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APPOINTMESTS 430 FR9XOTIOSS.

No. of Art.

articles 18, 19, 20 and 21 may be suspendel, ben,

46

notice of examinations to be given,

47

if an officer fail to attend esamination,

48

officers found unqualified, to cease their connexion with the ser-

vice, -

49

50

if any person produce false certificates, &c.

what is considered sea-service, .

51

boards of officers to give certificates,

52

captain allowed to commander in chief, when,

53

additional lieutenant allowed, when,

53

limits of command to be specified,

54

surgeon of the fleet not to be appointed, without,

55

ABSENCE, LEAVE OF, AND FURLOUGA. (See Furlough.)

ALLOWANCES AND PAI. (See Pay and Allowances.)

ARRESTS AND COURTS MARTIAL.

on complaint against an officer, -

479

when an officer is suspended,

480

term of suspension limited,

481

when court martial shall be deemed necessary,

482

when the secretary decides to order a court,

483

secretary will exercise his discretion,

484

when commander relieves an officer from arrest, -

485

separate charges to be made for each offence,

486

when court martial shall be assembled, -

487

court to be sworn in presence of prisoner,

488

accused to be asked whether guilty or not,

489

list of witnesses to be exhibited,

490

witnesses may be cross examined,

491, 492

questions to be reduced to writing,

493

when questions are objected to,

494

when member of the court fails to attend,

495

accused may make his defence, when,

496

vote, when and how taken,

497, 498, 499, 500

sentence of the court to be specific,

501

scale of punishment, when not specific, -

502

when loss of rank is specified,

503

proceedings to be signed,

504

may be recommended to clemency, when

505

counsel to be allowed the accused,

506

court may adjourn, when,

507

sentences, how approved,

508

when disapproved,

509

takes command,

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COMMANDERS OF SQUADRONS AND DIVISIONS OF A FLEET. No. of Art.

to be held responsible for all under his coramand,

138

all reports, retums, and requisitions, to be made to and upon him, 139

may correct, by signal or otherwise, all errors,

140

if any officer under his command avoids battle,

141

when practicable, inspect the vessels,

142

make all necessary signals,

143

after battle, call for written reports,

144

COMMANDER OF A PORT OR COAST STATION.

limits of his command will be defined,

145

all vessels within his command will report to him,

146

will conform to all prescribed regulations,

147

will exercise no command in a navy yard,

148

will inspect all vessels, and report their condition,

149

shall examine such vessels as arrive from sea,

150

CAPTAIN OF A FLEET.

to keep a journal of the movements of the fleet, -

151

to transmit all orders of the commander-in-chief,

152

to report to the commander-in-chief all neglect, -

153

to keep a register of all orders,

154 to 157

subject only to the orders of the commander-in-chief,

158

when detailed on other service, -

159

COMMANDERS OF VESSELS.

when ordered to the command, to examine her throughout,

160

to be held responsible for the conduct of officers and others,

161

to prepare regulations for the internal police,

162

to report weekly her state to the proper authority,

163

to be furnished with necessary forms,

164

shall quarter bis men, and exercise them,

165

rate all recruits as soon as possible,

166

shall revise his ratings once in three months,

167

shall cause recruits to be exercised daily,

168

shall instruct in use of the cutlass and pike,

169

men at quarters to be arranged in divisions,

170

men not to be allowed to sell clothing,

171

shall encourage such men as distinguish themselves,

172

he alone shall order corporeal punishment,

173

he shall conform to the spirit of the laws,

174

he shall transmit monthly reports,

175

he may instruct in firing at a target,

176

he shall encourage all officers under his command,

177

he shall see that the professor of mathematics instructs the officers

at proper times,

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COMMAXDERS OF VESSELS.

No. of Art.

shall make himself acquainted with the localities of such ports or

harbors as he may visit,

179

shall transmit his remark-book to the secretary,

180

when removed to another vessel, he may take with him certain

men,

181

shall deliver all signal books and unexecuted orders,

182

shall leave a complete muster-book, &c.

183

shall leave with his successor a report of the qualities of the ves-

sel,

184

shall take no woman to sea without permission, -

185

shall keep the sea the time required by his orders,

186

shall enter such ports only as are designated,

187

in time of war, shall give convoy,

188

should a vessel be separated, commander must show why,

189

shall facilitate examinations by the custom-house officers,

190

shall carefully execute all orders received from his superior, 191

shall cause the boys to be instructed,

192

shall see that the laws and regulations are obeyed,

193

shall himself be governed by the regulations for commanders-in-

chief, as far as applicable to him,

194

the two officers next in rank not to be absent at the same time, 195

lieutenants to be commanding officers of the watch,

196

the deck never to be left without a proper officer,

197

he shall keep a liberty book,

198

lieutenants may be arranged in four watches,

199

senior lieutenant to have the night watch,

200

hand leads shall be used when standing towards land,

201

when going into port, to take soundings,

202

when anchoring, to select a safe berth,

203

have conductors ready for service at all times,

204

shall try the temperature of the air and water,

205

guard against accidents by fire, -

206

permit no one to read in bed by candlelight,

207

the spirit room not to be opened except in the day time,

208

extinguish lights and fires when the magazine is opened,

209

shall keep the vessel well caulked,

210

officers and men to stay by in case of shipwreck,

211

in case of shipwreck, return to the U. S. immediately,

212

if compelled to strike, destroy signals,

213

make no changes in internal arrangements of the ship,

214

before crew is received, ship to be cleansed,

215

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COMMANDERS OF VESSELS.

No. of Art.

men not suffered to sleep in wet clothes,

216

deck to be washed frequently,

217

bedding of the crew to be opened and dried,

218

men not allowed to sleep about the deck,

219

men to bathe and wash frequently,

220

men required to wear flannel,

221

boats' crews to breakfast before leaving the vessel,

222

boats not to be detained after setting the watch, -

223

shall prevent all unnecessary exposure of the men,

224

shall guard against improper use of fruits,

225

shall order issue of clothing by the purser,

226

shall not allow water to be drank until settled,

227

shall prescribe the quantity of water to be issued,

228

shall cause fresh meat and vegetables to be issued in port,

229

shall recommend the discontinuance of spirit,

230

shall attend particularly to the sick,

231

will require daily reports of the sick,

232

when men are sent to the hospital,

233, 234, 235, 236, 237

shall be particular with regard to the stores belonging to the vessel 238

shall keep strict account of their expenditure,

239

when paid off or placed in ordinary,

240

shall examine and approve all returns,

241, 242, 243

if necessary to cut a cable, to report the fact,

244

when placed in ordinary,

245

when making an experiment on any article,

246

when barrels or packages are empty, what,

247

all slush to be sold, and appropriated to,

248

CHAPLAINS.
shall perform divine service, when required,

376
visit, and be attentive to the requests of the sick,

377
attend to the instruction of the boys,

378
CARPENTER. (See Boatswain.)
Cook.
to take care of fresh water, meat and vegetables,

400
to have the rations properly cooked,

401
to see that the boilers and cooking utensils are kept perfectly clean 402

CORRESPONDENCE AND REPORTS.

all letters relating to appointments, &c., to be addressed to “ Se-

cretary of the Navy,

444

all letters relating to construction, &c., to be addressed to the
“ Board of Navy Commissioners,”

445
duplicates in certain cases,

447

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