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sending duplicates, and, if necessary, triplicates when on foreign service.
He shall forward, by all convenient opportunities to the Secretary of the Navy, monthly returns of the condition, distribution, and employment of the vessels of the squadron, and of the officers and men in the different vessels, according to such forms as may be prescribed.
He shall keep all orders given or received by him, and all his official correspondence, in the most intelligible form, and, at the end of every cruise, he shall transmit to the Secretary of the Navy a list of all the numbers of his correspondence with the Department, and shall further furnish duplicates of all such as the Secretary shall inform him has not been received. Every letter must be endorsed with its date and number, and the number of enclosures it contains, and each enclosure must be marked with the date and number of the letter to which it belongs.
He will forward to the Navy Department any suggestions, or plans, for the improvement of public works in navy yards; or in the construction, equipment, or arrangement of vessels of war; or upon any subject connected with the navy, which he may deem important to the interests of the service, accompanying the same with plans and estimates of their cost' when practicable.
Whenever a vessel of a squadron is to return to the United States, he shall withdraw all provisions and stores not necessary for her passage home, if required for the vessels which remain, and take care to transfer to her invalids, and all persons whose terms of service have expired, or are about to expire, unless the public interests should require their detention, so as to prevent, if possible, the unnecessary detention of any person in the service beyond the term for which he enlisted.
He shall not resign his command, without the previous consent of the Secretary of the Navy, unless the state of his health shall render it absolutely necessary.
When he shall resign his command to another, or be superseded therein, he shall deliver to his successor, accurate copies of all unexecuted instructions, orders and signals, taking receipts for the same, together with all such information relating to the squadron, or the service to be performed, as may be useful to his successor.
Should he be killed in battle, his distinguishing flag or pendant shall be kept flying while the enemy remains in sight, and the of ficer next in command shall be immediately informed thereof, and take command of the fleet or squadron.
COMMANDERS OF SQUADRONS AND DIVISIONS
OF A FLEET.
The commanders of squadrons, under a commander-in-chief, will be held responsible to him for the efficiency, discipline, and management of the vessels under their immediate command.
All reports, returns, and requisitions, from vessels belonging to squadrons or divisions of a fleet, must be made to their respective commanders, and by commanders of divisions to commanders of squadrons, and receive their approval or remarks before they are transmitted to the commander-in-chief.
The commander of one squadron or division may correct, by signal or otherwise, the mistake or negligence of ships in another
squadron or division, when it is probable they cannot be distinctly seen by the commander of the squadron or division to which they belong, or whenever, being in presence of an enemy, the officer commanding that squadron or division does not, himself, immediately correct such negligence or mistake.
If a commander of a squadron or division should, during battle, perceive any vessel of a squadron or division, commanded by an officer of inferior rank, or junior to himself, evidently avoiding battle, or not doing his duty, he may send an officer to suspend the commander of that vessel, and to take command of her. If the vessel does not belong to the division or squadron of the officer who takes these measures, he is to give the earliest information of his proceedings to the commander-in-chief, and to the commander of the squadron or division to which the vessel may belong.
• Commanders of squadrons and divisions shall, when practicable, inspect the vessels under their command immediately before going to sea, and after their return into port, and at other times, when it can be done, as often as once a month, and whenever the commanderin-chief may direct, and shall make reports, in writing, to him, of the state of their efficiency and discipline.
Whenever the commander-in-chief shall not declare his intention of manœuvring the fleet in detail, it shall be the duty of the commanders of squadrons and divisions to make all the signals which may be necessary to regulate the movement of their squadrons or divisions, so as to carry into execution any general evolution, or to preserve any prescribed position that may have been ordered by the commander-in-chief.
ARTICLE 144. Commanders of squadrons and divisions will, after battle, call upon their captains for written reports of the conduct of their officers, and the state and condition of their vessels, and will afterwards make similar reports to their immediate commanders.
ARTICLE 145. Whenever an officer shall be appointed to the command of a port, or coast station, in the United States, the limits of the command will be defined by the Secretary of the Navy.
All vessels of the United States, in commission, which shall arrive or be stationed, within the limits of his command, shall make all their reports, and submit all their requisitions, to him for examination and approval, and shall obey his orders, unless they shall be commanded by superior officers, or shall be under the orders, and in the presence of his superior officer.
The commander of a port or coast station will conform to the regulations prescribed for commanders-in-chief of fleets or squadrons, respecting the procuring and disbursement of stores, and the discipline of the service,
The commander of a port or coast station in the United States shall exercise no authority or control over the commanding officer of a navy yard, or over the vessels and
have been placed in his charge, or under his orders, without the express permission or order of the Secretary of the Navy, except in some case of great emergency.
It shall be his duty carefully to inspect, with the commander of the vessel, all vessels in commission at the port where he may be, and which are not commanded by superior officers, or under the command and in the presence of his superior officer, a short time before they proceed to sea, and report to the Secretary of the Navy their state and condition, and their efficiency for service, in such forms as may be prescribed.
ARTICLE 150. He shall, also, examine and inspect with the commander all vessels which shall arrive from sea at the port where he may be, not commanded by a superior officer, nor under the command, and in the presence of his superior officer, and shall report to the Secretary of the Navy, and to the Navy Commissioners, the efficiency, state, and condition of the vessels, the nature and extent of any repairs which, in his opinion, they may require, to enable them to perform the service for which they may be intended, and particularly whether any, and if any, what alterations appear to have been made in the arrangement, amount, or equipment during the cruise.
CAPTAIN OF A FLEET.
It shall be the duty of the captain of the fleet to keep a journal of the movements and operations of the fleet or squadron, and he shall insert in it all information which may be obtained, that may
relate to the service upon which the fleet or squadron shall be engaged, and shall note particularly the various evolutions which may be ordered, or which may take place in action, and every circumstance which may be of importance to explain. He shall present the journal to the commander-in-chief daily, who will approve it, upon satisfying himself of its correctness.
He shall receive the orders of the commander-in-chief, and shall transmit them, in his name, to the person for whom they are intended, according to his directions, either in writing or verbally, as may be necessary. These orders shall be obligatory upon all persons in the fleet, to whom they may be addressed, when issued at the place where the flag of the commander-in-chief is flying.
He shall immediately report to the commander-in-chief any neglect or disobedience of his orders.