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Stand by to toss. Toss.—The cautionary command is given as a warning to the crew. The command Toss is given as the blades enter the water, and when the boat has sufficient headway just to reach the gangway or landing. The oarsmen complete that stroke and then toss the oars quickly to a vertical position by pressing smartly on the handle with inboard hand, raising the oar with the outboard hand under the loom. Lower handle to bottom boards and assume position described at Up oars. When making a landing, the bowmen and the inboard stroke oarsmen lay their oars in the boat quickly after they have them at the vertical position, seize boat hooks, and assist to check headway and haul boat to the gangway.

The crew remain at the Toss until officers leave the boat. They are then in position to Let fall, when the boat is ordered to lie off the quarter or to haul out to the boom.

If it is desirable to lay the oars in the boat, it will be done by the command Boat the oars, at which each man will lay his oar quickly and quietly in the boat, blades forward.

In rough weather or at night (when it is not desired to remain alongside with the oars at Toss the commands Oars followed by Boat the oars or the command Way enough given alone, may be used as described under Table II, paragraphs (6) and (7) except in Way enough oars are tossed to an angle of 45° before being boated.

ORDINARY SHIP'S SERVICE, USING COMMANDS

GIVEN IN TABLE II

Suppose a whaleboat (double-banked) manned at the gangway, bowmen standing in fore-sheets holding on with boat hook to grab ropes or jackstays, oars

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Fig. 45.—Position, “ point the oars ”

(Fig. 46 omitted)

boated. The coxswain has orders to shove off and go in for a working party. The coxswain commands and the crew executes the details as follows:

(1) Stand by the oars.—The same as described on page 131. The blades will be kept clear of the bowmen's boat hooks.

(2) Shove off.-Bowman shoves boat smartly away from ship's side with boat hook, using wooden end of hook, at the same time shoving her a little ahead if possible. The coxswain sheers her off with tiller and hauls ahead on the stanchions of the gangway or on the grab rope, assisted as necessary by the inboard stroke oarsman, who takes his seat as soon as possible and prepares to get his oar out with the rest of the crew. Fenders are rigged in by men abreast them. Bowmen place boat hooks fore and aft amidships, seat themselves, and get their oars ready.

(3) Out oars.Given when the boat is clear of the ship's side. Thwartmen throw blades of oars horizontally outward, allowing the leathers to fall into rowlocks without allowing the blades to touch the water, placing both hands on handle, and quickly trimming blades horizontal and directly abeam. This is the position of QARS. Bowmen throw their oars out at the same time as the rest of the crew, if they are ready. If not they swing their oars out together, touching their blades forward or “kissing” them, as it is called, to insure making the movements in unison, and bringing them to the position of oars, or taking up the stroke with the remainder of the crew as the case may be.

(4) Give way together.—All the oarsmen take the full stroke, keeping accurate stroke with the starboard stroke oar. Feathering the oars must be a fixed habit. Bowmen get their oars out together and take up the stroke. (They may get them out before the command

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Fig. 47.—Cutter. Position

oars”

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