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tions for the fiscal year 1913, and for other purposes, approved October
22, 1913 (38 Statutes at Large, 212).
THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT,
Being the Act to Regulate Commerce as Amended
41 Stat. L., 474.
Act applies to
carriers engaged in
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- [Feb 4, 1887.) tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
Sec. 1. [As amended June 29, 1906, April 13, 1908, June 18, 1910, February 17, 1917, March 2, 1917, May 29, 1917, August 10, 1917, and February 28, 1920.]
(1)1 That the provisions of this Act shall apply to common common carriers engaged in
(a) The transportation of passengers or property - transportation wholly by railroad, or partly by railroad and partly by by railroad water when both are used under a common control, management, or arrangement for a continuous carriage or shipment; or (b) The transportation of oil or other commodity, by pipe line.
except water and except natural or artificial gas, by pipe line, or partly by pipe line and partly by railroad or by water; or
(c) The transmission of intelligence by wire or wire-transmission of less; from one State or Territory of the United States, or the between District of Columbia, to any other State or Territory of plies within the United States, or the District of Columbia, or from one place in a Territory to another place in the same Territory, or from any place in the United States -- transportation through a foreign country to any other place in the sionto, from United States, or from or to any place in the United eign country. States to or from a foreign country, but only in so far as such transportation or transmission takes place within the United States.
(2) The provisions of this Act shall also apply to Act applies to such transportation of passengers and property and
transportation transmission of intelligence, but only in so far as such United States. transportation or transmission takes place within the United States, but shall not apply—.
1 Do not apply to Porto Rico, Act of March 2, 1917, post, page 83.
Sec. 1 inapplicable to
to water trans
What included in term common carrier."
(a) To the transportation of passengers or property, transportation or to the receiving, delivering, storage, or handling of
property, wholly within one State and not shipped to or from a foreign country from or to any place in the
United States as a foresaid ; -inapplicable to
(b) To the transmission of intelligence by wire or transmission.
wireless wholly within one State and not transmitted to or from a foreign country from or to any place in the
United States, as aforesaid ; or Act inapplicable (c) To the transportation of passengers or property portation mere: by a carrier by water where such transportation would
ab- not be subject to the provisions of this Act except for the sorbed by
fact that such carrier absorbs, out of its port-to-port water rates or out of its proportional through rates, any switching, terminal, lighterage, car rental, trackage, handling, or other charges by a rail carrier for services within the switching, drayage, lighterage, or corporate limits of a port terminal or district.
(3) The term common carrier as used in this Act shall include all pipe-line companies; telegraph, telephone, and cable companies operating by wire or wireless; express companies; sleeping-car companies; and all persons, natural or artificial, engaged in such trans
portation or transmission as aforesaid as common car“Carrier» riers for hire.
Wherever the word carrier is used in this Act it shall be held to mean common carrier."
The term “railroad "i as used in this Act shall include What included all bridges, car floats, lighters, and ferries used by or
operated in connection with any railroad, and also all the road in use by any common carrier operating a railroad, whether owned or operated under a contract, agreement, or lease, and also all switches, spurs, tracks, terminals, and terminal facilities of every kind used or necessary in the transportation of the persons or property designated herein, including all freight depots, yards, and grounds, used or necessary in the transporta
tion or delivery of any such property. The term What included“ transportation” as used in this Act shall include locoportation." motives, cars, and other vehicles, vessels, and all instru
mentalities and facilities of shipment or carriage, irrespective of ownership or of any contract, express or implied, for the use thereof, and all services in connec
means common carrier.”
in term road."
in term “trans
1 See Safety Appliance Acts, post, pages 198 et seq.
What included in term “trans
“ Messages defined.
Cominon carrier duties; to
and just and rea
tion with the receipt, delivery, elevation, and transfer
(4)? It shall be the duty of every common carrier subject to this Act engaged in the transportation of passen-provide and fur gers or property to provide and furnish such transportation. tion upon reasonable request therefor, and to establish through routes and just and reasonable rates, fares, and
Through routes charges applicable thereto, and to provide reasonable sonable rates. facilities for operating through routes and to make reasonable rules and regulations with respect to the Facilities and operation of through routes, and providing for reasonable routes. compensation to those entitled thereto; and in case of
reasonable, joint rates, fares, or charges, to establish just, reason- unduly preferen
tial or prejudi. able, and equitable divisions thereof as between the car-cial. riers subject to this Act participating therein which shall not unduly prefer or prejudice any of such participating carriers.
(5) All charges made for any service rendered or to be rendered in the transportation of passengers or property Transportation or in the transmission of intelligence by wire or wireless charges to be just as aforesaid, or in connection therewith, shall be just and reasonable, and every unjust and unreasonable charge for such service or any part thereof is prohibited and declared to be unlawful: Provided, That messages by wire Classificationes or wireless subject to the provisions of this Act may be ent rates. classified into day, night, repeated, unrepeated, letter, commercial, press, Government, and such other classes as are just and reasonable, and different rates may be charged for the different classes of messages: And provided further, That nothing in this Act shall be construed to prevent telephone, telegraph, and cable companies
Divisions to be
1 See section 15 (8) (6), post, pages 38 and 40.