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1001
Remarks on Mental Affections.

1002 jects from their oath of allegiance, so

Papa stupor mundi. that rebellion becomes a moral duty

Nec Deus es, nec homo, sed neuter et inter and to give their dominions to whom

utrumque.” he pleases. He has a right of assign- The Pope the wonder of the world. ing and securing new discovered Neither God nor man, but of a middle lands, though occupied by numerous kind and mixture of both.—This, howpeople, to those who ask that favour ever, was not enough; for when Pope of him-although he has displayed Sixtus the Fourth entered Rome in gross ignorance of geography in laying state, he had a triumphal arch fixed down the limits of the right of posses- on the gate through which he was sion. Instances of such conduct as about to enter, with this inscripthis, are frequently to be met with in tion:history.

“ Oraculo vocis mundi moderaris habenas, Et merito in terris crederis esse Deus.

By the oracle of the voice thou goCHAPTER SIXTH.

vernest the world, and art justly believed The Pope of Rome is the Antichrist that to be a God upon earth. Antichrist is should come.

described as coming with lying signs

and wonders, and false miracles, so The primitive church was instructed well contrived as, if it were possible, to expect the coming of a very formid- to deceive the very elect; the truth able enemy, under the denomination and applicability of which, let the of Antichrist; of whom they enter. Golden Legend, Book of Trophies, tained greater apprehensions than of and even common history, testify to all their other enemies, how powerful the world. St. Paul shews by his and bostile soever they migbt be. It name, that he should be ó and vouos, appears from the sacred scriptures, one subject to no law. Accordingly, and particularly from the writings of we find the Pope claiming to be above St. John, that under the name of all laws, both of God and men; to Antichrist they did not comprehend change them when he deems fit: all the enemies of Christ and his hence the Decretals say, legi non subchurch; but that it more especially jacet ulli " he (the Pope) is subject to referred to such enemies as should no law.” The description of one who start up within the church itself, and should forbid to marry, and command corrupt its doctrine, and thus be the to abstain from meats, cannot by any

of wide-spreading mischief, means be made to apply to any other 1 John ii. 18. and iv. 3. Persecution but the Pope of Rome, the man of and violence were to be consequences sin, the great whore, which is that of the evils brought on the church by city that has dominion over the kings Antichrist, rather than the primary of the earth. I bave said little of evils themselves. Of a personage so what might be said; but enough to important to the church, we might prove my point, that, amidst all his conclude that very significant marks | lion-like roaring, and lamb-like proshould be given whereby he might be fessions even to be the servant of the recognized ; and whereby more espe- servants of God, his real character is cially he might be distinguished from very apparent, and should carefully other herctics that should arise. Many be avoided. tokens have been afforded us whereby we might know this man of sin; but a few of the more prominent must here soffice. He should exalt bimself above every one that is called God.

(Continued from col. 940.) He should sit in the temple of God as God, sbewing himself to be God.- A commission of lunacy had been Who takes to himself to be head of obtained against a citizen of London, the church, to rule it according to bis who fancied himself a Duke. Some pleasure-adding new laws, changing time after, the Lord Chancellor was them, abrogating them, and pardon- told that the commission bad been ing the breach of those which are fraudulently obtained, for that the most sacred ? Angelicus ' the poet man was free from insanity. Wishing wrote,

to be satisfied, he called upon the No. 46. --VOL. IV.

3S

cause

REMARKS ON

MENTAL AFFECTIONS.

man, and had a long conversation fallen under my own notice -A genwith him. They talked upon the gene- tleman of the name of La'Strange, ral topics of the day, during which who had been acquainted with Lee, time he betrayed no symptoms of his before mentioned, went to see him in complaint. Upon this, his Lordship Bethlem; and, no doubt, impressed told him to make himself easy about with the notion of insanity being a the commission of lonacy, for he loss of mind and memory, said, on would bave that superseded; but add- going into his cell, “Do you know ed, I make no doubt you have quite me, Sir?"_“O yes," said Lee;“ times done with the notion you had of being may alter, men and manners change, a Duke. “Who, me, my Lord? I but I am still mad Lee, and you are hope your Lordship does not dispute still La'Strange.” my dukedom? I'll suffer no man on A visitor to a madhouse had put to earth to dispute that.” Upon which the patients, as is but too common, a his Lordship made his bow, and bid number of questions. At last one of him good morning.

them said, “Pray may I be permitted That great statesman, Burke, once to pat a question to you?”—“Cerpaid a visit to St. Luke's, and after a tainly," said the stranger,

" Then very long conversation with one of the pray from which quarter of the globe patients, he roundly accused Mr. did you come?”—“Why, Sir," he Dunstan, the master, of highly impro- replied, “I came from the westper conduct, in keeping a man con- ward."-"I thought so,” said the lu. fined as a patient, who, he was quite natic, “for the wise men I believe confident, was free from insanity. came from the eastward.”—A maniac Mr. Dunstan knowing his cue, took in chains, feeling indignant at being an opportunity of speaking to the asked by a stranger what he was in man, and he became immediately so chains for, replied with quickness, furious, that Mr. Burke was glad to “ Because it has pleased God to deget safely out of the room.

prive me of what thou never possessA trial once took place on a ques- edst, I mean the use of my reason." tion upon the sanity or insanity of a A visitor to a madhouse, after conman, whose hallucination was an ex- versing with one of the patients, said, treme dread of insects. He stood a " You don't appear to have any thing long examination without betraying the matter with you,”—“ Ha, but," bis complaint, till at last one of the said the patient, " the questiou is, are counsel said, “ Sir, there is a spider you a proper judge of that ?"-A genfalling down upon your head,” upon tleman with his horses and hounds which he fell into a tremor, and from passing by a madhouse, was thus acthat into a maniacal fury.

costed by one of the patients : “ Hark A gentleman of property becoming you, are those your bounds ?”—“Yes, insane, took it into his head to remove Sir.”—“Why, they must be rather exa mountain that was near; and he pensive keeping,' “ Yes, Sir."persisted so far, that his friends were Pray what may they cost you annuunder the necessity of having him ally ?""Why, Sir, I should suppose confined. A gentleman of his ac- not less than five hundred pounds, quaintance called to see him ; and with the horses, &c.”—“Well, and after a long conversation, was con- pray what do you hunt?”—“The hare, vinced that he was quite free from Sir.”_"What, nothing but the bare?” insanity; and upon going away,

he

-“ No, Sir." “Well, and pray how said, “Well, my dear Sir, make your many of these wild animals do you self content for a short time, and I pull down in a season ?"_" About will have you set at liberty.”- “ Will fifty brace, Sir.”- -“Fifty brace! you you so?" said the patient, his eyes had better get on; if our master comes sparkling with pleasure. "Yes, that he'll say you are insane, and confine I will,” said the other, rather a little you; why, that's ten pounds a brace, surprised at his altered manner. and they cannot be worth more than " Well,” said the patient, “ then I'll ten shillings."-A maniac at liberty, have at the mountain."

was met by a gentleman of the name With the wit and ready answers of of Man ; he made a sudden stop, and the insane, volumes might be filled. demanded, “ Who are you, Sir?" I will only give a few instances which "Sir," said the gentleman, “I am a are oither well authenticated, or have double man, for I am a man by na.

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1005

Living Poets of Great Britain-Moore.

1006

verses:

ture, and my name is Man.”-“O are | he has, no doubt, from the warmth of you,” said the maniac; 66 well, and I his passions, been content to glitter in am a man beside myself, and we two the lower sphere as the first amatory will fight you two,” and immediately poet of his time. There are other knocked bim down.

properties which bring him apon a Patients having the same hallucina- parallel with the voluptuous Roman; tion, will sometimes ridicule each but whether they are such as will add other, and yet contend their own to to his fame, must be left to the future be a reality. Some time ago, there historian of English literature to dewere two hypochondriacs at the retreat termine. Our aim here is only to give near York; one wrote the following the outline of a life, the detail of which

might be made amusing to the lovers A miracle, my friends, come view,

of light reading, were it not for the A man, admit his own words true, good saying of the best of biograWho lives without a soul.

phers,

De vivis nil nisi bonum, de Nor liver, lungs, nor heart, bas he, mortuis nil nisi verum.' Yet sometimes can as cheerful be

Thomas Moore is the only son of
As if he had the whole.

Mr. Garret Moore, a liquor mercbant,
His bead, take his own words along, at Dublin ; and was born in that city
Now hard as iron, yet, ere long,
As soft as any jelly.

May 28, 1780. He received his edu-
All burn'd his sinews and his lungs,

cation under the late Mr. Samuel Of his complaints not fifty tongues,

Whyte, who kept a respectable acaCould find enough to tell ye.

demy in Dublin above sixty years, Yet he who paints his likeness here,

and published some ingenious works Has just as much himself to fear,

in the line of his profession, together He's wrong from head to toe.

with a volume of poetical essays, not
Ab friends, pray help us if you can, devoid of merit. At the age of four-
And make us each again a man,
That we from hence may go.

teen, young Moore had profited so

well, that he was entered a scholar of Thos. BAKEWELL. Trinity College, where he remained Spring-Vale, near Stone,

till November, 1799, when he came Aug. 1822.

to England, and was admitted a stu(To be continued.)

dent of the Middle Temple. Previous to his transplantation, he had culti

vated the muses with success, and had MEMOIRS OF THE LIVING POETS OF even completed his translation of the

Odes of Anacreon, which, soon after

his arrival in London, was sent to the Thomas Moore.

press, under the auspices of Earl It was high and merited praise given Moira, now Marquis of Hastings, by to the literary character of Thomson whose interest the translator obtained by one of the best and most exalted of permission to dedicate the volume to his friends, that there was not a line the Prince of Wales. of his writing, which, when dying, he Anacreon was already familiar to would wish to have been blotted out of English readers, as well by the poetiremembrance. There have not been cal version and imitation of many of many poets in any age, of whom the his pieces separately; as by a very same thing could be said ; and it is to correct translation of all the odes, be feared that at the present day there the work of Francis Fawkes. It was are few indeed, to whom a review of a bold undertaking for a youth to their various productions, published come after such a veteran as Fawkes, and unpublished, would be attended but Mr. Moore shewed that he had with complete heartfelt satisfaction. fully caught the spirit of his author; To this select number, certainly the and though not superior in learning translator of Anacreon does not be- to his predecessor, he gave to the long; and judging from the tenor Teian bard a dress more agreeable to of his writings, there is reason to be the sprightly archness, and jocund lieve that the moral utility of poetry humour, of the original. The notes, constitutes no part of his ambition. also, evinced extensive reading in the He would rather rank with Catullus Greek poets, and no slight acquaintthan Virgil; and though qualified to ance with the best critics. Prefixed shine in the higher degree of his art, to the volume is an ode, written in

GREAT BRITAIN.

Greek Anacreontics, by Mr. Moore | sity of Oxford for the Temple, he himself, of which the following is a wisely resolved to study bard, with a translation, by an unknown hand. view to utility; and though his “FareΕπι ροδινοις ταπησι,

well to the Muse," must have cost him , ΤΗΙΟΣ ποτο μελισης, κ. τ. λ.

many a struggle, the noble sacrifice

was infinitely more honourable to “Upon a rosy couch reclin'd,

himself, and beneficial to the world, His lyre soft breathing to the wind,

than any thing he could have gained, The Teian bard, with heav'nly fire, Awoke the lay of wild desire;

even had he become, as he probably Around bim, votive to his pleasures,

would have been, one of the first Capids danc'd in amorous measures,

poets of the age. Or form'd the queen of beauty's dart

But to return to the subject of this That pierces, thrilling sweet, the heart, memoir: the publication of Anacreon Or for his brows a wreath entwin'd Of rose and azure violet join'd,

was injurious to the translator in Which, wbilst his kiss each playful shar'd,

various ways, for it not only drew him They plac'd upon the hoary bard.

out of the line in which, by perseve“ But WISDOM, heaven's immortal

queen,

rance, he might have acquired disGaz'd on their sports with envious mien,

tinction and wealth, but it fixed in Ey'd the rapt bard and joyous train,

him a love of that species of composiThat, wanton, bounded o'er the plain; tion, which, though the most alluring, And, Hoary Sage,' she smiling cries,

is far from being the most creditable (For Sophists call Anacreon wise), * Why dost thou thus thy life employ,

description of poetry. Its corrupting Devote to Bacchus, love, and joy,

influence, in this particular instance, Nor own that wisdom bas her charms,

appeared soon after in a small volume Above the trifler love's alarms;

of original poems, to which, as the Why wilt thou e'er, entranc'd in bliss, author could not with any degree of Sing Bacchus' joys and beauty's kiss, Nor raise thy lyre, and, WISDOM's bard,

decency affix his proper signature, Receive from me thy best reward !'

he gave the fictitious one of Thomas

Little, allusive to his person, and, by "O goddess,' thus the bard replies, • Let not for this thine anger rise,

contrast, to his real name.

No pains, That without thee the sages deem

however, were taken, to observe seAnacreon wise, tho' all his theme

crecy, and, indeed, the book had Is beauty, love's delightful dream,

scarcely made its appearance in the The dewy lip, and eye of fire :I love, I drink, I tune my lyre,

shops, before every body knew that And sport, with pleasure-beaming air,

Little and Moore were one and the Midst glowing groups of beauteous fair;

same.

Yet this mode of ushering the For, as my lyre, e'en so my soul,

obnoxious volume into the world, has Moves but to love's divine control,

been gravely adduced in proof of the And I beneath its blissful pow'rs,

author's delicacy of sentiment; as if Enjoy the calm of life's short hours; Then Pallas say, my sage adviser,

there could be any respect for the virAm I not wise ?-or, who is wiser ?'

tuous feelings of the correct part of

society, in printing, with a false name, It may naturally be supposed, that inflammatory productions, which noto a young man of such a turn for body can read without a blush. The poetry and pleasure, the study of the deception indicated fear, but not law could present no charms. Moore shame, and much less modesty ; and had neither patrimonial fortune nor when the terrors of a legal informaany expectancy from relations, so tion had passed away, the real author that all his dependence was upon his was proud enough of bis literary offtalents, of which this publication spring. The poems certainly did not afforded a luminous specimen, but it lessen his interest with the great, for was one that ruined his professional | at the age of twenty-three he was appursuits and prospects. His company pointed to the lucrative office of regiswas now much sought; and of course trar to the admiralty at Bermuda. Blackstone, from whose example he This situation required his personal might have profited full as much as attendance, but after staying on the from his Commentaries, was entirely island a few months, he obtained neglected. In early life, Blackstone leave to discharge the duties by a decourted the muses with an ardour and puty, in consequence of which he a success, that indicated both a last- went to New York, and having passed ing attachment, and a brilliant repu- a few months in different parts of the tation. But when he left the Univer- United States, returned to England.

1009

Living Poets of Great Britain— Moore.

1010

Though the residence of Mr. Moore manuscript memoirs, for which the in America was so very short, he ven- publisher of the noble author's works tured, in the notes to his next publica- is reported to have given the sum of tion, consisting of a volume of “Odes two thousand pounds. Such an act of and other Poems,” to pass some very | liberality requires no comment; but harsh, not to say illiberal, strictures we should have been much better upon the people of that country, and pleased to have seen the person upon particularly upon the memory of whom it was bestowed, above the Washington, who was roundly ac- necessity of receiving it. The precused, on no authority, of downright eminent talents and fortunate conpeculation in his government. In nections of Mr. Moore, ought to have consequence of the severe criticism of placed him in a state of indepenthis volume given in the Edinburgh dence; and such, no doubt, would have Review, a meeting took place between been the case, had he either continued Mr. Jeffery, the editor of that work, in Bermuda, or obtained an exchange and Mr. Moore, at Chalk Farm; but of the situation he held there, for one by the interposition of the Bow-street nearer home. Unfortunately, by keepofficers, no farther breach of the peace ing a deputy, be abridged his income, ensued. Many jokes, however, were and finally became responsible for the circulated, at the expense of the com- defalcations committed by his secondbatants, in the public prints, and, ary, who absconded to the American among other things, it was said that States, and left his principal to acon examining the pistols, they were count for all bis deficiencies. both found to contain only powder.

That the government exacted payOn this bloodless rencontre, Lord ment by legal process, was no more Byron, in his “ English Bards and than what was to be expected; and Scotch Reviewers," has expatiated what, indeed, could not be avoided, with keen and laughable asperity ; without setting up a dangerous prethough his wit is exercised chiefly at cedent, of which other defaulters the expense of the northern hero, of would have taken advantage. Yet it whom he says:

was not till a considerable time after

wards, that an extent was issued, in “Bat Caledonia's goddess hover'd o'er The field, and saved him from the wrath of consequence of which, our author MOORE;

thought it prudent to retire to the conFrom either pistol snatch'd the vengeful lead, tinent, where he visited Lord Byron, And straight restor'd it to her fav’rite's and was favoured by him in the handhead."

some manner just mentioned. In another part of the same caustic

Previous to this misfortune, Mr. satire, the noble author bestowed a

Moore entered into the matrimonial mingled portion of praise and censure

state with a lady of the name of Young Catullus of the Dyke, on which change in his condiday."

tion he went to live at a small house

near Bow Wood, in Wiltshire, the “Griev'd to condemn, the muse must still be seat of his noble friend, the Marquis

just, Nor spare melodious advocates of last.

of Lansdowne, till his embarrassPure is the flame which o'er her altar barns ;

ments compelled him to seek an asyFrom grosser incense with disgust she turns ; lum abroad. Yet kind to youth, this expiation o'er,

During his retirement in the counShe bids thee 'mend thy line, and sin no try, he wrote several pieces, some of

which were of a political character; But strange to say, the noble moni- and one in particular, entitled “Intertor, after giving this salutary counsel cepted Letters, or the Two-penny Post to his brother poet, fell into the very Bag, by Thomas Brown the younger, same error himself; and, without the had a surprising run, owing principlea of necessity, profaned the altar pally to the bitterness of the satire with offerings infinitely worse than against public men and public meaany thing that ever came from the sures. The idea, bowever, was not pen of Moore. The two bards have in new, being taken from a humorous consequence become bosom friends, work published at the beginning of and besides dedicating to Moore one the last century, called “The Postman of the best of his pieces, Lord Byron robbed of his Mail.” has recently made him a present of his It would be difficult, however, to

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