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1766. The opponents of this pious scheme being made

ashamed of their conduct, the benevolent undertak. Ætat, 57:

ing was allowed to go on.

The following letters, though not written till the year after, being chiefly upon the same subject, are here inserted.



“ That my letter should have had such effects as you mention, gives me great pleasure. I hope you do not flatter me by imputing to me more good than I have really done. Those whom my arguments have persuaded to change their opinion, shew such modesty and candour as deserve great praise.

“ I hope the worthy translator goes diligently forward. He has a higher reward in prospect than any honours which this world can bestow. I wish I could be useful to him.

“ The publication of my letter, if it could be of use in a cause to which all other causes are nothing, I should not prohibit. But first, I would have you to consider whether the publication will really do any good ; next, whether by printing and distributing a very small number, you may not attain all that you propose ; and, what perhaps I should have said first, whether the letter, which I do not now perfectly remember, be fit to be printed.

“ If you can consult Dr. Robertson, to whom I am a little known, I shall be satisfied about the propriety of whatever he shall direct. If he thinks that it should be printed, I entreat him to revise it; there


may, perhaps, be some negligent lines written, and 1767. whatever is amiss, he knows very well how to rectify.

Ætat. 68. “ Be pleased to let me know, from time to time, how this excellent design goes forward.

“ Make my compliments to young Mr. Drummond, whom I hope you will live to see such as you desire him.

I have not lately seen Mr. Elphinston, but believe him to be prosperous. I shall be glad to hear the same of


for I am, Sir,

" Your affectionate humble servant, 5. Johnson's-court, Fleet-street,

“ SAM. JOHNSON." April 21, 1767.


56 SIR,

“ I RETURNED this week from the country, after an absence of near six months, and found your letter with many others, which I should have answered sooner, if I had sooner seen them.

“ Dr. Robertson's opinion was surely right. Men should not be told of the faults which they have mended. I ain glad the old language is taught, and honour the translator as a inan whom God has distinguished by the high office of propagating his word.

“ I must take the liberty of engaging you in an office of charity. Mrs. Heely, the wife of Mr. Heely, who had lately soine office in your theatre, is my near relation, and now in great distress. They wrote me word of their situation some time ago, to which I returned them an answer which raised hopes

* This paragraph shews Johnson's real estimation of the character and abilities of the celebrated Scottish Historian, however lightly, in a moment of caprice, he may have spoken of his works.



you think

1767. of more than it is proper for me to give them. Their

representation of their affairs I have discovered to be
such as cannot be trusted; and at this distance,
though their case requires haste, I know not how to
act. She, or her daughters, may be heard of at
Canongate Head. I must beg, Sir, that you will
enquire after them, and let me know what is to be
done. I am willing to go to ten pounds, and will
transmit you such a sum,

upon examination

you find it likely to be of use. If they are in immediate want, advance them what


What I could do, I would do for the woman, having no great reason to pay much regard to Heely himself.?

“ I believe you may receive some intelligence from Mrs. Baker, of the theatre, whose letter I received at the same time with yours; and to whom, if you see her, you will make my excuse for the seeming neglect of answering her.

Whatever you advance within ten pounds shall be immediately returned to you, or paid as you shall order. I trust wholly to your judgement.

-I am, Sir, &c. « London, Johnson's-court, Fleet- 66 SAM. JOHNSON.");

street, Oct. 24, 1767.

Mr. Cuthbert Shaw, alike distinguished by his genius, misfortunes, and misconduct, published this year a poean, called “ The Race, by Mercurius Spur, Esq." in which he whimsically made the living poets of England contend for pre-eminence of faine by running :

? This is the person concerning whom Sir Jolin Hawkins has terown out very unwarrantable reflections both against Dr. Johnson and Mr. Francis Barber.

See an account of bim in the European Magazine, Jan. 1786.

“ Prove by their heels the prowess of the head.” 1767. In this poem there was the following portrait of Ætat. 58. Johnson : “ Here Johnson comes,unblest with outward grace, His rigid morals stamp'd upon his face. “ While strong conceptions struggle in his brain ;

(For even wit is brought to bed with pain :)
To view him, porters with their loads would rest,
“ And babes cling frighted to the nurse's breast.
" With looks convuls'd he roars in pompous strain,

And, like an angry lion, shakes his mane.
The Nine, with terrour struck, who ne'er had seen,
Aught human with so terrible a mien,

Debating whether they should stay or run,
“ Virtue steps forth, and claims him for her son.
“ With gentle speech she warns him now to yield,
“ Nor stain his glories in the doubtful field;
“ But wrapt in conscious worth, content sit down,
- Since Fame, resolv'd his various pleas to crown,
“ Though forc'd his present claim to disavow,
“ Had long reserv'd a chaplet for his brow.
He bows, obeys; for time shall first expire,
“ Ere Johnson stay, when Virtue bids retire."

The Honourable Thomas Hervey and his lady having unhappily disagreed, and being about to se parate, Johnson interfered as their friend, and wrote him a letter of expostulation, which I have not been


[The Honourable Thomas Hervey, whose letter to Sir Thomas Hanmer in 1742, was much read at that time. He was the second son of Jolin, the first Earl of Bristol, and one of the brothers of Johnson's early friend, Henry Hervey. He inarried in 1744, Anne, daughter of Francis Coughlan, Esq. and died Jan, 20, 1775. M.]

Ætat. 58.

1767. able to find; but the substance of it is ascertained

by a letter to Johnson in answer to it, which Mr. Hervey printed. The occasion of this correspondence between Dr. Johnson and Mr. Hervey, was thus related to me by Mr. Beauclerk. “ Tom Hervey had a great liking for Johnson, and in his will had left him a legacy of fifty pounds. One day he said to me, ' Johnson may want this money now, more than afterwards. I have a mind to give it him directly. Will

you be so good as to carry a fifty pound note from me to him?' This I positively refused to do, as he might, perhaps, have knocked me down for insulting him, and have afterwards put the note in his pocket. But I said, if Hervey would write him a letter, and enclose a fifty pound note, I should take care to deliver it. He accordingly did write him a letter, mentioning that he was only paying a legacy a little

To his letter he added, 'P.S. I am going to part with my wife.' Johnson then wrote to him, saying nothing of the note, but remonstrating with him against parting with his wife.”

When I mentioned to Johnson this story, in as delicate terms as I could, he told me that the fifty pound note was given to him by Mr. Hervey in consideration of his having written for him a pamphlet against Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, who, Mr. Hervey imagined, was the authour of an attack upon him ; but that it was afterwards discovered to be the work of a garreteer, who wrote “ The Fool:" the pamphlet therefore against Sir Charles was not printed.

In February, 1767, there happened one of the most remarkable incidents of Johnson's life, which gratified his monarchical enthusiasm, and which he


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