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CHAPTER 58

SUBMARINE SERVICE-AVIATION SERVICE NAVAL RESERVE — NAVAL TRAINING COURSES-DUTIES OF A PETTY OFFICERDISPOSITION OF EFFECTS OF DESERTERS, DECEASED MEN, AND MEN GOING ON LEAVE

SUBMARINE SERVICE

This branch of the Navy has become a most important arm of the fleet. During the last war the submarine played a valuable part. From a small, frail craft the submarine has developed into a formidable fighting ship. The latest type, the V boats, are as long as destroyers, have a crew of about 80 men, and, in addition to their 21-inch torpedoes, they carry a 4-inch gun. They can make a speed of 18 knots on the surface and about 8 knots submerged. The next smaller type, the S boats, mount a 4-inch gun, are about 230 feet long, and are manned by a crew of about 42 men.

Besides those on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, there are submarines at Coco Solo, Canal Zone, Honolulu, and Cavite, P. I.

For the training of the men in this service there is a submarine school at New London, Conn. This school offers special instruction in submarines, which includes courses in Diesel engines, radio, electricity, and sound.

While in this service enlisted men receive additional compensation of $5 a month. Furthermore, if a man 48406°—28—-60

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“qualifies” he is entitled to a dollar for every dive that is made, up to and including 15 dives a month. However, only one pay dive can be made in a day. As a submarine must make 90 submerged hours a year, opportunity is afforded for each qualified man to earn $15 additional a month.

To “ qualify” as a submarine man certain requirements must be fulfilled. He must have served at least six months on submarines. Before presenting himself for examination the candidate must submit a notebook. This book must contain all data specified by Submarine Instructions. The examination is an oral and practical one. It consists in going through the boat and operating all apparatus in the boat and answering any questions pertaining to the same. A commissioned officer conducts the examination.

On a submarine a wonderful opportunity is afforded for getting much practical knowledge of electricity, particularly in regard to storage batteries. These batteries are the largest of their kind found anywhere to-day. Nearly all apparatus is electrically operated, including the main motors for underwater propulsion, steering and diving rudders, gyro compass, pumps, galley range, and anchor gear. A submarine also is the best place in the Navy for obtaining valuable experience with Diesel engines, which are used for its motive power on the surface. This type of internalcombustion engine is becoming prevalent in the merchant marine service and in many of our shore radio stations.

AVIATION DUTY

Aviation duty in the Navy provides one of the most fascinating and instructive service careers that an enlisted man can have. Aviation activities are carried

Remember that the commissioned officers, especially those who are in closest contact with you, know you better than you realize. You can not bluff; you can not fool them all the time, even though you may do so occasionally. They know your ability to do the work that you are supposed to do.

These are the qualities which govern your advancement. Study yourself. Are you really hitting the ball? Do you measure up to the standard set by the successful officers and leading petty officers on your own ship? Are you better than the average in the Navy? If you are, you are on the road to success. If you are not, you will remain a third-class petty officer as long as you remain in the Navy.

Cultivate the habit of study and of outside reading. You can always make time for these. Your ship or station library has many good books which you should read. Do not be content to stay “in a rut.” Pull yourself out by your own efforts.

Keep yourself fit physically.-You can not expect to do your best work if you are not in the best physical condition.

SHORE PATROL

You are a petty officer because your officers have confidence in your ability to perform military duties. Regardless of your specialty, it is probable that one of the first military duties you will be required to perform will be shore patrol.

Perhaps the establishment of the shore patrol has done more than any other one institution to make petty officers realize their duty as a class. As a rule, irrespective of specialty, they have all worked together in insuring the proper conduct of liberty parties and effects. They will then be turned over to the supply officer for safe-keeping until such time as they are disposed of as directed by the executive officer in accordance with the Navy Regulations. Perishable arti. cles will be disposed of as directed.

EFFECTS OF MEN GOING ON LEAVE

The master at arms shall receive the effects of men going on any extended leave, and shall be responsible for their safe-keeping.

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