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VOL. XI. No. 1.]. LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 3, 1807.

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" Upon the state of the cor tinent of Europe, erift 25 far 35 setards Hanover, we shall not, in the ap"proaching negociation, be allowed, in ali su opinsen, twear a single word; and if we are allowed to have a “ footing t«re, it will be, because the French are convinced, that by leaving Hantver in the hands of our Sovereign, they shall always have a bride in our mouths.' POLITICAL REGISTER, Vol. X. p. 906. 16 June, 2861, 1806. 1)

[ SUMMARY OF POLITICS. States niust feel, with respect to each other, AMERICAN STATES. (Continued from as rivals for gain generally feel. And, to Vol. X. p. 933.)--What had been report- check the eflects of this feeling, there is el to have been said in parliament, upon our wauting in America that allachment to dispute with the American States, was no- country, which sometimes operates so powticed in the preceding Number, Vol. X page erfully in cther parts of the world, and which '2007. Since that, sonde remarks, upon the has its foundation in circumstances of which subject, have appeared in the newspapers, a native American has no practical idea.particularly in the paper called the Cornier. Mr. Burr may fail; but, I am not the nia!

But, before I speak particularly upon to say that he will fail; and, if he does, tie subject of these remarks, it seems veces- some other man will not at any rate, te siry to notice an occurrence of considerable separation must take place, and when it does importance, which has recently takes place take place, it will astonish me if that which in the country, to which these remarks re- is now called the Federal Government should Late; which occurrence is no less than an ac- long remain in existence.

-The remarks, cusation of treason, preferred, by one of the above luded to, in the Courier, are as folie Attornies General of the United States, dows: that news having been received troin against Mr. Aaron Burr, who, as the public Charlestown, tha some Englisli gorunt's bad will recollect, was lately Vice President of

been seized, in virtue of the 110n-in porta. that country. From the accounts which tion act, a deputation of American merchants have reached this country, it would appear waited, t?e other day, upon Lord Grenville that Mr. Burr, who is a man of great apabi- to know how they should act, who told tion and of talents and courage equal thertto, them, that the restraints, whatever ther had formed a cebeme, which scheme he was might be; Would nini le of long duration; actually preparing to put in practices for so whence the Courier concludes that our mi- parating the Western from the Eastern peit Histers have wiarn 11the paint. Where.

of that immense country called the United pian, just as if the pict was notorious, the States, and to erect a kingly covernment in Sagacious editor thus gravely proceeds: the Western part, of which he himself in- “We" {for they always speak in they! tended to be king. In this projeci, viow- roval) do not desire war with Amici, ing it with a mere phiinsophich eye, I foè " bat we as little desire to ye thai sistemi nothing more objectionable, than the nove " of concession to Aurica contemer, circunstance of there being a king of ine which has been adaporet since the ne!! name of Aaron ; for, it is impossible for any " nisters came into power. Wat rigist la man to make me believe, that the Western “ America to expect concessions from us : States will remain, or can remain, fer teo “ Hare we receivel aux peculiar issour at vears, at the utmost, members of the Confe- “ her hands ? Concessions must be as injideration. Separated from the inhabited part rious to onrrommerce as to our national of the Eastern States (or, speaking more « ciaracter. But, we confess, we are not properly, perhaps, the Atlantic States) by « without our apprehensions ;" the minister's an almost impassable wilderness of mnie having shown themselves as inconfjetent than four hundred miles across ; 'having their i to conduct a negociation is to carry on out-let to the sea by a channel no where var viti vicour and decision.' ----- he communicating with the Atlantic States; modsaty ni this last rewark, Caring w5. pursuing tie sanie sort of traffic as the At- partizan of the lills, !2111 striko overy one! lantic States, and driving a trade to the tanie What opportunities hate the min ter; ?«? markets; under these circumstances, the to carry on war with rig ur and deciaiol? Western States must necessarily be rivals of The Pitts. carrierlii vii ina visuren the Atlantic States, and the two seis of sion, indel, the year before! Who could

we ministers get at to make war upon, ex• months, is possible; but, that it should be cept the Threshers in Ireland, upon whom, continued in force, or that it should be at indeed, the Pitts would have made vigorous all, in any port, obeyed, as a law ought to war long enough ago? The novelty of this be obeyed, is, I again assert, impussible. It writer's remarks, with regard to concessions, was a lasty effusion of vanity and ignorance. njust amuse every ore who read the Regis- A sort of trick to try us. And, in the minds ter of the 20th of December ; but, to the of some few persons, amongst whom we truth, which he did me the honour to bor- may number the President, perhaps, it prorow from me, he has added matter of his ceeded from philosophical notions, very gocd own of a directly contrary description. The in themselves, but for the acting upon whicli present ininisters have made no concessions 10 the Americans are much too far gone in a The American States; and none, I hope, they contempt for every thing not tending to the will moke. The concessious were all made ilccumulation of riches.- - It was upon the by the Pitts and the Addingtons, while these ground of opinions like these, I hope, that litter were under the absolute couiroul of Lord Grenville gave the answer ascribed to the former. It was they who gave up, in him ; that he told the American merchants, the meanest manner, the point so solemnly that the restraints could vot be of long dusettled by the treaty of 1794. That couces- ration; and not upon the ground of conces, siou not only drew from us about three mil- sions that he had made, or was about to lions in taxes, as will appear from the ac• make; for, if he make such concessions as counts laid before parliament, but it encou- are affected to be apprehended by the speech raged the Americans to demand further and ascribed to Mr. Perceval, then, indeed, will still more dangerous concessions now. Had he be worthy of every epit het descriptive of it not been for those concessions, the con- baseness and apostacy in their most odious cessions now dreaded by tle enlightened and character and degree.--I do not, however, public-spirited editor of the Courier never believe, that he will so act. To concede a would have been dreamed of on either side triling point as to a particular vessel or two, of the Atlantic.---This wise nian talks seized under peculiar circumstances, and about injury to our commerce from the con- where the seizures may even appear to mili. cessions, which, in the tone ot the ignorant tate against the conceding regulations of the speech attributed to Mr. Perceval, he atlects Pitts and Addingtons, I, for my part, slould to dread; but, supposing the concessions to have no objection; but, to give up our right, take place, they would not at all injure our or, in the least, to relax in the assertion and commerce, which consists of buying and sel- exercise of our right, to search neutral vesa Jing goods. It is our fleets that trey would sels, and therein to sieze the property of our injure; our naval power; our means of in- enemies, however covered, and wherever juring our enemy; and, of course, our coming from, would sink my Lord Grenville means of defending ourselves; all which ten million of fathoms below even Pitt hin). might be reduced to nothing, and our com- self. In the possession of this right; pot nierce be sull as flourishing as ever.--As in the mere formal claim and recognition of to the practicability, however, of injuring it, but in the substantial possession of it; in even this commerce by the means of a non- the unrelaxed exercise of it towards all naimportation act in America, the intelligence tions without exception; it is in this that which I have received, and which comes consists our maritime superiority. Without down so late as the 2d of December, fully this riglit that superiority could not exist for warrants all that I before said upon the two years; and this is a fact well known to subject, and the sum total of which was, our implacable and well-counselled enemy. that, to carry such an act into execution, and Concession to the American States must, to adhere to it for any length of time, was and would, be followed by similar concesimpossible. It is said, that soine English sions to other powers; and, I must confess, goods have, in virtue of the act, been siezed that, if such concessions were made, I should at Charlestown. But, at Philadelphia and regard the complete overthrow of the preNew York, if my intelligence be correct, sent government of this country as certain. there was no interruption at all to importa- -This being my opinioil, I feel as anxtion; and, so little did any one expect that ious, I trust, and a little more so, upon the the act would be enforced, that very few im- anbject, than the author of the speech asporters bad thought it prudent to order any cribed to Mr. Perceval, who, ifle were well additional suppiy in consequence of it. That to examine his heart, would, I am afraid, the act may be partially executed ; that a find little else than a lore of place and of bluistering appeararce of resolution may be peli at the bottom of it; but, I cannot say, exbibited for some wacks, or for some that I partake much in his apprehensions, especially when I find them founded upon

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on so far, seems to have slackened his hand; what the ministers have done in the way of to have halted a little, and to have listened conceding to America, alloding to what was to his “ better "half," discretion; for the no concession at all, but a measure of great | Brewer's affairs will not permit him to take advantage to both countries, without crca- a trip to the Continent, and Mr. Paull does ting the possibility of producing in time an not choose to forfeit bis recognizances.injury to either, though the contrary was as- Fielding says, that when people are, on both serted in a speech of the Master of the Rolls sides, heartily disposed either to fight or to which, under the guise of legal gravity, ex- marry, they will find some way or other of hibited more ignorance in statement and getting at it in spite of all the world; and, it more sopbistry in reasoning than any speech may be added, with equal trutlı, that, when that I remember ever to have read.

they, at the bottom of their hearts, wish to Messrs. PAULL AND ELL101.--It ap- avoid either fighting or marrying, in spite of pears, from the public papers, that the chal- all the world, avoid it they will.--It is jenge, which has taken place between these something truly curious, that each of these gentlemen, has had a curious enough termi- gentlemen should have fallen upon an expenation. Some friend, baving received the dient; and, upon an expedient, too, wbich bint, no doubt, gave information to the po he was pretty certain that the other would lice magistrates, who bound the parties over reject! But, to talk of affairs not permitting to keep the peace, in a bond of 1,500 pounds them to fulfil their purposes; to ialk about from each party and his sureties Where- interest afier you hare gone so far as to set upon, it seems, Mr. Paull proposed a trip to your life at hazard for the sake of your hothe nearest port upon the Continent, with a nour; to talk about obstacles in bonds to view of avoiding the effects of a forteiture of keep the peace; to talk this way will, be you the recognizance. No," says the Colonel assured, gentlemen, deceive nobody. Supand Brewer, " that does not suit me; but, I posing, for instance, that one, or both if am ready to set the bonds at defiance." To you, are without the means of paying the which Mr. Paull is said to have replied, that forfeited recognizances. Such a supposition he had no objection to do the same, provided serves to show, in another lig!t, the absurthe Brewer would pay the forfeiture on both dity of the principles of duelling; but, 501 sides, which, apparently, the latter refused pose it to be the case; and theri, I ask, wijs to do; and thus have they both estal lished ibat should prevent you from tight:vg? Do their reputations, as men of valour, and gen- you answer, that the debt would throw you tlemen, and men of honour! But, to us, into jail ? What! Your honour and valour who are spectators of all this, it may be al- can calculate, the:! Your honour has its lowed to make a remark or two, especially as price; itš pecuniary considerations; it can this case seems to elucidate a little the nature make compromises with your interest! In of the principles of daeliing -- Why should short, it is, used in this way, a word ibat the parties feel any restravet in consequence means any thing, or nothing. You nerer of the bonds to keep the peace? To hare wished to fight, unless you could liave done fought a duel before would have been to it without bodily risk. This is evident commit a breach of the peace; and to have enough; but, you were desirous of acquiring killed his antagonist would, in either of the the reputation of being cager to fight, and parties, have been a capital offence. Whence, for this I blame you To suppose, that then, proceeds their respect, their great ve- this challenging and accepting of a challenge; neration for the law, after the entering into that the talk acout the contient on one side, recognizances? Has it been excited in their and about a readiness to foifeil therecognizan bosoms by the presence and the admonitions ces, on the other side; to suppose that all of Messrs. Graham, Gifford, and Bond? I this will produce any effect is fitour of the think uot ; for though it is, doub:less, next parties, in the estimation of the public, is to to impossible to listen to the reproot of these discover fi lly most egregio:35. li! accuse a grave and venerable personages without man of being a liar or a thief, is the accus?being thereby deeply affected, yet, so bar- tion disproved by his challenging to fight me! dened do we find Messrs. Paull and Elliott, If the Sheridans, in the fulness of their inson or, more properly speaking, so powerfully lence fed from the public purse, represent urged on by their valourous spirits and their Mr. Paull as a tailor, and exhibit bin wield. delicate sense of honour, that one of them ing his sheers, his yard, and his g9$?. will still proposes to flee to distant lauds to de- his fighting a duel remove any part of the cide the point, and the other proposes to for- impression they may, by such devices, have feit his recognizances.- -At this point, produced? Will it not rather tend to confirm however, valour, which had pricked them it? For, look at the ducilis's, and you will

find, that nine out of ten fall upon that way censure consists of a wearisome scries of of giving themselves consequence in the slack-twisted. ;!90 pointie:s Sarcas?», discoeyes of the world. It is one way of rising vering at once botla impotence and malice.-into genteel life. There is nany a low From this general description of the publiscoundrel who h.:s become a hearty feeler cation (for it is as a publication in ihe news, upon the public in virtue of his leaving been papers that I comment upon it), and whicli an agent in some paper-pellet duelling aitair. I description, I am sa isfied, the reader will, The most notorious cowards we have seen upon a reference to the pa er itselt, tind to fighting duels; seen them the pations of be just, I will proceed to ofer a few remar! s duelling. This is the way (taking care to upon a particular clause or two of it, the provide against serious consequences) that clauses having been numbered by me for the they recover their reputation! Amongst all

purpose of saving room in quotation). the effects of dwelling this is the worst, that in the 19th clause, the author expresses the it gives the reputation of bravery to the most readiness of himself and his friends to share, Pagrant of cowards. Find me a man, if he not in making sacrifices themselves, but in be a soldier by profession, who seems to have imposing fresh bur:hens upon the people! been a coward from his mother's womb; This is a mark of generosity and public-spirit who, in cases where tighting was out of the well worthy of the author of such a paper; question, has given constant proof of his but, he is greatly mistaken, when he states, cowardice in practising the sister vice of that all ranks of the community are convincruelty; who, in all the transactions of his

ced of the necessity of such sacrifices. Ou life has been the supple slave of those who the contrary, all ranks of the community, had power to cope with him, and the merci

that of placement, pensioners, and taxers ex. less oppressor

of those who had the misfor- | cepiedi, are thoroug'ily convinced, that any tune to fall under his clutches, and yet who new burdens upon the people would be ivere not mean enough to lick his feet; who, rendered unnecessary, if such persons, for a cowardi so rank in the field as to communi

instance, as Mr. Rose, Mr. Huskisson, the c.jte his timidity and baseness to others; who Sheridans, Mr. Perceval (who has a place of rever faced any man in his life; who has the profit yet), Mr. Long, Mrs. Long, the relafrom the enemy with an unitormily, an ala- tions of Mr. Canning, and, I believe, Mr. crity, a velocity and in degree of address, that Canning liimself, were to receive nothing bespeak instinctive cowardice: find me such from the public purse. Of no proposition a 132, though, for :be honour of busian 03- for economy of this sort do we hear in the ture, (aral for the sake of the liberiy of the amendment before us; and, live author of it press) let us hop• there is not such a man may be assured, that all his general espresupon the face of the earth; but, if ; 0can find sions of compassion for the people; all his me surh a man, I will engage, that he shall affected regret and pain at being compelled not only have forgotcuels himseli, but that to add to their distreys, will pass for just what he shall be a big talker about the necessity of they are worili, and no more.- - In the duelling amongst others; and! that, in short, 220 clause this verbose awender complizins be shall not be more distinguided for the of the time and the manner, in which the rankness of his cowardice than for having re- late parliament was put an end to, and talks course to these means of endeavouring to disa of ite surprise and deciplion attending the guise it from the woril.

exercise of the king's prerogative in that inL'ECCEFDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.- -The stance. Who were the parties surprised and imenament, as it is called, which is stated, in deceived one may guess; but, as to the peoa the public prints, to have been read, in the ple; as to the electors, how could they be lire of Commons by mr. Caming; which surprised or deceived? The sham-patriots, has since been published unler his dine; the shann-loyalists, the bribers, the corruptors and which, in a subsequent page of this dieet miglit be taken by surprise, indeed; but, the the reader viil tind copied from the Courier electors are always ready. Their functions newspaper of the 224 ultimo, bas certainly are very simple; and the advantage of a disthe merit of novelty as to forn and style; solution to them is not at alt lessened by the but, thathat is its sole merit wiil, I think, circumstance of its taking place from the debe readily a lowed by every man, who is at sire of one party to crush another party; beall a jud e of the mater. There is in it, no- cause, even supposing both parties to be bad, thing dignied, nothing sosid, voiling im- there are degrees in badness, and the people pressive, nontong cither event or elegant. I have an opportunity of choosing the best, or It bicaties neither earnestness nor sincerity, inore properly speaking, the least I al. It is neither loyalty por patrio:i.!. Its panegy- the manner of such men as this author to rerács inaj w of the mistaken for irony ; and its present the nuiion as being on his side. Not regret the

one honest man is there, I will venture 10 It will prodire inquiry and discussion? We tay, on his side upon this occasion; and, shall, when this petition comes, see who has talk as long as he will about the * deep interfered most, Lori Temple or Mr. Ros; sentiments of tle people; string together, if and, be the preponderance which was it he will, millions of such in meaning phrases, will, we shall, I trust, profit from the infor) not one nau of serise will be per- uade to mation, which onght to be, and which. I

h, timely or untimely, or the boop, will be clearly and amply communiPitt-debt and Pict-monument parlamen! cated to every fresholier in the count!. In the 250 and 24th clauses he inviilis Wh! I am most afraid of is, that the peri: against ministerial interference in elections, tion will never reach St. S:ephen's; that, and expresses his fears, that they are calcu- having iako tine to coul, the parties will lated to favour the erroneous beliet, that the exdan, " brotber, brother! we are boli House of Conanons, us at present returned, " in the wrong:" and that, thus, the crauty is an inadequate representative of the prople will be deprived of the advantages of so intes --Now,'is it possible, for any one to look resting a development. Yet, there are some upo: this as having been uttere:t otherwise Den amongst the petitioners, and particularly than in jest? And, as the Morning Chroni- Sir Iliny Vildmay, whose conduct upon cle has well observed, it does require no this occasion, has been highly praise-worthy, common powers of face for Mr. Rose and his who will' not, one would thirik, be induced friends to stand up in St. Stephen's Chapel, 10 C:t their worús, merely because it would and there, in a voice loud enongh to be heard, be convenient for a few party intriguers, complain of ministerial influence in elec- who have long made use of them, and who tions! It is true, that, in Hamnp-bire, there are, I fear, eren now making use of them to was an interference, which, as relating 10 a further their own ambitious and greedy pure county, xas of a new sort. A member was pnes. Nothing so oftends my senses ; ro proscribed for baving roted against the mi- thing is so shocking, as to see a man like nisiers; but, in sipporting this member Sir Henry Mildınay; a man of large ture hpon the ground of his having been so pro- tune, of ancient family, of great couny scribed, and also upon the ground of his hav- connections, an instrument in the hands of ing serrel in parliament siiternt years with such persons as a Cauning or a Sheridan or out ever having touched the public money, or a Rose or a Huskisson. To see an upstart, asked a four of any minister vither for a mere ininion of an overbearing and insolent himself or iris relations; in thus acting, does minister; a mere thing of his creation ; as Mr. Canning think, that the independent it were the spittle from his lips; to s e such part of the freeholders regarded themselves atling sent to take the command of a counas supporting Mr. Rose, and expressing their ty, to dictate to magistrates, sherills, and approbation of the undue inflence, which Lords Lieutenant; and to see property and he and the Pitt ministry bad exerted for so) birih and rzuk all bowing down before him ; many, many years? Does he really think ullit can be so disgusting and so luathsome! that we were such dupes? We stood forward But, if they are prone to bend thus, let for independence; for an unbiased exercise them bend; let then go downwards, let of the elective franchise and of the duties of then receive the reward of their baseness; members of parliament; for uplared and and let there', for God's sake, be, at last, to un pensioned representatives. These were hand to save them.---Let the petition of our principles, not only understood, but Hampshire cod as it may, however, the clearly and fully expressed. li was to per- election has done good; a great deal of sous voting upon the e principles that Sir gooil; and Mr. Canning will do good city Ilenry Mildmay ani Mr. Chute ovved more every time he shall agitate the subječt; for, than one half of their support; and, though though his constituienis, the free aid inde. M1r. Rose was found upon the same side, pendent electors of the borough of Niwa will Mr. Canning pretend to believe, that town in the Isle of Ilight, may, and, I dare that support was given to Mr. Rose, and w35 say, do, consider the Foue of Communs, expressive of an approbation of his coudct as at present returned, a perfectly adequate during the days of Pitt, when he exercised representation of the people, the frecholders in Hampshire a sway as complele, as to offi- of Hampshire may turn the development of ces and rewards, as ever petty depot in ministerial influence to good account. Let Germany exercised over his dominions? us have the facts. It is the facts ; a good There is a petition to be presented to parlia-exposure of facis, which, at this moment, ment, from the county of Hants, complain. is of much more importance to the country, ing of the interference of government in the

than is the choice of a menber or two to recent clection. This is a very proper step. in parlianent, where the greatest

serve

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