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CHAPTER III.

MILITARY HONORS AND CEREMONIES.

ARTICLE 57.

When the President of the United States shall visit a vessel of the navy, he shall be received upon deck by all the officers in full uni. form ; the yards shall be manned; the full guard shall be paraded, and shall present arms; the music shall play a march, and a salute of one gun for each State in the Union shall be fired.

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Article 58.

When the Vice President of the United States shall visit a vessel of the navy, the same honors shall be paid as is directed in article 57, excepting that the salute shall consist of twenty-one guns.

ARTICLE 59.

When the Secretary of the Navy, or any of the heads of Departments of the General Government, or any of the Justices of the Supreme Court, or any Governor of any of the United States, shall visit a vessel of the navy, the same honors shall be paid as prescribed in article 57, excepting that the salute shall consist of nine

teen guns.

ARTICLE 60.

Whenever the Navy Commissioners shall officially visit a vessel of the navy, they shall be received on deck by all the officers in uniform ; an officers' guard shall be paraded, and shall present arms; and the drums shall give three ruffles, and a salute of seventeen guns shall be fired. If an individual commissioner shall officially visit a vessel or yard, he shall be saluted according to the rank which he holds on the

navy

list.

ARTICLE 61.

Whenever any commander-in-chief of a fleet or squadron shall

go on board

any
vessel of the

navy, he shall be received on deck by the senior officer on board, if of the same or of inferior grade, and by all the other officers of the vessel in uniform; an officers' guard

shall be paraded, and present arms, and the drum shall give three ruffles.

ARTICLE 62.

Commanders of squadrons and divisions not commanding-in-chief, and captains of the fleet, shall be received as directed in the preceding article, except that only two ruffles of the drum shall be given to commanders of squadrons, and only one ruffle to com manders of divisions of a squadron, and the captain of the fleet.." ?

ARTICLE 63,

Captains and commanders shall, when they go on board a vessel of the navy commanded by officers of the same or inferior rank,' be received on deck by the commander of the vessel visited, by the officer second in command, and by the officers of the watch: a sergeant's guard for captains, and a corporal's guard for commanders, shall be paraded, and present arms.

ARTICLE 64.

All commission officers below the rank of a commander, shall be received by the officer of the watch. Warrant officers shall be received by a warrant officer of the watch.

ARTICLE 65.

The salute of an admiral commanding-in-chief shall be seventeen guns; of a vice-admiral commanding-in-chief, fifteen guns; of a rear-admiral commanding-in-chief, or a captain commanding a squadron in chief, thirteen guns. But when any of the foregoing officers shall be in command of squadrons or divisions, and not commanding-in-chief, then their salutes shall be two guns less than when commanding-in-chief.

ARTICLE 66.

Whenever an officer shall be appointed to the command of any feet or division of a squadron, he shall, on assuming the command, and hoisting the flag of his rank, receive the salute to which he may be entitled from all the vessels present, which belong to his fleet, squadron, or division, except when in presence of a scnior officer

ARTICLE 67. Vessels, when first joining a fleet, squadron, or division, or which may rejoin one after separation of not less than twelve months, shall salute the commander-in-chief. Commanders shall not salute each other.

ARTICLE 68. When fleets, squadrons, or divisions, meet, the commanding of ficer only shall salute. When more than one vessel salutes, the officer receiving it shall wait till they have ceased firing, and then fire the number of guns to which he is entitled as a salute.

ARTICLE 69.

Salutes from officers who are entitled to receive them shall be returned with the number of guns to which they are so entitled. Salutes of captains shall be returned with nine guns, salutes of comDanders shall be returned with seven guns, and of lieutenants commanding, with five guns.

ARTICLE 70.

'Officers of the army of the United States may be received in the same manner as is prescribed for the officers of the navy of corresponding rank, when they visit the vessel commanded by the senior

navy officer in any port of the United States.

ARTICLE 71.

Upon the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence of the United States, at the hoisting of the colors in the morning, all the vessels of the navy shall, when in port, be dressed, and so continue until the colors are hauled down at sunset, if the state of the weather and other circumstances will allow it. At meridian, a salute shall be fired from every vessel in commission mounting over six guns, to consist of one gun for each State in the Union.

ARTICLE 72.

On the 22d day of February, being the anniversary of the birthday of Washington, a salute of one gun for each State in the Union shall be fired at meridian, from every vessel of the navy in commission, mounting over six guns.

ARTICLE 73. Ministers plenipotentiary of the United States, when they embark on board any vessel of war to proceed on a foreign mission, or shall visit a vessel in a foreign port, shall be received in the same manner as is herein prescribed for an admiral commanding-inchief; ministers resident as vice-admirals ; charge d'affaires as rear-admirals not commanding-in-chief; consuls general in the same manner as a captain commanding a squadron, but not in chief; and consuls in the same manner as captains.

ARTICLE 74.

When vessels of the navy shall visit foreign ports at which a consul general or consul of the United States may reside, the commanding officer shall, if intercourse with the shore is permitted ana desired, and it will not interfere with the orders under which he may be acting, send a boat with an officer to notify such consut general or consul of his arrival, and to offer him a passage to the vessel, if such visit shall be necessary or desirable for the public service.

ARTICLE 75. Foreigners of distinction, not being naval officers in command, may, when they shall visit vessels of the United States, be saluted with a number of guns corresponding with their rank or quality. úpon their leaving the vessel.

ARTICLE 76.

When naval or military officers of a foreign nation shall visit a vessel of the United States, they may be received with the same honors as is herein prescribed for officers of the United States of the

same rank.

ARTICLE 77.

Forts or castles of the United States are not to be saluted by United States vessels of war.

ARTICLE 78.

The foregoing regulations in this chapter shall extend to navy yards, as far as they can be made to apply.

ARTICLE 79. Salutes between our vessels of war and those of different nations are considered national, not personal salutes. When a foreign vessel of war shall salute a vessel of the United States, her salute shall be returned gun for gun.

ANTICLE 80,

Vessels of the United States may salute the vessels of war of other nations in foreign ports, on receiving an assurance of a return, gun for gun. But they shall never first salute any foreign vessel of war within the jurisdiction of the United States. If at anchor, the topsails shall be loosed, when a vessel is saluted..

ARTICLE 81. · Vessels of the United States may, on their arrival in a foreign port, salute the place, upon receiving an assurance that their salute shall be returned, gun for gun. The sails shall be furled when a port or place is saluted.

ARTICLE 82.

: Vessels of the United States may fire salutes when in foreign ports, upon the celebration of any national anniversary of the country to which the port belongs, or when the national anniversary of another country, in amity with the United States, shall be celebrated by the vessels of war of such country, which may be lying in the same port.

ARTICLE 83.

Commanding officers of any fleet, squadron, or vessel, will, after anchoring in any foreign port, make the first visit to the commanding naval officer of the station to which the port belongs, and to the authorities of the place, provided the usual offers of civilities shall have been first made to him.

ARTICLE 84.

When any foreign vessel of war, or a nation in amity with the United States, shall arrive in a port of the United States where there is a vessel of the navy or navy yard, the commanding officer

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