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to constrain the opponents, if not to indulge upon the good faith of what is live in perfect harmony and good affirmed in a periodical publication of humour, at least to keep the peace. the present day, professedly CalvinWhatever may be the secret discon- istic. “ We, and the body of persons tents of those who shall be found to called Calvinists, are not the advohave been unable to maintain the cates of a limited atonement, or of ground they had assumed, society, sovereign reprobation. No, we hold generally, will not fail to cherish, with that the sacrifice of Christ possesses affection and gratitude, the memory infinite worth, and, in regard of suffiof those who have successfully distin- ciency, is able to save a thousand guished themselves in the vindication worlds. We are satisfied that no of those principles which inspire a human creature will suffer the conkindlier spirit, and offer a more ex- demnation of eternity, but on account tensive participation of benefits, and of personal guilt, and that no decree to applaud the labours of those, who of God interferes with the salvation of have contributed to perpetuate the any sinner to whom the gospel is memory of their names, and the value preached.” London Christian Inof their services.

structor, or Congregational Magazine, Without entering into a particular for October, 1822. statement of the points at issue, it For these important concessions, will be sufficient for the present occa- and the improved temper in which sion to observe, generally, the melio- they are made, we cannot but revert ration of sentiment and expression with pleasure to the age which gave of those, who, in the present day, birth to John Goodwin, as having profess to be the supporters of the mainly contributed : a period not less doctrine of particular redemption, s remarkable for the political conflicts compared with those which were em- which shook the state, and involved ployed by the generalissimo of the it in a civil war, than for the predomiCalvinian host. . On the subject of a pance of the peculiar sentiments of limited atonement, and of a sovereign Calvin, and the spirit of intolerance reprobation, Calvin has thus express-in matters of religion. For though ed himself: Unde factum est, tot John Goodwin was far from being gentes, una cum liberis eorum infantibus solitary in his opposition to the doyæternæ morti involveret lapsus ada mata of Calvinism, yet by the soundabsque remidio, nisi quia Deo ita visum ness of his learning, the acuteness of est? Decretum quidem horribile, fateor: his genius, and the depth of his piety, inficiare tamen nemo poterit, quin pre- joined to an unusual sweetness of sciverit Deus quem exitum habiturus esset temper, and felicity of expression, he homo, antequam ipsum conderet, et ideo soon became pre-eminent in the conpræsciverit quia decreto suo sic ordina- troversy. He was successful in carryrat.Calv. Inst. lib. ii. cap. 23. i. e. ing conviction to the minds of thou“Whence is it, that the fall of Adam sands, of the untenableness of Calvinhas involved so many nations, toge- istic predestination. The attention ther with their infant children, in which was thus awakened to the doceternal death, without remedy, but trines he taught, soon brought upon that so it seemed good in the sight of him a host of opponents, to whose God ? A horrible decree, indeed, I attacks, many of which were of the confess: no one, however, can deny most injurious and abusive nature, that God foreknew what event awaited we are indebted for some of the most man, before he made him, and that he valuable treatises on the subjects of therefore foreknew it, because he general redemption and religious had thus ordained it by his own de- liberty, ever produced. Thus did he cree."

give a practical exposition of SamEvery Christian reader will rejoice son's riddle—"Out of the eater came in the mitigated expressions, at least, forth meat, and out of the strong came with which the Calvinism of the pre- forth sweetness.” sent day is asserted, if those expres- Nor was he called upon merely to sions do not even encourage the hope, write in vindication of what he taught, that the period is not remote, when but on more occasions than one, be the horrible decree shall be abandoned was challenged to public disputations. as altogether untenable and unscrip-One of these was held in the church tural. In this opinion, we are glad to of Allhallows the Great, in Upper


Review— Life of John Goodwin.


Thames-street, 14th January, 1649-50, reprobation Mr. Goodwin so ably combetween a person of the name of John bated, there can scarcely be but one Simpson and himself, in which he opinion among candid Christians remade the following brief and striking specting the services he has rendered prefatory remarks:

to the common cause of Christianity, " " In respect to myself,' said Mr. Good- has stated and defended the scriptural

in the masterly manner in which he win, " I must profess before you all this day, doctrine of a sinner's justification, in though in part it will redound, it may be, to some shame and disparagement to myself; his treatise on that subject, and the yet, for the honour of Him for whom I was manly and dignified manner in which created, and for whom I should sacrifice all he rose up against the intolerant spirit that I have or am, I am fully resolved herein, of the Presbyterians, who, during the that I cannot be better disposed of, than in abolition of Episcopacy, contended sacrificing upon the Lord Jesus Christ, who hath already been sacrificed upon the service for the divine right of their system of of my soul, and of yours. This is that which ecclesiastical discipline, and protestI would signify unto you, that for many years ed against the toleration of all other together, ever since I was capable of under

sectaries. standing any thing in the gospel, I was of that judgment whereof it seems Mr. Simpson is at

Amongst the British worthies who this day; and though I would not speak of opposed themselves to the exorbitant myself, yet I crave leave to acquaint you with claims of the Presbyterians, Jobn what others have said in this behall; that I Goodwin was one of the first and produced more arguments for the confirmation most considerable. So early as 1644, of that opinion, than others of iny brethren in he appeared as the defender of Indethe ministry usually did. But since it pleased God to enlarge my understanding so far, as to pendency, in support of “ An Apologo round about the controversy, and to see, getical Narration,” humbly submitted and ponder, and weigh, with the greatest im- to the honourable house of Parliapartialness of judgment and conscience. I was ment, 1645; in a tract entitled, “A capable of; going round about again and Reply of two of the Brethren to A. S. strength, the arguments, evidences, and mighty (Dr. Adam Stewart,) &c. with a Plea demonstrations, of that opinion wherein I now for Religious Liberty of Conscience, stand ;

I was not able, by all the assistance I 16-14." In this he thus expresses his bad from my former discussions, wherein ! sentiments upon the doctrine of relilight and learning and strength which God had gious liberty: given me; all these were of no value or con- " " The grand pillar of this coercive power sideration at all, to stand up against that fur- iu Magistrates,' says he, is this angry arguther light which came upon me on the other ment: Wbat, would you have all religions, hand, though I was conscientiously and deeply sects, and schisms, iolerated in Christian engaged in it.

Churches ? Should Jews, Turks, and Papists, • I know it is the sense of the greatest be suffered in their religions, what confusion part of you, that in matters of faith there is

must this needs breed both in Chpreh and nothing considerable to be built upon any State !! I answer, man's reason, or upon discussions which are If, by a toleration, the argument means drawn from the Scriptures by the mediation of either an approbation, or such a connivance human understanding : which supposed, let which takes no knowledge of, or no ways opme say, that there is no man who holds, That | poseth such religions, sects, or schisms, as Christ died for some particular persons, and are unwarrantable, they are not to be tolernot for all, but his faith in this point doth ated : but orthodox and able ministers ought, stand merely upon the workings of reason. in a grave, sober, and inoffensive manner, Whereas that opinion which I maintain con- soundly from the Scriptures to evince the cerning the aniversality of Christ's death for folly, vanity, and falsehood, of all such ways. all, stands upon express Scriptures, plain and Others also, that have an anointing of light clear terms, without the intervention of any and knowledge from God, are bound to contriman's reason to make it out. As there is no

bute occasionally the best of their endeavours place in all the Scriptures, that doth affirm, towards the same end. In case the minister that he died for some particular persons only, be negligent or forgetful of his duty, the or denies that he died for all men, but many Magistrate may and ought to admonish him that expressly affirm that he died for all ; there- that he fulfil bis ministry. If a person, one fore clear it is, at least thus far, that all those

or more, being members of a particular arguments which are brought from the Scrip. church, he infected with any heretical or dantures to prove the contrary, must be founded

gerous opinion, and after two or three admoupon the discussions, issuings, and givings nitions, with means of conviction used to out, of the reasons and apprehensions of regain him, shall continue obstinate, he ought men.'"-pp 220, 221.

to be cast out from amongst them by that Whatever may be the opinions and church. If it be a whole church that is so

corrupted, the neighbour-churches, in case it feelings of those, whose sentiments on

bath any, ought to admonish it, and to endeathe subject of Calvinian election and vour the reclaiming of it. If it be refractory,

pp. 244.

Review.-Brief Sketch of the Life of secular arm of the magistracy, but the sword

Thuanus, with Copious Notes to the of the Lord can avail. Mild persuasion, and Dedication of his History of France, whom force cannot subdue.”—p. 63.

amicable conference, may still conciliate those &c. By Josiah H. Walker. 8vo. London: Baynes ; Blan

But notwithstanding this Catholic shard. 1821.

recommendation, the tendency of this

dedication is, to dissuade Henry from There is in general something so cap- to the dictates of humanity, and hos

adopting measures, at once repugnant tivating in biography, that the term tile to the interests of bis crown. Of itself is calculated to awaken a train of pleasing ideas; though it must be these facts, we give the following acknowledged, that instances bave paragraphs as a specimen: too frequently occurred, in which san

“ But what unfortanately constitutes the guine expectation bas terminated in Offensive and unpalatable to many, who, being

greatest part of my work, will, I fear, prove disappointment. Several of these removed (as they tbink) from danger in their have fallen under our notice; and we own persons, want both feeling and justice in are not without our fears, that the estimating the calamities of others. 'I allude Life of Thuanus will be ranked among

to the religions dissensions which, in addition biographical sketches of this descrip- This maludy' has for a centary afflicted ihe

to other evils, have infested this corrupt age. tion. The whole delineation is com- Christian world, and will continue to afilict it, prised within twenty-eight pages ; but unless seasonable remedies, and therefore although the type is exceedingly large, different from such as have been bitherto used, it is too small for us to discover any

be applied by those whose province it is. incident that can be denominated in

Experience has taught us, that fire and

sword, exile and proscription, rather irritate teresting.

than heal the distemper, tbat has its seat in The case, however, is very diffe- the mind. These only affect the body; but rent, when we turn to the dedicatory judicious and edifying doctrine, gently instilpreface of Thuanus, by which, when led, descends into the heart. Other things he published his History of France, magistrate, and consequently of the sovereign.

are regulated at the discretion of the civil he claimed for that work the patron- Religion alone is not subject to command, but age of Henry IV. the reigning mo- is infused into well-prepared minds from a narch of that kingdom. In this dedi- pre-conceived opinion of the trath, with the cation, Thuanus, though a good Ca. concurrence of divine grace. Tortores have tholic, bas traced the history of per- tend to make men obstinate than to subdue or

no influence over her; in fact, they rather secution with much precision; and persuade them. What the Stoics boasted, pointed out its fatal effects with a with so much parade, of their wisdom, applies display of eloquence worthy of him with far more justice to religion. self, and with a degree of liberality

“ AMiction and pain have no power over the that rather exceeds all moderate ex- religious man. Al misfortunes are overborne,

and vanish before the virtuous resolution peotation.

which that pre-conceived opinion inspires. It is, however, much to be regret- Confiding in the support of God's grace, be is ted, that the liberality which he has content to suffer; and the ills, to which moradopted is rather the result

of politi- tality, is liable, he takes to himself without cal expediency, than the offspring of


He knows and glories in his strength. pure principle. Through various loop- Let the executioner stand before him; let him holes, the vindictive spirit of popery prepare tortures, whet the knife, and kindle peeps upon us ; but so imposing are the pile, he will still persevere ; and his mind the sorceries and fulminations of that will dwell, pot upon what he is to endure, but antichristian hierarchy, that even the upon the part which it behoves him to act.

His happiness is within bis own bosom, and enlightened mind of Thuanus could

whatever assails him outwardly is trivial, and not on all occasions shake off its de- only grazes the surface of the body.”-p. 49 testable shackles. In drawing these to 56. conclusions, we are justified by the The arguments of Thuanus, which following paragraph:

are strong and conclusive, though "France,” says Thuanus, “ has now wit- bearing uniformly on the subject, can bessed this visitation (the Reformation) for only be appreciated in all their force forty years, and the Netberlands nearly as by those who are intimately acquaintlong. "The evil is become so aggravated, that ed with the historical facts to which it cannot now be rooted out, as it perhaps he alludes. But to remove this diftimight have been originally, by one or two public acts of punishment. 'It has pervaded culty, Mr. Walker has inserted a vawhole countries, whole nations, and, in fact, riety of notes, which are copious, the greater part of Europe ; and now not the illustrative, and interesting. Through

1061 Review--- Verses on the Death of Percy Bysshe Shelley. 1062


these, the topics become familiar to Elegy, written by one of Shelley's adthe common reader, who is introduced nirers, in which he is styled, " the last to those melancholy scenes, which defence of a bewilderd world ;" and stain the history of Christendom with his voice is said to be "a living stream rivers of human blood. The volume of love and wisdom;" and where other before us is calculated to befriend the epithets are applied to him, that our protestant cause against the innova- author could not let pass without notions of Infallibility; and as such, Mr. tice, and which he feared might have Walker is deserving the support of an effect on some minds highly detriall, who rejoice on reflecting that the mental and injurious. flames of Smithfield are extinguished. A poem sent into the world from

such a motive as this, is certainly

entitled to a respectful consideration, Review.-Verses on the Death of Per- independently of any claims which its

cy Bysshe Shelley; by Bernard Bar. author may press upon us as a poet ton. London. Baldwin, Cradock, and but as a poet, Bernard Barton bas Joy. 1822.

long been known, from his Miscella

neous Poems, wbich we believe have It is at all times affecting to hear of passed through three editions,-from the death of any individual who is his poems in a contemporary magacalled to quit the world without a zine,—and from his last work, “Napomoment's notice,(no time being afford- leon,”--all of which place him in no ed for repentance or prayer,) whether very mean situation as a votary of the it be by fire or by water, by the cannon

But though the design of the or by the sword, or any other of the poem before us is such as no good " thousand ills that flesh is heir to." man can be displeased with, yet the The contemplative mind marks the execution of it, which we undoubtedly circumstance as it passes before it, must look to, is rather below the genefeels the vanity of human hopes and ral standard of our author's poetry. human joys,-and is humbled at the This elegy is so short, and at the same thought that the noble animal, man, time, with little exception, so full of is but the creature of a moment, -a common-place expression, that we fear being whose feeble bark the eastern his readers will not be well pleased wind may dash into the ocean, with him, more especially when they whom the summer's sun may shine think of the extraordinary sum charged upon too strongly, and destroy, -whom for the production. The elegy itself the perfume of the lily may poison, consists of 17 stanzas only, to wbich whom the breath of evening may cause there is added, another short poem, adto sicken, grow pale, and die,--and dressed to Shelley, which appeared in whom the fierce lightning of his God his former volume, and a sonnet; and may strike to the earth, from which the price charged is 2s. Really this he is never to arise.

is too bad. We know not whose fault Most of our readers, without doubt, it is, but it certainly is such as we are aware of the circumstances attend- feel bound, however unwillingly, to ing the death of Percy Bysshe Shelley, notice. a man possessing a mind of superior We give a versc as a specimen of order, and who only wanted his talents what we mean, when we charge the to be properly directed, to make a author with common-place. “ bright and shining light,” unto which

XV. numbers would have looked up in their cultivation of the art of poetry,

For you THE LAMB was crucified, .

Enduring every pain ; and whose beams would have been

For you he bled, for you he died, welcomed by posterity, when we shall For you he rose again; Jie by the side of this ill-fated man, in And liveth evermore to make " the house appointed for all living.” Prompt intercession for your sake, The author of the above work in forms

That you with Him may reign;

And, through his sacrifice, might prove us, that a sense of duty bas compelled

The wonders of redeeming love. him, in some measure, to undertake the writing of the poem which he now Who is there of our readers, accussubmits to the attention of the public. tomed to the perasal of sacred poetry, He would have remained silent, had it that will not instantly recognize exnot been for the appearance of an pressions in the above verse, that by


has read over and over again. For On the whole, we conceive that the

own parts, were it worth the friends and admirers of Bernard Bartrouble, we think we could prove, that ton will not be well pleased with this there is scarcely a single line here performance ;--(of the motive which given, but what has appeared either in led to it they will of course approve,)Watts, Cowper, Newton, or in the and that it will add but very little to numerous authors whose hymns are his reputation as a poet, wbile the crowded into our chapel selections enormous price at which it is sold and appendixes.

will dissatisfy many, who, otherwise, We will, however, present our read- would have passed it over without a ers with the first two or three stanzas, censure. which are free from the blemish of which we have complained.

" NO FICTION” DETECTED. I. I gave thee praise, when life was thine,

A Pretty little religious novel, entiIf weak, at least sincere

tled No Fiction, in two volumes, was As e'er was offer'd at the shrine

sent into the world in 1819; To tuneful vot'ries dear;-

since I own thou hadst no common dower

which time it has passed through Of gepius, harmony, and power,

several editions, bas had a considerTo waken hope and fear;

able run, and a great number of My spirit felt their potent sway,

admirers. In 1821, these volumes, on And mourn’d to see them cast away: II.

being presented to our notice, were To see them cast away on themes

favourably reviewed in the Imperial W bich ill could recompense

Magazine for the month of March. The proud aspirings, lofty dreams,

In this work, the two principal chaOf such intelligence;

racters are introduced under the fictiI moarn’d to think that gists so rare

tious names of Douglas and La Fevre, Should threaten to become a snare To each diviner sense;

two young men distinguished for coShould bring a cloud o'er minds unknown, incidence of thought, similarity of And fatally mislead thy own.

pursuits, piety of spirit, and mutual III.

affection. Throughout the whole, I felt all this ;---and yet at times

Douglas is represented as holding fast As through the dark obscure Of thy wild visionary rhymes,

bis integrity, and as seizing all occaA glimpse of light more pure

sions to admonish and reclaim La Would break in transient lustre forth ; Fevre, who had fallen a prey to those And hopes of more endearing worth, snares in which the unwary are too For thee would then allure :

frequently caught. La Fevre, disThese too I felt; was glad to feel;

tressed and harassed with the reAnd hazarded one brief appeal. IV.

proaches of a wounded conscience, It prov'd in rain ;--for thou badst rear'd enlisted as a soldier, repaired to À fabric of thy own;

America, was reclaimed, and, on his And all remonstrance but endear'd

return to England, was received by A structure, which had grown

bis old friend Douglas, as the prodiFrom airy hopes that dreams invent; Delusive, from its battlement

gal son by his father. Such is the To its foundation-stone ;

general outline of this work, to the A BABEL-Tower, by Fancy built,

excellent tendency of which we reaAnd by her gorgeous sunshine gilt.

dily give our unequivocal testimony. I can but grieve, that in thine eye

It now appears, from the declaraSach pile truth's temple seem'd;

tions of La Fevre, that a considerable I can but sorrow thou shouldst die, part of No Fiction is actually fictitious, Nor know thou hadst but dream'd that many of its leading articles have

no foundation in truth, that several There is poetry in this ;—the image is others are grossly misrepresented, that well kept up;—and the versification is some of the letters are forgeries, that pleasant and harmonious. The allu- the person assuming the character of sion in the first and third verses is to a Douglas is the real author of tbe work, poem printed in a former work of our that he has imputed to La Fevre author's, and reprinted in this pam- aberrations from virtue of which he phlet, in which the misapplication of was never guilty, and imposed upon talents so splendid, and the perversion the credulous public, by stating that of powers so rare, are noticed in a his book contains recent facts, and by pleasing manner.

giving to it the name which it bears.

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