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« N. In France there is no middle rank.
1775. “ So many shops open, that Sunday is little dis
Ætat. 66. tinguished at Paris.—The palaces of Louvre and Thuilleries granted out in lodgings.
“ In the Palais de Bourbon, gilt globes of metal at the fire place.
" The French beds commended;--Much of the marble, only paste.
“ The colosseum a mere wooden building, at least much of it.
“ Oct. 18. Wednesday. We went to Fontainebleau, which we found a large mean town, crouded with people.The forest thick with woods, very extensive.--Manucci secured us lodgings:
-The appearance of the country pleasant.-No hills, few streams, only one hedge.--I remember no chapels nor crosses on the road.Pavement still, and rows of trees.
“ N. Nobody but mean people walk in Paris,
“ Oct. 19. Thursday. At Court, we saw the apartments ;--the King's bed-chamber and council. chamber extremely splendid.-Persons of all ranks in the external rooms through which the family passes; servants and masters.-- Brunet with us the second time.
“The introductor came to us;civil to me.-Presenting. I had scruples.-Not necessary.“Wewent and saw the King and Queen at dinner.-We saw the other ladies at dinner-Madame Elizabeth, with the Princess of Guimené. At night we went to a comedy. I neither saw nor heard-Drunken women.--Mrs. Th. preferred one to the other.
“ Oct. 20. Friday. We saw the Queen mount in the forest-Brown habit; rode aside ; one lady
1775. rode aside.-The Queen's horse light grey;---mar. Frat. Go tingale.—She galloped. We then went to the apart
meuts, and admired them.—Then wandered through the palace.—In the passages, stalls and shops.—Painting in Fresco by a great master, worn out.-We saw the King's horses and dogs.—The dogs almost all English.-Degenerate.
“ The horses not much commended. The stables cool; the kennel filthy.
“ At night the ladies went to the opera. I refused, but should have been welcome.
“ The King fed himself with his left hand as we.
“ Saturday, 21. In the night I got round.-We came home to Paris. I think we did not see the chapel.-Tree broken by the wind. --The French chairs made all of boards painted.
“ N. Soldiers at the court of justice.--Soldiers not amenable to the magistrates.—Dijon woman.8
“ Faggots in the palace. Every thing slovenly, except in the chief rooms.-Trees in the roads, some tall, none old, many very young and small.
• Women's saddles seem ill made.- Queen's bridle woven with silver.-T.gs to strike the horse.
“ Sunday, Oct. 22. To Versailles, a mean town. Carriages of business passing:- Mean shops against the wall. Our way lay through Sêve, where the China manufacture.-Wooden "bridge at Sêre, in the way to Versailles.—The palace of great extent.The front long; I saw it not perfectly.--The Menagerie. Cygnets dark ; their black feet ; on the ground; tame.-Haleyons, or gulls.--Stag and hind, young:--Aviary, very large: the net, wire-black stag of China, small.-Rhinoceros, the horn broken
8 See p. 403.
and pared away, which, I suppose, will grow; the 1775. basis, I think, four inches 'cross; the skin folds like
Ætat. 66. loose cloth doubled over his body, and cross his hips ; a vast animal, though young; as big, perhaps, as four oxen.-The young elephant, with his tusks just appearing:--The brown bear put out his paws ;-all very tame.-The lion.—The tigers I did not well view.—The camel, or dromedary with two bunches called the Huguin, taller than any horse.--Two camels with one bunch. Among the birds was a pelican, who being let out, went to a fountain, and swam about to catch fish. His feet well webbed : he dipped his head, and turned his long bill sidewise. He caught two or three fish, but did not eat them.
“ Trianon is a kind of retreat appendant to Versailles. It has an open portico; the pavement, and I think, the pillars, of marble. There are many rooms, which I do not distinctly remember-A table of porphyry, about five feet long, and between two and three broad, given to Louis XIV. by the Venetian State. In the council-room almost all that was not door or window, was, I think, looking-glass.
- Little Trianon is a small palace like a gentleman's house.—The upper floor paved with brick.---Little Vienne.-The court is ill paved. The rooms at the top are small, fit to sooth the imagination with privacy. In the front of Versailles are small basons of water on the terrace, and, other basons, I think, below them. There are little courts.The great gallery is wainscotted with mirrours, not very large, but joined by frames. I suppose the large plates were not yet made. The play-house was very large.-
· This epithet should be applied to this animal with one bunch,
1 1775. The chapel I do not remember if we saw-We saw
one chapel, but I am not certain whether there or Ætat. 66.
at 'Trianon.--The foreign office paved with bricks.-
We went to see the looking-glasses wrought, They come from Normandy in cast plates, perhaps the third of an inch thick. At Paris they are ground, upon a marble table, by rubbing one plate upon another with grit between them. The various sands, of which there are said to be five, I could not learn. The handle, by which the upper glass is moved, has the form of a wheel, which may be moved in all divections. The plates are sent up with their surfaces, ground, but not polished, and so continue till they are bespoken, lest time should spoil the surface, as we were told.
These that are to be polished, are laid on a table covered with several thick cloths, hard strained, that the resistance may be equal ; they are then rubbed with a hand rubber, held down hard by a contrivance which I did not well understand. The powder which is used last seemed to me to be iron dissolved in aqua fortis : they called it, as Baretti said, marc de l'eau forte, which he thought was dregs. They mentioned vitriol and saltpetre. The cannon ball swam in the quicksilver. To silver them, a leaf of beaten tin is laid, and rubbed with quicksilver, to which it unites. Then more quicksilver is poured upon it, which, by its mutual [attraction] rises very high. Then a paper is laid at the nearest end of the plate, over which the glass is slided till it lies
upon the plate, having driven much of the quick
silver before it. It is then, I think, pressed upon cloth, and then set sloping to drop the superfluous mercury; the slope is daily heightened towards a perpendicular.
“ In the way I saw the Grêve, the mayor's house, and the Bastile.
“Wethen went to Sans-terre, a brewer. He brews with about as much malt as Mr. Thrale, and sells his beer at the same price, though he pays no duty for malt, and little more than half as much for beer. Beer is sold retail at 6d. a bottle. He brews 4,000 barrels a year. There are seventeen brewers in Paris, of whom none is supposed to brew more than he ;-reckoning them at 3,000 each, they make 51,000 a year.They make their malt, for malting is here no trade.
« The moat of the Bastile is dry.
“ Oct. 24, Tuesday. We visited the King's li. brary-I saw the Speculum humane Salvationis, rudely printed, with ink, sometimes pale, sometimes black ; part supposed to be with wooden types, and part with pages cut in boards.-The Bible, supposed to be older than that of Mentz, in 62; it has no date ; it is supposed to have been printed with wooden types.
I am in doubt; the print is large and fair, in two folios. Another book was shewn me, supposed to have been printed with wooden types ;--I think, Durandi Sanctuarium in 58. This is inferred from the difference of form sometimes seen in the same letter, which might be struck with different puncheons. The regular similitude of most letters proves better
"[The detestable ruffian, who afterwards conducted Louis the Sixteenth to the scaffold, and commanded the troops that guarded it, during his murder. M.]