« 이전계속 »
excuse the author of this imitation, on : in prose, so that the name of Lalla the score of prudence, for sending | Rookh never occurs once in any of the such inflammatory matter into the poems. But to finish the story, Feraworld, at a time when he must have morz, by his personal attractions, been consegons that his own withers elegant manners, and lively genius,
Bat that he succeeds in fascinating the fair travelshould adige te games of " Tom ler, so that on her arrival in Bucharia, Be wally brought to she is distressed at the thoughts of she was one of the foulest parting from so agreeable
a compahese are, was equally pion. Trembling, faint, and pale, she ise umbesky, since it put is conducted to the throne to meet her
Ag a comparison bridegroom, when, on lifting up ber el debauchee and his eyes, she beholds in the monarch no
standing this, so other than her fellow traveller, the Thomas Brown the beloved Feramorz himself.
the relationship which This scene is bigbly dramatic, and Sivered, that he brought every reader must regret that the tale
we same appellation, of Lalla Rookh, by far the most Stable volume, replete interesting of the whole, has not been est abuse of personages given like those which follow it, in
distinction. The “ Letters metrical numbers.
e Family at Paris,” how- The romantic narratives which the We not in the elder Brown's miostrel tells to beguile the journey,
l; but a palpable imita- are well invented, wrought up with estey's “New Bath Guide,” spirit, and enriched with all the gor
is difference, that the latter is geous splendour of oriental imagery; ale inoffensive piece of raillery, but they are overloaded with similes,
dle of fashionable follies; and the characters are upnatural. is the other is a wanton and Throughout the whole, there is a stucan attack upon private indivi- died imitation of Lord Byron, and as personages in exalted station, this in a writer of such original powblic institutions.
ers of conception and expression as We gladly turn from these abor- Moore has proved himself, is a capidies of prostituted genias, to a work, tal, we bad almost said an unpardon
though not altogether irre- able, fault; and in so saying we wehensible in its moral character, should have been justified, for the
eresses great poetical merit. The author of Lalla Rookh has stooped waty, production of Mr. Moore to copy even the deformities of his
Lalla Rookh ; an Oriental Ro- model. Now if this was meant for hee;" the story of which is simply praise, it betrayed great want of is: In the reign of Aurungzebe, taste; and if for a mere compliment, Nalla, king of Bacharia, having it became satire in disguise. There edicated the throne in favour of his cannot well be a greater dissimilarity san, sets out on a pilgrimage to than that which marks the genius of Neeea, taking Delhi in his way, these two poets. The one is a wizard, While there, a marriage is agreed delighting io nothing so mucb as the wpon between the prince, his son, and war of nature, and that of the pasLalla Rookh, the daughter of the sions; the other is a sylph, taking emperor. As it was intended that the things as they exist, now disporting muptials should be celebrated at Cash- itself in the solar beam, now reposing mere, the bride is escorted thither in itself in odoriferous flowers, and thinka manner suited to her high descent ing of nothing beyond the frolics of and splendid distinction. Among her May. Anacreon might as well have attendants is Feramorz, a young poet imitated Hesiod, as Moore bave sucof Cashmere, whose office is to amuse ceeded in copying the terrible graces the princess on the route, by the of Byron. But so it is when a titled recital of stories in verse. These and rich poet makes bis appearance, stories, four in number, form the and attains popularity; a host of flatprincipal contents of the volume, the terers swell his train, and not content exordium detailing the main adven- with sounding his praises, they enture; and which gives a title to the deavour, by aping his peculiarities, being strangely enough written to gain either bis friendship, or the
applause of the public; if he limps in thirty-years' war, a search was made his measure, they hobble in their after him, but providentially without verses; if he is obscure, they are im-effect. He was in his study when the penetrable; and if he is indecent, news was brought him that the city they throw off all modesty. Instead was taken, upon which he bolted the of quitting his own style of composi- door, and had recourse to prayer. tion, to adopt that of the noble Lord, At that moment, one of bis friends, the author of Lalla Rookh should accompanied by two soldiers, came have consulted Horace, who would and advised himn to retire to the chanhave taught him a better lesson. cellor's house, which was protected by -“ hunc ego me, si quid con ponere carem
a guard, because Tilly wished to save Non magis esse velim : quam naso vivere the public archives. The colonel of a
regiment who was upon this gaard, Spectandum nigris oculis nigroque capillo.” addressing himself to Alting, said,
With this battle-axe I have to-day We shall pass over the songs of this killed ten men, and Dr. Alting shall elegant writer, for though not insensi- be the eleventh, if I can discover ble of their merit as Igric composi- where he has hid himself:” then turntions, we cannot but censure their lascivious tendency. Well would it claimed, “Who are you?”—Alting,
ing quick upon the professor, he exbe for the poet, were he to follow the with great presence of mind, answerexample of the learned Adrian Bever- ed, “I am regent of the College of land, who, after publishing many Sapience ;” and was suffered to pass. immoral books, printed a caveat He soon after found means to retire against them, in the preface to which, in disguise to Heilbron, and from he says, “I condemn the warmth of thence to Holland. my imprudent youth; I detest my loose style and libertine sentiments; I thank God who has removed from my eyes the veil which blinded me in THE CHEST IN THE CORNER.--No. 4. so miserable a manner, and who would not suffer me any longer to seek weak
'I am that Pontanas, whom the guardians of
" science have loved, whom virtuous men arguments for the defence of a wicked
“ bave admired, and whom the monarchs of cause, but has inspired me with the
“ the earth have dignified. Stranger, thou resolution to burn all that I have writ- "now kpowest what I am, or raiber what ten of this nature ; and to call most
I who am in darkness cannot solemnly upon every person who is in
“ know thee, but my request is that thou
“ wouldst know thyself.” possession of any of them to do the
ÉPITAPHIUM PONTANI. same,”
We shall close this sketch with the solemn and indignant lines of that cousin's chest, appears to have been
[The following letter, found in my great moral poet, Dr. Young :
written to caution him against some “I grant, the muse
errors which are common to mankind. Has often blush'd at her degenerate sons, It was probably the gift of friendship Retain'd by sense to plead her filthy cause; To raise the low, to magnify the mean,
on bis entering the world. R. W.] And subtilize the gross into refin'd :
My Dear Frederick, As if to magic numbers' powerful charms "Twere given, to make a civet of their song
You ask me to write to you, but the Obscene, and sweeten ordure to perfume. scenery and occurrences of this neighArt, cursed art, wipes off the indented blush
bourhood present so little variety, that From nature's cheek, and bronzes every I fear they would afford you less inte
shame. Man smiles in ruin, glories in his guilt,
rest. One thing, however, may be reAnd infamy stands candidate for praise."
marked, even in this sequestered spot, which is, that the generality of man
kind display, in their actions, more NARROW ESCAPE.
folly than judgment; and though some
great men have exercised their talents Dr. Henry Alting, a learned Protes- of ridicule on this subject, yet, I tant divine, and professor of divinity imagine, that a survey of the foibles at Heidelberg, was so obnoxious to of human nature may produce a more the Romanists, that when the city beneficial effect than we are apt to was taken by General Tilly in the imagine. Let our observations be carried on in the true spirit of philoso- tageous, in that it points out the phy, and we shall find that the errors things we should avoid, but also as it there visible may serve as beacons directs us to those pursuits, in which to warn us. True philosophy, in my it will be most eligible for us to enopinion, consists in a disposition to gage. There are certain characters trace effects to their causes, and to who spend their time in vain endeaact in reference to those causes, in all vours to overthrow systems, which connections with their effects. The have been confirmed by the experiphilosophical way, therefore, of mak-ence of ages, and in futile attempts to ing use of the defects of others, is, disprove facts which are authentiafter having discovered whence they cated by the most respectable historesult, to avoid the things which we ries; and this they call rectifying perceive have generated error in those popular error, and benefiting the around us.
world. Of this description, was the One of the most common and dread-late Bob Handom, (with whom I was ful sources of human error is, an ex- acquainted,) a man of some intellect, treme of self-love, which bears some of classical education, and of extenresemblance to the excessive and ridi- sive information. Unfortunately, culous partiality that an injudicious while he was at college, he met with mother manifests towards some fa- an eccentric character, who was at vourite child ; a partiality that ad- that time engaged in writing a treatise mires ignorance, forbids instruction, on the occult sciences. The applause applauds knavery, and connives at with which this was received by crime. From this evil, results a want many men of brilliant genius, and the of one of the most important attain- contumely with which it was treated ments that human beings can possi- by others who possessed only common bly possess; that is, self-knowledge. sense, gave Bob a strange idea, that Its advantages may be perceived, if the multitude were always in the we consider that it regulates a man's wrong, and that nothing could be true conduct. By self-knowledge, he dis- that was generally believed. Inheritcerns that the duty he has to perform ing from his ancestors an extensive towards himself is, to learn to aard estate, and a considerable property in those avenues of the heart (if I may the funds, he returned to his resibe allowed the expression,) which are dence, prepared to doubt the correctnot fortified by nature. Every one ness of every opinion that was genehas his peculiar weakness; and to rally credited by his neighbours, and this point he ought to direct his more to deny the truth of every assertion particular attention.
that was believed by tout le monde, It is vain for a man of a quiet and as the French say. He told me, upon peaceable disposition, to direct all his one occasion, with an air of gravity, efforts to guard against intemperate that he believed posterity would be anger, a crime against which nature indebted to him, for exploding the has already provided a bulwark. It general error that the world is not less absurd for one of a censo- round; "and, by the bye,” said he, rious and severe disposition to be “ do you really think that Virgil was only solicitous to prevent himself born at Mantua? for myown part I from conniving at the faults of others; am pretty well convinced, that because he is naturally liable to run into the opposite extreme. It would
"• Mantua me genuit; Calabri rapuêre ; tebe preposterous for a person who had Parthenope; cecini pascua, rara, daces,' a natural dislike to intemperance, to be solely and constantly employed, in was never inscribed on his tomb. order that he may not fall into the stone." Before I could reply, crime, against which he is so happily tween ourselves,” continued he, “ I armed. And yet, how often is it the have a friend who is a great antiquary, case, that men are only turning their and who has lately been making a solicitude to the prevention of those tour of Switzerland, in the north of evils, from which they have much less which there is a cave, formerly used to fear, than from dangers, against as a place of sepulture, and among a which they have provided no de- variety of inscriptions, in memory fence.
of persons there buried, is the fol, Nor is self-knowledge only advan- lowing:
« « Mantua me genuit; Calabri rapuêre; te- | fat sheep, and one ox, should, on the net nunc
same day, be killed and roasted, that Helvetu, cecini pascua, rura, daces.'
his tenantry might feast thereon; that “ The characters in which this is in- when his body was reduced to ashes, scribed are very antique, and seem a sufficient quantity of wine to quench to be about the age of the medals of the fire should be poured on it; that Julius Cæsar; and hence it appears his ashes should then be deposited in highly probable, that from this cou- a silver_urn, and be placed in his plet some ignoramus endeavoured to study. The ceremonies thus enjoined argue, that Virgil was a native of were actually performed by his peMantua. To be sure, his biogra- phew and heir; and in his quondam phers assert that it was his own com- study is still to be seen his magnificent position, but”—Here our discourse cinereal urn, and the antique iron was interrupted by a servant, who shield of which I have already spo. entered the room where we were sit- ken. Poor Handom might have been, ting, to announce the death of a fa- by his talents, property, and influvourite horse. “Dead!” said my ence, rendered a blessing to the world, friend, in reply; “ well, he died in a instead of which, he passed his time noble and glorious cause.”
in employments, that excited the pity
of the wise, and the derision of the · Purpureus veluti cùm flos su isus aratro Languescit moriens ; lassove papavera colla
ignorant; and his name only serves Demisêre caput, pluvià cam fortè gravantur.” as a warning, not to engage in pur
suits, that neither produce personal So saying, he left the room. I then benefit, nor increase the knowledge of took the opportunity to ask the me- others, nial what his master meant ? “ Why, One grand evil that is the result of Sir,” returned he, “my master as- an excess of self-love, and a lack of serted, that a horse was a - I can- self-knowledge, is slander, not recollect wbat he called it, but lie meant a beast that would live in wa
“ Whose edge is sharper than the sword;
whose tongue ter as well as on land. So the poor Outvenoms all the worms of Nile; whose animal was kept in the pond for a few breath days, till it caught cold ; and it died Rides on the posting winds, and doth belie about five minutes since.” Shortly All corners of the world.” after I took my leave, wondering that The employment of a certain class any one shouid be so destitute of pru- of persons, is, to spread this moral dence and common sense, as to de- pestilence, and they only rejoice when vote his time to such preposterous they find their reports credited and and trifling pursuits.
retailed. Venomous as a serpent's This unfortunate man, in the midst tooth, ruthless as death, universal as of his speculations, was at one time the grave, these destroyers of reputaseized with a fever. I visited him tion stalk about their neighbourhood, during his illness. He was delirious, bearing with them a fatal atmosphere, and was raving about the battle of that withers every flower of joy, and Marathon, and Charles XII. of Swe- destroys every prospect of delight, den. When I inquired how he felt leaving behind them weeping virtue, himself—“ So it is said,” replied he; ruined character, triumphant envy, “but nobody sball succeed in per- and applauding malice, to point out suading me that such a person as the track through which their devasMiltiades ever existed.” Before he tating influence has passed. Youth, died, he became perfectly sensible, beauty, inexperience, accomplishgave directions, that after his death ments, instead of defending against his body should be wrapt in linen, their weapons, serve oply, in many and conveyed, on an antique shield, to instances, as the butts of their barbed a large and enclosed plain behind his shafts, and expose their owners more house ; that a certain namber of his fatally to their vile aspersions. Well books, and all his unpublished pa- | has the Roman orator observed, pers, with other combustibles, should “ Nihil est tam volucre quam maledicform his funeral pile ; that his corpse, tum, nihil facilius emittitur, nihil citius deposited in the shield, should be excipitur, nihil latius dissipatur.” Truplaced on this pile, and burnt to ly we might imagine that there would ashes. He further ordered, that six be a sanctuary found against slander No. 46.-Vol. IV.
ESSAYS MORAL AND LITERARY.
in the grave:-but, no ; while the heart
" Alas! where shall we find example is quoted as a model for con- Some spot to real happiness confin’d ?” duct by admiring friendship; the sa- So says the pensive Goldsmith; and crilegious calumniator enters; the the question may in one sense be ancharacter, which, while life lasted, swered by a reference to that beautimight live down slander, is no longer ful invitation, “Come unto me, all ye armed against his malignancy, and, that are weary, and are heavy laden, with the utmost deliberation, will he and I will give you rest.” tear from the sacred dead each jewel
Various, and unceasing, is the inwith which he has been adorned.
quiry after happiness. The schoolOne would imagine, from the vehe-boy seeks it in his holiday pastimes; mence with wbich the slanderer ex- youth and manhood alike pursue it claims against crime, that he himself with the eagerness of expected posmust be a most immaculate being. session; and even age, with its accuWere the world so full of wickedness mulated experience, is often not slow as he asserts, and had he so deadly a to follow. Each, in imagination, bedetestation towards evil as he pre- holds some object in which it resides, tends, one should conclude that he or marks out for himself some track would, as far as possible, withdraw in which it may be found. There is a from the society of such miscreants vacancy in the heart of every man, as he represents mankind to be. The which he seeks to people; an inquiedifferent course of conduct, however, tude in his spirit, which he hopes to which he pursues, reveals the motives allay; and his constant cry is-rest that exciie his animadversions; for rest. The objects around him are the fact is, that, he only desires to each in its turn examined, but they make those around him believe that fail to give it; the amusements of the he is not like other men ; he hopes to age are participated in, but they cut establish his own character upon the the wound still deeper; and even nagrave of the character of others, and ture, in her loveliest creations, is but to build his own credit upon the tomb the faintest pathway to it, for her priof his neighbours' reputation; and meval glory has departed. In our earthe smile which he assumes, when he liest days, indeed, life is to us an endexercises his mischievous talents, is less beauty; and every object we look not so much the smile of malice, as upon appears “ apparalled in celestial the expression of fancied superiority light,” for, as the poet says, and self-conceit. The great advan
“ Heaven lies about us in our infancy :" tage of self-knowledge is, that it is influential : did such characters as the but we soon begin to feel that we have above possess it, they would ascer- tasted the forbidden fruit; to know tain, that to rectify their own errors that good is followed by evil; that is the employment in which they earthly things are insufficient to quiet should engage; nor would they then our inward restlessness, or to satisfy with such delight represent the fail- our fondest longings; and that there ings and improprieties of others; they is none fully happy, no, not one. The would pity rather than expose them, hero may march on in triumph, and knowing, “ Nemo mortalium omnibus may gain a thousand victories; but horis sapit.” Nor does self-knowledge we know that Cæsar wept when he teach us only our personal duties, reflected that at his age Alexander and our duties to mankind; it also had conquered half the world; and, instructs us to acknowledge the Su- that Alexander himself sat down and preme in all our ways, and thus se- sighed, because he had not another cures divine direction over our paths. world to conquer. Even literature Before, my dear Fred, you proceed in itself is tinged with sadness, and the life, study to know yourself, and you poetry of the age is imbued with mewill find the benefit of it in future years. lancholy. Perfect happiness, then, is I remain,
at best but an unseen good, and its Your very affectionate friend, residence in this world as imaginary
as the philosopher's stone,