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of suffering humanity, the unwearied | Mr. Dale himself. The town contains two advocate.
thousand inhabitants, mostly Highlanders; all In his religions principles, he was ployed by Mr. Dale, either in working at the
of whom, that are capable of labour, are emwarmly attached to a particular sect, cotton manufactory, or in repairing and keepbut his zeal never betrayed him into ing the mills in order. Five hundred children enthusiasm, nor caused bigotry to are entirely fed, clothed, and instructed, at take possession of his mind. His the expense of this venerable philanthropist. charity extended to those of other per- in comfortable and neat habitations in the
The rest of the children live with tbeir parents suasions, nor did he suffer friendship town, and receive weekly wages for their to be interrupted by a variation in labour. theological creeds. In his general “ The health and happiness depicted in the character were happily combined com- countenances of these children, shew that the mercial enterprise, unimpeached in- proprietor of the Lanark Mills bas remembered tegrity, personal piety, active benevo mercy in the midst of his gain; the regulations
adopted here for the preservation of health, lence, and public spirit. Hence, both of body and mind, are such as do honour within the sphere of his active opera- to the goodness and discernment of Mr. Dale, tions, he was universally beloved, and and present a striking contrast to the gene viewed as a character whose virtues rality of large manafactories in this kingdom, deserved imitation. In the higher the very hot-beds of disease and of contagion walks of life, men of eminence sought It is a trath which ought to be engraven in letand esteemed his acquaintance, and ters of gold, to the eternal honour of the founvied with each other in giving publi- der of New-Lanark, that, out of nearly three city to bis fame; and among the lower thousand children, working in three mills, orders, “ when the ear heard him then 1797, only fourteen bave died, and not one
during a period of twelve years, from 1785 to it blessed him, and when the eye saw hath suffered criminal punishment. him it gave witness to him, because “Pure and fresh air, without which life canhe delivered the poor that cried, and not exist, is administered in abundance in this the fatherless, and him that had none manufactory, by frequently opening the win to help him. The blessing of him that dows, and by air holes ander every other
window, which are left open during the sumwas ready to perish came upon him, mer months. The children are all washed and he caused the widow's heart to before they go to work, and after they have sing for joy."
finished their labour, previous to their appearThis amiable man died at Glasgow, ance in the schools. The floors and the maon the 17th of March, 1806. In life chinery of the mills are washed once a week
in hot water, and the walls and ceilings twice he was admired and beloved for that a year are white-washed with anslacked lime. noble spirit of philanthropy by which the children are lodged in large airy rooms. he was distinguished ; and in death The boys and girls are kept separate from he was regretted as the rich man's each other during rest, meal-times, and workexample, and the poor man's friend. of the corruption and profligacy which prevail
ing-hours. Hence, one most material source At the time of bis departure, many in almost all other large manufactories, is here tributes of respect were paid to his prevented from existing: memory, not so much to eulogize his “They are fed plentifully with plain and virtues, as to discharge a debt due to wholesome food, which consists chiefly of departed worth. From one of these fresh beef and barley broth, cheese, potatoes, the following paragraphs are selected, fresh herrings, as a variety. Their breakfast
and barley bread, with now and then some because they give a pleasing account and supper is, principally, oatmeal porridge, of his domestic establishment, and of with milk in the summer, and in winter a the manner in which it advanced sauce made of beer and molasses. At seven under his prudent management:
o'clock the children sap ; after this there is no
night-work, a pernicious and infamous prac“ Mr. Dale, owner of the Cotton Mills at tice, in use at some other manufactories, whereLanark in Scotland, deserves well of his country; by immorality and debauchery are dissemiby dispensing happiness and comfort to so nated among the poor, ignorant, and unfortumany of his fellow-creatures, by his attention nate. After supper, the rooms open, and connot only to their health but their morals, by tinue so till nine o'clock. Tbe lesser cbildren, training them ap to usefal habits of industry, that are not yet old enough to work, are instructing them in the necessary branches of instructed in the day-time; the elder ohildren education, and instilling into their minds a learn in the evening, when the daily labour is knowledge of the important truths of Chris concluded. Proper masters and ‘mistresses tianity. His little kingdom consists of neat are employed to teach both the boys and the well-built bouses, forming broad, regular, and girls : ibe boys learn to read and write, and cleanly streets. Near tbe middle of the town cast accounts; the girls, in addition to these stand the mills, and opposite to them the chief | inestimable acquisitions, are taaght to work mansion of the place, the residence of the su- at the needle. Some of the children are taught perintendant of the works, and occasionally of church-music; and on Sunday they all, under
the immediate guidance of the masters, attend to a sensitive spiral spring. The lower cage a place of divine worsbip, and the rest of the being, immersed in water, the weight of the day is occupied chiefly in receiving moral body in air will first be indicated by the tenand religious instruction from these masters. sion of the spring when it is placed in the
“The example afforded by this distinguish- upper cage; by then removing it to the lower ed manufacturer,—of philanthropy in unison one, its weight, in water, will be pointed out with patriotism,-confirms an axiom in ethics, on the graduated scale. Mr. C. gives a forthat virtue begets industry, and industry mula for ascertaining the specific gravity from wealth. To promote good morals in the poor, these two observations, without recurring to is the most certain means of insuring wealth to the usual tedious calculations. the employer; and while sympathy and huma- Poisonous Dose of Opium.-At a late meetnity are rewarded on one hand, gratitude and ing of the London Medical Society, Mr. Wray, thankfulness are excited on the other; and thus an eminent surgeon of London, related some a moral reciprocity is maintained between the instances of individuals, whom he had roused poor and the affluent, which contributes to from a state of stupor (occasioned by swalmental bappiness, and constitutes the most lowing large doses of tincture of opium), by durable bond of social order in the various dashing, suddenly and repeated over their classes of the community.”—Bristed's Tour heads, basons-full of cold water. The effects, through part of the Highlands of Scotland. in all the cases, were very remarkable: the Since the death of Mr. Dale, the patients were able to swallow emetic draughts,
stupor was so completely removed, that the works at Lanark have been carried which succeeded in emptying the stomach, on by his successor and son-in-law, and in obviating any bad consequences. Robert Owen, Esq. who had married
Improvements in Pedal Harps.—Mr. Dodd, of Mr. Dale's daughter. In conducting St. Martin's-lane, has lately made some very the business at these cotton mills, the considerable improvements in the construction
It is well same principles are retained, on known, that owing to the crooked form of the which they were primarily founded; neck, where it joins the body of the harp, it is and this individuals of the community quite impossible to procure wood with its grain exhibit, on the whole, an, aspect
running in that direction which its shape rewhich no part of this kingdom can grained; and, accordingly, harps very frequent
quires; the consequence is, that it is crossrival. Their manner of living has | 1y break in that part. Mr. Dodd has completely already attracted much of public remedied this evil, by forming the necks of his attention, and it will probably lead improved barps of a number of layers of wood to some important changes in the con- firmly combined, and bent into the required
shape. dition of the poor. But whatever the
Corrosive Sublimate...Dr. Taddei bas disevent may be, the founders of these covered, that gelatine mixed with corrosive works have already immortalized their sublimate renders it innoxious. He gave 12 names, and, what is more pleasing, grains of it to two rabbits, and they did not they are deserving of the fame they it in the least degree ; whereas a single grain
exhibit any symptom of having suffered from have acquired.
of the sublimate, administered in its pure form, was sufficient to kill them. The inju
rious effects of a grain of sublimate are neaGLEANINGS FROM LITERATURE, tralized by 25 grains of fresh, or by 13 grains SCIENCE, &c.
of dry, gelatine.
Preservation of Grain in Granaries of Cast
Iron. In order to preserve grain for any length Application of Machinery to the Calculating of of time, from those insects which habitually Mathematical Tables.—A very eminent Mathe- devour it, and which cannot exist in air bygromatician, C. Babbage, Esq. F.R.S. Lond. and metrically dry, M. Clement suggests the proEdin., &c. in a letter addressed to Sir Humphry priety of constructing granaries of cast-iron, Davy, President of the Royal Society of Lon- into which no air should enter till it has passed don, has announced to the world that he has through a body of unslaked lime. He proinvented various machines, by which some of poses also some contrivances for allowing the the more complicated processes of arithmeti expanded air to escape, and for inspecting the cal calculation may be performed with cer- grain when necessary. The saving of manual tainty and dispatch. Hence, if the sanguine labour in turning over the grain is one of the expectations of the ingenious inventor be com- advantages of the plan. pletely realized, the mathematician may, New Power.-An apparatus has been inmany cases, be relieved from the dull drudgery vented at Glasgow, for the manufactory of any of computation, and tables of almost every kind mineral water requiring to be charged with may be constructed with a facility and accu- carbonic acid gas, which amounts, in fact, to racy, hitherto unknown, by a process purely the development of a power hitherto unknown, mechanical
but equal to that of steam. This machine is Specific Gravity.-Mr. Creighton, in the described as having neither gasometer nor air Journal of the Royal Institution, recommenda pumps, yet the strength of a boy is ascertained a very useful and ingenious instrument for to be capable of compressing into any vessel determining the specific gravities of solid from thirty to forty atmospheres of gas,
in a bodies. It consists of two cages of wire, few minutes ; while to effect the same with a which are suspended, the one under the other, forcing pump would occupy the strength of
several men as many hours. A machine equal channel, has exempted it from the in force to an engine of forty-horse power, and charge of imposition. requiring neither fire nor water, would not
Some few individuals, however, occupy a space of more than four-foot squares affecting to have more penetration than For many purposes it may be more applicable than steam.
their neighbours, have not hesitated to avow their opinion that the mermaid is an artificial composition, manufactured with much ingenuity, to deceive a credulous age. Among these, is the editor of a weekly journal, whose scepticism is in direct opposition to the evidence of bis
He has examined it with much minuteness, but thinks it to be a well-contrived deception, formed by the extraordinary efforts of Chinese and Japanese ingenuity, containing nothing beyond the admirably put together members of various animals.
Since reading the above description, we have seen and examined this Mermaid for ourselves; and feel no hesitation in declaring, that we were unable to discover the slightest evidence of imposition; and without this, we have no right to sanction insinuations either of its being an artificial composition, or an unnatural combination of animal substances, curiously united together. These remarks, however, do not imply that we think an imposition of this kind to be absolutely impossible. But so far as the Mermaid is involved in this charge, it is a point which nothing but its dissection can fully determine. Nevertheless, from the strong resemblance
which it bears in every visible part to MERMAID IN LONDON.
animal existence, the probabilities
are, that it was once endued with In our Number of the Imperial Maga- life. zine for August last, col. 783, we The description which we gave in inserted a letter from the Cape of col. 783, is on the whole tolerably corGood Hope, in which the writer an- rect; but in the figure which accomnounced that he had seen a Mermaid. panies these observations, the artist Of this natural phenomenon he gave has availed himself of the privilege of a general description, which we co- his profession, and given a flattering pied, concluding his statement with likeness. As the creature actually apan intimation, that this singular crea- pears, the features of the human counture would probably be exhibited in tenance are exhibited in frightful disLondon. Since the above account tortion. The head is disproportionwas published, the Mermaid has ar- ably large; and, from its union with rived, and, as might naturally be the neck, is projected considerably expected, has excited a considerable forward. The face is much elevated; share of public attention.
the lips have nearly disappeared ; and Among those who have visited this the cheek-bon are extended almost wonderful creature, there have been equal with the point of the nose. many scientific men, possessing abi- From the extremity of the chin to the lity to detect a fraud, and sufficient throat, the distance is very great, integrity to avow it, who have decided bearing in this part a stronger likeness in its favour; and the general current to the feline or canine, than to the of popular opinion flowing in the same l human species. At the commence
ment of the vertebre, just behind the which they are incompatible; whereby the art head, there is a singular projection, of Prescribing Scientifically may be facilitated, exhibiting such a mark of deformity often frustrate the views of the Practitioner in as a dislocation might be supposed to their medical effects. produce.
Analecta, or Pocket Anecdotes, with ReflecOn the shoulders, on the arms, and tions, designed as an Agreeable Companion on most of the upper parts of the for the Social Circle, by the Rev. James body of this creature, a few scat- Churchill, Author of An Essay on Unbelief. tered hairs are to be seen. The skin is of a dirty brown colour, deepest Average Price of Grain per Quarter, for the 12 towards the nether extremity, turning
Districts, from the Gazette. into a dirty gray, as the eye wanders Wheat. Barley. Oats. Rye. Beans. Peas.
s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. towards the head. In every part that
Sep. 21.40 6 25 11 17 7 18 11 23 6 25 8 may be presumed to coincide with
28.40 5 26 10 18 319 4 24 4 26 10 what is human, the skin is much Octr. 5.40 5 27 0 18 0 20 0 24 11 27 11 shrivelled, and every feature and limb 12. 39 5 26 1/18 720 425 0 28 1 exhibits signs of advanced age. One
19. 38 41 25 5 19 4/20 825 0 1285 of the ears is concealed by the hand Average Prices of Sugar Number of Bankrupts. that is elevated, and the other seems
6 to form a continuation of the wrinkles Sept.25, 29s. 1 d.cwt. Sept. 28,
Octr. 2, 29 101 Octr.
1, 5, - 13 leading from the cheek, but its aper- 9, 29 111
8, 12, ture we had no means of minutely 16, 32 33
15, 19, 20 examining. The teeth are sufficiently 23, 32 44
22, 26, 17 open to expose the cavity of the
Total mouth, which could be traced to a
Price of Stocks, London, October 26. considerable extent; but no tongue could be noticed as distinctly visible.
Ex. Bills, 2d. £1000, 3 per Ct. Rd. 82) per
Ct. Cons. 82} Its whole length is nearly three feet; 3 per cent. 93 Ex. Bills, 2d. £500, and its strange appearance excites 4 per Cent. 994 Å interest, wonder, and disgust.
New 4 per Ct. 103 41 Do, small, 7 9 pm. On the whole, if this be an imposi- Long An. 20 13-lôths Lottery Tickets, £22.
15s. tion, it is one that will perhaps stand India Stock 256 7 Bank for Acct. 2574 unrivalled in the arcanum of fraud; India Bonds, 49 51 Cons. for Do. 82; 3 and the spectator, though convinced pm. of the fact, will half forgive the author
Price of Irish Stocks, October 22. of the deception in his admiration of
Bank Stock, 251} the excellence of its execution,
Gov. Deb. 3} per Cent. 95%.
Do. Stock, 4 per Cent. 14
Do. Stock, New 4 per Cent. 31
Royal Loan, 6 per cent. 70% Just Published, Charles Lorraine, or the Do. Do. 4 per Cent. 46 Young Soldier, by Mrs. Sherwood, Author of Little Henry and his Bearer, with neat en- Prices of Foreign Stock in London, October 26. gravings, 18mo. boards.
French 94f. Ex. 25f. 40c. A new series of Tracts, by the same Author, Russian 6 per Cent. 82; Ex. 12} and the Author of Margaret Whyte, Village Ditto (Metallic) 83) 84 Nurse, &c. No. 1 to 20, 1d. each, are alrea- Ditto of 1822, 894 to dy published, to be continued monthly. Ditto Scrip, 89%
Eliza, or Traits of Character in Humble Neapolitan 814 to } Life, with a neat engraving, 18mo. boards. Ditto Scrip, 83 to 1
Providence and Grace, an interesting Nar- | Austrian 83. rative, plate, 12mo.
Spanish of 1820, 863 %
Gleanings and Recollections, (Moral and Ditto Scrip, of 1822, 5% !
Peruvian Scrip. 8627
COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, 26th OCTOBER, 1822.
Since our last, there has been a gradual, and, to all appearance, a solid improvement in the demand for foreign produce; the market seems to be relieved from the undae depression so long prevalent, and there appears little probability of any re-action taking place.
The demand for Cotton does not abate, for the sales of the last week reached 11,742 packages, against an import of 7824; this week the sales are more extensive,'amounting altogether to 20,037, against a supply received of 7855 bags and bales. The sales are d. d.
d. d. 8071 Bags of Bowed, from 6 to 9 26 Bags of Bahamas, 1151 New Orleans, 8 to 12 141
8 1400 Tennessee & Alabama 64 to 8 30
8 to 84 1464 Sea Islands, 114 to 24 40
Cartbagenas, 416 ditto stained, 71 to 104 25
8% 1254 Pernambucco,
103 to 12 26
7 1428 Bahias, 98 to 105 60
6 & 94 2967 Maranhams, 98 to 102
Ditto by auction, at 7 to 9 85 Paras, 95 to 93 70
7 179 Demeraras, 84 to 12 230
to 6% From such an extent of business, it was reasonable to look for improvement; early in the week, rather higher prices were obtained for Uplands, New Orleans, and Alabamas, but the market closed without any actual advance on the prices realized at the end of the preceding week. On Sea Islands, however, an improvement of d. per lb. is willingly paid; and on Brazil descriptions, wbich have been purchased with avidity, an advance of n. to zd. per lb. has been given. The unsettled state of affairs in the Brazils, has mainly contributed to this improvement. American Cottons are cheaper in proportion to quality.
British Plantation Sugars have rather gone off heavily this week, at a depression of Is.
Coffee has undergone no alteration.
of Carolina Rice, suitable for the home trade, the market is cleared ; the early arrivals of the new crop are likely to sell at high prices.
Pot and Pearl Åshes are still looking up. Montreal Pots, from 39s. 6d. to 40s. per cwt. Pearls, 44s. to 45s. · Boston Pearls, 48s." Of States Pots, there are very few here at the above quotations; holders are very firm, and are anticipating a further advance.
Logwood is bat dull, as considerable arrivals are expected. Jamaica may be quoted at £7. 10s.; Honduras £8. 2s. 6d. Fustic commands better prices, Cuba £11. 11s. to £12.; Spanish £9. 105.
Solid Nicaragua Wood, £58. per ton. Quercitron Bark is advancing, Philadelphia, of fair quality, sold by auction, 11s. 9d. to 13s. per'cwt. Saltpetre is likewise commanding an advance. A large parcel of Bengal Indigo, amounting to 680 chests, and containing a great variety of all the different qualities, was brought forward on the 24th instant, aud went off very spiritedly. The fine violet and purple, and extra fine violet, of which there were only 9 chests, brought Ils. to 11s. 2d. per Ib. being barely the current prices at the Company's sale. On the good purple and violet, and violet, amounting to 100 chests, an advance on the Company's prices,
of 2d. to 3d. per lb. was established, and on the middling and good middling violet, making up 200 chests more, in some instances as much as 4d. to 6d. per lb. the current prices thereof being 10s. to 10s. 10d. per lb. The advance on the violet and copper, and copper, was fully 4d. to 6d. per lb. on the good and fine, and more on the middling qualities; there were aboat 150 chests of these descriptions, and they brought from 9s. 9d. to 10s. 10d. per lb. of the low Coromandel, and the RB jun. there was a large proportion, not less than 160 chests, and they went off heavily at some decline on the prices of the Company's sale, 5s. 6d. to 7s. were the prices obtained for the most inferior, and 7s. to 8s. 3d. per lb. for the best description; a few extremely lean, and quite without body, went at 45. 4d. to 58. 6d. per Ib. Good Grabs were eagerly bought at 6d. to 8d. per lb. advance on the London Prices, and brought 9s. 10d. to 10s. 6d. per Ib. Lac Dye has also sold with great animation at a considerable advance on former prices :
32 chests of Good Dark Chocolate, brought 3s. to 3s. 4. per lb.
Ditto DT not of the first quality, 3s. 9d. to 3s. 10d.
Considerable arrivals of Turpentine have brought down prices about 1s. per cwt, and fine quality has sold at 14s. per cwt.
There have been many inquiries for Tallow, but more from speculators than consumers. 43s. per cwt. is the current price.
Our Corn Market, on the whole, continues to look up, and appearances favour an amendment. Dealers and speculators are freely buying Irish Wheat from 4s. 9d. to 5s. 6d. per 70lb. Several parcels of Dantzie Wheat, in bond, have been sold from 3s. to 38.9d. per Tolb. The crop of English Clover Seed proves good; prices are likely to range from 55s. to 65s. for Red Seed.
LONDON ; PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER.