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Note.—The committee of 1824 made the following remark upon this table: “ These returns having been required in a form to which parish officers were unaccustomed, the number of defaulting parishes is very considerable, and the returns which have been received cannot be entirely depended upon. The abstract which your committee have prepared of the returns to the order of 14th March, 1823, is therefore supplied in great part by estimate. They have assumed, that in the whole of each separate county, the proportion which the different descriptions of property assessed bear to each other, is the same as in that portion of each from which returns have been received.”
SUMMARY of an Account of the Money expended for the Maintenance and Relief of the Poor,
in every County of England and Wales, for the three Years ending 25th March, 1822, 1823, and 1824, respectively.
Bedford ............... Berks................................. Buckingham.............................. Cambridge.............................. Chester .................................... Cornwall ................................. Cumberland .............................. Derby ........................... Devon .................................... Dorset .............................. Durhain Essex....................... Gloucester ................ Hereford ............. Hertford Huntingdon .......... Kent .............
Lancaster ............. | Leicester ..........
68,825 15 104,338 8 117,477 0
87,871 13 104,081 0 104,177 18 52,352 9 86,755 12 207,686 - 2 85,646 17 91,182 254,837 152,994 62,728 16 89,129 3 39,4299 370,711 1 249,584 19 124,244 7. 168,786 9 582,055 5
26,039 13 256,043 11 145,092 14 77,505 8 73,314 19 115,646 14 10,575 1 92,907 2 153,905 19 193,293 14 133,701 11 240,383 14 242,920 16 262,246 2 146,184 13
27,207 5 163,167 18 83,761 5 97,521 18 82,637 15 273,300 12
s. 63,219 1 84,917 16 105,781 13 83,5996 91,789 14 97,165 3 45,708 16 73,784 15 201,887 6 78,124 8 80,073 1 238,484 14 138,246 13 55,326 11 83,834 12 37,720 5 349,878 7 219,410 14
96,397 17 156,184 2 527,625 6
24,261 15 250,634 4 130,136 9
64,937 4 91,109 18 104,920 14 83,887 18 86,820 16 95,151 11 43,609 17
70,144 17 200,734 19 78,676 17
76,701 17 247,289 18 130,060 11 54,402 18 82,313 7 37,654 14 345,777 12 203,399 3
88,162 15 156,552 16 523,386 13
23,237 3 262,393 10 121,586 6 69,466 15 58,693 19 106,3906
8,823 19 77,568 14 145,556 17 184,062 5 109,943 19 246,829 16 216,193 12 241,073 10 127,449 12
23,1415 150,891 14 68,146 1 89, 486 3 73,651 5 226,865 18
" in 1817, for abolishing the African slave Substance of Correspondence with Foreign Pow “ trade. Information from Cuba shews, that ers, relating to the Slave Trade, 1824–25.
" forty-four vessels, conveying (upon a fair cal. Presented to both Houses of Parliament by
“ .culation) above 16,000 slaves from Africa, command of his Majesty, 1825.
“ arrived at the Havannah in the course of the “ last year, having landed their cargoes in that
6 island. The authorities of the colony take In consequence of instructions from Mr. Se- " no notice of these arrivals, and their negli. cretary Canning, founded on communications“ gence is seconded by the connivance of the made by Mr. Kilbee, his majesty's commissary“ naval officers, and by the apathy of the gojudge at the Havannah, of the prevalence of the “ vernment of Spain. The captain-general of slave trade at Cuba ; from captain sir Thomas “ Cuba declares, that copies of the additional Cochrane, of the active commerce in slaves still “ articles to the treaty, which articles were carried on from Porto Rico ; and from Mr. “ concluded so far back as December 1822, Consul Brackenbury, of the fitting out of vessels - have never yet been transmitted to him by at Cadiz, evidently intended for the slave trade;" his government; and he has, accordingly, strong representations were repeatedly made, " refused to act upon their stipulations. Vessel during the year 1824, by the British minister after vessel elears out from Cuba regularly at Madrid to the court of Spain, pointing out for the coast of Africa, and, after an absence the glaring infraction of the engagements which of the usual period for the voyage, returns his Catholic majesty had solemnly contracted“ laden with slaves, lands her cargo at the back for the abolition of the slave trade, and urging“ of the island, and puts into the Havannah, that fresh and immediate orders should be sent “ declaring herself to have returned in ballast. to the domestic and colonial authorities of Spain " These declarations are universally admitted to put an end to that inhuman commerce. As. by the local authority, without inquiry, and surances were returned by the Spanish govern- " the ship is allowed to enter. The representament of their desire to throw every possible “ tions of his majesty's commissary judge at obstruction in the way of the traffic; and an “ the Havannah are of no effect ; he is either order was made, that in the bond into which“ answered, that it does not lie within his Spanish merchant vessels were required to enter,“ sphere to demand an inquiry, or he is referred on receiving the royal license of navigation, the “ from one authority to another, and each anexpress obligation should thenceforward be in-- thority declares that it does not feel itself serted, of their not engaging in the said trade. “ called upon to interfere in the matter in any No effectual check, however, appearing to have way that can be effectual : when all these been given to it, the following instructions were evasions and excuses are exhausted, his ma. transmitted by Mr. Secretary Canning to the “ jesty's commissary judge is told at times, right honourable Frederick Lamb:
" that the question has been referred to diadrid; “ Foreign office, April 4, 1825.“ and the fact, that the articles of December “ Sir,
“ 1822 have not yet been acted upon by the 66 In your communications with the govern. “ government of Spain, is of itself sufficient to “ ment of Spain, you will take an early oppor- " prove how hopeless any reference from the “ tunity of adverting to the subject of the “ authorities of the Havannah to the court of “ abolition of slave trade. You will express “ Madrid is become, upon a question of ful. " the regret which is experienced by his ma-“ filling the treaty for abolishing the slave “ jesty, and the feeling of disappointment which “ trade. In the mean time the trade increases. “ has been excited in the parliament and people “ The concerns of the traffic are carried on in “ of England, by the statements which we con shares. The adventurers in these shares do “ tinually receive, indicating the open and un “ not conceal their interest in them; and it * controlled activity with which this traffic is" is notorious, that there is scarcely an indis still carried on by the subjects of Spain, not“ vidual in the department of the local govern
only in evasion, but in apparent defiance of " ment itself who is not directly or indiretiv " the treaty concluded by his Catholic majesty,!« concerned in the trade. From the corn
si spondence in the archives of the British mis
“ Foreign Office, May 13, 1824. “sion at Madrid, you will learn a detail of “Sir,–Your despatches on the slave trade, “ these facts, and also the notice which has" to the 22d of March, have been received, and of been repeatedly given of them to the Spanish" laid before the king. I have considered with “ government by his majesty's representative " the attention which they deserve the import. « at that court. I forward to you, herewith, “ ant expressions which you report the mar. “ copies of some further communications which " quis of Palmella to have used when urged “ have recently been received from Mr. Kilbee,“ upon the subject of the trilling expenses of " and also a communication from the admiralty, " the mixed commission at Sierra Leone,—that - dated March 19th, in corroboration of the “ in the uncertainty of the future relations “ statements which form the ground of this " with Brazil, he did not wish the govern. " instruction. I particularly beg your atten. " ment of Portugal to agitate any questions « tion to the letter of Messrs. Dutocq, mer. “ with respect to the slave trade commissions, “ chants at the Havannah, adventurers in “ but that, if there were any one point which " this traffic, descriptive of the open manner in “ he could be almost willing to except, it “ which the trade is carried on, and of the pro- " would be that of consenting at once to the “ tection of which they state themselves to be “ total abolition of the slave trade, in which “ assured from the local authorities in the sup-“ Portugal could have no interest in case of - port of their lawless enterprises. I have his “ the independence of the Brazils, and the “ majesty's especial commands to desire that “ cessation of which might enable her to turn “ you will, referring to the several points upon “ her colonies to some other account. His “ this subject of deep and general interest on “ majesty's government cannot pass by without
which the Spanish government have already“ notice so fair an opening as is thus presented « been addressed, ineffectually, on the part of “ for an overture towards the abolition of the “ his majesty, frame a strong remonstrance to “ slave trade on the part of Portugal; and his “ the government of Spain, calling upon his “ majesty commands me to instruct you to avail « Catholic majesty to carry into effect with “ yourself of these expressions of the Portu. “ good faith the engagements into which he “ guese minister for that purpose. Portugal - solemnly entered for the abolition of the “ has thus unequivocally declared that she is in “ traffic in slaves. I am, &c.
" no way interested in the continuance of the (Signed) “ GEORGE CANNING. |“ slave trade, and his majesty is willing to ac“ The Right Hon. Frederick Lamb,
“ cept any motive as a plea on the part of his “ &c. &c. &c."
“ ancient ally for proceeding in that line of
“ humane policy which every other nation in PORTUGAL
“ Europe has already adopted, and which is Communications from the late sir George Col. spreading with rapidity throughout the great lier, from capt. Owen, and from lieut.-gen sir “ continent of America. Scarcely, however, Lowry Cole (governor of the Mauritius), state, “ does a month pass in which we do not receive that the slave trade was carrying on to a great distressing proofs of the prevalence of the extent among the cluster of islands on the “ slave trade under the flag of Portugal; a western coast of Africa, near the equator, astrade at all times an unhappy stain upon that well as in the several Portuguese settlements, flag, and now, by the confession of its govern. between Cape Corientes and Mosambique, onment, no longer beneficial to the Portuguese the eastern coast. In a conference between sir “ nation. I furnish you with an extract of a Edward Thornton and the marquis of Palmella,“ report, drawn up by the late sir George Col. at Lisbon, 5th March, 1824, on the subject of “ lier, respecting that cluster of islands on the the payment, withheld notwithstanding re-“ western coast of Africa, near the equator, of peated representations, of the Portuguese share “ which the most considerable are St. Thomas of the expenses of the joint commission at Sierra" and Princes; and a copy of a letter from cap. Leone for the abolition of the slave trade, the “ tain Owen upon the state of the Portuguese marquis observed, that in the uncertainty of the settlements on the eastern coast of the same future relations with Brazil, he did not wish the “ quarter of the globe. Both these documents government of Portugal to agitate any questions“ give ample proof of the existence of the slave with respect to the slave trade commissions, “ trade at those settlements, where now the but that, if there were any one point which he “ marquis of Palmella seems to anticipate an could almost be willing to except, it would be “ extinction of that trade as a means of ren. that of consenting at once to the total abolition “ dering the colonies more serviceable to Porof the slave trade, in which Portugal could have “ tugal. Recalling to the recollection of the no interest in case of the independence of the “ marquess of Palmella the sentiments declared Brazils, and the cessation of which might enable on this subject by his most faithful majesty's her to turn her colonies to some other account." plenipotentiaries at Vienna, in the year 1815, On receiving sir Edward Thornton's report of " and expressing the gratification which is felt these observations, Mr. Secretary Canning ad-1" by his majesty at the repetition of those sen. dressed to him the following despatch :
1 timents by M. de Palmella on the present
“ occasion, you will state the readiness of his " by the latter power. It would be a great “ majesty's government to enter into a nego “ gratification personally to me, if your excel. " tiation immediately with that of Portugal. “ lency were enabled to communicate to me the 66 for the abolition of the slave trade by the “ projêt of a treaty on this most interesting " latter power: and you will endeavour to ob- “ subject; and I should regard it as one of the “ tain a projêt of a treaty from the marquess of " most auspicious circumstances of my life to “ Palmella, which you will transmit without have my name united with that of your ex. “ delay to your government at home for fur- “ cellency in the consummation of this great “ther consideration. Earnestly, however, as “ work.” " we desire to have the general abolition of the It was not however until September, and " slave trade sealed by the concurrence of the after he had been requested by sir E. Thornton “ crown of Portugal, you must not hold out any to give him answers upon all points which re. " expectation that parliament would be induced mained unanswered, and particularly his letter “ to purchase that concurrence by pecuniary of the 15th of June, that the Portuguese minis“ sacrifices. The government of his most faith- ter addressed the following note to the British “ ful majesty being now absolved from the duty ambassador :"" which the interests (or imagined interests) of “ Portugal imposed upon them, and admitting
« Foreign Office, 14th Sept., 1824. " that the cessation of the slave trade would in. - Sir, Although the dispositions of his ma“ flict no detriment upon Portugal, are by their “ jesty's government in respect to the abstract “ own shewing deprived of any pretence for “ measure of the abolition of the slave trade " that basis for the negotiation. But single “ (which I have already made known to your “ among civilised nations as Portugal is in “ excellency) have not in any degree varied, “ maintaining a practice no longer necessary or " yet I must state, in answer to the letter “ gainful to her, it may surely be hoped that " which your excellency did me the honour to “ from the dictates of humanity alone, and in “ address to me under date of the 15th of last “ consonance to the universal feeling of Europe, “ June, that at the present moment, and in the " she will seek to purge herself from a stain“ state of disturbance in which Brazil now is, " at once so gratuitous and so peculiar. " the abolition of the traffic would be ill-timed: “ I am, &c.
“ in addition to which, it would have a bad ap(Signed) - GEORGE CANNING. “ pearance if both the contracting parties were 4 The Right Hon. Sir Edward Thornton, " to discuss in such circumstances so important 6 G.C. B. &c. &c. &c.”
" an affair, and which affects the interests of
“ Brazil alone. The unhappy schism which In pursuance of the instructions contained in " exists between the two parts of the Portuthe above despatch, sir Edward Thornton, on guese monarchy, preventing every improvethe 15th June, 1824, addressed to the marquis " ment in Brazil, retards of course the measure of Palmella a letter, in which, after reminding “ of the abolition, which could only be effected the marquis of the expressions used by him on “ by the gradual introduction of such measures the 5th of March, he proceeds thus :
" and dispositions as would prevent its having “ I could not fail to communicate to his ma-“ bad consequences for his majesty's subjects in “ jesty's government observations thus made “ those dominions. In the hopes of better " by your excellency, so important to the great times "enabling the king my master to fulfil “ cause of humanity, and so honourable to the “ the generous intentions which he has already “ government of his most faithful majesty, “ so often manifested, 66 which thus renewed the declaration already " I have the honour to be, &c. "' announced at the congress of Vienna, that it (Signed) 66 The MARQUESS OF PALMELLA. " was actuated by the same generous sentiments His Excellency Sir Edward Thornton, &c." “ against this odious traffic as were now com. “ mon to the whole civilised world, and that if
BRAZIL. “ it had hitherto acted upon them but partially, Various representations were made during the “ it was from the same regard to the interests, year 1824 to the government of Rio de Janeiro, “ or imagined interests, of a part of his majesty's by Mr. Consul-general Chamberlain, upon the " subjects as had so long retarded the accomo subject of the false mode of measuring slave “ plishment of this great work of justice and of vessels practised at Bahia, by which they were “ humanity in every other European nation able t obtain royal passports to ship a greater “possessing colonies, and engaged on their ac- number of negroes than they ought to carry 5 count in the traffic of slaves. His majesty according to their real tonnage. In one case “ has seen with the highest interest and grati. described by Mr. Consul-general Chamberlain, “ fication the repetition of those sentiments, four Portuguese or Brazilian ships (adjudged " and I have received directions to state the lately by the court of mixed commission at “ readiness of his majesty's government to Sierra Leone) formed a bulk, according to certi“ enter into a negotiation immediately with that ficates for the payment of the contributions for “ of Portugal for the abolition of the slave trade the “ faroes," of 446] tons, which would hare