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considerable extent the exercise of independent judgment; (2) under immediate or general supervision, to perform somewhat difficult work requiring (A) professional, scientific, or technical training equivalent to that represented by graduation from a college or university of recognized standing, (B) previous experience, and (C) to a limited extent, the exercise of independent technical judgment; or (3) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications. “Grade CA-6 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are

(a) (1) to perform, under general supervision, very difficult and responsible work along special technical or supervisory lines in office, business, or fiscal administration, requiring (A) considerable specialized or supervisory training and experience, (B) comprehensive and thorough working knowledge of a specialized and complex subject matter, procedure, or practice, or of the principles of the profession, art, or science involved, and (C) to a considerable extent the exercise of independent judgment; or (2) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications; or

"(b) (1) to perform, under general supervision, very difficult and responsible work along special technical, supervisory, or administrative lines in office, business, or fiscal administration, requiring (A) somewhat extended specialized training and considerable specialized, supervisory, or administrative experience which has demonstrated capacity for sound independent work, (B) thorough and fundamental knowledge of a special and complex subject matter, or of the profession, art, or science involved, and (C) considerable latitude for the exercise of independent judgment; (2) with considerable latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, to perform moderately difficult and responsible work, requiring (A) professional, scientific, or technical training equivalent to that represented by graduation from a college or university of recognized standing, and (B) considerable additional professional, scientific, or technical training or experience which has demonstrated capacity for sound independent work; or (3) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring com

parable qualifications. . “Grade CA-7 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are

“(a) (1) to perform, under general supervision, highly difficult and responsible work along special technical, supervisory, or administrative lines in office, business, or fiscal administration, requiring (A) somewhat extended specialized, supervisory, or administrative training and experience which has demonstrated capacity for sound independent work, (B) thorough and fundamental knowledge of a specialized and complex subject matter, or of the profession, art, or science involved, and (C) considerable latitude for the exercise of independent judgment; or (2) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications; or

“(b) (1) to perform, under general administrative supervision and with wide latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, work of marked difficulty and responsibility along special technical, supervisory, or administrative lines in office, business, or fiscal administration, requiring (A) extended specialized, supervisory, or administrative training and experience which has demonstrated important attainments and marked capacity for sound independent action or decision, and (B) intimate grasp of a specialized and complex subject matter, or of the profession, art, or science involved, or of administrative work of marked difficulty ; (2) with wide latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, to perform responsible work of considerable difficulty requiring somewhat extended professional, scientific, or technical training and experience which has demonstrated important attainments and marked capacity for independent work; or (3) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring

comparable qualifications. "Grade CA-8 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to perform, under general administrative supervision, with wide latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, work of a very high order of difficulty and responsibility along special technical, supervisory, or administrative lines in office, business, or fiscal administration, requiring (A) extended, specialized, supervisory, or administrative training and experience which has demonstrated leadership and attainments of a high order in specialized or administrative work, and (B) intimate grasp of a specialized and complex subject matter or of the profession, art, or science involved; (2) under general administrative supervision, and with wide latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, to perform professional, scientific, or technical work of marked difficulty and responsibility requiring extended professional, scientific, or technical training and experience which has demonstrated leadership and attainments of a high order in professional, scientific, or technical research, practice, or administration; or (3) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

"Grade CA-9 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to perform, under administrative direction, with wide latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, work of unusual difficulty and responsibility along special technical, supervisory, or administrative lines, requiring extended specialized, supervisory, or administrative training and experience which has demonstrated leadership and marked attainments; (2) to serve as assistant head of a major organization involving work of comparable level within a bureau; (3) to perform, under administrative direction, with wide latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, work of unusual difficulty and responsibility requiring extended professional, scientific, or technical training and experience which has demonstrated leadership and marked attainments in professional, scientific, or technical research, practice, or administration; or (4) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

"Grade CA-10 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to perform, under general administrative direction, with wide latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, work of exceptional difficulty and responsis bility along special technical, supervisory, or administrative lines which has demonstrated leadership and unusual attainments; (2) to serve as head of a major organization within a bureau involving work of comparable level; (3) to plan and direct or to plan and execute major professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other specialized programs, requiring extended training and experience which has demonstrated leadership and unusual attainments in professional, scientific, or technical research, practice, or administration, or in administrative, fiscal, or other specialized activities; or (4) to perform consulting or other professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other specialized work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

"Grade CA-11 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to perform, under general administrative direction, with very wide latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, work of outstanding difficulty and responsibility along special technical, supervisory, or administrative lines which has demonstrated leadership and exceptional attainments; (2) to serve as head of a major organization within a bureau involving work of comparable level; (3) to plan and direct or to plan and execute specialized programs of marked difficulty, responsibility, and national significance, along professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other lines, requiring extended training and experience which has demonstrated leadership and unusual attainments in professional, scientific, or technical research, practice, or administration, or in administrative, fiscal, or other specialized activities; or (4) to perform consulting or other professional, scientific, technical administrative, fiscal, or other specialized work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

"Grade CA-12 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to perform, under general administrative direction, with unusual latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, work of outstanding difficulty and responsibility along special technical, supervisory, or administrative lines which has demonstrated leadership and exceptional attainments; (2) to serve as the head of a major organization involving work of comparable level; (3) to plan and direct or to plan and execute professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other specialized programs of unusual difficulty, responsibility, and national significance, requiring extended training and experience which has demonstrated leadership and exceptional attainments in professional, scientific, or technical research, practice, or administration, or in administrative, fiscal, or other specialized activities; or (4) to perform consulting or other professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other specialized work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

“Grade CA-13 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to serve as the head of a bureau where the position, considering the kind and extent of the authorities and responsibilities vested in it, and the scope, com

plexity, and degree of difficulty of the activities carried on, is of a high order among the whole group of positions of heads of bureaus; (2) to plan and direct or to plan and execute professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other specialized programs of exceptional difficulty, responsibility, and national significance, requiring extended training and experience which has demonstrated exceptional leadership and attainments in professional, scientific, or technical research, practice, or administration, or in administrative, fiscal, or other specializd activities; or (3) to perform consulting or other professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other specialized work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

“Grade CA-14 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to serve as the head of a bureau where the position, considering the kind and extent of the authorities and responsibilities vested in it, and the scope, complexity, and degree of difficulty of the activities carried on, is exceptional and outstanding among the whole group of positions of heads of bureaus; (2) to plan and direct or to plan and execute frontier or unprecedented professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other specified programs of outstanding difficulty, responsibility, and national significance, requiring extended training and experience which has demonstrated outstanding leadership and attainments in professional, scientific, or technical research, practice, or administration, or in administrative, fiscal, or other specialized activities; or (3) to perform consulting or other professional, scientific, technical, administrative, fiscal, or other specialized work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

"SEC. 603. (a) The rates of basic compensation with respect to officers, employees, and positions to which this Act applies shall be in accordance with the compensation schedule contained in subsection (b).

"(b) The compensation schedule for the Classification Act Schedule shall be as follows: Grade

Per Annum Rates

$3,500 $3,600 $3,700 $3,800 $3,900 CA-2

3,700 3,800 3,900 4,000 4,100 4. 200 CA-3..

3.900 4,000 4,100 . 200 4,300 4, 400 4, 500 CA-4.

4,300 4, 450 4,600 4,705 4,900 5,050 5, 200 CA-5..

5,000 5, 150 5, 300 5, 450 5, 600 5, 750 5, 900

6,000 6,150 6. 300 6,450 6, 600 6, 750 6.900 CA-7.. 7, 200 7, 450 7,700 7,950

8, 450 8, 500 8, 750 9,000 9, 250

9, 750 CA-9. 10,000 10, 250 10, 500 10, 750

11, 250 CA-10.

11. 500 11, 750 12,000 12, 250 12, 500 12, 750 CA-11.

13,000 13, 250 13. 500 13, 750 14,000 14, 250 CA-12..

14,500 14, 750 15,000 15, 250 15, 500 15, 750 CA-13

16,000 16, 250 16,500 16,750 17,000 17, 250 CA-14..

17,500 "(c) Whenever payment is made on the basis of a daily, hourly, weekly, biweekly, or monthly rate, such rate shall be computed from the appropriate annual rate specified in subsection (b) by the method prescribed in section 604 (d) of the Federal Employees Pay Act of 1945, as amended.

“SEC. 604 (a). For the purpose of making initial adjustments to the classification grades provided in this Act, positions which are required to be compensated in accordance with this Act, and which were immediately prior to the effective date of the Reclassification Act of 1957 in the General Schedule of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, are hereby allocated to corresponding grades of the Classification Act schedule as set forth below : “Grade of the General Schedule of the

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"(b) The rates of basic compensation of officers and employees to whom this Act applies shall be initially adjusted as follows:

“(1) Employees in grade 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 or 18 of the General Schedule immediately prior to the effective date of the Reclassification Act of 1957 at one of the scheduled or longevity rates, shall have the same relative pay rate of the corresponding grade of the Classification Act Schedule as provided in this section.

"(2) Employees in grade 1, 6, or 8 of the General Schedule immediately prior to the effective date of the Reclassification Act of 1957 (A) at the first, second, third, or fourth rate of any such grade shall have the first rate of the appropriate corresponding grade, 1, 5, or 6 of the Classification Act Schedule; and (B) employees at the fifth, sixth, or seventh scheduled rate or at the first, second, or third longevity rate shall have the second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh rate respectively of the appropriate corresponding grade 1,5, or 6 of the Classification Act Schedule.

“(3) Employees in grade 10 of the General Schedule immediately prior to the effective date of the Reclassification Act of 1957 (A) at the first, second, third, or fourth rate shall have the first rate of corresponding grade 7 of the Classification Act Schedule; and (B) employees at the fifth, sixth, or seventh scheduled rate or at the first, second, or third longevity step rate shall have the second, third, fourth, or fifth rate respectively of the corresponding grade 7 of the Classification Act schedule.

*(4) Employees receiving a rate of basic compensation, authorized by law, immediately prior to the effective date of the Reclassification Act of 1957, which is in excess of the appropriate rate of the grade as determined under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) shall continue to receive such rate, until they leave such position or are entitled to receive basic compensation at a higher rate by reason of the operation of this Act. .

"SEC. 605. Whenever reference is made in this or any other law to a grade of the General Schedule of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, such reference shall be held and considered to mean the corresponding grade of the Classification Act Schedule shown in section 604 (a) of this Act."

SEC. 3. (a) The rates of basic compensation of officers and employees in or under the judicial branch of the Government whose rates of compensation are fixed pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision a of section 62 of the Bankruptcy Act (11 U. S. C., sec. 102 (a) (2)), section 3656 of title 18 of the United States Code, the second and third sentences of section 603, section 604 (a) (5), or sections 672 to 675, inclusive, of title 28 of the United States Code are hereby increased by 8 per centum of so much thereof as does not exceed $2,500, 14 per centum of so much thereof as exceeds $2,500 but does not exceed $10,000, and 16 per centum of so much thereof as exceeds $10,000.

(b) The limitations of $11,360 and $15,440 with respect to the aggregate salaries payable to secretaries and law clerks of circuit and district judges, contained in the paragraph under the heading "SALARIES OF SUPPORTING PERSONNEL" in the Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1957 (Public Law 603, Eighty-fourth Congress), or in any subsequent appropriation Act, shall be increased by the amounts necessary to pay the additional basic compensation provided by this Act.

pensation of court reporters for district courts) is amended by striking out $6,450" and inserting in lieu thereof “$7,200”.

SEC. 4. (a) Each of the maximum and minimum rates of salary contained in the second sentence of section 3 (d) and in section 7, of the Act of January 3, 1946, as amended (38 U. S. C. 15b (d) and 15f (a)), is hereby increased by 8 per centum of so much thereof as does not exceed $2,500, 14 per centum of so much thereof as exceeds $2,500 but does not exceed $10,000, and 16 per centum of so much thereof as exceeds $10,000.

(b) Each of the rates of salary contained in section 3 (e) and section 3 (f) of such Act (38 U. S. C. 15b (e) and (f)) is hereby increased by 8 per centum of so much thereof as does not exceed $2,500, 14 per centum of so much thereof as exceeds $2,500 but does not exceed $10,000, and 16 per centum of so much thereof as exceeds $10,000.

(c) Each of the rates of salary increased by subsections (a) and (b) of this section which is not a multiple of $100 shall be rounded, as so increased, to the next lower $100 per annum.

(d) Section 8 (d) of such Act (38 U. S. C. 15g (d)) is amended by striking out *$13,760" and inserting in lieu thereof “$15,600.”

Sec. 5. Each of the rates of basic compensation provided by sections 412 and 415 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended, is hereby increased by 8 per

centum of so much thereof as does not exceed $2,500, 14 per centum of so much thereof as exceeds $2,500 but does not exceed $10,000, and 16 per centum of so much thereof as exceeds $10,000. Each such rate as so increased which is not a multiple of $100 shall be rounded to the next lower $100 per annum.

SEC. 6. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, (1) no rate of compensation or salary which is $17,500 or more per annum shall be increased by reason of this Act, and (2) no rate of compensation or salary shall be increased by reason of this Act to an amount in excess of $17,500.

SEC. 7. This Act shall become effective at the beginning of the first pay period which begins more than sixty days after the enactment of this Act.

[S. 1326, 85th Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To establish a system for the classification and compensation of scientific and

professional positions in the Federal Government, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Scientific and Professional Classification Act."

TITLE I-PURPOSE SEC. 101. In order to

(1) strengthen the national defense and further the interests of other essential programs of the Government,

(2) protect, maintain, and advance the preeminence of the United States in scientific, technological, and research and development endeavor, and

(3) improve efficiency, productivity, and performance in the professional, scientific, technological, and research and development functions of the

Government, it is the purpose of this Act to provide for the establishment, operation, and maintenance of a system for the classification and compensation of scientific and professional positions in the Government which will

(A) place the Government in a more favorable position than it now occupies with respect to obtaining and retaining the quality and quantity of personnel necessary to carry out the professional, scientific technological, and research and development functions of the Government,

(B) attract to and retain in the Government service personnel of high caliber, ability, capacity, and potential in the professional, scientific, technological, and research and development fields,

(C) offer maximum incentives for such personnel in the form of compensation, promotion and advancement, career opportunities, prestige of service, and other employment benefits,

(D) provide flexibility in order to facilitate the full development and effective utilization by the Government of the education, training, experience, ability, and productive capacity of such personnel, and,

(E) with respect to such scientific and professional positions, contain and apply the principle of equal pay for substantially equal work by such personnel and give effect, in terms of position classification, compensation, and professional and scientific standing of such personnel, to substantial differences in (i) the difficulty and importance of the work to be performed, (ii) the degree of responsibility and skill to be exercised, (iii) the scope and variety of the tasks involved, and (iv) the education, training, experience, and other qualification requirements.

TITLE II—DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, AND EXEMPTIONS

DEFINITIONS Sec. 201. For the purposes of this Act

(1) Except as specifically provided in section 203 of this Act, "department" includes each executive department, each independent establishment and agency in the executive branch, each corporation wholly owned by the United States, the General Accounting Office, the Government Printing Office, the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, the Library of Congress, the Botanic Garden, the

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