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Exhibits-Continued

Budget for a family (excerpt from Heller Committee for Research on

Social Economics, University of California) ----
Bureau of Labor Statistics, letter to Senator Neuberger with Consumer

Price Index from January 1952 to March 1957.
Comparison-Civilian salary increases, 1952–56—defense and in-

dustry (chart)-------
Comparison of present Classification Act structure with same struc-

ture after changes by S. 734 (chart)-----

Comparison of present GS grades with proposed CA (S. 734) and

SPS (S. 1326) grades and salary increase at first step in grade

(table)-------

Comparison of present law, S. 734, and Cordiner report suggested

interim salaries (table)---
Comparison of present pay rates with pay rates after conversion under

s. 734 (table) ----

Comparative salary data (chart)-----

Consumer Price Rise Continues 14th Month (newspaper article)-----
Employees in full-time positions subject to the Classification Act of

1949, as amended, June 30, 1956 (table)------

Engineer-scientist 1956 voluntary separation report (table) -------

Harpole, Bernard P., M. D., letter to Senator Neuberger

Latest offers—$100 a week is common for the class of 1957 (article

from U. S. News & World Report) ------

Local 64 survey reveals shocking turnover of clerks, by John W.

MacKay (article from the Live Wire).--

Los Angeles County Postmasters Association tells of serious turnovers

Losses of engineers and scientists, Bureau of Ships, January-December,

1956 (table)---

Manpower crisis in Federal labs (reprint from Chemical Engineering

News) --

New skills needed by the Navy (reprint from the Bulletin, of the

Alameda Naval Air Station)--------
NIA writes Washington (letter in the North Island Civilian)...
No Criticism Was Heard, by Peter Edson (reprint from Washington

Daily News)---------------

Overlapping grades-existing law-Classification Act of 1949 (table)..

Overlapping grades—proposed bill S. 734, amending Classification

Act of 1949 (table) ----

Patent examiners by length of service---------
People who have prospered in 17 boom years (table)----
Postal pay as discussed by Robert H. Schaffer, New York Postmaster

(newspaper articles)------
Post Office A Business or a Service? (article from The Live Wire).
Post Office Must Recruit Youth: O'Connor (article from Peoria, Ill.,

Journal Star) -------
Prevailing wage rates of Retail Clerks Union, Local 770, Los Angeles,

Calif. (excerpt from contract) ----
Professional starting salaries (table)-----
Quarter century of change in population, national income, weekly

wages, and Consumer Price Index (chart)--
Quits in the Federal Government (table) --
Salary comparison survey in patent profession conducted by Patent

Office Society (chart)----
Salary survey, Government versus industry (chart)..
Salary table, Veterans' Administration, Department of Medicine and

Surgery (table)-------
692,000 autoworkers pay to rise 6 cents hourly (newspaper clipping).
Stans, Maurice H., Deputy Postmaster General, letter to Senator

Johnston with tables showing estimated annual increase in the cost

of operating the postal service under S. 27.---
“Stretchout' Is Destroying Government Service, by John Cramer

(reprint from Washington Daily News) ----
Top level positions and personnel strength (Defense compared with

other agencies) (chart)---

Turnover of scientific, technical, and engineering personnel (chart)-

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Memorandums, letters, etc., submitted for the record by-

Bain, Jack W., president of the Federal Trial Examiners Conference:

Statement.------

Baker, Edward L., vice president and legislative chairman of the

National Association of Postmasters of the United States: State-

ment------------------

Bolton, Frances P., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Ohio: Letter to Senator Johnston-----

Danstedt, Rudolph T., Director, Washington Branch Office of the

National Association of Social Workers: Letter to Senator Neu-

berger, with a statement...

Fischer, Milton, president, Engineers' and Scientists' Association:

Letter to Senator Neuberger.---

Fixa, John L., president, National Association of Postmasters of the

United States, and postmaster at San Francisco, Calif.: Statement:-

Frates, George H., Washington representative, The National Associa-

tion of Retail Druggists: Letter to John G. Jones, administrative

assistant to Senator Neuberger-----

Goff, Abe McGregor, General Counsel, Post Office Department:

Letter to Senator Neuberger showing average mean figure that

postal employee received in January 1953 compared to June 1956.-

Howes, Raymond F., Acting chief executive, American Council on

Education: Letter to Senator Johnston.------

Mumford, L. Quincy, the Librarian of Congress: Letter to Senator

Johnston------

O'Mahoney, Joseph C., a United States Senator from the State of

Wyoming, to Senator Johnston: Letter and study regarding exces-

sive turnover of scientific and technical personnel in Patent Office..
Pelly, Thomas M., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Washington: Statement--------

Puskar, Charles E., executive secretary-treasurer, National Associa-

tion of Postmasters of the United States, and postmaster at Im-

perial, Pa.: Statement.--

Stone, G. W., Jr., executive secretary, The Modern Language Asso-

ciation of America: Letter to Committee on Relationships of

Higher Education to the Federal Government.---------

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SALARIES OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES

MONDAY, MAY 20, 1957

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON Post OFFICE AND CIVIL SERVICE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON FEDERAL EMPLOYEES COMPENSATION,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a. m., Hon. Richard L. Neuberger, presiding.

Present: Senators Johnston, Neuberger, and Morton.

Also present: Senator Javits; Congressman Lankford; J. Don Kerlin, staff member; Frank A Paschal, staff member; James H. Boren, administrative assistant to Senator Yarborough; and Peter N. Chumbris, administrative assistant to Senator Langer.

Senator NEUBERGER. The subcommittee will please come to order.

We are opening hearings today on the following bills: S. 27, a bill to increase the rates of basic compensation of officers and employees in the field service of the Post Office Department; S. 734, a bill to revise the basic compensation schedules of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended; and S. 1326, a bill to establish a system for the classification and compensation of scientific and professional positions in the Federal Government. (S. 27, S. 734, and S. 1326 follow:)

[S. 27, 85th Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To increase the rates of basic compensation of officers and employees in the field

service of the Post Office Department Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled, “Postal Field Service Compensation Act of 1955", approved June 10, 1955 (Public Law 68, Eightyfourth Congress), is hereby amended as follows:

(a) In section 301 (a) strike out the Postal Field Service Schedule, and insert the following schedule :

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(b) In section 302 (a) strike out the Rural Carrier Schedule, and insert the following schedule:

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Carriers in rural delivery service:
Fixed compensation per annum...

-$2,614 Compensation per mile per annum for each mile up to thirty miles

of route..
For each mile of route over thirty miles..
Temporary carriers in rural delivery service on routes to which no reg-
ular carrier is assigned:

Fixed compensation per annum...
Compensation per mile per annum for each mile up to thirty miles

of route.----

For each mile of route over thirty miles...
Temporary carriers in rural delivery service on routes having regular

carriers absent without pay or on military leave..
Substitute carriers in rural delivery service on routes having carriers

absent with pay-----

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1 Basic compensation authorized for the regular carrier.

(c) In section 303 (a) strike out the Fourth-Class Office Schedule and insert the following schedule:

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SEC. 2. All employees who are in step 1 on the effective date of this Act shall be placed in step 1; all employees who are in step 2 on the effective date of this Act shall be placed in step 2; all employees who are in step 3 on the effective date of this Act shall be placed in step 3; all employees who are in steps 4, 5, 6, and 7 on the effective date of this Act shall be placed in step 4: Provided, That nothing in this Act shall change the anniversary date of employees for automatic promotion.

SEC. 3. This Act shall become effective as of January 1, 1957.

[S. 734, 85th Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To revise the basic compensation schedules of the Classification Act of 1949, as

amended, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Reclassification Act of 1957."

SEC. 2. Title VI of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

"TITLE VI–BASIC COMPENSATION SCHEDULES SEC. 601. There is hereby established for positions to which this Act applies a basic compensation schedule, to be known as the 'Classification Act Schedule,' the symbol for which shall be 'CA'.

SEC. 602. The Classification Act Schedule shall be divided into fourteen grades of difficulty and responsibility of work, as follows:

"CLASSIFICATION ACT SCHEDULE “Grade CA-1 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are

“(a) to perform, under immediate supervision, with little or no latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, (1) the simplest routine work in office, business, or fiscal operations, or (2) elementary work of a subordinate technical character in a professional, scientific, or technical field; or

(b) (1) to perform, under immediate supervision, with limited latitude for the exercise of independent judgment, routine work in office, business, or fiscal operations, or comparable subordinate technical work of limited scope in a professional, scientific, or technical field, requiring some training or experience; or (2) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and

responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications. “Grade CA-2 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to perform, under immediate or general supervision, somewhat difficult and responsible work in office, business, or fiscal operations, or comparable subordinate technical work of limited scope in a professional, scientific, or technical field, requiring in either case (A) some training or experience, (B) working knowledge of a special subject matter, or (C) to some extent the exercise of independent judgment in accordance with well-established policies, procedures, and techniques ; or (2) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility and requiring comparable qualifications.

"Grade CA-3 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to perform, under immediate or general supervision, moderately difficult and responsible work in office, business, or fiscal operations, or comparable subordinate technical work in a professional, scientific, or technical field, requiring in either case (A) a moderate amount of training and minor supervisory or other experience, (B) good working knowledge of a special subject matter or a limited field of office, laboratory, engineering, scientific, or other procedure and practice, and (C) the exercise of independent judgment in accordance with well-established policies, procedures, and techniques; or (2) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

“Grade CA-4 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are (1) to perform, under general supervision, difficult and responsible work in office, business, or fiscal administration, or comparable subordinate technical work in a professional, scientific, or technical field, requiring in either case (A) considerable training and supervisory or other experience, (B) broad working knowledge of a special subject matter or of office, laboratory, engineering, scientific, or other procedure and practice, and (C) the exercise of independent judgment in a limited field; (2) to perform, under immediate supervision, and with little opportunity for the exercise of independent judgment, simple and elementary work requiring professional, scientific, or technical training equivalent to that represented by graduation from a college or university of recognized standing but requiring little or no experience; or (3) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications.

"Grade CA-5 includes all classes of positions the duties of which are

"(a) (1) to perform, under general supervision, difficult and responsible work in office, business, or fiscal administration, or comparable subordinate technical work in a professional, scientific, or technical field, requiring in either case (A) considerable training and supervisory or other experience, (B) broad working knowledge of a special and complex subject matter, procedure, or practice, or of the principles of the profession, art, or science involved, and (C) to a considerable extent the exercise of independent judgment; or (2) to perform other work of equal importance, difficulty, and responsibility, and requiring comparable qualifications; or

"(b) (1) to perform, under general supervision, work of considerable difficulty and responsibility along special technical or supervisory lines in office, business, or fiscal administration, or comparable subordinate technical work in a professional, scientific, or technical field, requiring in either case (A) considerable specialized or supervisory training and experience, (B) comprehensive working knowledge of a special and complex subject matter, procedure, or practice, or of the principles of the profession, art, or science involved, and (C) to a

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