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vestigation and ascertainment of the justness and reasonableness of freight, passenger, and express rates to be

paid by private shippers. Land-grant car The Interstate Commerce Commission shall allow to

railroad companies whose railroads were constructed in whole or in part by a land grant made by Congress on condition that the mails should be transported over their roads at such price as Congress should by law direct only eighty per centum of the compensation paid other railroads for transporting the mails and all service by the

railroads in connection therewith. Existing mall

The existing law for the determination of mail pay, except as herein modified, shall continue in effect until the Interstate Commerce Commission under the provisions hereof fixes the fair, reasonable rate or compensation for such transportation and service.

pay to remain in force until reasonable rates are fixed.

RAILWAY MAIL PAY SERVICE ON URBAN AND INTER

URBAN ELECTRIC RAILWAYS

[Provision in the Post Office Department Appropriation

Act of July 2, 1918]

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30 Stat. L., 748.

of pay.

For inland transportation of mail by electric and cable Electrie and cars, $555,000: Provided, That the rate of compensation Provisor ; rates to be paid per mile shall not exceed the rate now paid to

companies performing such service, except that the Postmaster General, in cases where the quantity of mail is large and the number of exchange points numerous, may, in his discretion, authorize payment for closed-pouch service at a rate per mile not to exceed one-third above the rate per mile now paid for closed-pouch service, and for mail cars and apartments carrying the mails not to

exceed the rate of 1 cent per linear foot per car-mile Rates for serv; of travel: Provided further, That the rates for electric car

service on routes over twenty miles in length outside of cities shall not exceed the rates paid for service on steam railroads: Provided, however, That not to exceed $25,000

of the sum hereby appropriated may be expended, in the Unusual condi- discretion of the Postmaster General, where unusual con

ditions exist or where such service will be more expedi

tious and efficient and at no greater cost than otherwise, Substitution of and not to exceed $100,000 of this appropriation may be

expended for regulation screen or motor screen wagon

of

ices outside cities.

tions.

wagon service.

Sec. 8

fixed by

service, which may be authorized in lieu of electric or cable car service: Provided further, That the Interstate alates to come Commerce Commission is hereby empowered and directed mission. as soon as practicable to fix and determine from time to time the fair and reasonable rates and compensation for the transportation of mail matter by urban and interurban electric railway common carriers and the service connected therewith, prescribing the method or methods by weight or space, or both, or otherwise, for ascertaining such rate or compensation and to publish same, and orders so made and published shall continue in force until changed by the Commission after due notice and hearing: And provided further, That it shall be unlawful for any urban or interurban electric railroad to refuse to perform mail service at the rates or methods of compensation thus provided for such service when required by the Postmaster General so to do, and for such offense shall be fined $100. Each day of refusal shall constitute a separate offense.

PNEUMATIC TUBE SERVICE IN NEW YORK AND

BROOKLYN

[Provision in the Post Office Department Appropriation

Act of June 19, 1922]

*

,

New

lyn.

Sec. 5. For the transmission of mail by pneumatic 12 Stat. L.

, 601. tubes or other similar devices in the city of New York, sepneumatic tube including the Borough of Brooklyn of the city of New York and Brook York, at an annual rate of expenditure not in excess of $18,500 per mile of double line of tubes, including power, labor, and all other operating expenses, $513,911.50: Provided, That the provisions not inconsistent herewith of the Acts of April 21, 1902, and May 27, 1908, relating to the transmission of mail by pneumatic tubes or other similar devices, shall be applicable hereto: Provided further, That either party to the contract for the transmission of mail by pneumatic tubes or other similar rates by Oommiedevices may apply to the Interstate Commerce Commission. sion at any time after October 1, 1922, and before July 1, 1923, for a revision of this rate, its decision to be effective after July 1, 1923, but in no case shall the rate exceed $19,500 per mile.

Secs. 1 and 2

STANDARD TIME ACT (AS AMENDED]

(Mar. 19, 1918.) AN ACT To save daylight and to provide standard time for the

United States.

Standard time established.

time.

mission,

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

Sec. 1. That, for the purpose of establishing the stand40 Stat. L., 450. ard time of the United States, the territory of continen

Zones; merid tal United States shall be divided into five zones in the ians controlling

manner hereinafter provided. The standard time of the first zone shall be based on the mean astronomical time of the seventy-fifth degree of longitude west from Greenwich; that of the second zone on the ninetieth degree; that of the third zone on the one hundred and fifth degree; that of the fourth zone on the one hundred and twentieth degree; and that of the fifth zone,

which shall include only Alaska, on the one hundred Limits to be de- and fiftieth degree. That the limits of each zone shall

be defined by an order of the Interstate Commerce Commission, having regard for the convenience of commerce and the existing junction points and division points of common carriers engaged in commerce between the several States and with foreign nations, and such order may be modified from time to time.

Sec. 2. That within the respective zones created under ment of carriers, the authority hereof the standard time of the zone shall

govern the movement of all common carriers engaged in commerce between the several States or between a State and any of the Territories of the United States, or between a State or the Territory of Alaska and any of the insular possessions of the United States or any foreign country. In all statutes, orders, rules, and regulations relating to the time of performance of any act by any officer or department of the United States, whether in the legislative, executive, or judicial branches of the Government, or relating to the time within which any rights shall accrue or determine, or within which any act shall or shall not be performed by any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, it shall be under

stood and intended that the time shall be the United Standard time States standard time of the zone within which the act is acts, and accrual to be performed.

Standard time to govern move

and determination of rights.

Sec. 8 [Added Mar. 3, 1923.)

Standards des

Sec. 3.2 In the division of territory, and in the definition of the limits of each zone, as hereinbefore provided, 12 Stat. L., 1484. so much of the State of Idaho as lies south of the Salmon River, traversing the State from east to west near fortyfive degrees thirty minutes latitude shall be embraced in the third zone.

SEC. 4. That the standard time of the first zone shall be known and designated as United States Standard snated. Eastern Time; that of the second zone shall be known and designated as United States Standard Central Time; that of the third zone shall be known and designated as United States Standard Mountain Time; that of the fourth zone shall be known and designated as United States Standard Pacific Time; and that of the fifth zone shall be known and designated as United States Standard Alaska Time.

Sec. 5. That all Acts and parts of Acts in conflict Conflicting Acto herewith are hereby repealed.

[By an Act, approved March 4, 1921 (41 Stat. L., 1416), the Panhandle and Plains section of Texas and Oklahoma was transferred to the United States standard central time zone.)

repealed

MERCHANT MARINE ACT, 1920

[Certain provisions from the Act of June 5, 1920]

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Sec. 8. That it shall be the duty of the board (United 41 Stat. L., 988. States Shipping Board], in cooperation with the Secretary of War, with the object of promoting, encouraging, and developing ports and transportation facilities in connection with water commerce over which it has jurisdiction, to investigate territorial regions and zones tributary to such ports, taking into consideration the economies of transportation by rail, water and highway and the natural direction of the flow of commerce; to investigate the causes of the congestion of commerce Investigation at ports and the remedies applicable thereto; to investi- directed for de gate the subject of water terminals, including the neces- portation facilisary docks, warehouses, apparatus, equipment, and appli- "Extent

trang

ties.

desig.

nated.

Original section 3, providing for the annual advancing and retarding of standard time, was repealed by Act of Congress of August 20, 1919 (41

Stat. L., 280).

Sees. 8 and 19

ances in connection therewith, with a view to devising and suggesting the types most appropriate for different locations and for the most expeditious and economical transfer or interchange of passengers or property between carriers by water and carriers by rail; to advise with communities regarding the appropriate location and plan of construction of wharves, piers, and water terminals; to investigate the practicability and advantages of harbor, river, and port improvements in connection with foreign and coastwise trade; and to investigate any other matter that may tend to promote and encourage the use by vessels of ports adequate to care for the freight which would naturally pass through such ports: Provided, That if after such investigation the board shall be of the opinion that rates, charges, rules, or regulations

of common carriers by rail subject to the jurisdiction of Findings as to the Interstate Commerce Commission are detrimental detrimental rates to be sub- to the declared object of this section, or that new rates, mission for a charges, rules, or regulations, new or additional port

terminal facilities, or affirmative action on the part of such common carriers by rail is necessary to promote the objects of this section, the board may submit its findings to the Interstate Commerce Commission for such action as such Commission may consider proper under existing law

rail

to

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Special authority of board.

Sec. 19. (1) The board is authorized and directed in aid of the accomplishment of the purposes of this Act

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Request de partments to mod

rules thereof.

(c) To request the head of any department, board, ify established bureau, or agency of the Government to suspend, modify,

or annul rules or regulations which have been established by such department, board, bureau, or agency,

or to make new rules or regulations affecting shipping in Exceptions. the foreign trade other than such rules or regulations

relating to the Public Health Service, the Consular Service, and the Steamboat Inspection Service.

(2) No rule or regulation shall hereafter be estabmade subject to lished by any department, board, bureau, or agency

of the Government which affect shipping in the foreign trade, except rules or regulations affecting the Public Health Service, the Consular Service, and the Steamboat Inspection Service, until such rule or regulation has

Rules affecting foreign shipping

a pproval of board.

Exceptions.

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