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From a Export hy the Madrae Government
The jaghire of Bunganpully is estimated to contain an area of 500 square miles, and a population of 35,200, and to yield a revenue of Rupees 1,66,175. Although the present jaghiredar is nominally the head, the jaghire is subdivided into several minor jaghires, held by different members of the family. This State was held under successive grants from Mysore and Hyderabad and formed part of the territories ceded to the British Government by the Nizam under the Treaty of 1800. The family continued in uninterrupted possession of the jaghire till 1825, when, in consequence of the disorders which prevailed and the frequent complaints which were made against the jaghiredar, it was proposed to annex the jaghire and make an allowance to the members of the family for their sustenance.
This offer of a pension was rejected by the jaghiredar, who protested against the right of the British Government to resume his jaghire. According to the 5th and 6th Articles of the Treaty of 1800, concluded between the British Government and the Nizam, the jaghire had been ceded in perpetuity. But it was discovered from a correspondence which had taken place between the Resident at the court of the Nizam and the then Dewan, previous to the signing of the Treaty, that this jaghire was to form an exception to the countries ceded south of the Toombuddra. Government therefore withdrew from its intention of resuming the jaghire, and allowed the Collector of Cuddapah to examine the accounts of the jaghiredar and settle the claims of his creditors, to whom threefourths of the net revenue were allotted, and the dividends regularly paid by the officer placed in charge of the jaghire.
In 1848, the accounts being closed, the jaghire was restored to Hoossain Ali Khan, the eldest surviving heir. Hoossain AH Khan died before a Sunnud confirming the grant could be issued. He was succeeded by his nephew Gholam Ali Khan, the present jaghiredar, to whom, in BUNGAN1849, a Sunnud (No. LXI.) was granted, renewing to him and his heirs FULLYtheir former rights and privileges, with administration of civil and No" LXI" criminal justice, except in cases involving capital punishment, and stipulating that no grants should be made without a written document distinctly specifying that each alienation should hold good during such period only as the jaghire remained in the enjoyment of the grantee. All frontier duties in this jaghire were abolished.
In 1862 a Sunnud (No. LXII.) was granted to Gholam Ali Khan guaranteeing that the British Government would permit and confirm any succession to his State which may be legitimate according to Mahomedan law.
Sunnud issued to Gholam Ali Kuan, jaghiredar of Bunganpully.
Whereas the Right Honourable the Governor in Council of Fort Saint George was pleased, on the 12th July 1848, to confer upon Hoossain Ali Khan and his heirs for ever, in jaghire, the lands of Bunganpully, free of peshcush and pecuniary demand; and Whereas the said Hoossain Ali Khan has demised before the issue of a Sunnud to confirm the same, and Gholam Ali Khan has been recognised and acknowledged by the Government of Fort Saint George as his successor and representative: this Sunnud is granted to the said Gholam Ali Khan as the present jaghiredar.
The jaghire of Bunganpully, conferred as aforesaid upon Hoossain Ali Khan and his heirs for ever free of peshcush and pecuniary demand, is hereby confirmed to you, Gholam Ali Khan, as the representative of the said grantee, Hoossain Ali Khan, now deceased.
You, therefore, shall have the general management of the revenue and police of your jaghire, and also the duty of administering civil justice, subject to the undermentioned conditions:—
You shall at all times maintain faith and allegiance to the Honourable Company; their enemies shall be your enemies, and their friends shall be your friends; you shall assist the Honourable Company to the utmost of your power against foreign and domestic foes; you shall maintain a strict watch over the public peace in your jaghire; you shall
BUNGAN- not afford an asylum to offenders from the Company's districts, but shall PUllY. either deliver them up or assist the officer of the Company who may No. lXI. be senfc in pursuit of them; you shall cause justice to he rendered to inhabitants of the Company's districts and others who may have pecuniary claims on any of the inhabitants of Bunganpully.
In the administration of criminal justice within your jaghire, you will abstain from the punishment of mutilating criminals, and will not sentence capitally, or execute persons capitally convicted, without the sanction of Government previously obtained; but will refer all cases appearing to you to call for such punishments, for the consideration and orders of the Governor in Council.
You shall be answerable to the Honourable Company for the good government of your jaghire; and if ever it should happen that in consequence of misgoverument, the interposition of the Honourable Company should become necessary, the Governor in Council of Fort Saint George will, in such case, take such measures as may appear just and proper for restoring order, and providing for the security of the people.
On every occasion of your alienating any part of your lands, either rent-free or on payment of favorable quit-rent, you shall notify the particulars and conditions of such alienation to the Agent to the Governor of Fort Saint George, at Kurnool, or to any other officer who may from time to time be appointed by the Madras Government for the purpose, and you shall not confer any such enam lands, except under a written document, in which the terms and duration of the grant shall be distinctly specified, which duration is under no circumstances to extend beyond the enjoyment of the jaghire by the grantee.
Given under the seal of the Honourable Company, and signature of the Right Honourable the Governor in Council, in Fort Saint George, this twentieth day of March one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine.
(Signed) Henry Pottinger.
Entered in the Secretary's Office. „ G. H. F. Berkely.
By order of the Right Honourable „ D. Eliott.
the Governor in Council.
(Signed) II. C. Montgomery,
Secretary to Government.
Sunnud to the Jaghiredar of Bunganfully, dated the 11th March 1862.
Her Majesty being desirous that the governments of the several Princes and Chiefs, who now govern their own territories, should be perpetuated, and that the representation and dignity of their Houses should be continued; in fulfilment of this desire this Sunnud is given to you to convey to you the assurance that, on failure of natural heirs, the British Government will permit and confirm any succession to your State which may be legitimate according to Mahomedan law.
Be assured that nothing shall disturb the engagement thus made to you, so long as your House is loyal to the Crown and faithful to the conditions of the Treaties, grants or engagements, which record its obligations to the British Government.
From a Bepori by the Madras Government.
Sundoor is a small valley lying between two chains of lofty hills on the west of the town of Bellary, containing a regular fort built by Hyder Ali and Tippoo SultaD at great expense, which is not now kept up. Its extent is about 145 square miles, and its population 18,446 souls. The revenue is about Rupees 37,821. This jaghire was at the end of 1853, and is still, held in possession by Vencut Rao Hindee Rao Gorepara, the nephew and adopted son of Sheva Rao, who held possession at the time the districts of Bellary and Cuddapah were ceded to the British Government after the fall of Seringapatam in 1799.
Sundoor formed a part of the principality of Morari Rao, the Mahratta Chief of Gooty, who was deprived of his dominions by Hyder Ali. His adopted son, Sheva Rao Bapa, fell in battle, leaving a son, Siddojee, only two years old, under the guardianship of his uncle Vencut Rao. In 1790 Vencut Rao and his nephew Siddojee, with a party of their own adherents, assisted by the inhabitants of Sundoor, expelled the Governor of Tippoo Sultan's fort and got possession of the place, which they were allowed to retain after the peace in 1792 as part of the ancient inheritance of their family.\ Siddojee died without issue in 1796, on which his uncle Vencut Rao applied to Dowlut Rao, the half-brother of Morari Rao, for one of his sons to be adopted by his widow, which was refused. He then made the same request of Eshwunta Rao, who also refused, but said that he might have one of the sons of his younger brother, Kundee Rao. On application being made to Kundee Rao, he consented and gave his son Sheva Rao, the Chief who held the jaghire in 1799. None of the descendants of Morari Rao ventured to reside in Sundoor during the life of