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foreign nations and among the States," approved Febru ary nineteenth, nineteen hundred and three, and in the Act entitled "An Act making appropriations for the leg. islative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Govern ment for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and four, and for other purposes," approved February twenty-fifth, nineteen hundred and three, immunity shall extend only to a natural person who, in obedience to a subpoena, gives testimony under oath or produces evidence, documentary or otherwise, under oath.
38 Stat. L., 219.
The Commerce Court, created and established by the Commerce Act entitled "An Act to create a Commerce Court and to amend the Act entitled 'An Act to regulate commerce,' approved February fourth, eighteen hundred and eightyseven, as heretofore amended, and for other purposes," approved June eighteenth, nineteen hundred and ten, is abolished from and after December thirty-first, nineteen transferred to dis- hundred and thirteen, and the jurisdiction vested in said
Commerce Court by said Act is transferred to and
DISTRICT COURT JURISDICTION ACT [Provisions from the Urgent Deficiency Appropriations Act, October 22, 1913]
Jurisdiction vested in Commerce Court.
86 Stat. L., 589.
1 Section 1 of the "Commerce Court Act" reads as follows:
"SEC. 1. That a court of the United States is hereby created which shall be known as the Commerce Court and shall have the jurisdiction now possessed by circuit courts of the United States and the judges thereof over all cases of the following kinds :
"First. All cases for the enforcement, otherwise than by adjudication and collection of a forfeiture or penalty or by infliction of criminal punishment, of any order of the Interstate Commerce Commission other than for the payment of money.
"Second. Cases brought to enjoin, set aside, annul, or suspend in whole or in part any order of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
"Third. Such cases as by section three of the Act entitled 'An Act to further regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the States,' approved February nineteenth, nineteen hundred and three, are authorized to be maintained in a circuit court of the United States.
"Fourth. All such mandamus proceedings as under the provisions of sec tion twenty or section twenty-three of the Act entitled 'An Act to regulate commerce,' approved February fourth, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, as amended, are authorized to be maintained in a circuit court of the United States.
"Nothing contained in this Act shall be construed as enlarging the jurisdiction now possessed by the circuit courts of the United States or the judges thereof, that is hereby transferred to and vested in the Commerce Court.
"The jurisdiction of the Commerce Court over cases of the foregoing classes shall be exclusive; but this Act shall not affect the jurisdiction now possessed by any circuit or district court of the United States over cases or proceedings of a kind not within the above-enumerated classes."
Tenure of cis
vested in the several district courts of the United States, and all Acts or parts of Acts in so far as they relate to the establishment of the Commerce Court are repealed. Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to affect the tenure of any of the judges now acting as circuit judges cuit - judges unby appointment under the terms of said Act, but such judges shall continue to act under assignment, as in the said Act provided, as judges of the district courts and circuit court of appeals; and in the event of and on the death, resignation, or removal from office of any of such judges, his office is hereby abolished and no successor to him shall be appointed.
The venue of any suit hereafter brought to enforce, Venue of_suits suspend, or set aside, in whole or in part, any order of on orders of Interthe Interstate Commerce Commission shall be in the judi
Commission. cial district wherein is the residence of the party or any of the parties upon whose petition the order was made, except that where the order does not relate to transportation or is not made upon the petition of any party the venue shall be in the district where the matter complained of in the petition before the Commission arises, and except that where the order does not relate either to transportation or to a matter so complained of before the Cominission the matter covered by the order shall be deemed to arise in the district where one of the petitioners in court has either its principal office or its principal operating office. In case such transportation relates to a through shipment the term "destination” shall be con- Term"
destinastrued as meaning final destination of such shipment.
The procedure in the district courts in respect to cases of which jurisdiction is conferred upon them by this Act district courts. shall be the same as that heretofore prevailing in the Commerce Court.1 The orders, writs, and processes of the district courts may in these cases run, be served,
1 Sections 4 and 5 of the Commerce Court Act read as follows:
“ SEC. 4. That all cases and proceedings in the Commerce Court which Procedure but for this Act would be brought by or against the Interstate Commerce Commerce Courto Commission shall be brought by or against the United States, and the United States may intervene in any case or proceeding in the Commerce Court whenever, though it has not been made a party, public interests are involved.
“ SEC. 5. That the Attorney General shall have charge and control of the interests of the Government in all cases and proceedings in the Commerce Court, and in the Supreme Court of the United States upon appeal from 86 Stat. L., 689. the-Commerce Court; and if in his opinion the public interest requires it, be may retain and employ in the name of the United States, within the appropriations from time to time made by the Congress for such purposes,
and be returnable anywhere in the United States; at the right of appeal from the district courts in such cas shall be the same as the right of appeal heretofore p:
vailing under existing law from the Commerce Coca Interlocutory
No interlocutory injunction suspending or restrain. injunction. the enforcement, operation, or execution of, or settin
aside, in whole or in part, any order made or entered t; the Interstate Commerce Commission shall be issued granted by any district court of the United States, by any judge thereof, or by any circuit judge acting a district judge, unless the application for the same sha. be presented to a circuit or district judge, and shall be heard and determined by three judges, of whom at leaone shall be a circuit judge, and unless a majority of saiu three judges shall concur in granting such application When such application as aforesaid is presented to a judge, he shall immediately call to his assistance to hea! and determine the application two other judges. Said application shall not be heard or determined before at least five days' notice of the hearing has been given to the Interstate Commerce Commission, to the Attorney General of the United States, and to such other person:
such special attorneys and counselors at law as he may think necessary te assist in the discharge of any of the duties incumbent upon him and his subordinate attorneys; and the Attorney General shall stipulate with such special attorneys and counsel the amount of their compensation, which shall not be in excess of the sums appropriated therefor by Congress for such purposes, and shall have supervision of their action : Provided, That the Interstate Commerce Commission and any party or parties in interest to the proceeding before the Commission, in which an order or requirement is made, may appear as parties thereto of their own motion and as of right, and be represented by their counsel, in any suit wherein is involved the validity of such order or requirement or any part thereof, and the interest of such party; and the court wherein is pending such suit may make all such rules and orders as to such appearances and representations, the number of counsel, and all matters of procedure, and otherwise, as to subserre the ends of justice and speed the determination of such suits : Provided further, That communities, associations, corporations, firms, and individuals who are interested in the controversy or question before the Interstate Commerce Commission, or in any suit which may be brought by anyone under the terms of this Act, or the Acts of which it is amendatory or which are amendatory of it, relating to action of the Interstate Commerce Com. mission, may intervene in said suit or proceedings at any time after the institution thereof, and the Attorney General shall not dispose of or discontinue said suit or proceeding over the objection of such party or intervenor aforesaid, but said intervenor or intervenors may prosecute, defend, or continue said suit or proceeding unaffected by the action or nonaction of the Attorney General of the United States therein.
“ Complainants before the Interstate Commerce Commission interested in a case shall have the right to appear and be made parties to the case and be represented before the courts by counsel under such regulations as are now permitted in similar circumstances under the rules and practice of equity courts of the United States."
as may be defendants in the suit: Provided, That in cases where irreparable damage would otherwise ensue to the petitioner, a majority of said three judges concurring, may, on hearing, after not less than three days' notice to the Interstate Commerce Commission and the Attorney Temporary General, allow a temporary stay or suspension, in whole or in part, of the operation of the order of the Interstate Commerce Commission for not more than sixty days from the date of the order of said judges pending the application for the order or injunction, in which case the said order shall contain a specific finding, based upon evidence irreparable damsubmitted to the judges making the order and identified by reference thereto, that such irreparable damage would result to the petitioner and specifying the nature of the damage. The said judges may, at the time of hearing such application, upon a like finding, continue the temporary stay or suspension in whole or in part until Expedition of
Finding as to
decision upon the application. The hearing upon such proceedings for interlocutory inapplication for an interlocutory injunction shall be given junction. precedence and shall be in every way expedited and be assigned for a hearing at the earliest practicable day after the expiration of the notice hereinbefore provided for. Appeal directly An appeal may be taken direct to the Supreme Court of to Supreme the United States from the order granting or denying, after notice and hearing, an interlocutory injunction, in such case if such appeal be taken within thirty days after the order, in respect to which complaint is made, is granted or refused; and upon the final hearing of any final hearing: suit brought to suspend or set aside, in whole or in part, any order of said Commission the same requirement as to judges and the same procedure as to expedition and appeal shall apply. A final judgment or decree of the dis- ment, review by trict court may be reviewed by the Supreme Court of the Supreme Court. United States if appeal to the Supreme Court be taken by an aggrieved party within sixty days after the entry of such final judgment or decree, and such appeals may be taken in like manner as appeals are taken under existing law in equity cases. And in such case the notice required shall be served upon the defendants in the case and upon the attorney general of the State. All cases pending in the Commerce Court at the date of the passage of this Act shall be deemed pending in and be transferred forthwith to said district courts except cases which from Commerce may previously have been submitted to that court for courts.
Transfer of pending cases Court to district
final decree and the latter to be transferred to the district courts if not decided by the Commerce Court before December first, nineteen hundred and thirteen, and all cases wherein injunctions or other orders or decrees, inandatory or otherwise, have been directed or entered prior to the abolition of the said court shall be transferred forthwith to said district courts, which shall have jurisdiction to proceed therewith and to enforce said injunctions, crders, or decrees. Each of said cases and all the records, papers, and proceedings shall be transferred to the district court wherein it might have been filed at the time it was filed in the Commerce Court if this Act had then been in effect; and if it might have been filed in any one of two or more district courts it shall be transferred to that one of said district courts which may be designated by the petitioner or petitioners in said case, or, upon failure of said petitioners to act in the premises within thirty days after the passage of this Act, to such one of said district courts as may be designated by the judges of the Commerce Court. The judges of the Commerce Court shall have authority, and are hereby directed, to make any and all orders and to take any other action necessary to transfer as aforesaid the cases and all the records, papers, and proceedings then pending in the Commerce Court to said district courts. All administrative books, dockets, files, and all papers of the Commerce Court not transferred as part of the record of any particular case shall be lodged in the Department of Justice. All furniture, carpets, and other property of the Commerce Court is turned over to the Department of Justice and the Attorney General is authorized to supply such portion thereof as in his judgment may be proper and necessary to the United States Board of Mediation and Conciliation.
Any case hereafter remanded from the Supreme Court cases to district
which, but for the passage of this Act, would have been remanded to the Commerce Court, shall be remanded to a district court, designated by the Supreme Court, vi herein it might have been instituted at the time it was instituted in the Commerce Court if this Act had then been in effect, and thereafter such district court shall take all necessary and proper proceedings in such case in accordance with law and such mandate, order, or decree therein as may be made by said Supreme Court.