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HYDER- Company's ships of war, and shall be admitted into all the ports belong
*.' ing to the British Government in India upon the footing of the
most favoured nations.
There shall be "a free transit between the territories of the contracting parties of all articles being the growth, produce, or manufacture of each respectively; and also of all articles being the growth, produce, or manufacture of any part of His Britannic Majesty's dominions.
All rahdarry duties and all duties collected by individual renters or zemindars on goods passing to and from the territories of the contracting parties shall be abolished, and all zemindars, renters, &c, shall be strictly prohibited from committing any acts of extortion or violence on the merchants passing through the respective territories of the contracting parties.
A duty of five per cent. and no more shall be levied at Hyderabad indiscriminately on all articles of merchandize whatever imported into His Highness's dominions from the Company's possessions. No articles shall pay duty more than once. The duties payable shall be regulated by a just valuation of the article or commodity on which they shall be charged, and which shall be determined by an invoice, authenticated by the seal and signature of the proper Officer on each side: nor shall any arbitrary valuation of any article or commodity be admitted to enhance the amount of the duties payable thereon, and the said duties shall be fixed and immutable except by the mutual consent of the contracting parties.
The Honourable East India Company shall on their part adopt similar arrangements in every respect for the purpose of facilitating the transit through their dominions of all articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of His Highness's territories, and of guarding the same from all unjust exactions or vexatious imposts whatever.
Article 7. HyderThe duties payable to the Honourable Company on all articles U A"
imported into their territories from His Highness's dominions shall be collected in the mode prescribed by the fifth Article at Masulipatam alone, or at one or more places according to the convenience of the merchants belonging to His Highness's dominions; and the said place or* places shall be fixed with the consent of His Highness the Nizam, it being understood that no article imported from His Highness's dominions shall in any case pay duty more than once, whether the said duty be collected at Masulipatam or elsewhere.
A duty of five per cent. and no more shall be levied once by His Highness's government, and be made payable at Hyderabad on the prime cost of all commodities purchased in His Highness's dominions for exportation.
No merchants or traders under the Company's government shall be allowed to re-vend in the dominions of the Nawab aforesaid the productions or manufactures of his territories purchased by them therein. Neither shall any grain be exported from the territories of the Nawab aforesaid into those of the Honourable Company without a special licence for the purpose; nor any more grain be purchased in His Highness's territories than what is necessary for the consumption of the subsidiary force. But it is at the same time hereby agreed that, in cases of necessity, permission shall reciprocally be granted immediately on application for the transportation of grain, free from all duties whatever, into the respective territories of the two contracting powers in Hindostan and Deccan.
The traders under both governments, namely, all such as shall traffic from the Honourable East India Company's territories to the territories of His Highness the Nawab Ausuph Jah, and vice versa, shall, upon the importation of their commodities into the respective territories, pay once a duty of five per cent. according to the terms prescribed in the foregoing Articles. With respect to others who do not come under the above description, such as traders from foreign parts or inhabitants of
HYDER- Hyderabad, who have always paid the usual duties, the kurrorah shall,
ABAD" heretofore, levy duties from them according to custom.
Nos. XI. &
xn. Article 11.
The preceding regulations shall take effect and be established in the respective territories of the contracting parties on the 1st day of September next, answering to the 2nd of Jemmadee-ul-Awul, A. H. 1217, after which day no duties shall be levied in any other manner than in conformity to the stipulations of this Treaty.
This Treaty, consisting of twelve Articles, being this day settled by Major James Achilles Kirkpatrick with the Nawab Ausuph Jah Bahadoor, Major Kirkpatrick has delivered one copy thereof in English and Persian, signed and sealed by himself, to the said Nawab, who on his part has also delivered one copy of the same duly executed by himself: and Major Kirkpatrick, by virtue of special authority given to him in that behalf by His Excellency the Most Noble the Governor General in Council, hereby declares the said Treaty to be in full force from the date hereof, and engages to procure and deliver to His Highness in the space of fifty days, a copy of the same from the Governor General in Council, in every respect the counterpart of that executed by himsef, and on the delivery of such copy, the Treaty executed by Major Kirkpatrick shall be returned.
Signed, sealed, and exchanged at Hyderabad, this \Zth day of April, A. D. 1802, or 8th day of Zehidge, A. II. 1816.
Seal of the Nizam.
(Signed) J. A. Kirkpatrick,
Instrument under the signature of the Governor General in Council, delivered to the Nizam (seconder Jah) on bis accession to the musnud, recognising all the former Treaties and engagements with Nizam Ali deceased.
The friendship and alliance which so firmly and happily subsisted between His late Highness the Nawab Nizam Ali Khan, Soubadar of the Deccan, and the Honourable Company's government, shall be consi- HYDERdered to subsist with equal force and sincerity and shall continue for ever ABADunimpaired between His late Highness's eldest son and successor, the No. XiiNawab Secunder Jah, and the Honourable Company, and all Treaties and engagements which subsisted between His late Highness and the Honourable Company's government shall be considered to be in full force to' • all intents and purposes. And His Excellency the Most Noble the Governor General in Council hereby declares, on the part of the Honourable Company, that the British Government is effectually bound by the said engagements and Treaties, and that the said engagements and Treaties shall be duly observed until the end of time.
Given under the seal of the Honourable Company, and the signature of His Excellency the Most Noble the Governor General in Council, at Fort William in Bengal, this 24>th day of August 1803.
Engagement between Secunder Jah and the Company, 1803.
The friendship and union which so strongly and happily subsisted between the late Nawab Nizam Ali Khan Bahadoor (whose soul is in Paradise), and the Honourable Company's government are to be considered as perfectly unimpaired, and shall meet with no interruption whatever. All existing Treaties and engagements likewise that were contracted with the late Nawab aforesaid are in full force to all intents and purposes; and we hereby declare that we are effectually bound by the engagements and Treaties aforesaid, and by the blessing of God, the said Treaties and engagements shall be duly observed until the end of time.
Signed and sealed on the 1th day of August, Anno Domini 1803, answering to Rubbee-oos-Sanee, A. H. 1218, with the seal and signature of Heer Foulaad Ali Khan Secunder Jah Bahadoor, Soubadar of the Deccan, and delivered in duplicate, on the day aforesaid, by His Highness himself to Major James Achilles Kirkpatrick, Resident at the Court of Hyderabad.
; . .. . .
(Signed) J. A. Kirkfatrick,
HYDEH- No. XIII.
No XIII PAKTITI01' Treaty of Hyderabad, with His Highness The Soubadar of the
Treaty for the settlement of general peace in Hindostan and the Deccan, and for the confirmation of the friendship subsisting between the Honourable English East India Company and its allies, His Highness The Soubadar Of The Deccan and His Highness Rao Pundit Prudhan Peishwa Bahadoor, settled between the said Honourable Company and the said allies by Major James Achilles Kirkpatrick, Resident of the Court of Hyderabad, in virtue of the powers delegated to him by His Excellency The Most Noble Richard, Marquis Wellesley, Knight of the most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, one of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Governor General in Council of all the British possessions, and Captain General of all the British land forces in the East Indies.
Whereas, by the terms of the Treaties of peace concluded by Major General the Honourable Arthur Wellesley, on the part of the Honourable Company and its allies, with the Maharajah Sen ah Saheb Soubah, Ilajah of Berar, at Deogaum, on the 17th of December, 1803, and with Maharajah Dowlut Rao Sindia, at Surjee Anjengaum, on the 30th of that month, which Treaties have been duly ratified by the Governor General in Council and by the allies of the British Government, certain forts and territories have been ceded by Maharajah Senah Saheb Soubah, and by Maharajah Dowlut Rao Sindia, to the Honourable Company and its allies, the following Articles of agreement, for the settlement of the said forts and territories, have been concluded by the British Government and by the said allies :—
The province of Cuttack, including the port and district of Balasore, and all cessions of every description made by the second Article of the Treaty of Deogaum, or by any Treaties which have been confirmed by the tenth Article of the said Treaty of Deogaum, shall belong in perpetual sovereignty to the Honourable English East India Company.
The territories of which Maharajah Senah Saheb Soubah formerly collected the revenues, in participation with His Highness the Soubadar of the Deccan, and those formerly possessed by Maharajah Senah