances, and removal of
The impolicy of the system of granting se- the injurious and vexatious obstructions which parate acts of parliament for short lines of road, the present toll gates occasion, both to the geand thereby dividing them into small, uncon- neral traffic, and the internal communication of nected, and often opposing communities, with the suburbs of London. The very insignificant out co-operation or mutual interest, is particu- extent of each trust would prevent, under any larly glaring in its effects on the London Road. circumstances, the proper superintendence on Your committee observe, that no less than four roads subject to such constant and severe use, several acts of parliament, constituting four se- and which require to be maintained by materials parate trusts, viz. City Road, Old Street, Beth- which the district of the country in the vicinity nal Green, and Shoreditch, with different bodies of these roads does not afford, and which mast of trustees, and all the expenses attendant on consequently be imported. The funds are onefour distinct establishments, comprise within sumed and wasted by each petty trust having them only a distance of four miles and a half ; an expensive establishment of officers, and by thereby giving rise to numerous gates and vexa- the competition of so many purchasers of matious delays for collecting the tolls upon each of terials advancing their cost against themselves. these several roads; the amount of which ap- Your committee are of opinion, that a consolida. pears far more than necessary for their main- tion of all the trusts adjoining London is the only tenance. Your committee deem it proper to effectual method of introducing a proper and ani. refer to the several reports of the committees of form system of management in the roads, eco1819, 1820, and 1821, in all of which it is nomy in the funds, and of relieving the public strongly recommended to consolidate the whole from the present inconvenient situations and of the trusts round London. Your committee obnoxious multiplicity of turnpike gates, with cannot convey their sentiments in stronger or which the inhabitants are now fenced in every more appropriate language than by repeating the direction. The important object of procuring a observations contained in the reports of those durable material for constructing the roads in committees.
the suburbs of London, and parts immediately The report of 1819:4" A full consideration adjoining, can only be obtained by dealing on “ of the evidence relative to the defective state an extensive scale. Your committee beg leare " and injudicious management round the metro. to refer, on this head, to the evidence of Mr. “ polis, and of the advantages that would arise Stephenson and Mr. James M‘Adam, who state, “ from a consolidation of the numerous small that sufficient materials might be procured at a " trusts into which they are most inconveniently reasonable price from the coast of Northumber“ divided, induce your committee to express to land and the island of Guernsey, at a much " the house their strong recommendation, that lower rate than at present, if imported in lange “ a special act of parliament may be passed for quantities. The very small extent of the trusts, “ uniting all the trusts within ten miles of their particular situations, and the necessity of “ London under one set of commissioners." placing the toll gates of each separate trust
The committee of 1820 confirmed the recom- within its own little jurisdiction, have had the mendation contained in the previous report ; effect of fixing the toll gates round London in which was further enforced in 1821, when the situations the most inconvenient and vexatious necessity of the measure became more apparent, to travellers ; an inconvenience which has angand the committee accordingly expressed them- mented with the great increase of the suburbs selves in the following strong terms:
of London, whose intercourse and commerce " Of the expediency (indeed of the ultimate within the limits of Middlesex has become as “ necessity) of providing some legislative re- great as upon the streets of provincial torns “ medy for the more efficient and more econo. Hence the frequent payments, stoppages, and “ mical application of the immense revenue vexatious delays, have become very serious “ which is collected from the public on the grievances, which still continue to increase, to “ roads round London, your committee still the great diminution of the value of property. “ entertain no doubt whatever; a multiplicity By consolidating the trusts into one, the cum“ of trusts, encumbered with numerous trustees, missioners would be enabled so to place the “ competitors against each other in the market gates as would remove the present inconvenience “ for road materials, and without any combined of their number and situation; while a sufficient “ or scientific system of management, cannot, amount of money would be levied for the repairs “ in the opinion of your committee, effect in the of the roads, at a diminished number of gates, “ most desirable manner the object for which and at much less expense. Having stated the “ the present heavy tolls are raised upon the loss and inconvenience arising from the present “ public."
very defective systern under which the roads in Your committee consider that the peculiar and round the metropolis are managed, -your
committee strongly recommend a consolidation “ Howth; and for the further Improvement of the whole of the trusts (sixteen) in the county “ of the Road from London to Holyhead.” of Middlesex, under one act of parliament, to
“ We have the satisfaction of being able to rebe conducted by one uniform system of manage. ment. The whole to be annually reported to
“ port, that the public works placed under our
|“ care, by the act of 4 Geo. IV. c. 74, have been parliament; and that leave be given to bring in
“ successfully proceeded with during the last a bill for that purpose.
““ year.” An appendix contains the minutes of evidence taken before the committee.
18th June, 1825. Extract from the Second Report of the Commis
sioners appointed for the Purposes of an Act An appendix to the foregoing report contains (4 Geo. IV. c. 74), intituled, an “ Act for two reports from Mr. Telford, the engineer, “ vesting in Commissioners the Bridges now describing the progress which has been made, * building over the Menai Straits and the River and the present state of each of the works; and * Conway, and the Harbours of Howth and the following account: 46 Holyhead, and the Road from Dublin to
An Account, up to the 5th of April, 1825, of the Sums of Money advanced to, and expended by, the Commissioners under the Act of 4 Geo, IV. c. 74.
for the under-mentioned Works.
Received on account of the road from London to )
Chirk, since commencement of improvement
Bangor, since commencement of improvement
commencement of works in the year 1822 .......
sea road, since commencement of works in the year 1813..............
Granted, but not received.........
£ 8. d.
£ 5. d.
40,655 10 0
134,479 6 5
30,044 17 1
212,521 10 9
14,843 9 10
6,968 12 15
7,021 17 4
5,000 0 0 ||
27,263 5 1 |
The works at Holyhead and Howth harbours were commenced
1823, and all receipt and expenditure in respect thereof, up to