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ENGLISH AND FOREIGN HISTORY.
1643 Battle of Chalgrove, June 18 ; Death of Hamp- William Cartwright d. (32).
Milton marries Mary Powell.
den (49), June 24; Rupert takes Bristol,
July 26; Falkland falls in the first Battle of
Newbury, Sept. 20; Solemn League and
Covenant at St. Margaret's, Sept. 25; Death
of Pym, Dec. 8 (59).-Louis XIV (five years
old) begins his reign.
144 Oxford Parliament, Jan. to April; Battle of William Chillingworth d. (42 ); Francis Quarles Areopagitica, Letter to Hart-
Marston Moor, July 2; Skippon's surrender, d. (52); George Sandys d. (67); Wm. Penn
lib; Doctrine and Discipline Sept. 2; Second Battle of Newbury, Oct. 27. b., d. 1713.
of Divorce; Martin Bucer's Judgment; Milton's sight
declining; Sonnets IV-V. 1645 Laud beheaded, Jan. 10 (72); Failure of Ux- William Browne d. (55); Poems of Edmund Tetrachordon ; Colasterion; bridge Treaty, Feb. 22; Self-denying ordi- Waller (1605-1687) first published.
Sonnets VI, VII; First edi-
nance, April; Naseby, June 14; Rupert sur-
tion of Early Poems.
renders Bristol, Sept. 10.—Grotius d. (62).
1646 Charles surrenders to the Scots, May 5.- Sir Thomas Browne’s “Vulgar Errors,' published.
Leibnitz b., d. 1716.
147 Charles delivered to Parliamentary Commis- Earl of Rochester b., d. 1680.
Deaths of Richard Powell,
sioners, Jan. 30; seized by army, June 4;
Jan., and John Milton,
escapes from Hampton Court, Nov. II; im-
prisoned at Carisbrook, Nov. 13.
148 Renewal of civil war, Feb.; Royalist fortresses Lord Herbert of Cherbury d. (67); Herrick's Psalms lxxx-lxxxvii, April ;
surrender; Cromwell victorious at Preston Hesperides published.
History of England begun
(Aug. 17) over the Scots, enters Edinburgh;
(Books i-iv written before
Isle of Wight Treaty broken off, Nov. 27,
Army take Charles to Hurst, Nov. 30 ;
* Pride's Purge, Dec. 6; Charles taken from
Hurst to Windsor, Dec. 23.—Peace of West-
phalia, Oct. 24 ; 'Fronde' to 1653.
549 Charles I beheaded, Jan. 30 (b. Nov. 19, 1600); Dru mond of Hawthornden d. (64); Thomas Tenure of Kings and MaHouse of Lords abolished, Feb. 5, and mon- Heywood d. (? 58).
gistrates ; Observations on archy on the 7th by the Rump; Royalist
Ormond's Peace ; Eikononobles condemned by High Court of Justice,
clastes ; Begins History of
March 9; Cromwell in Ireland, Aug. to May.
1650 Execution of Montrose (38), May 21 ; Charles Thomas May d. (55); Phineas Fletcher d. (66);
II in Scotland, June ; Battle of Dunbar, Publication of Hobbes' Human Nature, and
Sept. 3.—Descartes d. (54).
of Taylor's Holy Living and Dying.
1651 Charles II crowned at Scone, Jan. I; enters Thomas Otway b., d. 1685 ; Publication of Defensio pro Populo Angli-
England, Aug. 6; Battle of Worcester, Sept. 3. Hobbes' Leviathan and Rudiments (transla-
tion of De Cive); Cleveland's Poems.
1652 First Dutch War, June 30; Naval battles of Filmer's Observations concerning the Original Correspondence with Sweden,
Blake and Von Tromp.
of Government (against Milton, Hobbes, and Holland, Denmark, Spain, Grotius).
and Savoy; Blindness.
1653 Long Parliament dissolved, April 20; Little Publication of Complete Angler, by Izaak Death of Mary (Powell) Mil-
or Barebone Parliament, July 4 to Dec. 12; Walton (1593–1683).
ton(?); Psalms i-viii. Aug.
Instrument of Government; Protectorate,
Dec. 16.–Saumaise (Salmasius) d. (65).
1654 Peace with Holland, April 5; first Protectorate | John Selden d. (70); William Habington d. Defensio Secunda.
Parliament, Sept. 3 to Jan. 22.
1655 Republican conspiracy, Feb. 10; Penruddock Sir William Dugdale's (1605-1686) Monasticon Defensio pro re contra Alex-
executed, May 16; Liberty of Press re- (publication was finished 1673); Jeremy andrum Morum.
strained ; Penn and Venables take Jamaica. Taylor's Golden Grove. 1656 Spanish War, March 12; Blake defeats the John Hales of Eton d. (72); Bp. Joseph Hall Milton marries his second
galleons, Sept. 10; Second Protectorate Par- d. (82); Abp. Ussher d. (76); Fuller's Church wife, Catherine Woodcock, liament, first session, Sept. 17 to June 26. History; Harrington's Oceana.
Nov. 12. 1657 Death of Blake (after his victory at Santa Cruz),
Aug. 7 (59); Cromwell refuses Kingship, May 8, and is installed as Protector June 26.
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE (continuea).
ENGLISH AND FOREIGN HISTORY.
1658 Dissolution of Two Houses (Jan. 25-Feb. 4); Richard Lovelace d. (40).
Death of Catherine Milton,
Surrender of Dunkirk, June 17; Death of
Feb.; Sonnet XVIII; ? Edi-
Cromwell, Sept. 3, b. April 25, 1599.
tion of Raleigh's Cabinet
1659 New Parliament, Jan. 27 to April 22 ; Rump John Cleveland d. (46).
Civil Power in Ecclesiastical
restored, May 7 to Oct. 13 ; Richard Crom-
Causes ; Way to Remove well resigns, May 13; Committee of Safety;
Rump again restored, Dec. 26 to March 16.
Friend ; Brief Declaration
- Peace of Pyrenees.
of Free Commonwealth.
1660 Monk enters England, Jan. I, and London, Publication of Jeremy Taylor's Ductor Dubi- Ready and Easy Way to
Feb. 3 ; Convention Parliament, April 25 to tantium.
Establish a Free Common-
Dec. 29; Restoration, May 29; Execution
wealth; Notes on a Ser-
of Regicides, Oct.
1661 Second Long Parliament meets, May 8; Argyle Thomas Fuller d. (53).
beheaded, May 27 (63) ; Corporation Act.
1662 Charles marries Catherine of Braganza, May Charter of Royal Society (founded 1645); Thomas Ellwood introduced
20; Execution of Sir H. Vane, June 14 (50); H. Lawes d.; Fuller's Worthies published.
to Milton by Dr. Paget.
Act of Uniformity, Aug.; Dunkirk sold, Oct.17.
1663 Impeachment of Clarendon fails, July 9. Publication of Butler's Hudibras, First Part.
1664 Second Dutch War.
Second part of Hudibras.
Milton marries Elizabeth Min
1665 Duke of York defeats Dutch fleet off Harwich; Sir Kenelm Digby d. (62).
Paradise Lost in MS. shown
Opdam blown up, June 3; Plague of London,
April to Dec. ; Five Mile Act.
1666 Battle near Goodwin Sands, June 1 to 4; Rupert James Shirley d. (6. 1595 ?).
and Monk defeat Dutch fleet off North Foreland, July 25, 26; Fire of London, Sept.
1667 Dutch sail up Medway, June 3; Peace of Breda, Abraham Cowley d. (49); Jeermy Taylor d. Sale of Paradise Lost in ten
July 10; Clarendon resigns, Aug. 30, and (54) ; George Wither d. (79).
books), April 27; published
goes into exile.
1668 Triple Alliance (England, Holland and Sweden, Sir J. Denham d. (53); Sir William Davenant
against France); Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle
(France and Spain), April 22.
1669 William Prynne d. (69).
Publication of Penn's No Cross, no Crown.
Accidence commenced gram
mar; History of England
1670 The 'Cabal’ government; Treaty of Dover.
1671 Coventry Act, March 6; Parliament prorogued
Publication of Paradise
without voting supplies, April 22.
Regained, and Samson
1672 Exchequer shut, Jan. 2; Third Dutch War de- Bishop Wilkins d. (58).
clared, March 17; Battle of Solebay, May
28; Prince of Orange Stadtholder, June 1
Shaftesbury Chancellor, Nov. 17.
1673 Test Act, March 29 ; Duke of York refuses Tillotson's Sermons published; The Rehearsal. Of True Religion, Heresy
Test, and marries Mary of Modena, Nov.
and Schism ; Early Poems
29; Shaftesbury dismissed, Nov. 9.
republished, with additions,
1674 Peace with Dutch, Feb.
Paradise Lost, second edition
(in twelve books); Epist.
Famil. Lib. i.; Academic
Exercises; Death, Nov. 8;
Burial, Nov. 12.