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Be tactful.–Study the personal traits of your officers and your men. Imitate the successful ones. Put some enthusiasm into your duties. Be energetic. Unless you are interested in your work, unless you feel that you are an important member of the ship's company, you can not succeed.

Stick to your job, no matter how hard it is. Be reliable. Be trustworthy. Get the reputation of carrying out orders to last detail, of never failing to accomplish what you set out to do. Be sincere in all your efforts to do everything well.

Be honorable and truthful.-The words “honor and truthfulness” can not be qualified. There are no “ifs” and " buts” connected with them. A petty officer who

“ is not honorable and truthful can never succeed, no matter what other qualifications he may have.

. Know your job. You can not expect the men under you to know how things should be done if you yourself can not do them correctly and tell them how to do them. As soon as you know your own job, study the job next ahead of you. You may be called upon to handle it at any time without advance notice. It is unfair to the men under you to be forced to bear the consequences of either your own ignorance or carelessness. If you can not get results, study yourself. The fault may be there.

Point out the defects which you notice and administer reproofs personally. When you see a man doing his work well, commend him at once, help him along. If you see some one doing his work badly or carelessly, censure him fairly and personally. Do not bawl him out to the whole world. Listen to helpful suggestions from your men. You will get many helpful ideas from them. Assign the work to your men in accordance with their personal abilities. Do not take out personal grudges on your men-it will not work.

Remember that the commissioned officers, especially those who are in closest contact with you, know you better than you realize. You can not bluff; you can not fool them all the time, even though you may do so occasionally. They know your ability to do the work that you are supposed to do.

These are the qualities which govern your advancement. Study yourself. Are you really hitting the ball? Do you measure up to the standard set by the successful officers and leading petty officers on your own ship? Are you better than the average in the Navy? If you are, you are on the road to success. If you are not, you will remain a third-class petty officer as long as you remain in the Navy.

Cultivate the habit of study and of outside reading. You can always make time for these. Your ship or station library has many good books which you should read. Do not be content to stay“ in a rut.” Pull yourself out by your own efforts.

Keep yourself fit physically.—You can not expect to do your best work if you are not in the best physical condition. /

SHORE PATROL

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You are a petty officer because your officers have confidence in your ability to perform military duties. Regardless of your specialty, it is probable that one of the first military duties you will be required to perform will be shore patrol.

Perhaps the establishment of the shore patrol has done more than any other one institution to make petty officers realize their duty as a class. As a rule, irrespective of specialty, they have all worked together in insuring the proper conduct of liberty parties and

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winning respect for the uniform on shore in foreign and home ports. It is most important that a candidate for examination as petty officer thoroughly understand the details of this duty.

The following facts should be known by all petty officers of the patrol:

(a) The shore patrol is the force landed from naval vessels to maintain order among liberty men.

(b) It is usually composed of petty officers from each ship, under the command of officers.

(c) The members of the shore patrol must become acquainted and familiar with each other by sight, name, and rating, so that they may work together efficiently.

(d) They must study the local situation so that they may know how to carry out the orders of the patrol officer intelligently:

(e) They must bear in mind that the seriousness of indulging in intoxicating liquor while on duty is such that it is an offense which is punishable by general court-martial.

(f) In each situation they must know when to arrest a man and what to do with him after they arrest him. When a man is making a disturbance, the usual procedure is to arrest him at once. If you are unable to get him to the headquarters of the patrol (usually a police station of the town), call for assistance from one of the patrols near by. Patrols usually work in pairs, or if this is not possible they keep in touch with each other in order to give quick assistance in case of trouble. In the event of an emergency, pick good men out of the crowd and tell them they are on duty to assist you in relieving the condition.

DISPOSITION OF EFFECTS OF DESERTERS, DECEASED

MEN, AND MEN GOING ON LEAVE

DESERTERS' EFFECTS

The officer of the division to which the man belonged the “lucky bag clothing."

The master at arms shall take charge of all the effects of deserters. They will be kept separate from inventories the effects. After this inventory the master at arms sees that each article is stamped indelibly and legibly with the letters “D. C.” The articles will then be sealed and turned over to the supply officer.

It is customary for the disbursing officer to sell deserters' effects at auction to the highest bidder. This is usually done on the day the man is declared a deserter.

The master at arms and a responsible person attached to the supply division are required to be present at this sale.

The name of every man who buys an article of deserters' effects, the name of the article, together with the price paid, should be recorded and kept in the records of the pay officer.

The master at arms also should keep a permanent record of the names of purchasers and the names of the articles purchased.

No man may buy articles that do not form a part of his uniform. “A marine can not buy naval clothing, nor can any man of the Navy buy marine clothing.

EFFECTS OF DECEASED MEN

The master at arms shall take charge of the effects of deceased men. The officer of the division to which the man belonged will then inventory and seal such effects. They will then be turned over to the supply officer for safe-keeping until such time as they are disposed of as directed by the executive officer in accordance with the Navy Regulations. Perishable articles will be disposed of as directed.

EFFECTS OF MEN GOING ON LEAVE

The master at arms shall receive the effects of men going on any extended leave, and shall be responsible for their safe-keeping.

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