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Secu, 1 and 2

to

under the circumstances of the particular case he shall

find just. Provisions of That every railroad not owned, controlled, or operated Act extend competing or con by another carrier company, and which has heretofore necting railroads.

competed for traffic with a railroad or railroads of which the President has taken the possession, use, and control, or which connects with such railroads and is engaged as a common carrier in general transportation, shall be held and considered as within “ Federal control." as herein defined, and necessary for the prosecution of

the war, and shall be entitled to the benefit of all the Street and interurban electric provisions of this Act: Provided, however, That nothing railways not in in this paragraph shall be construed as including any

street or interurban electric railway which has as its principal source of operating revenue urban, suburban, or interurban passenger traffic, or sale of power, heat

and light, or both. Carrier shall ac- The agreement shall also provide that the carrier shall cept terms of Act.

accept all the terms and conditions of this Act and any regulation or order made by or through the President under authority of this Act or of that portion of the Act entitled “An Act making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, and for other purposes, approved August twenty-ninth, nineteen hundred and sixteen, which authorizes the President in time of war to take possession, assume control, and utilize systems of

transportation. Payments SEC. 2. That if no such agreement is made, or pending of unadjusted the execution of an agreement, the President may never

theless pay to any carrier while under Federal control an annual amount, payable in reasonable installments, not exceeding ninety per centum of the estimated annual amount of just compensation, remitting such carrier, in case where no agreement is made, to its legal rights for any balance claimed to the remedies provided in section three hereof. Any amount thereafter found due such carrier above the amount paid shall bear interest at the rate of six per centum per annum. The acceptance of any benefits under this section shall constitute an accept

ance by the carrier of all the provisions of this Act Repayment of and shall obligate the carrier to pay to the United States,

with interest at the rate of six per centum per annum

to account

carrier

Determination of balance due.

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Sees. 2 and 3

claims for com

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of referees.

Powers con: ferred upon

Assistance of district courts

mony.

from a date or dates fixed in proceedings under section three, the amount by which the sums received under this section exceed the sum found due in such proceedings.

SEC. 3. That all claims for just compensation not Un adjusted adjusted (as provided in section one) shall, on the appli-pensation subcation of the President or of any carrier, be submitted to boards, each consisting of three referees to be appointed by the Interstate Commerce Commission, members of Appointment which and the official force thereof being eligible for service on such boards without additional compensation. Such boards of referees are hereby authorized to summon witnesses, require the production of records, books, cor-board. respondence, documents, memoranda, and other papers, view properties, administer oaths, and may hold hearings in Washington and elsewhere, as their duties and the convenience of the parties may require. In case of disobedience to a subpena the board may invoke the aid of to procure testiany district court of the United States in requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of documentary evidence, and such court within the jurisdiction of which such inquiry is carried on may, in case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpæna issued to any person, corporation, partnership, or association, issue an order requiring appearance before the board, or the production of documentary evidence if so ordered, or the

giving of evidence touching the matter in question; and · any failure to obey such order of the court may be pun

ished by such court as a contempt thereof. Such cases

may be heard separately or together or by classes, by Hearings. it such boards as the Interstate Commerce Commission in

the first instance, or any board of referees to which any
such cases shall be referred may determine. Said boards
shall give full hearings to such carriers and to the United
States; shall consider all the facts and circumstances,
and shall report as soon as practicable in each case to the ident.
President the just compensation, calculated on an annual
basis and otherwise in such form as to be convenient and
available for the making of such agreement as is author-

Agreement ized in section one. The President is authorized to enter basis of award au. into an agreement with such carrier for just compensation upon a basis not in excess of that reported by such board, and may include therein provisions similar to those authorized under section one. Failing such agreement,

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Determination either the United States or such carrier may file a peti. by Court čiaime ir agree tion in the Court of Claims for the purpose of determin

ing the amount of such just compensation, and in the proceedings in said court the report of said referees shall be prima facie evidence of the amount of just compensation and of the facts therein stated. Proceedings in the Court of Claims under this section shall be given prece

dence and expedited in every practicable way. Allowance for Sec. 4. That the just compensation that may be de ments, extensions, termined as hereinbefore provided by agreement or that

may be adjudicated by the Court of Claims, shall be increased by an amount reckoned at a reasonable rate per centum to be fixed by the President upon the cost of any additions and betterments, less retirements, and upon the cost of road extensions to the property of such carrier made by such carrier with the approval of or by order of the President while such property is under

Federal control. Dividend re- Sec. 5. That no carrier while under Federal control

shall, without the prior approval of the President, de. clare or pay any dividend in excess of its regular rate of dividends during the three years ended June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seventeen: Provided, however,

That such carriers as have paid no regular dividends or Approval of no dividends during said period may, with the prior apdividend rate.

proval of the President, pay dividends at such rate as

the President may determine. Appropriation;

Sec. 6. [As amended March 2, 1919.] That the sum revolving tund.

of $500,000,000 is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, which, together with any funds available from any operating income of said carriers, may be used by the President as a revolving fund for the purpose of paying the expenses of the Federal control, and so far as necessary the amount of just compensation, and to provide terminals, motive power, cars, and other necessary equipment, such terminals, motive power, cars, and equipment to be used and accounted for as the President may direct and to be disposed of as Congress may here

after by law provide. President may The President may also make or order any carrier to and extensions

make any additions, betterments, or road extensions, and to provide terminals, motive power, cars, and other

order betterments

Secs. 6 and 7

losses claimed

facilities authorized.

equipment necessary or desirable for war purposes or in the public interest on or in connection with the property of any carrier. He may from said revolving fund ad- Advances to

carriers from roFance to such carrier all or any part of the expense of volving fund. such additions, betterments, or road extensions, and to provide terminals, motive power, cars, and other necessary equipment so ordered and constructed by such carrier or by the President, such advances to be charged against such carrier and to bear interest at such rate and be payable on such terms as may be determined by the President, to the end that the United States may be fully reimbursed for any sums so advanced.

Any loss claimed by any carrier by reason of any such Bettlement for additions, betterments, or road extensions so ordered and constructed may be determined by agreement between the President and such carrier; failing such agreement the amount of such loss shall be ascertained as provided in section three hereof. From said revolving fund the President may expend Utilization and

operation of such an amount as he may deem necessary or desirable water for the utilization and operation of canals, or for the purchase, construction, or utilization and operation of boats, barges, tugs, and other transportation facilities on the inland, canal, and coastwise waterways, and may in the operation and use of such facilities create or employ such agencies and enter into such contracts and agreements as he shall deem in the public interest. No provision of this Act shall be construed to prevent 40stat. L., 1290.

Shippers' routthe routing of freight by a shipper or consignee over any ing by water to be inland canal or coastwise waterway, or a part way over such waterway and a part way by rail. In case the shipper or consignee shall so route the freight, no provision of this Act shall be construed as giving power to change the routing.

Seç. 7. That for the purpose of providing funds requi- 40 Stat. L., 451 site for maturing obligations or for other legal and proper ties during Fedexpenditures, or for reorganizing railroads in receivership, carriers may, during the period of Federal control, issue such bonds, notes, equipment trust certificates, stock, and other forms of securities, secured or unsecured by mortgage, as the President may first approve as consistent with the public interest. The President may, President may

buy and sell ve out of the revolving fund created by this Act, purchase curities

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Issue of securi

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President may execute powers

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Sees. 7-10

for the United States all or any part of such securities at prices not exceeding par, and may sell such securities whenever in his judgment it is desirable at prices not less than the cost thereof. Any securities so purchased shall be held by the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall, under the direction of the President, represent the United States in all matters in connection therewith in the same manner as a private holder thereof. The President shall

each year as soon as practicable after January first, Report to Con- cause a detailed report to be submitted to the Congress

of all receipts and expenditures made under this section and section six during the preceding calendar year.

SEC. 8. That the President may execute any of the through agencies, powers herein and heretofore granted him with relation

to Federal control through such agencies as he may determine, and may fix the reasonable compensation for the performance of services in connection therewith, and

may avail himself of the advice, assistance, and cooperaCooperation of tion of the Interstate Commerce Commission and of the 1 Commission and other Government members and employees thereof, and may also call upon

any department, commission, or board of the Government for such services as he may deem expedient. But no such official or employee of the United States shall receive any additional compensation for such services except as now permitted by law.

Sec. 9. That the provisions of the Act entitled "An portation systems for war purposes Act making appropriations for the support of the Army continued.

for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, and for other purposes," approved August twenty-ninth, nineteen hundred and sixteen, shall remai in force and effect except as expressly modified and restricted by this Act; and the President, in addition to

the powers conferred by this Act, shall have and is hereby of President. given such other and further powers necessary or appro

priate to give effect to the powers herein and heretofore conferred. The provisions of this Act shall also apply to any carriers to which Federal control may be hereafter extended.

SEC. 10. That carriers while under Federal control

shall be subject to all laws and liabilities as common carCarriers subject to State and red riers, whether arising under State or Federal laws or at eral laws.

common law, except in so far as may be inconsistent with the provisions of this Act or any other Act applicable to

Control of trans

Further powers

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