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1976. vacuity is filled with something else ; or sometimes

the vacuity closes up of itself.” Etat. 67.

Mr. Seward and Mr. Pearson, another clergyman here, supped with us at our inn, and after they left us, we sat up la'e as we used to do in London. Here I shall record some fragments of my

friend's conversation during this jaunt.

“ Marriage, Sir, is much more necessary to a man than to a woman : for he is much less able to supply himself with domestick comforts. You will recollect my saying to some ladies the other day, that I had often wondered why young women should marry, as they have so much more freedom, and so much more attention paid to them while unmarried, than when inarried. I indeed did not mention the strong reason for their marrying—the mechanical reason." Boswell. “Why that is a strong one. But does not imagination make it much more important than it is in reality? Is it not, to a certain degree, a deluşion in ue as well as in women ?" Johnson. “Why yes, Sir; but it is a delusion that is always beginning again.” Boswell.“ I don't know but there is upon the whole more misery than happiness produced by that passion.” Johnson. “I don't think


Sir." “Never speak of a man in his own presence. It is alway indelicate, and may be offensive."

“ Questioning is not the mode of conversation among gentlemen. It is assuming a superiority, and it is particularly wrong to question a man concerning himself. There may be parts of his former life which he may not wish to be made known to other persons, or even brought to his own recollection.”

" A man should be careful never to tell tales of himself to his own disadvantage. People may be

amused and laugh at the time, but they will be re- 1776. membered and brought out against him upon some subsequent occasion.”

“ Much may be done if a man puts his whole mind to a particular object. By doing so, Norton has made himself the great lawyer that he is allowed to be.”

I mentioned an acquaintance of mine, a sectary, who was a very religious man, who not only attended regularly on publick worship with those of his communion, but made a particular study of the Scriptures, and even wrote a commentary on some parts of them, yet was known to be very licentious in indulging himself with women ; maintaining that men are to be saved by faith alone, and that the Christian religion had not prescribed any fixed rule for the intercourse between the sexes. JOHNSON. “ Sir, there is no trusting to that crazy piety.”

I observed that it was strange how well Scotchmen were known to one another in their own country, though born in very distant counties ; for we do not find that the gentlemen of neighbouring counties in England are mutually known to each other. Johnson, with his usual acuteness, at once saw and explained the reason of this ; “ Why, Sir, you have Edinburgh, where the gentlemen froin all your coun. ties meet, and which is not so large but they are all known. There is no such common place of collection in England, except London, where from its. great size and diffusion, many of those who reside in contiguous counties of England, may long remain unknown to each other.”

On Tuesday, March 26, there came for us an ? [Sir Fletcher Norton, afterwards Speaker of the House of Bonamons, and in 1782 created Baron Grantley. M.]

' 1776. equipage properly suited to a wealthy well-beneficed o clergyman: Dr. Taylor's large, roomy post-chaise,

drawn by four stout plump horses, and driven by two steady jolly postillions, which conveyed us to Ashbourne; where I found my friend's schoolfellow living upon an establishment perfectly corresponding with his substantial creditable equipage : his house, garden, pleasure-grounds, table, in short every thing good, and no scantiness appearing. Every man should forin such a plan of living as he can execute completely. Let him not draw an outline wider than he can fill up. I have seen many skeletons of shew and magnificence which excite at once ridicule and pity. Dr. Taylor had a good estate of his own, and good preferment in the church, being a prebendary of Westminster, and rector of Bosworth. He was a diligent justice of the peace, and presided over the town of Ashbourne, to the inhabitants of which I was told he was very liberal; and as a proof of this it was mentioned to me, he had the preceding winter, distributed two hundred pounds among such of them as stood in need of his assistance. He had consequently a considerable political interest in the county of Derby, which he employed to support the Devonshire family; for though the schoolfellow and friend of Johnson, he was a Whig. I could not perceive in his character much congeniality of any sort with that of Johnson, who, however said to me, “ Sir, he has a very strong understanding." His size, and figure, and countenance, and manner, were that of a hearty English 'Squire, with the parson super-induced: and I took particular notice of his upper-servant, Mr. Peters, a decent grave man, in purple clothes, and a large white wig, like the butler or major domo of a bishop.

Dr. Johnson and Dr. Taylor met with great cor 1776. diality; and Johnson soon gave him the same sad

Ætat. 67. account of their schoolfellow, Congreve, that he had given to Mr. Hector ; adding a remark of such moment to the rational conduct of a mar in the decline of life, that deserves to be imprinted upon every mind : “ There is nothing against which an old man should be so much upon his guard as putting himself to nurse.” Innumerable have been the melancholy instances of men once distinguished for firmness, resolution, and spirit, who in their latter days have been governed like children, by interested female artifice.

Dr. Taylor commended a physician who was known to him and Dr. Johnson, and said, “ I fight many battles for him, as many people in the country dislike him.” Johnson.“ But you should consider, Sir, that by every one of your victories he is a loser ; for, every man of whom you get the better, will be very angry, and resolve not to employ him; whereas if people get the better of you in argument about him, they'll think, · We'll send for Dr.***** nevertheless.” This was an observation deep and sure in human nature.

Next day we talked of a book in which an eminentjudge was arraigned before the bar of the publick, as having pronounced an unjust decision in a great

Dr. Johnson maintained that this publica. tion would not give any uneasiness to the judge. “ For (said he,) either he acted honestly; or he meant to do injustice. If he acted honestly, his own consciousness will protect him ; if he meant to do injustice, he will be glad to see the man who attacks him, so much vexed.”

Next day, as Dr. Johnson had acquainted Dr.


1776. Taylor of the reason for his returning speedily to

London, it was resolved that we should set out after dinner. A few of Dr. Taylor's neighbours were his guests that day.

Dr. Johnson talked with approbation of one who had attained to the state of the philosophical wise mạn, that is, to have no want of any thing. “Then, Sir, (said I,) the savage is a wise man."

“ Sir, (said he,) I do not mean simply being without, but not having a want.” I maintained, against this proposition, that it was better to have fine clothes, for instance, than not to feel the want of them. John

“ No, Sir; fine clothes are good only as they supply the want of other means of procuring respect. Was Charles the Twelfth, think you, less respected for his coarse blue coat and black stock ? find the King of Prussia dresses plain, because the dignity of his character is sufficient." I here brought myself into a scrape, for I heedlessly said,

" Would not you, Sir, be the better for velvet embroidery?" Johnson. “ Sir, you put an end to all argument when you introduce your opponent himself. Have you no better manners? There is

There is your want.1 apologised by saying, 'I had mentioned him as an instance of one who wanted as little as any man in the world, and yet, perhaps, might receive some additional lustre from dress.


And you



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