페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

Secs. 9 and 10

munity,

this Act may either make complaint to the Commission as hereinafter provided for, or may bring suit in his or their own behalf for the recovery of the damages for which such common carrier may be liable under the pro- 24 Stat. L., 870. visions of this Act, in any district or circuit court of the United States of competent jurisdiction; but such person or persons shall not have the right to pursue both of said remedies, and must in each case elect which one of the two methods of procedure herein provided for he or they will adopt. In any such action brought for the recovery of damages the court before which the same shall be pending may compel any director, officer, receiver, Officers of do trustee, or agent of the corporation or company defendant to testify; Imin such suit to attend, appear, and testify in such case, and may compel the production of the books and papers of such corporation or company party to any such suit; the claim that any such testimony or evidente may tend to criminate the person giving such evidence shall not excuse such witness from testifying, but such evidence or testimony shall not be used against such person on the trial of any criminal proceeding.

SEC. 10. [As amended March 2, 1889, June 18, 1910, Penalties for and February 28, 1920.] (1) That any common carrier by carriers, cor subject to the provisions of this Act, or, whenever such agents,

ployees. common carrier is a corporation, any director or officer thereof, or any receiver, trustee, lessee, agent, or person acting for or employed by such corporation, who, alone or with any other corporation, company, person, or party, shall willfully do or cause to be done, or shall willingly suffer or permit to be done, any act, matter, or thing in this Act prohibited or declared to be unlawful, or who shall aid or abet therein, or shall willfully omit or fail to do any act, matter, or thing in this Act required to be done, or shall cause or willingly suffer or permit any act, matter, or thing so directed or required by this Act to be done not to be so done, or shall aid or abet any such omission or failure, or shall be guilty of any infraction of this Act for which no penalty is otherwise provided, or who shall aid or abet therein, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof in any district court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which such offense was com

porate officer,

ог em

24 Stat. L., 879. 41 Stat. L., 488.

1 See Elkins Act, post, page 87.

Sec. 10

Penalties for false billing, etc.,

cers, or agents.

mitted, be subject to a fine of not to exceed five thousand

dollars for each offense: Provided, That if the offense for 25 Stat. L., 855. which any person shall be convicted as aforesaid shall be

an unlawful discrimination in rates, fares, or charges for the transportation of passengers or property or the transmission of intelligence, such person shall, in addition to the fine hereinbefore provided for, be liable to imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not exceeding two years, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

(2) Any common carrier subject to the provisions of by carriers of this Act, or, whenever such common carrier is a corpora

tion, any officer or agent thereof, or any person activg for or employed by such corporation, who, by means of false billing, false classification, false weighing, or false report of weight, or by any other device or means, shall knowingly and willfully assist, or shall willingly suffer or permit, any person or persons to obtain transportation for property at less than the regular rates then established and in force on the line of transportation of such common carrier, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction within the district in which such offense was committed, be subject to a fine of not exceeding five thousand dollars, or imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not exceeding two years, or both, in the discretion of the court, for each offense.

(3) Any person, corporation, or company, or any agent by shippers and or officer thereof, who shall deliver property for transpor

tation to any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act, or for whom, as consignor or consignee, any such carrier shall transport property, who shall knowingly and willfully, directly or indirectly, himself or by employee, agent, officer, or otherwise, by false billing, false classification, false weighing, false representation of the contents of the package or the substance of the property, false report of weight, false statement, or by any other device or means, whether with or without the consent or connivance of the carrier, its agent, or officer, obtain or attempt to obtain transportation for such property at less than the regular rates then established and in force on the line of transportation; or who shall knowingly and willfully, directly or indirectly,

Penalties for false billing, etc.,

others.

Sec. 10

a

25 Stat. L., 868.

himself or by employee, agent, officer, or otherwise, by false statement or representation as to cost, value, nature or extent of injury, or by the use of any false bill, bill of 86 Stat. L., 589. lading, receipt, voucher, roll, account, claim, certificate, affidavit, or deposition, knowing the same to be false, fictitious, or fraudulent, or to contain any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry, obtain or attempt to obtain any allowance, refund, or payment for damage or otherwise in connection with or growing out of the transportation of or agreement to transport such property, whether with or without the consent or connivance of the carrier, whereby the compensation of such carrier for such transportation, either before or after payment, shall in fact be made less than the regular rates then established and in force on the line of transportation, shall be deemed guilty of fraud, which is hereby declared to be a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction within the district in which such offense was wholly or in part committed, be subject for each offense to a fine of not exceeding five thousand dollars or imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not exceeding two years, or both, in the discretion of the court: Provided, That the penalty of imprisonment shall not apply to artificial persons.

(4) If any such person, or any officer or agent of any such corporation or company, shall, by payment of induicing companion money or other thing of value, solicitation, or otherwise, criminate unjustinduce or attempt to induce any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act, or any of its officers or agents, 25 Stat. L., 866. to discriminate unjustly in his, its, or their favor as against any other consignor or consignee in the transportation of property, or shall aid or abet any common carrier in any such unjust discrimination, such person or such officer or agent of such corporation or company shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction within the district in which such offense was committed, be subject to a fine of not exceeding five thousand dollars, or imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not exceeding two years, or both, in the discretion of the court, for each offense; and such person, corporation, or company, shall also, together with said com

36 Stat. L., 539. Secs. 10-12

Penalties for

carriers to dis

>

[ocr errors]

merce

of

appointment, terms.

Removal.

Joint and sev: mon carrier, be liable, jointly or severally, in an action eral liability for damages.

to be brought by any consignor or consignee discrimi. nated against in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction for all damages caused by or resulting therefrom.

SEC. 11. That a Commission is hereby created and esInterstate Com- tablished to be known as the Interstate Commerce Comsioners --- method mission, which shall be composed of five Commissioners,

who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the

advice and consent of the Senate. The Commissioners 24 Stat. L., 879. first appointed under this Act shall continue in office for

the term of two, three, four, five, and six years, respectively, from the first day of January, Anno Domini eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, the term of each to be designated by the President; but their successors shall be appointed for terms of six years, except that any person chosen to fill a vacancy shall be appointed only for the unexpired time of the Commissioner whom he shall succeed. Any Commissioner may be removed by the President for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office. Not more than three of the Commissioners shall be appointed from the same political party. No person in the employ of or holding any official relation to any

common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act, or Disqualification owning stock or bonds thereof, or who is in any manner

pecuniarily interested therein, shall enter upon the duties
of or hold such office. Said Commissioners shall not en-
gage

in
any

other business, vocation, or employment. No Vacancy not to vacancy in the Commission shall impair the right of the

remaining Commissioners to exercise all the powers of the Commission. [See section 24, enlarging Commission and increasing salaries.]

SEC. 12. [As amended March 2, 1889, February 10, Commission to keep informed as 1891, and February 28, 1920.] (1) That the Commission

hereby created shall have authority to inquire into the

management of the business of all common carriers sub24 Stat. L., 879. ject to the provisions of this Act, and shall keep itself

informed as to the manner and method in which the same is conducted, and shall have the right to obtain from such common carriers full and complete information necessary to enable the Commission to perform the duties and carry out the objects for which it was created; and the Com

for interest.

impair exercise of power.

41 Stat. L., 484.

to business of carriers.

1 See sections 17, 18, 19, 20 (10), 21, and 24, post.

Sec. 19

execute and

en

mony docu

evi.

dence.

pel witnesses to

a od

mission is hereby authorized and required to execute and Commission to enforce the provisions of this Act; and, upon the request force provisions of of the Commission, it shall be the duty of any district attorney of the United States to whom the Commission 26 Stat. L., 865. may apply to institute in the proper court and to prose- neys to prosecute. cute under the direction of the Attorney General of the United States all necessary proceedings for the enforcement of the provisions of this Act and for the punishment of all violations thereof, and the costs and expenses of such prosecution shall be paid out of the appropriation for the expenses of the courts of the United States; and 24 Stat. L., 879. for the purposes of this Act the Commission shall have may require testipower to require, by subpæna, the attendance and testi-mentang dort: mony of witnesses and the production of all books, papers, tariffs, contracts, agreements, and documents relating to any matter under investigation.

(2) Such attendance of witnesses, and the production Courts to comof such documentary evidence, may be required from any atton de place in the United States, at any designated place of testify. hearing. And in case of disobedience to a subpæna the Commission, or any party to a proceeding before the 28 Stat. L.,743. Commission, may invoke the aid of any court of the 25 Stat. L., 856. United States in requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books, papers, and 34 Stat. L., 879. documents under the provisions of this section.

(3) And any of the circuit courts of the United States within the jurisdiction of which such inquiry is carried on may, in case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpæna issued to any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act, or other person, issue an order requiring such common carrier or other person to appear before said Commission (and produce books and papers if so ordered) and give evidence touching the matter in question; and any failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by such court as a contempt thereof. The crimination claim that any such testimony or evidence may tend to ness. criminate the person giving such evidence shall not excuse such witness from testifying; but such evidence or testimony shall not be used against such person on the timorivileged tes trial of any criminal proceeding.

(4) The testimony of any witness may be taken, at the Depositions. instance of a party, in any proceeding or investigation pending before the Commission, by deposition, at any 28 Stat. L., 748.

Claim as to self

will not excuse wit

.

.

« 이전계속 »