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Enlisted men who were not serving in the Navy on July 1, 1925, and who reenlist with broken service or who enlist for the first time after July 1, 1925, may be transferred to the Fleet Naval Reserve, class F-5d, on their own application, only after 20 years naval service. Such men of the ratings indicated receive monthly pay as follows:

Rating

F-5d

Seaman, first class ..
Petty officer, first class
Chief petty officer (PA).

$26. 80 41. 80 62. 80

Enlisted men who were transferred to the Fleet Naval Reserve after 16 or 20 years' naval service may be retired after 30 years' service. All naval service counted for transfer to the Fleet Naval Reserve and all time in the Fleet Naval Reserve after transfer is counted for retirement.

Fleet reservists on the retired list after 30 years' service receive monthly pay as follows:

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1 Rates presuppose more than 16 years' service for pay purposes at the time of transfer but do not include credit for extraordinary heroism in line of duty.

NOTE., The hospital fund of $0.20 per month has been deducted from all of the above rates of pay.

NAVY TRAINING COURSES

In order to assist enlisted men in advancing themselves in rating or in learning a trade, and to improve and to find the best way through the trial and error method is a wasteful procedure. A simple form of technical instruction plus experience is a more rapid and satisfactory method of training. With a few months' study of the Navy training courses, advantage may be had of the lifetime experience of other men in the various technical lines.

THE DUTIES OF A PETTY OFFICER

The rating badge of a petty officer includes not only the specialty mark of a particular rating but also the insignia of all petty officers, the eagles and chevrons. The specialty mark stands for proficiency in a certain line of work. The petty officer insignia stands for the military duties, the authority, and the responsibilities which are such important parts of every petty officer's rating.

As a specialist, you will be called upon to do the work of your rating in an efficient manner. As a petty officer, you are the direct representative of the commanding officer of your ship or station, and will be called upon to carry out his orders faithfully and fully. Consequently there is an added responsibility given to you when you are rated a third-class petty officer, and you must understand and accept these responsibilities. You have started to climb the ladder which leads to success. You will have new duties and responsibilities, but you will be given also added authority and privi. leges.

This article is written to make very plain to you the duties you will have in common with all other petty officers; duties which are military in character and which all petty officers must know.

When you are given a petty officers' rating you must realize that your position has been radically changed. As a nonrated man you were expected to carry out orders and do such work as was given to perform. As a rated man, however, you will be expected and required not only to carry out orders given to you by proper authority but also to issue orders to nonrated men and to supervise their work. With each promotion the proportion of supervisory duty becomes greater. Hence you must understand some of the qualities which must accompany this exercise of authority.

As a petty officer you must always remember that this rating carries with it the necessity of showing in yourself a good example of subordination, loyalty, courage, energy, sobriety, neatness, and attention to duty.

Nonrated men will not keep their clothing neat if you appear before them habitually slouchy, dirty, or unkempt.

The orders given by you will not be obeyed willingly and promptly if you are at all insubordinate to other petty Officers of higher rating or to commissioned officers.

Work will not go on energetically in a division or part of the ship, if you are not “ on the job.” so far as your own duties are concerned-particularly if you are forever trying to do as little as is necessary to

get by.” There is no more damning fact in a petty officer's unwritten record than a reputation for doing his work just well enough to “get by ” with it.

The successful petty officer always remembers that he is a leader of his squad, whether it is large or small, and that to get good work done he himself must do good work.

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The necessity for setting a good example applies not only to conduct and actions on board ship but also to liberty ashore. An offense committed by you as a petty officer ashore or afloat is much more serioas

b than the same offense committed by a nonrated man As a petty officer you can often prevent others from unseemly conduct when on shore by your good advice

th and counsel.

be The first requirement of all petty officers is loyalty Loyalty includes obedience. It has truthfully beer

fo said that of all the many qualities that a petty officer must possess, none is so important as loyalty. Loyalty just means a true, willing, and unfailing devotion tự

To you as a loyal petty officer, orders are orders and as such are to be obeyed regardless of your opinion as a petty officer as to their wisdom Even though you happen to disapprove these orders

b it is your duty and your job either to carry out your orders yourself or to transmit them to your men just as heartily and earnestly as though you fully ap proved of them. Do not criticize. Any criticism of yours will affect your division, the ship's spirit, and the opinion and respect of the men under you. The final test of loyalty is this: Can you be a leader by your cheerful and unfailing obedience to all orders

F regardless of how you feel about them? As a petty officer, if you do not do this, you fail as a petty officer you are disloyal to both your officers and your men and sooner or later you will lose their respect. The second requirement is justice. Justice does no

t mean severity or bullying.

be It means simply that all men under you should be

i treated fairly.

That no favorites should be played.

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That unnecessary and foolish orders will not be given simply to show your authority.

That a chance to carry out an order will be given ka before the demand is made that the work connected I with the order be finished. on A third requirement is initiative. Initiative means

that you are able to do your own thinking. You must be able to act without supervision after you have been given an order to do something. You must be able to foresee the need of doing a thing without having your attention called to it. And this applies not only to your own department of the ship but to the whole ship. You may be a radio man or a carpenter's mate, but if you see the gripes on the lifeboat slack and see the boat swinging at the davits, your initiative, your duty as

a petty officer requires you to call the attention of the er boatswain's mate of the division to that condition in 01 order that it may be corrected without delay. This

means that you must cultivate judgment and that you AP must know the technical side of your rating.

Other requirements are simplicity, self-control, tact, and enthusiasm, reliability, honor, and truthfulness

. Be yourIb self; be human. Do not assume a high and mighty The b: attitude just because you have a “crow on your arm. der Be calm. Never lose your head. Be patient. Rememmetti ber that you do not have to yell at a man when you

give him an order; the louder you shout, the less you are respected. Make sure your orders are understood

. and be patient with the man who is slow to interpret no' them. Be gentlemanly in all your actions. It has

been said that a gentleman is “ a man who is never und be intentionally offensive to others." This applies to your relations with your officers and the men under you.

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