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next conference which they will have the liability of being taken by the pithe honour of proposing to the pleni. rates and carried as a slave into Al potentiaries of France.
The government of Algiers is comRASUMOFFSKY, posed of the officers of an orta, or reCapo D'Istria, giment of Janizaries ; a rebellious sul. WEISSEN - ERG, diery, who do not, even in
appearance, HUMBOLDT, acknowledge the authority of the OtMeTTERNICH, toman Porte, which however does not HARDENBERG, recognise their independence, CASTLERLAGH. The Dey is always the officer most
distinguished among them for cruelty. He holds his situation at the head of the divan or regency, by enriching his
associates ; that is to say, by permitMemorial of the expediency and the ting them to indulge in every sort of
means of putting an end to the pic violence in Africa, and to carry on a racies of the Barbary States, pre- piratical warfare on the seas against sented by Sir W. Sidney Smith to the weaker states of Europe, or those the Congress at Vienna.
whose immediate vengeance is not
dreaded. At a time when the means of effect. The Ottoman flag even is not suffi. ing the abolition of the slave-trade on cient to protect its Greek subjects, the western coast of Africa are under and to secure them from the attacks discussion--wben civilised Europe is of the Algerine corsairs. The Dey straining every nerve to extend the be- of Algiers not long ago, either in a fit nefits of commerce as well as those for of cruelty or actuated by some barbar. the security of person and property ous scheme of policy, the object of in the interior of that vast continent, which was to destroy the commerce peopled by a race of men who are of his rivals of Tunis and Tripoli, or. mild, industrious, and capable of en. dered the crews of several vessels from joying the advantages of civilization the Archipelago ard Egypt, laden in the highest degree, it is matter of with grain, to be hanged. The Ba. astonishment that no attention is paid shaw of Egypt, in revenge, caused all to the northern coast of the same quar. the Algerines in his states to be arrestter of the globe, inhabited by Turkish ed, and in vain claims the restitution pirates, who not only oppress the na- of the cargoes unjustly seized by the tives in their vicinity, but trepan and Dey of Algiers. buy them as slaves, to employ them I'he Ottoman Porte beholds with in vessels fitted out as privateers, for jealousy and indignation a rebellious the purpose of tearing honest cultiva- vassal daring to perpetrate the most tors from their fire-sides and peaceable outrageous and atrocious acts against inhabitants from the shore of Europe. her peaceable subjects, and to impose This abominable system of robbery is shackles on that trade of which this not only revolting to humanity, but government stands in greater need than operates as a very formidable restraint ever, for the purpose of paying the upon commerce, as no mariner can na. troops of the bashawe employed on vigate at the present day the Mediter. the eastern frontier of the Ottoman rancan, or even the Atlantic, in a mer. empire, to carry on the war against chant vessel, without the dread and the Wechabites and the other oume. tous Arabian tribes, who, under the his well-known cruelty rendering these influence of these sectaries, are inces- menaces very formidable, becomes in santly threatening, by aggressions, his hand an engine for extorting mo. the very existence of that tottering ney from one Christian prince to carry government.
on the war which he declares against On the other hand, Europe has an another. In this manner he can lay interest in upholding the Ottoman go- all Europe under contribution, and vernment, both as a recognised auto- compel each in its turn to pay tribute cracy, and as a power that can restrain to his ferocity, by purchasing from the revolted bashaws and beys, and him peace, and the lives of the unfor. prevent them from committing rob- tunate slaves. beries on the seas. This interest of
It is superfluous to show that such Europe becomes still more obvious a state of things is not only monstrous and important, from the necessity un- but absurd, and that it is not less outder which she frequently is of import- rageous to religion than it is to huing corn from the Black Sea or from manity and honour. the Nile, whence a surplusproduce may The progress of knowledge and of always be derived, provided an unfa civilization ought necessarily to effect vourable season in the northern parts the suppression of such abominable of the Ottoman territory be regularly practices. counterbalanced in the same year by a It is evident that the military means favourable season in the south, and hitherto employed by the Christian vica versã,
princes to hold the Barbary states in Now, if a barbarian, calling him- check, have been not only inadequate self an independent prince, though to the purpose, but have generally had not recognised as such by the sultan the effect of consolidating more and his legitimate sovereign, can at plea- more the dangerous power of these sure menace, terrify, and make prison. barbarians. ers of the Greeks and the vessels of Europe seemed for a long time to small European states, who alone car. place her dependence upon the gallantry on a trade which the ships of the ry of the Knights of Si John of Jerugreat powers do not find sufficiently salem, and did not consider that this advantageous to pursue, because they order of knights has not had in these cannot do it at so low an expense ; later times either sufficient power, or if that audacious chief of pirates may, perhaps suficient energy, to coun. when he shall think fit, intercept car- terbalance and repel the ever-increagoes of grain destined for Europe, the sing aggressions of these hordes of civilized nations are by this capricious pirates. Besides, the order of Malact under the control of a chief of ta, being by its institution prohibited robbers, who have it in their power to from entering into negociations with aggravate their sufferings, and event. infidels, could not avail itself of all ually to starve them in a scason of the resources of policy by entering inscarcity.
to treaties of alliance with those The barbarian likewise possesses around them, who are themselves raformidable means of extorting money ther the passive victims of the piratifrom Christian princes : he threatens cal system than active co-operators ; them, as he recently did with respect as, for example, Tunis, and Morocco, to Sicily, to put to death such of their both governed by princes born in these subjects as have fallen into his power; states, and who have shown themselves to be well disposed and capable of by wars, or any political crisis incident maintaining with European powers the to nations, shall constantly guard the relations of commerce and friendship. shores of the Mediterranean, and have
It is therefore obvious, that the re- the important duty of watching, stopsurection of that order, after the poli- ping, and following all the pirates tical suicide of which it has been guilty, both on the seas and on laod. This would not alone be sufficient to accom- power, recognised and protected by plish the object in view. This lau. all Europe, would not only render dable object is to secure Europe for commerce perfectly secure, but would ever from the outrages of the African eventually civilise the coasts of Africorsairs, and to cause governments fa- ca, by prohibiting the inhabitants vourable to commerce, and in peace from continuing their piratical depreand amity with all civilized nations, dations, to the prejudice of industry to succeed to states radically and ne
and lawful commerce. cessarily piratical ever since the days This protecting and imposing force of Barbarossa.
should begin by a rigorous blockade What are the means to be employ- of the naval forces of the barbarians, ed to accomplish this desirable object? wheresoever they can be found. At The undersigned would wish that he the same time, the ambassadors of all could prevail upon all Europe to par. the sovereigns and states of Christenticipate in his conviction, the result dom ought mutually to support each of thirty years close study and investi- other in representing to the Ottoman gation. He did not cease, during his court, that it must be held responsiministry at the Ottoman Porte, to em- ble for the hostile acts' of its subjects, ploy himself upon the subject which if it shall continue to permit recruithe now treats ; it engaged his atten- ing in its states for the garrisons of tion in the camp and in the fleets of Africa, (which garrisons will be of the same power, and during the whole no use, as these forces would be better course of his well-known intercourse employed against its enemies than with the nations and tribes of Africa against European friendly powers,) and of Asia.
and by exacting from the Porte a for. This firm conviction of the possi- mal disavowal and an authentic interbility of crushing the system of rob. diction of the wars which those rebel bery and outrage acted upon by the chiefs declare against Europe. Barbary States, cannot be better pro
The Ottoman court might be engaved than by the offer which he makes ged to give promotion and rewards to of undertaking the direction of the ex- those among the Janizaries captains of peditions, provided the necessary means frigates, and other Algerine sailors, be put at his disposal.
who would obey the injunction of the Animated by the recollection of his Sultan; and thus the Dey would soon oaths of knighthood, and being anxi- find himself abandoned, and without ous to excite the same ardour in other the
means of annoyance or defence. Christian knights, he proposes to the The same influence might be used nations most interested in the success more effectually at Tunis, as that of this noble enterprize to engage them- country is at war with Algiers, from selves, by a treaty, to furnish their re. which it has really everything to fear. spective contingents of a maritime, or, Besides, the head of the Tunisian goas it may be called, an amphibious vernment is of a quite opposite nature force, which, without compromising to that of Algiers. It would volunany flag, and without being influenced tarily co-operate in any measure tendo
ing to civilise the state and promote The ulterior details will be easily the prosperity of the empire. The developed, when the sovereigns shall peace between Tunis and Sardinia, have adopted the principle, and when which has suffered so much from the they shall deign to grant to the undertrepanning of her subjects, ought to signed their confidence and their au. form the first link of the chain, and thority, which are requisite for the from this moment nothing ought to success of the enterprise. be neglected to complete it.
(Signed) W. SIDNEY SMITH.
PUBLIC ACTS OF THE YEAR.
An act for the encouragement and An act to repeal an act of the last reward of petty officers, seamen, and session of parliament, for granting du. royal marines, for long and faithful ser- ties of Excise on certain sorts of glass vice, and for the consolidation of the made in Ireland, and for granting and Chest at Greenwich with the Royal allowing certain countervailing duties Hospital there.
and drawbacks in respect thereof. An act for directing the application An act to continue, during the con. of the residuary personal estate of tinuance of the present hostilities, and Anna Maria Reynolds, spinster, be- until six months after the ratification queathed by her to the use of the sink- of a definitive treaty of peace, so much
of an act of the 34th year of his preAn act for continuing to his Ma- sent Majesty as permite the importajesty certain duties on malt, sugar, to- tation into Great Britain and Ireland, bacco, and snuff, in Great Britain ; in neutral vessels, from states in amity and on pensions, offices, and personal with his Majesty, of certain goods, estates in England; for the service of wares, and merchandize. the year 1815.
An act to continue, until the expiAn act for raising the sum of ration of six months after the conclu. 12,500,000l. by Exchequer bills, for sion of the present hostilities, an act the service of Great Britain for the of the 46th year of his present Majes.
ty, for authorising his Majesty in coun. An act to enable the commissioners cil to allow the importation and es. of his Majesty's treasury to issue Ex. portation of certain goods and com. chequer bills, on the credit of such modities in neutral ships into and from aids or supplies as have been or shall his Majesty's territories in the West be granted by Parliament for the ser. Indies and continent of South Amevice of Great Britain forthe year 1815. rica.
An act to continue, until the 25th An act to make further provisions day of March, 1816, an act for sus respecting the duties payable upon pending the operation of an act of the East India goods, and to allow bond 17th year of his present Majesty, for to be given for payment of the duties restraining the negociation of promis. upon such goods when imported by sory notes and bills of exchange under private traders. a limited sum in England.
An act to continue, until six months