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AUTHoR of THE THEORY or ELocuTION, GRAMMAR of TRoNUNCIATION,
PRACTICAL Log IC, ETC.

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LONDON :

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR,
50, Connaught Terrace;

AND PUBLISHED BY
JOHN RICHARDSON, ROYAL EXCHANGE;
G. B. WHIT TAKER, AVE-MARIA LAN E ; SEELEY AND SON, FLEET
STREET ; T Hox1As HookHAM, old Bon D STREET, ETC.

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PREFACE.

WoRDs uttered without other means of ex

pression are lifeless sounds, that scarcely

reach the understanding, and cannot affect

the soul. Even where we bend over the

silent page, the mind is alive to what it of. fers, only in proportion as we imagine a suitable delivery ; and with regard to audible language, it is essentially imperfect unless accompanied by a clear articulation, significant accents, and tones of earnestness and feeling in unison with the import of the words. And yet, while all the other

parts of language have their appointed means of cultivation, no regular provision

is generally made for systematic improve

ment in these; a neglect which doubtless

arises from an impression that such in

struction is not needed. Because we learn

to articulate our words and modulate our

sentencesat first withoutexpress instruction,

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and because the tones of emotion naturally spring from reality of feeling, it is presumed that we shall improve in these requisites of speech without assistance, in the same manner as we acquired them, and that such improvement will necessarily keep pace with the increase of our ideas and the extension of our vocabulary. A little consideration will show, however, that these consequences are neither probable, nor generally true. And first, with regard to Articulation, what, without especial instruction, are the chances of improvement, after we have learned to speak and read with tolerable fluency? Is it not notorious that our early habits of utterance, be they good or bad, generally last through life, and that defects, casually acquired, are confirmed rather than removed by length of time ! Yet surely, an art obtained at first we know not how, must be susceptible of improvement. If the voice for song, and the gait for walking are always improveable by discipline, surely the organs of speech may be taught to perform their office with greater precision, force, and effect, than can possibly

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