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device to be worn in lieu thereof, to any person who, while in the naval service of the United States, since the 6th day of April, 1917, has distinguished, or who shall hereafter distinguish, himself by extraordinary heroism or distinguished service in the line of his profession, such heroism or service not being sufficient to justify the award of a medal of honor or a distinguished-service medal.

CITIZENSHIP No person can be appointed to any office in the Navy unless he is a citizen of the United States.

Every man who deserts the naval service of the United States in time of war is, upon conviction thereof, forever incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under the United States or of exercising any rights of citizens thereof.

NAVAL RESERVE

See pages 941-947.

RETIREMENT PAY

Payment on retirement after 30 years' service is as follows: Seaman, $66.38 per month; first-class petty officer, $94.50 per month; chief petty officer, $133.88 per month.

ADDITIONAL PAY FOR MEDALS

Each enlisted or enrolled person of the naval service to whom is awarded a medal of honor, distinguishedservice medal, or a Navy cross shall be entitled to additional pay for each such award at the rate of $2 per month from the date of the distinguished act or

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service on which the award is based, and each bar or other suitable emblem or insignia, in lieu of a medal of honor, distinguished-service medal, or Navy cross shall entitle him to further additional pay at the rate of $2 per month from the date of the distinguished act or service for which the bar is awarded, and such additional pay continues throughout his active service, whether such service is or is not continuous.

No more than one medal of honor or one distinguished-service medal or one Navy cross is issued to any one person; but for each succeeding deed or service sufficient to justify the award of a medal of honor or a distinguished-service medal or Navy cross, respectively, the President may award a suitable bar or other suitable emblem or insignia to be worn with the decoration and the corresponding rosette or other device.

EXAMINING BOARDS AND EXAMINATIONS The examining boards for all ratings below that of chief petty officer consist of three officers, at least one of whom shall have had at least two years' service in the regular Navy.

The examining board for chief petty officer ratings consists of three officers not below the rank of lieutenant (junior grade), at least one of whom must be not below that of a lieutenant.

When men on detached duty become eligible for advancement and there is not a sufficient number of officers available to organize an examining board, commanding officers may authorize such men to report at their own expense to any near-by station or ship for the purpose of being examined for advancement.

The Bureau of Navigation Manual prescribes the subjects which each rating must be examined in. Subjects A to N, found in this manual, are a part of all examinations. All men who are to appear before an examining board for examination for promotion should get a list of subjects from their division officer. Rating courses and training courses for their ratings will ordinarily cover all subjects which may be asked by the examining board.

In order to be recommended for advancement by the examining board, a candidate must receive a mark of at least 2.5 in each subject. When this mark is assigned by averaging several subjects, a man must not be recommended who has received a mark less than 2 in any one subject.

CHAPTER 20

SUBJECT C.-ENLISTMENTS, DISCHARGES,

COURTS-MARTIAL

ENLISTMENT IN GENERAL

(a) All first enlistments are now for a period of 4 years with a minimum age of 18 years. All first enlistments are made at Navy recruiting stations authorized by the Bureau of Navigation. Ratings open to first enlistments are published from time to time by the Bureau of Navigation. In general only the lower ratings and some of the lower grades of the artificers or special branches are allowed on first enlistments. Reenlistments under continuous service can be made on any ship or station to which a medical officer is attached. Reenlistments not under continuous service can only be made as for first enlistments.

(6) Physical examinations are required for both first enlistments and reenlistments.

APPRENTICE SEAMEN

(a) The enlisting and training of apprentice seamen is conducted by the Bureau of Navigation.

(6) A person enlisted as an apprentice seaman must be between the ages of 17 and 25, although at times the minimum age is raised to 18 years. If under 18 48406-284-16

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years, he must sign an agreement to serve in the Navy until he is 21, and he must have the written consent of his parent or guardian (whenever possible, his parent or guardian should accompany him to the recruiting station. If the candidate is 18 years of age or over, he is enlisted for four or six years.

(c) He must be able to read and write and be of robust frame, intelligent, of perfectly sound and healthy constitution, and free from any physical defects or malformation.

(d) No person who has been convicted of crime or who is known to be of bad character may be enlisted.

(e) Apprentice seamen are entitled to the benefits of the naval pension laws.

(f) As soon after enlistment as practicable apprentice seamen are transferred to a training station. The large training stations are at Hampton Roads, Va., Newport, R. I., San Diego, Calif., and Great Lakes, North Chicago, Ill. At the termination of the period of instruction at the training station, apprentice seamen are transferred to cruising ships.

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DISCHARGE

(a) The six classes of discharges, with their conditions, are as follows:

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