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When you are given a petty officers' rating you must realize that your position has been radically changed. As a nonrated man you were expected to carry out orders and do such work as was given to perform. As a rated man, however, you will be expected and required not only to carry out orders given to you by proper authority but also to issue orders to nonrated men and to supervise their work. With each promotion the proportion of supervisory duty becomes greater. Hence you must understand some of the qualities which must accompany this exercise of authority.

As a petty officer you must always remember that this rating carries with it the necessity of showing in yourself a good example of subordination, loyalty, courage, energy, sobriety, neatness, and attention to duty.

Nonrated men will not keep their clothing neat if you appear before them habitually slouchy, dirty, or unkempt.

The orders given by you will not be obeyed willingly and promptly if you are at all insubordinate to other petty officers of higher rating or to commissioned officers.

Work will not go on energetically in a division or part of the ship, if you are not " on the job ” so far as your own duties are concerned-particularly if you are forever trying to do as little as is necessary to

get by.” There is no more damning fact in a petty officer's unwritten record than a reputation for doing his work just well enough to “get by” with it.

' The successful petty officer always remembers that he is a leader of his squad, whether it is large or small, and that to get good work done he himself must do good work.

Be tactful.–Study the personal traits of your officers and your men. Imitate the successful ones.

Put some enthusiasm into your duties. Be energetic. Unless you are interested in your work, unless you feel that you are an important member of the ship's company, you can not succeed.

Stick to your job, no matter how hard it is. Be reliable. Be trustworthy. Get the reputation of carrying out orders to last detail, of never failing to accomplish what you set out to do. Be sincere in all your efforts to do everything well.

Be honorable and truthful.-The words “honor and truthfulness” can not be qualified. There are no “ifs" and “buts” connected with them. A petty officer who

. is not honorable and truthful can never succeed, no matter what other qualifications he may have.

Know your job. You can not expect the men under you to know how things should be done if you yourself can not do them correctly and tell them how to do them. As soon as you know your own job, study the job next ahead of you. You may be called upon to handle it at any time without advance notice. It is unfair to the men under you to be forced to bear the consequences of either your own ignorance or carelessness. If you can not get results, study yourself. The fault may be there.

Point out the defects which you notice and administer reproofs personally. When you see a man doing his work well, commend him at once, help him along. If you see some one doing his work badly or carelessly, censure him fairly and personally. Do not bawl him out to the whole world. Listen to helpful suggestions from your men. You will get many helpful ideas from them. Assign the work to your men in accordance with their personal abilities. Do not take out personal grudges on your men-it will not work.

Remember that the commissioned officers, especially those who are in closest contact with you, know you better than you realize. You can not bluff; you can not fool them all the time, even though you may do so occasionally. They know your ability to do the work that you are supposed to do.

These are the qualities which govern your advancement. Study yourself. Are you really hitting the ball? Do you measure up to the standard set by the successful officers and leading petty officers on your own ship? Are you better than the average in the Navy? If you are, you are on the road to success. If you are not, you will remain a third-class petty officer as long as you remain in the Navy.

Cultivate the habit of study and of outside reading. You can always make time for these. Your ship or station library has many good books which you should read. Do not be content to stay “in a rut.” Pull yourself out by your own efforts.

Keep yourself fit physically.—You can not expect to do your best work if you are not in the best physical condition. /

SHORE PATROL

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You are a petty officer because your officers have confidence in your ability to perform military duties. Regardless of your specialty, it is probable that one of the first military duties you will be required to perform will be shore patrol.

Perhaps the establishment of the shore patrol has done more than any other one institution to make petty officers realize their duty as a class. As a rule, irrespective of specialty, they have all worked together in insuring the proper conduct of liberty parties and effects. They will then be turned over to the supply officer for safe-keeping until such time as they are disposed of as directed by the executive officer in accordance with the Navy Regulations. Perishable arti. cles will be disposed of as directed.

EFFECTS OF MEN GOING ON LEAVE

The master at arms shall receive the effects of men going on any extended leave, and shall be responsible for their safe-keeping.

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