The Child Workers of the Nation, 33권

American academy of political and social science, 1909 - 244페이지

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92 페이지 - ... occupations by which selfish man makes his living. But if what I have said is true, you will at once challenge my statements by demanding an explanation of the presence of child labor in these trades. Frankly admitting the selfish motives of manufacturers, I will endeavor to show the influences which are at work on this problem, and you will please bear in mind that I am speaking of the Northern and Eastern states, where only children who are over fourteen years of age, working not more than...
44 페이지 - The said bureau shall investigate and report to said Department upon all matters pertaining to the welfare of children and child life among all classes of our people, and shall especially investigate the questions of infant mortality, the birth rate, orphanage, juvenile courts, desertion, dangerous occupations, accidents and diseases of children employment, legislation affecting children in the several States and Territories.
173 페이지 - No child under fourteen years of age shall be employed, permitted or suffered to work in or in connection with any factory, workshop, mine, mercantile establishment, store, business office, telegraph office, restaurant, hotel, apartment house, or in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages.
5 페이지 - ... which was expecting to continue indefinitely and was always looking for profits, its officers would do all they could to enlarge the efficiency of boys and girls, because they would know that such efficiency was the thing above all others to reinforce life and assure the repetition of dividends. If we had a king whom we sustained in the delusion or pretense that he was a sort of father to us all, he would be likely to...
28 페이지 - Does not the importance of this call for the best statesmanship that our country can produce? I ask you to consider whether this call for the children's interests does not imply the call for our country's interests? Can we afford to take it? Can we afford not to take it? For humanity, for social well-being, for the security of the Republic's future, let us bring the child into the sphere of our national care and solicitude.
180 페이지 - ... able to read and write simple sentences in the English language, and has received during such period instruction in reading, spelling, writing, English grammar and geography and is familiar with the fundamental operations of arithmetic up to and including fractions.
141 페이지 - It is competent for the state to forbid the employment of children in certain callings, merely because it believes such prohibition to be for their best interest, although the prohibited employment does not involve a direct danger to morals, decency, or of life or limb. Such legislation is not an unlawful interference with the parents' control over the child or right to its labor, nor with the liberty of the child.
50 페이지 - It is the purpose of this paper to review a few of the typical questions that have not been solved, as an introduction to the discussions that are to follow. Perhaps the questions requiring most immediate attention may be divided for convenience as follows : — (1) What classes of children should be entirely eliminated as a factor in the industrial problem? (2) From what industries should all children be eliminated? (3) What regulations should govern the conditions of the children who may wisely...
25 페이지 - Evils that are unknown or underestimated have the best chance for undisturbed existence and extension, and there where light is most needed, there is still darkness. Ours is, for instance, the only great nation which does not know how many children are born and how many die in each year within its borders ; still less do we know how many die in infancy of preventable diseases ; how many blind children might have seen the...
184 페이지 - ... more than forty-eight hours in any one week, nor more than eight hours in any one day ; or before the hour of seven o'clock in the morning or after the hour of seven o'clock in the evening. Every employer shall post in a conspicuous place in every room where such minors are employed a printed notice stating the hours required of them each...

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