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| On the 30th of October, 1824, the following On the 24th May, 1824, viscount Granville, at message was sent by the king of the Netherlands the Hague, addressed an official note to the comte to the states-general :de Reede, expressing the gratification felt by
“ Brussels, October 30, 1824. the English government at the highly honour “ High and mighty lords, able and active conduct of the governor of Suri. “ We have deemed it necessary, for nam, in the execution of the orders of his sove 6 the more effectual suppression of the slave reign, in the case of the French brig la Légère, “ trade, to strengthen the penal enactments detained and sent into Surinam, with 353 slaves, “ contained in the law of the 20th November, by sir T. Cochrane; representing the expediency « 1818. of augmenting the number of Netherland ships “ The projêt of law that we here present to of war on that station, to prevent the incursions “ the consideration of your high mightinesses of illegal slave traders, and regretting that in- tends to this effect. We shall adopt, besides, formation had been received by the English go- “ measures suitable for the colonies of the state, vernment respecting sixty-nine newly-imported " in order more and more to check this comAfrican slaves, who, either for want of sufficient“ merce, and, at all events, to facilitate the diszeal on the part of the fiscal of Surinam, or from " covery of the persons who are illegally en
covery of the persons who are ille the negligence or connivance of persons em- “ gaged in it. ployed under him, had not been discovered ; the " Whereupon, high mightinesses, we pray parties accused of importing them having also“ God to have you in his holy and worthy escaped, because no decisive measures were keeping. taken by the fiscal, on whom that duty rested, to
(Signed) “ WILLIAM." secure them. On the 25th of May, 1824, viscount Granville
Projét of law. addressed another official note to the comte de Reede, stating that it appeared that the regula « We, William, &c. tions of the Netherland government, with respect " To all whom these presents may come, to their cruisers on the Surinam station, were « greeting. of a nature to discourage the capture of ships. “ We make known that, suspected of being engaged in the illicit traffic “ Having deemed it expedient to adopt, for of slaves; because, in the event of the release of the repression and extinction of the slave any vessel which might have been detained on “ trade, measures more effectual than those consuspicion, the commander of the ship of war by “ tained in the law of the 20th November, 1818, whom such detention might have been caused for these reasons our council of state, in was exposed to an action for damages ; whilst, on “ understanding and concert with the states. the other hand, no compensation for that risk " general, have decreed, and we decree:was allowed him by any bounty or prize money 6 Art. 1.-Those who shall have been guilty in the case of the vessel being condemned. “ of the acts set forth in articles 1 and 2 of
On the 12th July, 1824, the comte de Reede - the law of the 20th November, 1818, shall be answers lord Granville's official note of the 24th " punished by a fine of ten thousand florins, May; accounts for the momentary absence of and of fifteen years of forced labour ; and the the Netherland sloop of war, Kemphaar, which“ vessels which shall have been engaged in the had occasioned the clandestine disembarkation " said illicit traffic shall also be confiscated. of the sixty-nine slaves at Surinam ; states that “ 2._The acts set forth in articles 3 and the minister of marine had been instructed to " 4 of the aforesaid law shall be punished with maintain at Surinam a cruiser in aid of one of “ five years' imprisonment. the ships of war stationed in the West Indies ; ! " 3.- In the exceptions stated in article and with regard to the complaints against the " 5 of the aforesaid law, is not included the fiscal of Surinam, says that information received transport or importation into the colonies made it evident that every means had been put “ of our kingdom of slaves coming from foreign in practice, which legal forms permitted, to ob " colonies where their importation direct from tain possession of the sixty-nine slaves which “ Africa is permitted. had been clandestinely imported, and to appre- « 4.--The ulterior enactments of the law hend the individual by whom they had been in- “ above set forth are confirmed. troduced. The comte de Reede concludes by " We command," &c. declaring, that his majesty, the king of the Ne. On the 18th December, the above projet of a therlands, was desirous to strengthen the stipu- law passed the second chamber of the stateslations of the treaty between the two kingdoms general unanimously. by all the means which could be conducive to Mr. Secretary Canning having on the 30th the extirpation of the shameful traffic in ques- November, 1824, in a despatch to A. S. Douglas, tion; and that the ulterior adoption of more desired that Mr. Douglas would procure and severe and repressive measures at that moment send him, for the information of his majesty's formed the object of his majesty's delibera- government, a copy of the Belgian law of the tions.
| 20th November, 1818, referred to in the fore. going projêt, Mr. Douglas accordingly procured“ tioned in article 3, shall likewise be incurred and sent it. It follows:
“ by all insurers, ship-brokers, and others, who
" shall have insured any vessels or ships, or Law of the 20th November, 1818, containing
“ who shall have favoured their equipment in Penal Enactments to Prevent and Repress
“ any manner whatsoever, knowing that they the Slave Trade.
66 were destined for the slave trade; and, " We, William, &c.
“ moreover, their patent shall instantly be sup“ To all those who shall see the present, “ pressed without the possibility of a similar “ greeting, be it known in
“ one being ever again given to them. “ Having taken into consideration, not only “ 5.—The penal enactments above set forth " that, by our resolution of the 15th June, “ shall, however, in no way be applicable to a “ 1814, we have put into operation previous “ case where slaves actually existing in the “ measures to repress the slave trade, but also “ colonies, or their children born or to be " that, by article 8 of the treaty of the 13th “ born, shall happen to be transported in the “ August, 1814, as well as that, by the first “ West Indies, be it from one colony of the “ article of the ulterior treaty of the 4th May “ Netherlands to another, or from a foreiga 6 last, respectively concluded with Great Bri- " colony to another, or from a colony of the “ tain, we engaged ourselves, in the most so- Netherlands to a foreign colony, or from a “ lemn manner, effectually to repress and pre-“ foreign colony to one belonging to the Ne. 6 vent by penal enactments this commerce so “ therlands, or, in short, from any colony in “ disgraceful to humanity;
" the West Indies to another part. We de" For these reasons our council of state, in " clare, on the contrary, very expressly, that « understanding and concert with the states" no one sball, in any way, be molested on this “ general, have decreed, and we decree :- " point, seeing that the said transport is not
“ Art. 1.-Reckoning from the publication of " included in the prohibitions of the present " the present law, it shall not be permitted to “ law. “ any of our subjects, nor generally to any “6.-In like manner the penalties enacted “ individual who shall be within our kingdom,“ by the present decree shall in no way be made “ to carry on the slave trade, nor to take part“ applicable to those who shall have saved and “ directly or indirectly in this commerce, either“ assisted any vessel loaded with slaves, found “ by arming or equipping vessels or ships for “ in distress, or who shall have received on “ that purpose, or by assisting in the same “ board slaves embarked in such a vessel, pro+ object, in the armament of any national or “ vided that on their arrival at the first port “ other ships, whether by freighting or pre- “ where they may happen to put in, the cap“ paring them knowingly for that use, or by “ tain or owner makes a declaration of the “ going to seek or buy, to sell or exchange, to | “ circumstance within twenty-four hours. “ introduce or cause to be introduced, openly or “ We command and ordain that the present " clandestinely, negroes, as slaves, in any colony “ law be inserted in the official journal, and “ or establishment of the Netherlands, situated" that our ministers, and other authorities “ out of Europe, or even in the colonies or “ whom it concerns, see it strictly put into “ foreign establishments, under pain, for the “ violators of the law and their accomplices, of “ Given at Brussels, 20th November, in the “ a fine of 5000 florins, and, besides that, im.“ year 1818, and of our reign the fifth. “ prisonment for five years.
(Signed) “ WILLIAM. 6 2.With the same penalties shall be pu.
“ By order of the king, “ nished the captains of ships, pilots, and super “ J. G. Mer Vax STREECKKER TH." “ cargoes, who shall have taken service on On the 21st March, 1825, the comte de Reede “ board of a ship knowing that it was em addressed to A. S. Douglas, esquire, an answer “ ployed in the slave trade, and who shall have to lord Granville's note of the 25th of May, “ thus exercised or favoured this illegal com. 1824, having in view to induce the Netherlands “ merce, whether on their own account or on government to adopt some regulation calculated “ the account of others.
to promote a more rigorous execution of the in. " 3.-The sailors and other people of the structions issued for the suppression of the slave “ crew who shall have had knowledge that the trade, on the part of the officers of the Nether
ship in which they served was destined to lands' marine. The comte de Reede states that “ carry on or to favour the slave trade, shall his majesty the king of the Netherlands bad 6 be punished with an imprisonment of six received the representation favourably, and had “ months at least, and of two years at most. decreed, by a resolution of the 14th Marra, “ Those who afterwards discover it, are from 1825, that henceforward the share of govern" that moment released and discharged from ment in the seizure of vessels of the Nether. “ their engagement, and they shall be bound, lands, or of England, taking part in the lare “ under the same penalty, to quit the service trade, the confiscation of which should have " as soon as they can do so without danger. been pronounced by the mixed tribunals, should • " 4.-The penalty of imprisonment, men-be adjudged to the officers and crew of the ship
of the Netherlands' marine which should have follow the course he could desire. Under these captured them, deducting, however, the charges circumstances, sir C. Stewart availed himself of of administration of the tribunal at Sierra Leone. an opportunity to observe to M. de Villele, that His majesty had moreover ordained, that the no alternative remained but for the French net produce of slave vessels taken by virtue of ministers to take the lead in the negotiation, the law of 230 December, 1814, should also be and to press other powers to effect the abolition given to the officers and crew of the ships of with the same zeal which had distinguished the war of the Netherlands, without deduction of governments of Great Britain and America. the share which, according to the arrangements That, he said, was rendered impossible by faults in the arrêt of the 13th December, 1818, should already committed, which compelled him to conbe levied for the profit of the treasury.
fine his efforts to the execution of the laws In a despatch, dated “ Foreign Office, April 2, which had already been enacted, by encouraging “ 1825," Mr. Secretary Canning desires Mr. the zeal of the officers to intercept the slave Douglas to express to the government of the traders at sea, and by enforcing the application Netherlands the gratification which the king of the penalties incurred by those who might had felt at this renewed proof of the honourable be convicted before the tribunals of participation and humane desire of the king of the Nether- in such undertakings. Sir C. Stewart concludes lands to carry into full effect the stipulations of his despatch by observing, that as he believes the treaty of 1818.
M. de Villéle repeated the same language more
fully to the American minister, this overture FRANCE.
would at least serve to shew the new difficulties On the 28th May, 1824, Mr. Secretary Can- with which the friends of the abolition had to ning transmitted to sir Charles Stuart an ex-contend. tract of a letter from the governor of the Mau- On the 6th of August, 1824, Mr. Secretary ritius, shewing that the slave trade was carried Canning writes to sir Charles Stuart :-“ I foron to a great extent, under the French Aag, on “ ward to your excellency the extract of a letter the eastern coast of Africa, and giving reason “ from Guadaloupe, containing some additional to cor.clude that no effectual discouragement “ facts respecting the trade in slaves carried on was offered to it on the part of the governor of “ in that island, and one instance, La Louisa, Bourbon. Sir C. Stewart is instructed to make “ of peculiar atrocity, which seems to merit a a representation to the French government on " rigid examination. With the view of such the subject, and to urge them to issue such “ examination, you will communicate the paper orders as may be best adapted for doing away “ in question to the French government, exthe use of the French flag and French capital in “ pressing a hope that the delinquents will be the prosecution of that illegal and disgraceful “ punished with the severity which their contraffic. On the 1st of June, 1824, sir C. Stewart“ duct shall appear to deserve.” made the required representation to the vicomte The extract of a letter above alluded to is as de Chateaubriand ; and, on the 8th of June, follows:received an answer that the French government would lose no time in causing inquiries to be Extract of a letter from Guadaloupe, dated made respecting the matter.
May 1824. In a despatch to Mr. Secretary Canning, dated
“You have herewith enclosed a communication “ Paris, June 28,1824,” sir C. Stewart describes" which attests the continuation of cruelties pracan attempt of the American minister to nego “ tised against the unfortunate Africans. I war. tiate with M. de Villéle a convention for the “ rant the authenticity of it. There are strong purpose of uniting the endeavours of the two “ cruiserscommissionedagainst the slave traders; governments to effect the complete abolition of “ but they laugh at them, and arrive notwiththe slave trade, which he was desirous to ground o standing. It might almost be said that the upon the principles recognised in the treaties “ cruisers protect them. The schooner La Louisa, between Great Britain and America on the 6 captain Armand, arrived at L'Anse à la Barque, same subject. The recognition of the mutual " St. Ann's, Guadaloupe, during the first days of right of search, and the promulgation of legis. “ April 1824, with a cargo of 200 negroes, the lative enactments declaring this crime to be “ remainder of a complement of 275 which the piracy, being the basis of the proposition, sir“ vessel had on board. The vessel not being large C. Stewart observes that it was not to be ex “ enough to accommodate so large a number of pected that the overtures of the American minis. “ men, the overplus were consigned alive to the ter would be very cordially received by M. de “ waves by the captain! Nature shudders at so Villele; and therefore that he was fully pre “ atrocious a deed. The principal owners are pared to hear from the American minister that “ Messrs. De Rance and co., and their partners this communication had not led to a satis “ Messrs. Moses Hart and co., Pedemonte; all factory result; since M. de Villéle declared that “ merchants at Pointe à Pitre. Captain Armand the urgent representations of the British govern- | “ says that he left on the coast of Galines,-1. The ment upon the subject had given a colour to the “ ship La Sabine, captain Auvernay, belonging to question which did not leave him at liberty to the port of Bourdeaux, and fitted out at Pointe “ à Pitre by Messrs. G. Segond and Sons. 2. The Canning addressed a letter to the prince de Polig. “ brig Auguste, captain Allair, fitted out at nac, announcing and apologising for the unau. “ Pointe à Pitre by Messrs. Vergnus and Le-thorised capture, by his majesty's sloop Delight, “ moyne, Dourneau, Duclos, Lamoisse and Da- | in Passandava bay, Madagascar, of the French “ russe, and Burtet and Collineau. 3. The vessel La Cécile, employed in the slave trade, and “ schooner La Daphne, captain Maresten, stating that orders had been sent out to the officer 4 owners Messrs. Dourneau and Duclos, fitted commanding on the Cape station to deprive captain « out likewise at Pointe à Pitre. Hence it Hay of the command of the Delight, and to send 6 would seem as if the prohibition had only him to England to account for disobedience of his 66 been made to encourage the crime."
instructions, which positively enjoined him not to In obedience to the directions contained in meddle with the French flag.–“But," Mr. Can. Mr. Secretary Canning's letter, sir C. Stuart ning adds," the French government must perceive addressed a representation to the French go “ in the circumstances attending the vessel in vernment upon the subject, and on the following “ question, and in the other facts communicated day received an answer from the baron de " by captain Nourse, that a slave trade under the Damas, in which he says : -“ You cannot - French flag is still carried on in the East Indian “ doubt, sir, that the king's government feel a “ seas, and particularly in the island of Bourbon, “ strong indignation at the recital of such atro 66 which traffic calls loudly for the interference “ cious deeds, and which I thank you for having “ of the French government at home to produce « imparted to me. They will become, on the part “ its entire suppression. While, therefore, the
of the administration, the subject of an in-“ undersigned is commanded by the king, his 6 quiry as strict as unlimited, which shall like “ master, to signify the regret with which his “ wise be extended to the three other vessels “ majesty has witnessed the circumstances of the “ mentioned in the same communication.” " capture of the Cécile, he is at the same time · On the 16th of August, 1824, the baron de “ to express to the prince de Polignac his ma. Damas addressed a letter to sir Charles Stuart, “ jesty's most earnest hope that his most Chrisin which he charges three English vessels, the |“ tian majesty will be induced to send out to his St. George, the Caledonia, and the Ranger, with “ colonies such orders as shall be more effectual having been engaged in the slave trade. This " than those already issued have proved in the charge being communicated to the English go-" repression of this most infamous traffic, which vernment, an assurance is given that the most“ is thus covered by his most Christian majesty's rigid inquiry will be instituted without delay, “ flag, and carried on in his most Christian with a view of punishing the British delin- “ majesty's territory." quents, if any, with the severity to which they Mr. Consul Barnes addressed a note to Mr were subjected by the laws of England, for carry. Consul-general Morier, dated “ Nantes, Aug. ing on the slave trade. An inquiry being ac- " 13, 1824;" in which he says, “ French ves. cordingly instituted, it appears, by a letter from “ sels continue to sail for the Mauritius with. commodore Bullen to J. W. Croker, esq., dated “ out the necessary certificate, and there are “ H.M.S. Maidstone, Sierra Leone, 10th Nov.," three now on the eve of sailing. The slave “ 1824,” that the suspicion raised against those “ trade increases, several have returned this vessels was entirely groundless. “ This un “ week, having made successful voyages. There “ founded charge," commodore Bullen observes, 66 are eight vessels now fitting out, one, the “ has, in my opinion, been merely exhibited by “ Alcide, the vessel you made particular inquiry “ the commander of the French squadron on “ about in January last. Two fine vessels, “ this coast to endeavour, by a counter-state-“ built expressly for that trade, were launched
ment, to palliate the infamous conduct of his “ during the week.” Sir C. Stuart cornmuni. * countrymen, who openly avow their partici. cated the circumstances to the Baron de Damas, “ pation in the slave trade, and of whom I and received for answer that the particular bad “ have had the honour to transmit to their lord- been transmitted to the minister of marine, with " ships the most ample details.
a request to him to inquire into the facts, and, On the 23d of August, the baron de Damas if they were exact, to take the necessary mea. informed sir C. Stuart that the minister of ma- sures to bring their authors to punishment. rine had given directions that a strict inquiry | The capture by French men of war of several should be instituted at Guadaloupe respecting French slave ships, and their confiscation by the the atrocious act imputed to the captain of La French authorities at Cayenne, Bourbon, and Louisa; and that instructions had been for- , Guyana, as announced in the Moniteur, &c. is warded to the ports of France for the purpose noticed in sir C. Stuart's despatches, of various of attaching the masters and owners of the three dates. other vessels. In forwarding this letter to Mr. On the 13th of November, 1824, the following Secretary Canning, sir C. Stuart observes, that letter, and the three subjoined enclosures, were it shews a more decisive inclination to put down sent by Mr. Secretary Canning to the hon. A. the slave trade than any of the communications Percy :he had received on the same subject.
“ Foreign Office, November 13, 1894. On the 30 September, 1824, Mr. Secretary « Sir,-I furnish you with an extract of a com
munication from the commodore of his majesty's very short space of time, without coming to an ships off the coast of Africa, giving the account anchor. What could this have been but a cargo of a slave-trade now carrying on under the flag of slaves ? The examination was conducted of France with scandalous publicity upon that in the mildest manner, and, to prevent the coast. The forbearance of his majesty's officers shadow of a complaint, I caused the papers of was highly praiseworthy, in not forcing them- each to be endorsed to that effect. To point out selves on board of the Louis when taunted by to their lordships the extent and importance of expressions calculated and evidently intended to the French slave-trade in this quarter, I have irritate them. On board of the Sabine, the of- enclosed a list of those boarded by my boats dur. ficers pointed out, voluntarily, in detail, to the ing their absence. They were fitted up with British officers, the apartments for the male and every thing necessary for the reception of their for the female slaves, and every other circum- slaves ; and so little did they appear to fear de. stance on board, as it were in defiance and deri. tection, that the officers of La Sabine volunsion of our attempts to put an end to their illegal tarily conducted ours over their vessel, pointing traffic. It is the earnest wish and hope of the out the different apartments for the males and king's government, that the era of the reign of females, and explaining every circumstance his most Christian majesty Charles the tenth, connected with it. Her cargo was to consist may be signalised by some decisive measure, (for of five hundred, which were then held in readithe suppression of practices which are a scandal ness for embarkation at a short distance from to the flag of France,) in co-operation with those the town, and it was reported, that in two or of so many other Christian powers, whose joint three days, she was to take them on board and efforts have been directed to the abolition of the sail for Bourbon: and that their lordships may slave-trade. I am, &c.
be in full possession of every circumstance re. (Signed) GEORGE CANNING. lating to them, I consider it my duty to state, The honourable Algernon Percy,
that, on my boats proceeding to visit Le &c. &c.
Louis, then lying in the Old Calabar without First enclosure.
any colours hoisted, her captain (Oiseau), alCommodore Bullen to J. W. Croker, esq. though he must have been fully aware they were H. M. S. Maidstone, Cape Coast, Gold Coast, English from their colours, and their having 220 July, 1824.
| visited the vessel near him, refused to allow of (Extract.)
their coming alongside, at the same time making I left Accarah on the 6th ult. arrived at Fer- every preparation for resistance, arming and ar. nando Po on the 10th, and remained there to ranging his crew on the forecastle, brandishing complete my water and obtain firewood until the his sword, presenting his pistols, and, using the 14th, when I proceeded to cruise in the Bight of most taunting and provoking expressions, daring Biafra. On the 15th I sent my launch, barge, and defying them to attempt it; being supported and pinnace, under the command of lieutenant in his bravado by the consciousness that the Morton, with directions to examine most mi. strictness of the English officers' orders would nutely the Bonny with its branches, Old Cala- prevent their having recourse to force in board. bar, Cameroons, and adjacent coasts, continuing ing and visiting a vessel under French colours, in the ship to cruise between Cape Formosa and he having hoisted them on the officer expressing the latter river, without falling in with any thing his determination to board in spite of resist. except the two French vessels described in the ance. The forbearance of the officers in the enclosed list, which were boarded by me off the boats under such trying circumstances was river St. Nicholas, two successive days, after a highly praiseworthy, as if they had for one chase of five or six hours previous to their shew. moment allowed their feelings to overcome ing any colours. They were both evidently fit- the dictates of reason, fatal must have been ted up for the reception of slaves, and as a cloak the consequences to the French vessel, and every had cleared out for the island of St. Thomas with one on board her. This occurrence took place in a general cargo for trade (a mere pretence, to the presence of a numerous body of the natives, which I find they all resort to save the honour who were collected on the shore anxiously watchof their nation), with an intention of calling at ing the result: on whom the tendency of the im. the Bonny, as they stated, to obtain water and pression that, to appearance, the English did not refreshments, but doubtless for the purpose of dare to attack even an inferior force, must as. making arrangements for the reception of their suredly lessen that high opinion they at present cargo of human flesh : in this opinion I am entertain of the British nation; and that such more fully confirmed by the circumstances re- was the impression, the reproaches of the naported to me on the return of my boats. tives to our men on landing fully testified. L'Aimable Henriette had come direct from St. Lieutenant Morton, however, desired her capJago de Cuba, laden most probably with tain to send his papers to him, and he afterwards Spanish property, at which place, it appeared | proceeded on board and examined her. This by a reference to the log of her former voyage, merely points out to their lordships under what she had disembarked her cargo in March painful circumstances a British officer can at. last, at so early an hour as six a. M., and in a tempt to perform his duty to his country, wlien